Word-Finder - Tetun DIT

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Word-Finder English-Tetun Tetun-Ingles Catharina Williams-van Klinken

Sentru Lingua Dili Institute of Technology

2008

© 2008 Dili Institute of Technology These materials may be copied with prior permission of the Dili Institute of Technology. Contact [email protected] Livru oan nee bele kopia, naran katak hetan lisensa uluk hosi Dili Institute of Technology. Bele kontaktu [email protected] ISBN 978-989-8615-02-2

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Table of contents/ Saida mak iha laran? Lia menon hosi reitor Dili Institute of Technology

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Introduction

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Lia uluk

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Agradesimentu

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English–Tetun

1

Tetun–Ingles

75

Numerals/Numeru

145

Days/Loron

147

Months/Fulan

147

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Lia menon hosi reitor Dili Institute of Technology Nudar institutu ensinu superior ida, Dili Institute of Technology oferese livru oan nee hodi kontribui ba edukasaun formal ho non-formal iha rai laran. Ami hein katak livru nee sei ajuda Timor oan ho estranjeiru atu bele komunika ba malu ho diak, i bele mos fahe matenek ba malu. Liu hosi livru oan nee, ami mos buka atu halo kontribuisaun ba dezenvolvimentu Tetun, atu ema bele aprende hakerek lian nee ho diak liu.

Estanislau S. Saldanha

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Introduction Tetun is one of the two official languages of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste. This Word-finder is designed to help English speakers understand new words in Tetun, and to find the words they are looking for, as well as to help Timorese learners of English. With some 4500 Tetun entries and 4900 English ones, it is aimed at beginner and intermediate level language learners. It includes mainly words of general interest which are widely used in everyday life. The list includes words borrowed into Tetun from various languages. (E) indicates that this is a Portuguese loan which is at this stage mainly known by educated people, especially those with Portuguese schooling. (P) marks Portuguese numbers. (I) indicates a word borrowed from Indonesian; these are normally avoided in formal situations. (Eng) indicates an English loan. Amongst native Tetun words, (Lit) indicates that the word is used mainly in liturgical (church) and formal contexts. For Portuguese loans which have masculine and feminine forms, the masculine is listed in full, with the feminine ending following after a slash; for example Brazileiru/a means that Brazileiru is the masculine form, while Brazileira is the feminine; while Olandés/Olandeza means that Olandés is the masculine, and Olandeza the feminine. Tetun stress is usually on the second-last syllable of a word. However in Portuguese loans it may also fall on the final or third-last syllable. In this case, the stress is marked by an accent over the vowel. For instance, senyór is stressed on the final ‘o’. The accents are to help the learner; most Timorese do not use them in writing. Double vowels show length; for example boot ‘big’ is pronounced with a long ‘o’. You may notice that the Tetun-English and English-Tetun lists sometimes do not match. The main reason is that the structures of the two languages are so different. So, for instance, to talk about birth, you use the verb moris. However moris more accurately means ‘be born’, so birth is included only in the English-Tetun list.

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Lia uluk Word-finder dehan buat ida hodi ajuda ita buka liafuan (find words). Livru kiik-oan ida nee, ami hakerek atu bele ajuda ema Timor kompriende liafuan Ingles foun, no atu bele buka liafuan nebee imi presiza. Nunee mos, livru nee bele ajuda estranjeiru atu aprende Tetun, Timor Leste nia lian ofisial ida. Lista nee iha liafuan Tetun 4500, ho Ingles 4900; nunee bele ajuda liu-liu estudante nivel baziku ho nivel klaran. Ami hatama liu-liu liafuan nebee ema barak hatene i presiza iha sira nia moris loro-loron. Iha lista nee, iha liafuan balu hosi lingua seluk. (E) hatudu liafuan Portuges nebee liu-liu ema eskola boot ka eskola Portuges mak uza. (P) hatudu numeru Portuges. (I) hatudu katak liafuan nee hosi lian Indonezia; baibain ema la uza liafuan sira nee iha situasaun formal. (Eng) hatudu katak liafuan nee hosi Ingles. Liafuan Tetun balu, ami tau (Lit), hodi hatudu katak liafuan nee uza liu-liu iha kontestu liturjiku (igreja) no iha situasaun formal. Liafuan Ingles balu, iha Inglatera ho Amerika la hanesan. Se nunee, ami tuir liu-liu Inglatera nian. Maibee bainhira liafuan Inglatera ho Amerika nian dook malu, ami hatama mos Amerika nian; por ezemplu torneira dehan ‘tap’ (Inglatera) ho ‘faucet’ (Amerika). Liafuan balu hosi Portuges iha maskulinu ho femininu. Se nunee, ami hakerek maskulinu uluk, depois mak femininu. Por ezemplu Brazileiru/a hatudu katak Brazileiru maskulinu (ba mane), i Brazileira femininu (ba feto); i Olandés/Olandeza hatudu katak Olandés maskulinu, i Olandeza femininu. Liafuan Tetun, baibain ita karega vogal ida iha vogal ikus nia oin (por ezemplu haténe). Maibee, liafuan hosi Portuges, balu ita karega iha vogal ikus (hanesan senyór), balu iha ida numeru tolu hosi ikus (hanesan Amérika). Se nunee, ami uza asentu hodi hatudu katak vogal ida nee mak tenki karega. Asentu nee hodi hanorin pronunsia liafuan foun, maski ema barak la uza asentu bainhira hakerek lian Tetun. Vogal

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dobradu hatudu katak ita dada; por ezemplu ita dada ‘o’ iha liafuan boot. Ba liafuan balu, lista Tetun-Ingles ho Ingles-Tetun laduun haan malu. Nee liu-liu tanba estrutura lingua rua nee la hanesan. Por ezemplu, tisi ho Ingles la iha; nunee liafuan nee mosu deit iha lista Tetun-Ingles.

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Agradesimentu Ema barak ajuda ho preparasaun livru oan nee. Dili Institute of Technology hakarak hatoo agradesimementu ba mestri Tetun Alexandre Fernandes Cham, Anabela Maia Santos, Hendriana da Costa Marçal, ho Jacinta Canossa Soares, ho estudante Edio da Costa, Abrão Ximenes, Alberto Coreia, ho Jonas Amaral. Iha mos ema lubuk boot nebee ajuda ho liafuan balu. Maski sira nia naran la hakerek iha nee tanba barak loos, maibee ami la haluha sira nia kontribuisaun. Ba imi hotu ami hatoo

Obrigada wain

English–Tetun A a ida. abandon husik. abattoir matadouru. abhor hakribi. ability kbiit, kapasidade. able to bele. abort estraga labarik. about (concerning) kona ba, sobre. about (approximately) maizoumenus, kala. about to atu. above iha ... leten. above all liu-liu. abroad rai liur, iha rai liur. abscess fisur. absent falta, la iha. abstract abstratu. abuse abuza. accelerate aselera. accelerator aseleradór (E), gas (I). accent (mark) asentu. accept simu, aseita. accepted ema barak simu. access asesu (E). accident asidente; dezastre. accompany akompanya, hamaluk. accord akordu (E). of its own accord mesak. according to tuir, konforme. account konta (E), rekening (I). accreditation akreditasaun (E). accusation akuzasaun (E). accuse foo sala, duun, akuza (E). accuse unfairly duu matak.

accustomed to toman. ace (in cards) aas. ache siin. achieve realiza. acknowledge rekonyese. acne borbulyus. across iha sorin ba, liu ba sorin; (a slope) tesik. go across hakur, korta, hakat liu. act asaun; (police) atua (E). action hahalok, asaun. take action (police) atua (E). active ativu. activity atividade. actor artista. Adam’s apple kakorok fukun. adapt adapta. add aumenta, tau tan, hatutan. additional tan. address (deal with) responde. address (of a building) diresaun (E), alamat (I). adhere belit. administration administrasaun. administrator administradór/a. adopt hakiak. adopted child oan hakiak. adoptive father aman hakiak. adoptive mother inan hakiak. adult ema boot (laos labarik). advance lao ba oin, avansa. in advance kedan; nanis. advanced avansadu. advantage vantajen (E), (buat ruma) nia diak. advertise halo promosaun. advertisement promosaun. advice konselyu. aerial antena. aeroplane aviaun.

afraid—annual afraid tauk. Africa Áfrika. African ema Áfrika; Áfrika nian, hosi Áfrika, Afrikanu/a. after liu tiha, depois de (E). afterbirth kaan, labarik nia alin. afternoon lokraik/loraik. again fali, fila fali, tan. against hasoru, kontra. age idade. agency ajénsia (E). agenda ajenda. agent ajente. aggressive brutu. ago liu ba. agree hataan, aseita, konkorda; haan malu. agreement akordu. agriculture agrikultura. ahead iha oin. aid ajuda, tulun; asisténsia. ailment moras. aim (purpose) objetivu; (aim gun) aponta, sei. take aim aponta. air anin, ár. air-conditioning AC. aircraft aviaun. airplane aviaun. airport aeroportu. albesia tree ai samtuku. album album. alcohol (for drinking) tua; (medicinal) alku. alert matan moos. alight lakan. alike hanesan, atu hanesan. alive moris. all hotu, hotu-hotu; tomak. all right diak. All Souls’ Day Loron Matebian, Finadu. allergy alerjia. allocate aloka (E). allocation alokasaun (E).

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allow husik, autoriza (E), permiti. allowed to bele. almost kuaze. alone mesak; mes-mesak. along tuir (dalan...), tuir nia ninin; (go along) hamutuk. alphabet alfabetu, ABC (I). already tiha, ona, tiha ona. also mos, hotu. altar altár. alternative alternativu/a. although maski, bele, biar, mezmu. aluminium alumíniu. always sempre, beibeik. amazed at admira. amazing perigu. ambassador embaixadór/a. ambulance ambulánsia. America Amérika. American Amerikanu/a, ema Amérika; hosi Amérika. amok muturabu. run amok halo muturabu. among iha ... laran, iha ... leet, entre. amongst iha ... laran, iha ... leet, entre. amount hira, kuantidade. amplifier koluna. amulet biru, kakaluk. an ida. anaemia anémia (E). anaemic raan menus. anaesthetic anestezia (E), bius (I). analyse analiza. ancestor vizavoo, bei-ala. ancient antigu. and ho, i, no. angel anju. anger hirus. fit of anger laran manas. angry hirus.

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animal animál, balada (Lit). anniversary aniversáriu. announce foo sai, hatete(n) sai. annual tin-tinan, anuál. annually tin-tinan. another seluk. answer (verb) hataan, simu, responde; (noun) resposta. ant nehek. Antarctica Antártika. antenna antena. anticipate antisipa. antique antigu. any ruma; naran; naran deit. any old how naran deit, nar-naran deit. anyone ema ruma. anything buat ruma. anyway maski nunee; loos (Where is he anyway? Nia iha nebee loos?); Koalia ba mais (Anyway, I have to go. Koalia ba mais, hau tenki baa ona.) anywhere fatin ruma. apart ketak, keta-ketak. come apart naksobu. pull apart sobu. apologise husu deskulpa. apostle apóstolu, Nai Jesus nia reprezentante. appalled hakribi. apparently karik; se la sala. appeal (verb) apela, halo apelu; (noun) apelu. appeals court tribunál rekursu. appear (come into view) mosu, hatudu-an; (seem) tuir ita haree. appetite vontade atu haan. applaud basa liman. apple masaan. apply aplika. appoint hili. apprehension laran todan, laran la metin.

animal—artery apprehensive laran todan, laran la metin. approach (verb) hakbesik; halo aproximasaun; (noun) aproximasaun (E). appropriate serve, pár. approve aprova. approximately maizoumenus, kala. April Abríl. Arab Arabi. Arabia Arabi, Arábia. arbitrarily arbiru, nar-naran deit, naran. arbitrator lia nain. arch arku. archive arkivu. area área; (size) luan. aren’t laos (plural). arenga-palm tua metan. argue haksesuk, istori malu, diskuti, haan malu. argument argumentu. arm liman. armchair sofá. armed kaer kilat. armed forces forsas armadas, forsa defeza. armpit kalilin. arms (weapons) sasaan kroat, armas. army tropa; (East Timorese) FALINTIL-FDTL, F-FDTL; (Indonesian) tentara (I). aroma morin. aromatic morin. around haleu. go around hadulas, foo volta. arrange (things) arma; (documents) trata, (to get something) aranja. arrest kaer. arrive too. arrogant foti-an.

arrow—axe arrow rama oan, (barbed metal) rama ambon. arrowroot kontas. art arte (E), kesenian (I). artery uat. arthritis ruin siin. article artigu. artificial artifisiál (E). as hanesan, nudar. ascend sae. ash ahi kdesan. ashamed moe. ashtray sinzeiru. Asia Ázia. Asian ema Ázia; Ázia nian, hosi Ázia. ask husu. aspect aspektu (E). asphalt alkatraun. ass kuda buru. assault asalta. assemble monta. assembly asembleia. assent konkorda. assess halo avaliasaun (E). assessment avaliasaun (E). assist ajuda, tulun. assistance ajuda, tulun, asisténsia. associate ranxu. association asosiasaun. assume hanoin katak buat ruma loos (maibee bele sala). assume (office) asumi. astonished admira. astounded admira. astrology astrolojia. at iha. attack asalta; ataka, serán (I), asaltu. attempt koko, tenta. attend tuir, asisti. attend to atende. attention atensaun.

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pay attention foo atensaun; interese. seek attention buka oin. attitude hanoin nebee hatudu ho hahalok. Attorney General Prokuradór Jerál. attract dada. attractive jeitu. aubergine brinjela. audience audiénsia (E). August Agostu. aunt (paternal) tia; (maternal) amaa, inan, main; (older maternal) amaa boot, inan boot; (younger maternal) amaa kiik, inan kiik. auntie titi. Australia Austrália. Australian Australianu/a, ema Austrália; hosi Austrália. Austria Áustria. author hakerek nain, autór. authorisation autorizasaun (E). authorise autoriza (E). authority kompeténsia; autoridade. automatic automátiku; (automatic fire) (tiru) reta. automobile kareta. autonomy autonomia. autopsy autópsia. autumn outonu (E). available iha. avocado abokát. avoid hadook-an, sees-an, evita (E). awake matan moos, la dukur. award (prize) prémiu; (give) foo (prémiu...), desidi atu foo (bolsa estudu, kontratu...). aware hatene; senti; matan moris. awareness konsiénsia. away iha fatin seluk.

keep away—battle

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keep away hadook-an. move (something) away hadook. put away aruma, haloot. axe baliu, baliun.

B baby bebee. baby bottle bibirón. bachelor’s degree (4-year) lisensiatura, S1 (I); (3-year) baxarelatu. back (again) fali. back (body) kotuk. back (in football) defeza. backbone ruin kotuk. backpack pasta tau kotuk, muxila. backside kidun. backward (direction) ba kotuk; (not modern) atrazadu. bacteria baktéria. bad aat. badger (ask repeatedly) litik. badminton play badminton baku manu fulun. badminton shuttlecock manu fulun. bag pasta, saku, karoon, bornál. bait iska. bake tunu; (in palm-leaves) saboko. baker padeiru. baking powder Royal. balance balansu (E). bald ulun molik. ball bola. balloon bulaun. ballot votasaun, surat vota. ballot paper surat vota.

bamboo au; (fine type) fafulu. ban bandu. banana hudi. banana flower hudi dubun. band (music) konjuntu, ben (I). bandage ligadura. bang tarutu. bank (financial) banku. bank (river) mota ibun. banknote osan tahan. banner spanduk (I). banyan hali. baptise foo sarani. baptised sarani. baptism sarani, batizmu. baptism certificate sertidaun baptizmu. bar (prevent) taka netik; (forbid) bandu la bele baa fatin ruma. bar (bar a door) tranka. bar (metal piece) besi naruk. bar (for alcohol) fatin hodi hemu tua. bare tanan, molik. barefoot ain tanan. bargain kontratu. bark (of dog) hatenu. bark (of tree) ai kulit; kulit. barracks kuartél. barrel bidoon. base (noun) huun; (verb) bazeia. bash baku, bomba (Slang). bash down tidin. basic báziku. basil ruku. basin basia. basis baze. on the basis of bazeia ba. basket bote; lafatik; raga; luhu. basketball basket. bat (animal) niki. bathe (oneself) hariis; (someone else) foo hariis. bathroom hariis fatin, kaza de banyu.

battalion—biscuit battalion batalyaun. battery bateria; pilya. battle tiru malu iha funu laran; konflitu; luta kontra (pobreza...). bayonet punyál. beach tasi ibun. beak manu nia ibun. bean fore; koto. bean curd tofu. bean plant tips fore dikin. bear (endure) aguenta, tahan; (produce) foo isin. beard hasan rahun. beat (hit) baku, dere; (defeat) manaan. beautiful furak, kapaas; (of person) oin kapaas. beauty parlour salon (I). because tanba, tan, basaa (Lit), komu, purké. become sai. bed kama. bedbug nati. bedroom kuartu. bee bani. beef naan karau; (beef dish) bifi. beer serveja. before antes, molok; antes de (E). beforehand kedan; nanis. begin hahuu, komesa. behalf on behalf of lori ... nia naran. behaviour hahalok, atitude. behind iha kotuk, iha ... (nia) kotuk. belch arota. belief fiar. believe fiar. bell sinu. belong to pertense. beloved doben. below iha ... okos, okos. belt sintu.

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bench (seat) banku; (political) bankada. bend (curve) kurva. bend over hakruuk. benefit benefísiu (E). beret boinya. beside iha ... sorin. best mak diak liu. betel-chewer mama-door. betel nut bua. betel nut container mama fatin. betel pepper malus. betray faan. betrayer traidór. better diak liu. between iha ... klaran, iha ... leet, entre. bewildered bilaan. beyond (in space) iha ... nia sorin ba; (in time) liu tiha (tempu/prazu). Bible Bíblia. biceps brasu. bicycle bisikleta. ride a bicycle sae bisikleta. big boot; (plural varied) bo-boot. bigger boot liu. biggest mak boot liu. big-mouth ibun boot. bike bisikleta. bill (paper money) osan tahan. billion (1000 million) bilyaun (P), milyár (I). billy-goat bibi aman. binoculars minoklu. biochemistry biokímika. biology biolojia, biologi (I). bird (wild) manu fuik; (chicken) manu. bird cage manu luhan. biro lapizeira. birth moris. give birth partu, tuur ahi, hahoris. birth place moris fatin.

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birthday have a birthday halo tinan. birthmark naga. biscuit dosi, biskuit (I). bishop bispu, amu bispu. bit a bit uitoan. bitch asu inan. bite tata. bite off tohik. bitter moruk. bitter gourd baria. bitumen alkatraun. black metan. blackboard kuadru. blacksmith badaen besi. bladder mamiik. blame foo sala, duun. blame unfairly duu matak. bland miis. blanket manta, kapoti. bless foo bénsaun ba, foo bensa ba. blessing bénsaun, bensa. blind (cannot see) matan delek, matan aat. blink piska. block (obstruct) taka, tranka. blood raan. blood pressure tensaun. bloodshed raan fakar. blood test hasai raan. blood vessel uat. blouse bluza, (traditional) kabaya; faru. blow huu, (nose) hois. blue azúl; (pornographic) blu. blush oin mean. boar fahi aman; fahi fuik. board ai kabelak. boarding house koléjiu. boarding school koléjiu. boast gaba-an, foti-an. boat roo, (small) bero. body isin, isin lolon.

birthday—braid bodyguard eskoltu. body hair fulun, isin fulun. bogged mout (iha tahu ka rai henek). boil (something boils) nakali; (boil food) daan; (boil water) nono; (repeatedly) tisi. boil (on skin) fisur. boiled water bee tasak. bok choy modo mutin. bold barani. bolt (for nut) parafuzu. bolt (of cloth) lulun. bolt (bar) tranka. bomb bomba. bond iha relasaun metin tanba hadomi malu, fiar hanesan ka enfrenta esperiensia ruma hamutuk; belit. bone ruin. bonus bonus. book livru. bookcase almari, armáriu livru. boot (footwear) botas. border fronteira. bore (drill) fura. bored baruk. born moris, moris mai. borrow empresta, (from bank) kredit. boss patraun, xefi, ulun. both rua-rua hotu, rua nee hotu. bother book, inkomoda, intenta. bottle botir. bottom (base) huun; (backside) kidun; (lower) kraik. bough ai sanak, sanak. bounce baku (bola). bow (bend) hakruuk. bow (weapon) rama, rama inan. bow (of boat) roo nia oin. bowl manko, basia. box kaixa. boxing bokse (E), tinju (I). boy labarik mane.

boyfriend—Burma boyfriend namoradu, doben. bra sutián. bracelet kelu, pulseira. braid sasin (fuuk...). brain kakutak. brake (noun) travaun; (verb) trava. branch ai sanak, sanak. brand (make) marka. brandy (from palm) tua sabu. brass riti. brave barani. Brazil Brazíl. Brazilian Brazileiru/a, ema Brazíl; hosi Brazíl. bread paun. breadfruit kulu. break (cause to break) silu, halo nakfera, halo rahun, halo tohar, estraga, halo aat; (be broken) nakfera, rahun, tohar, aat ona; (break law, promise) kontra, la halo tuir, la kumpri (lei, promesa); (rest period) intervalu. breakfast matabixu. break off tohik. break up sobu. breast (ema nia) susun. breastfeed foo susu. breath iis. breathe in dada iis. breathe out husik iis. breed (type) rasa. breeze anin nebee neineik. brick tijolu. bricklayer badaen fatuk. bride-price barlaki. bridge ponte. brief (short) la kleur, (tempu) badak; (inform) foo informasaun nebee ema presiza antes nia hahuu servisu. brigadier brigadeiru.

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brigadier general brigadeiru jenerál. bright (colour) (kór) moris; (light) naroman; (intelligent) ulun mamar, matenek; (cheerful) kontenti. bring lori, hodi. bring down hamonu. bring up (raise) eduka. bristle (of hair) nakrakat. broad luan. broke (penniless) tezu. broken tohar, aat. bronze riti. broom ai saar. brother (older) maun, manu; (oldest) maun boot; (younger) alin mane; (woman’s) naan; (Christian) irmaun. brother-in-law kunyadu; (of a man) rian. brothers and sisters maun-alin. brown kór kafé. bruise metan (tanba baku ka xoke...). brush eskova. bubble bulaun. bubble gum babol. bucket baldi. Buddhism buda. Buddhist buda. budget orsamentu, anggaran (I). buffalo karau timor, karau. build halo (uma...), harii. building uma, edifísiu, gedung (I). bull karau aman. bullet kartús, kilat musan. bulletin boletín. bump around tidin; tatidik. bump into xoke. bun (bread) paun, (steamed) paun kukus; (sweet) paun midar. bun (hair) fuuk nebee konde.

bunch—captain

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bunch (of bananas, coconuts) ramu. bund kabubu. bundle (verb) futu; (noun) futun. Burma Birmánia (E), Birma (I). burn sunu. burned down ahi haan. burnt motuk. burp arota. bury hakoi. bus bis. busily namanas. business negósiu, komérsiu (E), bisnis (I). conduct small business fila liman. business owner patraun. businessman emprezáriu. businesswoman emprezária. bustling rame. busy servisu barak; rame; farigadu. but maibee; mais. butter manteiga. butterfly borboleta. buttock kidan. button butaun. button up prega (butaun). buy sosa, hola. by by iha fraze pasivu hatudu see mak halo buat nee (This book was written by Abrão. Livru nee Abrão mak hakerek.); (close) besik; by car ho kareta; go by liu; (time) tardi liu mak (by one o’clock tardi liu mak tuku ida); by law tuir lei.

C cabbage repolyu.

cabinet (cupboard) almari, armáriu. cabinet (political) gabinete (E) cacao kakau. cage luhan. cake dosi; kék; bolu. cake tin forma. calendar kalendáriu. calf (young cattle) karau oan. calf (of leg) ain kabun. call bolu; (on telephone) telefone. callous laran aat. calm hakmatek; kalma. feel calm laran hakmatek. Cambodia Kamboja. Cambodian ema Kamboja; hosi Kamboja. camel kamelu, kuda kamelu. camera mákina fotográfia, kamera (I). camisole kamizinya. camp kampu. campaign kampanya. can (able) bele. can (tin) kaleen, lata. Canada Kanadá. Canadian ema Kanadá; hosi Kanadá. cancer kankru (E), kanker (I). candidate kandidatu. candle lilin. candlenut kamii. candy rebusadu. cane rota; (walking cane) ai tonka; (hit with a cane) baku ho rota. canned food lataria. canoe bero, kora-kora. canteen kantina. canvas lona. cap (headwear) xapeu; (lid) botir matan. capacity kapasidade. in the capacity of nudar. capital (city) kapitál.

capital—chance capital (financial) osan inan, modal (I). capsicum ai manas boot. capsize baku fila. captain kapitaun; kapten (I). car kareta. carambola karambola. card karta; kartaun. mobile phone recharge card pulsa. cardigan faru manas. care atensaun. care for tau matan ba, kuidadu. careful kuidadu. carefully di-diak. cargo naha. carpenter badaen ai, karpinteiru. carpet tapeti. carrot senoura. carry lori; tula; (in sarong) kele; (on head) tutur; (on pole) leba; (on shoulders) hulan. carry out halao; implementa; kumpri; halo tuir; atua (E). carsick kareta lanu. carve bahat. case (box) kaixa. case (legal...) kazu, lia. cash osan (laos cek). cashew kaijú. cashew nut kaijú musan. cassava ai farina. cassava leaf ai farina tahan. cassette kaseti. cassette recorder gravadór. cassock batina. cast (a net) soe. cast-net dai. castrate kapa. casuarina tree ai kakeu. cat busa. catch kaer, simu (buat ruma nebee ema soe mai); (catch a bus...) sae (kareta); (catch an illness) hetan (moras).

10

catch red-handed kaer toman. catch up with toman. catechist katekista. category kategoria. catfish ikan lele. cathedral katedrál. Catholic katóliku/a. cattle karau baka, karau. Caucasian malae mutin. cauliflower repolyu funan. cause halo, ha-; (problems) provoka. cave fatuk kuak. cavern fatuk kuak boot. cavity kuak; (in tooth) nehan kuak. CD CD. ceiling foru (uma). celebrate selebra; komemora. celebration selebrasaun; komemorasaun. cement sementi; (powder) sementi rahun; sementi uut. cement block blok. cemetery rate; semitériu. cent sentavu, sén (I). centimetre sentímetru. centipede sintupeia. central sentrál. centralisation sentralizasaun (E). centralise sentraliza (E). centre klaran, sentru. century tinan atus ida. ceremony serimónia. certain laran metin, fiar metin. certainly loos duni (uza atu haforsa ita nia lia fuan). certificate sertidaun, sertifikadu. chain korenti. chair kadeira; (of meeting) moderadór. chairman moderadór. chairwoman moderadora. chalk jís.

11

challenge dezafiu (E). champagne xampanya. chance oportunidade; posibilidade; maski ema ida la planu nunee. change (noun: alteration) mudansa; (verb) troka; (money) osan volta. give change volta. small change osan rahun. channel bee dalan; mota oan. chapel kapela. chapter kapítulu. character hahalok, karakter. characteristic karakterístika. charge (charge battery) karega; (accusation) akuzasaun (E); (accuse) foo sala, akuza (E); (charge an amount) foo hatene ema atu selu hira; (service fee) osan hodi selu ema nia kolen; (run) halai ho brutu. charger (for batteries) karegadór. charity karidade. charm (magic) biru, kakaluk; (magic charm to attract opposite sex) maninga. chart gráfiku. chase duni, duni tuir. chatterbox koalia-door. cheap baratu. cheaper baratu liu. cheapest mak baratu liu.

cheat joga foer; hamatak, hanmatak. check (inspect) revista, pasa revista, kontrola. check (Amérika) (cheque) xeke (E), cek (I). checkers damas. cheek hasan. cheeky nakar. cheer haklalak. cheese keiju. chemical kímiku.

challenge—cigarette ash chemistry kímika (E), kimia (I). cheque xeke (E), cek (I). cherry serejas. chess xadrés (E), catur (I). chest hirus matan. chew nata, (with back teeth) ruun; (without swallowing) mama. chick manu oan (but beware of alternative slang meaning), manu nia oan. chicken (bird) manu; (meat) naan manu; (raised for meat) ayam potong (I). chief (head) xefi; (principal) prinsipál. child (young person) labarik, (young child) labarik oan, kiik-oan; (son/daughter) oan; (oldest son/daughter) oan boot; (youngest son/daughter) oan ikun. child who died anju oan. chilli ai manas. China Xina. Chinese Xinés/Xineza, ema Xina; lian Xina; Xina nian, hosi Xina. Chinese cabbage modo mutin. Chinese mustard greens mostarda. chip off tohik. chisel bahat. chocolate xokolati. choice buat ida nebee ita hili. there is a choice ita bele hili. choke nesik. choko lakeru mutin, lakeru xina. choose hili, fihir. chop taa; tesi; (finely) tetak. christen foo sarani. Christian sarani, kristaun. Christian name naran sarani. Christmas Natál. church igreja, uma kreda.

church service—college church service (Catholic) misa, (Protestant) kultu. cicada sigara. cigarette sigaru. cigarette ash sigaru latun. cigarette lighter iskeiru, gas. cinnamon ai kanela. circle (shape) kabuar; (go around) lao haleu. circular kabuar. citizen sidadaun. city sidade. civet cat laku. civil war golpe. civilian sivíl. civilians povu. claim reklama. clan uma lisan. clandestine klandestina. clap (hands) basa liman. clarify halo klaru, klarifika (E). class klase, kelás (I). claw (animál nia) kukun. clay rai mean. clean (be clean) moos; (make clean) hamoos. cleaner ema dasa rai. clean-up limpeza; halo limpeza. clear (be clear) klaru, moos; (clear land) lere rai. clearly mo-moos, moos. clergy Maromak nia atan; (Catholic) amu lulik, nai lulik, padre, (Protestant) pastór/a, pendeta (I). clever matenek. cliff rai naruk. climb sae; (hugging tree) kadopa. clinic klínika. clip (fasten) habit; (noun) buat hodi habit surat tahan; feixu. clock relójiu. close taka. cloth hena; (hand-woven) tais. clothes faru; ropa; hena.

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clothes hanger kabidi. clothing faru; ropa; hena. cloud kalohan. club (association) klubu. club (weapon) ai dona. clubs (in cards) paus. coach (trainer) treinadór/a, pelatih (I). coalition koligasaun. coals (black) ahi anar; (red hot) ahi klaak. coast tasi ibun. coat (clothing) kazaku. cob (of corn) fulin, batar fulin. cock (rooster) manu aman; (liafuan la diak) (penis) manu oan. cockatoo kakatua. cockfight futu manu. cockroach barata. cocoa kakau. coconut nuu; (young nut) nuu laloir, nuu nurak. coconut oil mina nuu. coconut water nuu been. code kódigu. code name naran kódigu. coffee kafé. coffee bean kafé musan. coffee filter koadór. coffeepot buli (kafé). coffee powder kafé rahun. coffee table beladór. coffin kaixaun. coil (wind) bobar; (noun) rolu. coin osan besi. cold malirin; (from illness) isin malirin. collaborate kolabora. collaboration kolaborasaun. collaborator kolaboradór/a. collapse monu, naksobu. collar gola. colleague kolega servisu.

13

collect halibur; (money) kobra; (firewood) hili ai; (fetch) baa tula, baa foti. college kolejiu; eskola ensinu superiór. collide xoke. colonialism kolonializmu. colonialist kolonialista. colour kór. column koluna (E). comb (noun) sasuit; (verb) sui. come mai. comfort (console) hamaus. comma vírgula, koma (I). command (verb) haruka; manda. command (noun) orden. commander komandante. commandment ukun fuan. the ten commandments ukun fuan sanulu. commemorate komemora. commemoration komemorasaun. comment (noun) komentáriu; (verb) foo komentáriu. commercial (for profit) para manaan osan; (advertisement) promosaun iha televizaun ka rádiu. commission komisaun. commit (a wrong) halo (sala); komete; (pledge) promete (atu halo buat ruma). committee komisaun. common baibain. common people ema kiik. commoners povu. communication komunikasaun. communion komunyaun. receive communion komunga. communion wafer óstia. communist komunista. community komunidade. company kompanyia.

collect—confused compare kompara, halo komparasaun. comparison komparasaun. compel obriga. compete hadau malu. competition kompetisaun. complain dada iis; (make a formal complaint) hatoo keixa. complaint (formal) keixa. complete tomak, kompletu. completely sein porsentu, tomak; (block...) netik. compliant ulun (fatuk) mamar. comply with kumpri; halo tuir. component komponente (E). compost estrumi. comprehension kompriensaun (E). computer komputadór. concentrate konsentra. concern preokupasaun. show concern interese. concerned preokupa. concerning (about) kona ba, sobre. concert konsertu. condemn kondena (E). condition kondisaun. on condition that naran katak. condom kondom. conduct halao. conductor (music) dirijenti; (on bus) ajudante, konjak (I). conference konferénsia. confess konfesa, hakribit sala. confidence laran metin; konfiansa. confident laran metin. confine sulan. confined book-an la diak. confirm konfirma. confirmation (sacrament) krizma. conflict konflitu.

confront—correctly confront enfrenta, hasoru (problema...); hamriik hasoru. confuse halo konfuzaun. confused bilaan; konfundi. confusion konfuzaun. congratulations parabéns. congress kongresu. conjunctivitis matan mean. connect liga; (to electricity) dada ahi; (to water) dada bee. connection ligasaun. conscience konsiénsia. conscious oin moos. consciousness konsiénsia. consequence konsekuénsia. consequently mos. consider hanoin; konsidera. console hamaus. constant sempre, nafatin, la muda. constantly sempre, nafatin, naba-naban. constipated teen toos. constipation tee toos. constitution (laws) konstituisaun; lei inan. consult konsulta. consultation konsulta. give a medical consultation foo konsulta. contact kontaktu. contagious bele daet. contain iha (buat ruma) iha laran (The bag contained a wallet. Iha pasta nee nia laran iha karteira.) content (satisfied) kontenti, laran kontenti. content(s) (inside) isin; buat nebee iha laran (the contents of the box buat nebee iha kaixa laran). contented kontenti, laran kontenti. contentment ksolok.

14

context kontestu (E). continual(ly) beibeik, la para. continue nafatin, kontinua. continuous(ly) beibeik, la para. contract kontratu. contribute kontribui. contribution kontribuisaun. control domina, kaer, manda, halo ema ka buat ruma lao tuir ita nia hakarak. convert troka; (change religion) tama relijiaun seluk; (convert someone) dada ema para troka relijiaun ka opiniaun politika; (person who converts) ema nebee muda ona nia relijiaun ka opiniaun politika; (convert money) troka osan (hanesan dolar ba rupia). convict (sentence) kondena. cook tein; (person) ema nebee tein. cooked tasak (tanba tein). cool malirin uitoan. co-op koperativa. co-operate kopera. co-operation koperasaun. co-operative (compliant) ulun (fatuk) mamar; (commercial) koperativa. coordinate kordena. coordination kordenasaun. coordinator kordenadór/a. cope with aguenta; tahan. copper riti. copy halo tuir, kópia. coral ahu ruin. cordial (drink) sumu. cork up sulan. corn batar. corn cob batar fulin. corner kantu; lidun; sikun. corpse (of human) mate isin, (animal) maten.

15

correct (be correct) loos, koretu (E); (make correct) haloos, koriji. correctly tuir loos, tuir lo-loos. correspondence korespendénsia. corrugated iron kaleen, zinku. corruption korupsaun, KKN (I). cost folin, presu. cotton kabas; (raw) kabas rahun. cotton wool algodaun, kabas rahun. cough mear. could bele (iha tempu pasadu, ka bainhira foo sujestaun ka husu ajuda); dala ruma, parese. council konselyu. count sura, konta. COUNTER for: people nain. sheet-like objects tahan. large roundish items fuan. cylindrical items lolon. tiny roundish items musan. country nasaun. the country área rurál, foho. coup d’etát golpe de estadu (E), kudeta (I). couple pár; feen-laen. a couple of ida-rua. courageous aten barani. courier estafeta (E). course kursu, kursus (I). of course klaru; Bele deit! . court (boy/girlfriend) namora; (risk) buka (mate, problema...) court (legal) tribunál; (tennis...) kampu (tenis ka basket). court of appeal tribunál rekursu. cousin inan-aman nia maun-alin rasik nia oan: (cross-cousin) primu/a; (older parallel male) maun; (older parallel female) biin; (younger parallel) alin;

correct—cross-stitch (opposite-sex cross-cousin) tunanga. cover (verb) taka; doku. cover (of book) kulit (livru nian). cow karau inan. coward tauk-teen. cowardly tauk-teen. crab kadiuk. cradle (verb) kous. craftsman badaen. cram sena. cramp kaimbra. crash xoke; dezastre. crave kaan. crawl dolar. crazy bulak. cream kreme. cream-coloured kór kreme. create kria, halo. creature (created being) kriatura. credit deve, kréditu; (phone) pulsa. buy on credit kredit. creek mota oan. creep (crawl) dolar. cricket (insect) grilu. crime krimi. criminal ema nebee halo krimi, kriminozu. crinkled namkurut. crippled ain aat. crisis krizi. criterion kritériu (E); kritéria (I).

critical importante loos; (situasaun) manas; (moras) todan; kritika. criticise kritika. criticism krítika. crocodile lafaek. saltwater crocodile lafaek tasi. cross (go across) hakur, atravesa, korta. cross (angry) hirus.

cross—debt cross (Christian) krús. cross-cousin tunanga. cross-dresser panleiru. cross-eyed matan kleuk. cross-stitch pontu krús. cross out riska. crow (bird) manu metan. crow (of rooster) kokoreek. crowbar ai suak. crowd ema lubun boot, lubuk ida. crowd around hobur. crowded rame, rabat malu. crowd forward nadodon. crown koroa. crucifix krús. crumpled namkurut. cry tanis. cry-baby tanis-teen. Cuba Kuba. Cuban Kubanu/a; ema Kuba; Kuba nian, hosi Kuba. cucumber pepinu. cuddle kous. cuddly kabosu. cudgel ai dona. culture kultura. cup xikra; kaneka; (sports) tasa. cupboard almari, armáriu. cup-cake koemanko. cure kura. cured pasa, diak fali. curler rolu. current (water/electric) korenti. current (time) agora, atuál. currently hela. curriculum vitae CV; kurikulum vitae. curse (verb) hotar, foo malisan; (noun) malisan. curtain kortina. curve kurva. curvy kleuk. cuscus meda. cushion sumasu.

16

custard apple ai ata. custom kostumi, lisan, adat (I) customs alfándega (E). cut koa, tesi; (pare) sabir. cut across korta, tesik. cute kabosu. cut off kotu. cutting (plant) kain. CV CV; kurikulum vitae.

D dad apaa; pai. dagger punyál. daily loro-loron. dairy cattle karau susubeen. damage estraga, halo aat. damaged aat. dance dansa; bidu; tebedai; tebe-tebe. dandruff kaspa. danger perigu. dangerous perigozu. dangle tabele. dark nakukun. darkness nakukun. dart (arrow) rama ambon. dart (dodge) pintas. data dadus. date data, dia (E), tanggal (I). daughter oan feto. daughter-in-law feto foun. dawn rai huun mutin. day loron. day and night loron-kalan. dead mate. deaf tilun diuk. deal akordu; (deal cards) fahe (kartu) make/do a deal konkorda, halo akordu. deal in halo negósiu, faan tutan. deal with responde.

dean—despise

17

dean dekanu. death mate. debate debate. debt tusan; deve. decade tinan sanulu. deceive bosok; butar; lohi; hamatak, han-matak. December Dezembru. decent laran moos. decentralisation desentralizasaun (E). decentralise desentraliza (E); halo desentralizasaun (E). decide hakotu, desidi. decision desizaun. deck (cards) (karta) ulun. declaration deklarasaun. declare deklara. decline tuun; menus, menus daudaun; hatete ho mamar dehan ita lakohi. decorate enfeita. decree dekretu. decree law dekretu lei. dedicate foo-an; oferese. deep klean. deepen halo klean liu; sai klean liu. deed hahalok. deer rusa, bibi rusa. defeat manaan, halo ema seluk lakon. defeated lakon. defecate tee. defence defeza. Defence Force (East Timorese) FALINTIL Forsa Defeza de Timor Leste,

FALINTIL-FDTL, F-FDTL. defence lawyer defensór. defend defende. define defini (E). definition definisaun.

degree (university; 4-year) lisensiatura, S1 (I); (3-year) baxarelatu. degrees (temperature) graus (E), derajat (I). delay demora. delayed atraza. delegate (person) delegadu. delegation delegasaun. delicious gostu. deliver entrega. demand eziji; reklama. democracy demokrasia. demolish sobu. demolished naksobu. demon diabu. demonstration (presentation) aprezentasaun; (protest) manifestasaun, demo. demonstrate (protest) halo manifestasaun, halo demo. dentist doutór nehan, dentista (E). deny nega. depart aranka. department departementu, (academic) jurusan (I). depend on depende. depose hamonu. deposit (verb) hatama; (noun) depózitu (E). deputy visi. deputy commander visi komandante. deputy minister visi ministru/a. descend tuun. descendant jerasaun. describe deskreve (E); esplika ema ka buat ruma oinsaa (por ezemplu nia jeitu ka modelu oinsaa). desert rai fuik maran. deserve merese. design (noun) dezenyu, modelu; (verb) halo dezenyu.

designate—display designate hili. desire (verb) hakarak; (noun) vontade. desk meza; eskritóriu (E). despise despreza. despite maski. destiny destinu. destroy estraga, harahun, halo rahun. determine determina (E). develop dezenvolve; (film) fasi. development dezenvolvimentu. deviate sees. devil diabu; Satanás. dew mahobeen. diabetes mii midar. diagram gráfiku. dialogue diálogu. diamonds (in cards) ouru. diaper fralda. diarrhoea diaréia; kabun moras; tee been. diary diáriu. dice kurukuru. dictator ditadór. dictionary disionáriu, kamus (I). die mate, iis kotu; (of infants) fila. die out mate mohu. diesel fuel gazoel. diet hahaan nebee mak ita baibain haan; haan tuir doutór haruka para halo isin diak ka atu hatuun isin. difference diferensa (E). different oin seluk, la hanesan, diferente. difficult susar, kusta, todan, difisil. difficulty difikuldade; susar. dig kee. dignity dignidade. diligent badinas; servisudór. diligent worker servisu nain. din estrundu; barulyu.

18

dinner (evening meal) haan kalan. diocese dioseze. dip in reta. diploma diploma. dipper gayung (I). direct (order) manda; (lead) diriji; (straight) loos, kedas. (clear) mo-moos; (aim) sei. direction diresaun (E); jurusan (I). directly diretamente (E). director diretór/diretóra. directorate diresaun (E). director general diretór jerál. dirt rai. dirty foer. disabled aleijadu. disadvantage dezvantajen (E), (buat ruma) nia aat. disappear lakon. disarm hasai kroat hosi ema nia liman, dezarma (E). disaster dezastre. discard soe. discharge (from hospital) alta. disciple eskolanti. discipline disiplina. disconnect dezliga. discount deskontu. discover deskobre. discriminate halo diskriminasaun. discrimination diskriminasaun. discuss diskuti, diskuti malu, haksesuk. discussion diskusaun. disease moras. disgusted hakribi. dish (utensil) trina, manko; (food) modo. dish up suru. disintegrating lahuk. dislocated naksala(k). dismiss hasai. disobey kontra.

19

disown nega, doku bikan. dispatch despaixa. displaced person dezlokadu. display hatudu. dispute haksesuk malu. distance distánsia; (verb) hadook; (distance oneself ) hadook-an. distract intenta. distressed laran susar, laran dodok; fuan moras. distribute fahe. distribution distribuisaun. district distritu. district administrator administradór/a distritu. distrust deskonfia. disturbance runguranga. ditch bee dalan. dive (scuba) luku. diverse oi-oin. divide fahe. divided by fahe ba, dividír por (E). division divizaun, fahe. divorce (feen-laen) fahe malu, soe malu. divorced divorsiadu/a (E). dizzy oin halai. do halo. dock (quay) pontikais. doctor doutór/a. doctrine doutrina. document dokumentu, surat. dodge pintas, sees-an. doesn’t la (singular). dog asu; (male) asu aman. dog-meat dish RW (I). doll boneka. dolphin toninyu (E); (ikan) lumba-lumba (I). dollar dolar. domestic (household) uma laran nian, (country-internal) rai laran nian; (animal) (animál) hakiak.

disown—drinker domesticated maus. domestic violence violénsia doméstika. dominate domina. don’t (negative) la (plural); (prohibition) keta; lalika(n). don’t yet keta lai. donkey kuda buru. donor doadór. donut donat. door odamatan. back door odamatan kotuk. front door odamatan oin. dormitory koléjiu. dot pontu. double dobradu. doubt dúvida, laran ru-rua. doubtful dúvida, laran ru-rua. dough masa paun. doughnut donat. do up (button) prega. dove falur, manu pombu. down ba kraik. downpour udan boot. downwards ba kraik. dozen sanulu resin rua. Dr Dr/Dra. drag dada; (roughly) rasta. dragonfly tekilili. drain baleta, bee dalan. drama drama. drape kahe. draughts (game) damas. draw (picture) pinta. draw (sports) empata. draw (sword) losu (surik). drawer gaveta. drawing dezenyu, pintura. drawing pin (Inglatera) pioneze. dream mehi. dregs bee teen. dress (women’s clothing) vestidu; (dress someone) foo hatais. dribble kabeen. drill (verb) fura; (tool) furadór.

drink—educated drink hemu. give drink to foo hemu. drinker hemu-door. drip turu; (medical equipment) soru. drive lori, hodi, kaer (kareta). driver kondutór, xofér. driver’s licence karta kondusaun, SIM (I). drizzle udan biska. drop hamonu, hatuun; tuun lalais, monu. droppings teen. drown mout too mate. drugs (medicine) aimoruk; (non-pharmaceutical) aimoruk aat, droga. drum (musical) babadook; tambór. drum (barrel) bidoon. drunk (intoxicated) lanu, tua lanu; merak (Slang). drunkard lanu-teen. dry (be dry) maran; (crispy) toradu; (dry as dust) maran dekor; (make dry) hamaran, habai. dry season bailoro. duck manu rade. due loron ikus para halo buat ruma. due to tanba. dull maten. dumb beik; gugulai. dung teen. dungarees makaku. during durante; iha ... nia laran. dusk rai nakaras. dust rai rahun. Dutch Olandés/Olandeza (E); ema Olanda; lian Olanda; Olanda nian, hosi Olanda; Belanda (I). Dutch wife (long pillow) sumasu naruk.

20

duty devér, knaar; kargu. DVD DVD. dwarf ema nebee tuuk. dye tinta.

E each ida-idak, kada. each other malu. eagle makikit. ear tilun. ear-hole tilun kuak. earlier today ohin, hori ohin. early sedu. earn manaan (osan). earn a living buka moris. earring brinkus; (hoop) argola. earth rai. earthquake rai nakdoko. ear wax tilun teen. easier fasil liu. easiest mak fasil liu. east lorosae. Easter Páskua. Easter Saturday Sabdu Aleluia. Easter Sunday Domingu Resureisaun. eastern lorosae, hosi lorosae. East Timor Timor Leste, Timor Lorosae, RDTL. East Timorese Timor oan, hosi Timor Leste, Timor Leste nian. East Timor Time Oras Timor Lorosae, OTL. easy fasil. eat haan. eaves uma tatiis. eclipse (lunar) fulan mate. ecology ekolojia (E). economic ekonómiku/a (E). economics ekonomia. edge ninin, ibun.

21

edge of iha ... ninin. edition edisaun. educate eduka. educated matenek. education edukasaun. eel tuna. effective foo rezultadu diak. effort esforsu. e.g. por ezemplu. egg (of chicken) mantolun; (other) tolun. lay an egg tolun. egg-plant brinjela. Egypt Ejitu (E), Mesir (I). eight walu, oitu (P), delapan (I). eighteen sanulu resin walu, dezoitu (P), delapan belás (I). eighty walu-nulu, oitenta (P), delapan puluh (I). elbow liman sikun. elder (traditional leader) lia nain; (older) tinan boot liu, idade liu. elect hili liu hosi eleisaun. election eleisaun. electricity ahi, eletrisidade. elephant elefante. eleven sanulu resin ida, onzi (P), sebelás (I). eliminate halakon. else se lae. embarrass hamoe, halo moe. embarrassed moe, senti-an. embassy embaixada. embrace hakuak. emerge sai hosi hosi fatin subar, (problema...) fakar sai. emergency emerjénsia. employ foo servisu; uza. employee staf. employer patraun. employment servisu. empty mamuk. empty-handed liman mamuk. encircle bobar, haleu.

edge of—evacuate encourage halo ema fiar-an; foo hanoin; (promote) promove. end tutun, rohan. in the end ikus mai. endeavour hakaas-an. endure aguenta, dura, tahan, terus. enemy inimigu. energy enerjia. engine motór. engineer enjenyeiru/a. engineering enjenyaria (E), teknik (I). England Inglatera. English Inglés/Ingleza. enjoy gosta; goza. enough natoon, too. enquire buka tuir. enter tama. entire tomak. entrust foo fiar; (to pass on) tatoli. envelope envelope. environment ambiente (E); meiu ambiente (E), lingkungang (I). epilepsy bibi maten, epilépsia (E). equipment materiál, ekipamentu, alat (I). equivalent hanesan. erase apaga, hamoos. eraser apagadór. erosion rai halai. err sala. error sala. escape konsege halai sai. especially liu-liu. essential importante teb-tebes; presiza duni. establish harii. estimate kalkula. etc. ho selu-seluk tan, sst. ethics étika. ethnic group suku. Europe Europa, Eropa (I).

European—face European ema Europa; Europa nian, hosi Europa. European Union Uniaun Europeia. evacuate evakua. evacuation evakuasaun. evaluate halo avaliasaun (E). evaluation avaliasaun (E). even maski, biar, mezmu, mos; tan (even worse aat liu tan). even if maski, biar, mezmu, mos. evening kalan (seidauk kalan boot). event eventu, akontesimentu. even though maski, biar, mezmu, mos. eventually ikus mai, too ikus. every ida-idak, kada. everybody ema hotu-hotu. everyone ema hotu-hotu. everything buat hotu-hotu. everywhere iha nebee-nebee deit. evidence evidénsia. evil aat loos. evil spirit diabu. ewe bibi inan. ex- eis-. exact lo-loos, loos. exactly lo-loos. exam ezame. examination ezame. give an examination foo ezame. sit an examination tuir ezame, ezame. examine fihir; foo ezame; tetu di-diak (planu...). example ezemplu. for example hanesan; por ezemplu. excellent diak loos. except só. excess resin.

22

exchange troka. excrement (human) tee; (animal) teen. excuse me kolisensa. execute oho ema tuir lei tanba nia halo krimi todan; halao (planu). exercise ezersíziu; desportu, olaraga (I). exercise book kadernu. exhaust suar. exist iha. exit sai (ba liur). expenditure osan sai, despeza, gastu (E), pengeluaran (I). expensive karu(n). experience esperiénsia. expert matenek nain. expiry date prazu. explain esplika. explode nakfera, rebenta. exploitation esplorasaun. exploration esplorasaun. export esporta. express foo sai, hatudu ita nia hanoin ka sentimentu. extend hatutan. external iha liur, esternu/a (E). extinct mohu. extinguish hamate. extra resin. extract hasai, fokit. extremely teb-tebes, liu. eye matan. eyeball matan fuan, matan musan. eyebrow matan fulun. eyelash matan fulun. eyes inflamed matan mean. eyes pop out matan fuan naklosu.

face—fighting-cock

23

F face (of head) oin. face (confront) hasoru, enfrenta (problema...). face-down taka rabat. facilitate fasilita. facility fasilidade. fact faktu (E). in fact afinál; tuir lo-loos; tuir loos. factor fatór. factory fábrika. faculty (university) fakuldade. faded kamutis. faeces (human) tee; (animal) teen. fail la konsege; la lao ba oin; la lao; la liu (ezame). faint la moos; halo la ho laran; (feel faint, lose consciousness) oin nakukun. fair (just) justu (E), adil (I). faith fiar, fé. faithful foo laran. fall monu; (fall and scatter) namtate. fall apart naksobu.

fall for laran kona, matan monu. false falsu. family família. family planning planeamentu familiár (E), KB (I). famous naran boot. famine rai hamlaha. fan ventuinya. fanatic fanátiku, fanatik. far dook. farewell (verb) despede; (noun) despedida. farm (noun) toos, kintál; (verb) halo toos, halo natar. farmer toos nain; agrikultór. fart hosu. fashion moda.

fast (quick) lais; makaas. fast (not eat) jejún; halo jejún. faster lais liu. fastest mak lais liu. fasting jejún. fat bokur; (person) bokur-teen. father (dad) aman, apaa, pai; (adoptive) aman hakiak; (of one’s godchild) kompadre. Father (priest) amu. father-in-law banin mane. faucet (Amérika) torneira. favourite nebee ita gosta liu, favoritu. fear tauk. feather manu fulun. February Fevereiru. fed up baruk. fee osan hodi selu ema nia kolen. feed foo haan. feel senti. feeling(s) sentimentu. fellow (comrade) maluk; (guy) buatamak (Impolite). female (human) feto; (animal) inan. fence lutu. fern (edible) kabura. ferry (boat) roo; (carry) lalin. fertile (soil) bokur. fertiliser adubu, pupuk (I). festive rame. festively rame-rame. fetch hola; (fetch water) kuru bee. fever isin manas. few uitoan. a few ida-rua; uitoan. fiancé namoradu. fiancée namorada. field kintál; toos; kampu, lapangan (I); (of study) departementu, jurusan (I). fifteen sanulu resin lima, kinzi (P), lima belás (I).

fifty—folder fifty lima-nulu, sinkuenta (P), lima puluh (I). fight baku malu, haan malu; luta. fighting-cock manu futu. figure (well-respected person) figura. figure (number) númeru (liu-liu iha estatístika). file (archive) arkivu; arsip (I); (computer) fail (Eng). file (tool) limar. fill enxe; (a tooth) solda. fill in (a form) prenxe. film (movie) filmi; (shoot a film) foka. filter taes. final ikus; finál. finalist finalista. finally ikus mai. finance finansa. financial finanseiru. find hetan. find out deskobre. seek to find out buka hatene; buka tuir. fine (good) diak. fine (penalty) multa. fine (slender) lotuk. finger liman fuan. fingernail liman kukun. finish remata, halo hotu. finished hotu, remata. fire ahi. fire brigade bombeirus. firefly pirilampu. fireman bombeirus. fireplace ahi matan. fire station bombeirus. firewood ai sunu. firm (company) kompanyia. firm (tight...) metin. firm up hametin. first (1st) primeiru/a, pertama (I); (first time) ba dala uluk; (firstly) lai, uluk.

24

at first fou-foun. First Lady primeira dama. firstly uluk nanain. first time primeira vés. fish (noun) ikan; (catch fish) tiha; (catch with line) hakail ikan. fisherman peskadór. fish hook kail. fit (right size) natoon; (healthy) isin diak ho forti; (suitable) serve. fit (install) monta. fit (convulsion) tebe ain tebe liman. five lima, sinku (P). five-corner fruit karambola. five days ago hori bainlima. five days’ time bainlima. fix hadia. flag bandeira. flagon garafaun. flagpole bandeira riin. flash piska. flashlight lámpada. flat tetuk; kabelak. flatter gaba. flea kutun, asu kutun. flesh isin. flick fekit. flip-flops xinelus. float namlele. flood bee sae; rai nabeen; (of river) mota boot. floor rai; (storey) andár. flour trigu. flow suli. flower (ai) funan. flower pot vazu. flushed (face) oin mean. fly (insect) lalar. fly (soar) semo. flying fox niki. foal kuda oan. foam (noun) furin; (verb) nafurin.

25

focus haree liu ba, foo atensaun liu ba. fog abuabu. fold hikar. folder pasta (E), map (I). follow tuir; akompanya; (closely) tu-tuir. following liu tiha; tuir mai; depois de (E). fontanel baboton. food hahaan, ai haan. foot ain; (of hill) foho huun. football (soccer) futeból. play football tebe bola. footballer jogadór. football field kampu joga bola. footprint ain fatin. for (someone else) ba, (oneself) mai; (a time) iha (tempu...) nia laran. forbid bandu. force (compel) obriga; (strength) forsa. forces (military) forsa. forehead reen toos. foreign estranjeiru; malae. foreigner estranjeiru; malae. foreman mandór. forest ai laran. forestall antisipa. forget haluha. forgetful person haluha-door. forgive perdua, foo perdaun. forgiveness perdaun, perdua. fork garfu. form (verb) forma; (establish) harii; (shape) modelu; (type) oin, tipu (E); (document) formuláriu. formal formál. former uluk, eis-. formerly uluk. fortunate sorti, sorti boot. forty haat-nulu, kuarenta (P), empat puluh (I).

focus—fruit forwards ba oin. foul (sports) falta. foundation fundasaun. foundations aliserse (E), fondasi (I). founder fundadór/a. fountain pen kaneta. four haat, kuatru (P), empat (I). four days ago hori bainhaat. four days’ time bainhaat. fourteen sanulu resin haat, katorzi (P), empat belás (I). fracture halo tohar. fractured tohar. fragrance morin. fragrant morin. frail isin fraku. frame (door/window) arus. France Fransa, Perancis (I). free (not restricted) livre, (at no cost) gratis, saugati, la selu. freedom liberdade. French Fransés/Franseza; ema Fransa; lian Fransa, Fransa nian, hosi Fransa. French bean koto nurak. freight naha. frequency frekuénsia. frequent beibeik. frequently beibeik. fresh (buat/ema) foun hodi troka ka aumenta ba tuan nian; (modo/ai fuan) nebee foin kuu, (naan) nebee foin oho. Friday Sesta. fried rice (simple) etu fuga; (Indonesian) nasi goreng (I). friend kolega; belun; maluk. friendship amizade. frighten hatauk. frog manduku. from hosi, husi. front oin; (political) frente. in front iha oin. in front of iha ... (nia) oin.

frontier—go-between frontier fronteira. froth (noun) furin, (verb) nafurin. fruit aifuan, fuan. heavily laden with fruit tebar. fry sona (ho mina). fuel mina; kombustivel (E). fulfil halo tuir, kumpri. full nakonu; (from eating) bosu. full stop pontu, titik (I). fully sein porsentu, tomak. fun halo ita kontenti. make fun of goza. function (noun) funsaun; (verb) funsiona. fund fundu. fundamental fundamentál. funny komik. fur (animál nia) fulun. furious raan nakali, nisik. further liu. fuss farigadu. future futuru. in the future aban-bainrua.

G gadabout pasiar-door. gain hetan (buat diak); aumenta (todan/lais...). gamble taru, joga. gambler jogadór. game jogu. garbage lixu, foer. garbage dump lixu fatin. garden (flower) jardín, (agricultural) toos. garden bed kantadeiru. garlic liis; liis asu; liis mutin. gas gas; (US: petrol) gazolina. gate portaun.

26

gather halibur; (gather together) konsentra. gay panleiru, homo (I). gear (of vehicle) mudansa. gecko teki. gelatine jelatina. general (military) jenerál. general (not specific) jerál. generally jeralmente. generation jerasaun. generator jeradór, generator (I). genitals sasaan lulik, oin lulik. gentle mamar, laran maus. geography jeografia, geografi (I). geology jeolojia, geologi (I). German ema Alemanya; lian Alemanya; Alemanya nian, hosi Alemanya. Germany Alemanya (E), Jerman (I). get hetan; hola. get off tuun hosi. get on sae. get out of the way sees, sees-an. get up hadeer. ghost mate klamar. gift prezenti. giggler hamnasa-door. ginger (root) ai lia. girl labarik feto. girlfriend namorada, doben. give foo; (by God) haraik. glad haksolok, laran haksolok. glass (substance) vidru; (for drinking) kopu. glasses oklu. glide namlele iha anin leten. glorify hahii. glory glória. gloves luvas. glue goma, lem (I). glutton kaan-teen. go baa; lao. goal baliza, golu; objetivu.

27

goalkeeper baliza, guardaredi. goat bibi timor. goatherd bibi atan. goat meat naan bibi. go-between manu-talin. God Maromak. godchild oan sarani. godfather aman sarani, padrinyu. godfather of one’s child kompadre. godmother inan sarani, madrinya. godmother of one’s child komadre. goitre kakorok boot. gold osan mean. good diak; (of person) laran moos, laran diak. good afternoon botardi. goodbye adeus. good evening bonoiti. Good Friday Sesta-Feira Santa. good-looking oin diak. good luck sorti diak. good morning bondia. goodness diak. good night bonoiti. goods sasaan. goose bumps isin fulun hamriik. gorge (on food) dena. gospel evanjelyu. gossip lori lia. govern ukun. government estadu; governu. governor governadór/a. grab hadau. grade (of school) klase, kelás (I); (quality) kualidade; (in exam) rezultadu, notas, valór, nilai (I) gradual neineik-neineik. gradually neineik-neineik. graduate (verb) akaba, hasai (kursu). graduation graduasaun.

goalkeeper—guess gram grama. gramme grama. grammar gramátika. grand boot teb-tebes, furak loos. grandchild bei-oan. grandfather avoo mane. grandmother avoo feto. grandparent avoo. grape uvas. graph gráfiku. grasp kaer. grass duut. grasshopper gafanyotu. grassroots iha baze. grate koir; koi. grave (tomb) rate. grave (serious) todan, grave (E). gravy naan been, molyu. grease masa (ba mákina). great boot loos. Greece Grésia (E), Yunani (I). greedy kaan-teen; matan naklosu ba osan, matan osan. Greek Gregu (E), Yunani (I). green matak; modok; verde. greet hasee; kumprimenta. greeting kumprimentus. grenade granada. grey malahuk; (hair) mutin. grieve laran susar. grill (roast) lalar. grind one’s teeth ruun nehan. grope lamas. grotto gruta. ground rai. ground floor andár okos. group grupu. grow (increase in size) boot ba daudauk, aumenta ba daudauk; (grow plants) kuda. grown-up boot. grub (worm-like) ular. grudging laran todan. grumble murmura. guarantee garantia.

guard—head

28

guard (verb) hein; guarda; (person) guarda. guava goiabas. guess siik. guest bainaka; konvidadu. guide (verb) akompanya hodi hatudu dalan; (person) matadalan. Guinea-Bissau Giné-Bisau. guitar viola. guitar string viola talin. gulp down sobak. gums nehan isin. gum tree (Eucalyptus alba) ai bubur. gun kilat; (traditional) rakitan (I). gutter bee dalan. guy (Informál) mane. you guys imi. guzzle sobak.

H hacksaw kadoo besi. Hail Mary Ave Maria. hair (of head) fuuk; (of body) fulun, isin fulun. hairclip feixu. hairdressing salon salon (I). hairpin ulsuku. hairpin bend kurva maten. half balu, metade, setengah (I); (soccer) parte; babak (I). half-full nanotak. half-ripe mangál. half-time intervalu. hall sala; salaun. hamlet knua. hammer martelu. hand (on arm) liman; (of bananas) sasuit; (of clock) ponteiru. by hand ho liman, manuál.

hand (something over) entrega, lolo. handbag karteira. handbook manuál. handicapped aleijadu. handkerchief lensu. handle kaer fatin; (round) tilun; (knife) kain. handlebars volanti. hand pump motabomba. hand-saw kadoo. handsome oin kapaas, bonitu. hang tabele; tara; (around neck) hahenu. happen akontese; mosu. happening akontesimentu. happiness ksolok. happy haksolok, laran haksolok; kontenti, laran kontenti. Happy New Year bosfestas (Anu Novu). harassed atrapalya. hard (surface) toos; (difficult) kusta; (vigorously) makaas; (work) todan. hard to get araska. harder susar liu. hardest mak susar liu. hardly kuaze la. hard-working badinas; servisudoor. hare koelyu. harm halo aat. harvest (noun) rezultadu toos ho natar nian; kolyeta (E); (verb) silu, sohi (batar), koa (hare), kuu (kafe, aifuan...), kee (ai farina...), fokit (forai...). hassled atrapalya. hat xapeu. hate odi. hatred ódiu. have iha. have to tenki, tenki sér. havoc runguranga.

29

hawk makikit. hazy malahuk. he nia (ba mane). head (of body) ulun, ulun fatuk; (leader) xefi, ulun, nai ulun; (a soccer ball) kabesa; (of river) mota ulun. headache ulun (fatuk) moras. head lice utu. headlight lampu. head louse utu. headmaster diretór (eskola). headmistress diretora (eskola). head of family xefi família. head of government xefi governu. head of state xefi estadu. headquarters sede, (police, military) kuartél jerál. headstrong ulun (fatuk) toos. heal kura. healed hetan kura. healer (traditional ) matan-dook. health saúde. healthy isin diak. hear rona. hearing (meeting) audiénsia (E). heart (physical) fuan; (seat of emotions and character) laran. heart disease fuan moras. hearth ahi matan, (of three stones) lalian. hearts (in cards) kopas. heat manas. heat up hamanas. heaven lalehan. heavy todan. hectare ektare (E), hektar (I). hedge lutu ai horis. heel (of foot) ain tuban; (of shoe) takaun. helicopter elikópteru; helikopter (I). hell infernu.

hawk—holiday helmet kapaseti. help ajuda, tulun. hen manu inan. hence nunee. her nia (ba feto); ninia (ba feto). herder karau atan, bibi atan. here iha nee. hero asuwain. hers nian, ninian (ba mane). herself nia aan (feto); rasik. hesitant laran ru-rua. hiccough motok. hide (hide from view) subar. hide (skin) kulit. high aas. higher aas liu. highest nebee aas liu. highly tebe-tebes; (pozisaun) aas; (saláriu) boot. high school eskola pre-sekundária ho sekundária, SMP ho SMA (I). high-status (ema) boot. hill foho. hill base rai huun. hillside foho lolon, rai lolon. hilltop foho leten. him nia (ba mane). himself nia aan (mane); rasik. Hindu hindu. hip kidan. hire foo servisu; aluga. hire out foo aluga. his nia, nian, ninia, ninian (ba mane). history istória; sejarah (I). hit baku. HIV AIDS HIV SIDA (E), HIV AIDS (Eng). hoarse kakorok maran; lian maran. hobby hobi. hoe enxada. hold kaer; (against body) kous; (meeting...) halao.

hold up—if hold up tane. hole kuak; (in the ground) rai kuak. holiday feriadu; férias. Holland Olanda (E), Belanda (I). holy laran moos; santu/a. holy day loron boot. holy oil mina sarani. Holy Spirit Espíritu Santu. Holy Week Semana Santa. home uma. homework servisu uma, trabalyu da kaza. homily omília. homosexual panleiru, homo (I). honest laran moos. honey bani been. honour onra (E). hoof sapatu (karau ho kuda nian). hook (noun) ai kait, besi kait, pregu taru sasaan; (verb) kait. hoop argola. hop haksoit ho ain ida. hope (verb) hein katak, espera; (noun) esperansa. horizontal orizontál. horn (of animal) dikur. horse kuda. hose mangeira. hospital ospitál. hospitalised baixa. host (in home) uma nain; (of TV/radio show) moderadór/a; (of party) festa nain. Host (Eucharist) óstia. hot manas. hot compress hanas. hotel otél. hour oras. house uma; (modern block house) uma mutin. household uma kain; uma laran. house-post koluna. house owner uma nain.

30

how? oinsaa?; halo oinsaa?; halo nusaa?; oin nusaa? how about (suggestion) diak liu .... however maibee, mais; soke (E). how many? hira? how much? hira? hug hakuak. huge boot loos. human ema. human rights direitus umanus. humble haraik-an. humility haraik-an. hundred atus; sentu (P), ratus (I). one hundred atus ida, sein (P), sentu (P), seratus (I). hundreds atus ba atus. hungry hamlaha. hunt kasa. hurry ansi. hurt (in pain) moras; (damage) estraga, halo aat. husband kaben (mane), katuas-oan, laen. husband and wife feen-laen. husband’s family fetosaa. hut baraka, uma laleo. hyphen trasu. hypocritical laran makerek.

I I hau. ice jelu. ice-cream sorvete, eskrim (I). ice cube jelu fatuk. idea ideia. identical hanesan. identification identifikasaun (E). identify identifika (E). identity identidade. identity card kartaun rejistu. ideology ideolojia.

31

idiot beik-teen. idle vadiu. IDP dezlokadu. if se, karik, kuandu. if not se lae. ignorant beik-teen. ignore lakohi interese. ill moras. illegal ilegál. illiterate lee la hatene, analfabetu (E). ill-mannered beik; malkriadu/a. illness moras. illuminate leno. image imajen. imitate halo tuir; (mockingly) hasara. Immaculate Conception Imakulada Konseisaun. immature (fruit) okir. immediately kedan. immigration imigrasaun. immunisation imunizasaun. impact impaktu (E). impartial imparsiál (E), la todan hosi sorin. implement halao, implementa (E). implementation implementasaun (E). import importa. important importante. impose obriga ema simu. impossible la bele. improve sai diak liu; halo sai diak liu. impudent malandru. in iha; iha ... laran. incident insidente; akontesimentu. incite soran. incline (lean) haliis, sadere; halo haliis. include inklui, iha (buat ruma) tama iha laran (The team

idiot—ink includes three teachers. Iha grupu nee nia laran iha mestri nain tolu.) included in tama ba. including inklui moos. income osan tama, rendimentu (E), pemasukan (I). incomprehensible hanoin la hetan. inconvenience inkomoda. in-country iha rai laran. increase aumenta, hasae. indeed duni; tebes. independence independénsia. independent independenti; kaer rasik kuda talin; ukun-an. India Índia. Indian ema Índia; Índia nian, hosi Índia. indicate hatudu. indicator indikadór (E). indigenous rai nain. individual ida mesak, ida-idak; individu. individually ida-ida; keta-ketak. Indonesia Indonézia. Indonesian Indonézia nian, hosi Indonézia; (person) bapa (I); (language) lian Indonézia, bahasa Indonésia (I), bahasa (I). industry indústria. infant labarik oan. infection infesaun. inflation sasaan hotu-hotu nia folin sae. influence influénsia. inform foo hatene; hatete(n); informa. information informasaun. informer (male) mauhuu; (female) buihuu. infrastructure infraestrutura. initially fou-foun. initiative inisiativa.

inject—itchy inject sona (ho daun). injury kanek, naksalak ka ruin tohar. ink tinta. insane bulak. insecticide aimoruk hodi hamate gafanyotu, susuk... insert hatama. inside iha ... laran; laran. insipid miis. insist koalia lakohi lakon. inspect revista; pasa revista. install monta. installation instalasaun. instance dala. for instance por ezemplu. instead fali. institute institutu. institution instituisaun. instruct foo hanoin. instruction instrusaun; lia menon. instrument instrumentu; alat (I). insult tolok; tarata. integration integrasaun (E). intellectual intelektuál (E). intelligence agent espiaun, intel (I). intelligent ulun (fatuk) mamar. intend atu. intention intensaun. intercede harohan. interest interese; (on loan) funan. interfere mete. intermission intervalu. internal iha laran; internu/a (E). international internasionál. internet internét. interpret intérpreta (E). interpreter durbasa, intérprete (E). interrogation interogasaun (E). interrupt korta. intersection kruzamentu. interval intervalu.

32

intervene in atua (E). interview (noun) intervista; (verb) intervista, halo intervista. intestine tee oan, teen; (large) teen boot; (small) teen kiik. intimidate hatauk, halo tauk, halo intimidasaun. intimidation intimidasaun. into tama. intoxicated lanu. introduce lori (buat foun) tama; (person) foo konyese. introduction introdusaun. invade halo invazaun. invasion invazaun. invent inventa. invest kuda osan. investigate investiga, halo investigasaun; buka tuir. investigation investigasaun. investment investimentu. investor investidór/a (E); investór. invitation konvite. invite konvida. involve envolve. Iran Iraun (E), Iran (I). Iraq Iraki (E), Irak (I). Ireland Irlanda (E), Irlándia (I). iron (metal) besi. iron (for clothes) estrika. irrigation irigasaun. irritate book. irritated nervozu. Islam Islam (I). island ilya (E), pulau (I). Israel Izraél. issue asuntu, kestaun (E). it buat nee; lia fuan mamuk bainhira la iha sujeitu seluk (It is nine o’clock. Agora tuku sia.) Italian Italianu/a, ema Itália; lian Itália; Itália nian, hosi Itália.

Italy—kitchen

33

Italy Itália. itch isin katar. itchy katar. item buat ida. its buat nee nia, buat nee ninia. itself nia aan; rasik. by itself mesak.

J jack (for vehicle) makaku. jacket kazaku. jackfruit kulu; kulu jaka. jail kadeia, komarka, prizaun. jam (spread) marmelada. jam (stick in) sikat. January Janeiru. Japan Japaun, Jepáng (I). Japanese Japonés/Japoneza; ema Japaun; lian Japaun; Japaun nian, hosi Japaun. jar (glass) vidru; (plastic) masa; toples (I). jealous laran moras ema. jeans jíns. jelly jelatina. jerky naan maran. jerrycan jérigen, masa. Jew Judeu (E); ema Judeu; Yahudi (I). Jewish Judeu (E); Yahudi (I). job servisu. join liga; tutan; hatutan. joint (body) fukun. joint (together) hamutuk. jostle sena malu. journal revista (E). journalist jornalista. journey viajen. joy ksolok. joyful haksolok, laran haksolok. judge (person) juís. judge (make judgement) tesi lia.

judgement julgamentu. judicial judisiál. juice (aifuan nia) been. July Julyu. jump haksoit. jumper faru manas. June Junyu. jungle ai laran. junior high school eskola pre-sekundária, SMP (I). just (only) deit. just (fair) justu (E), adil (I). justice justisa.

K kangkung kanko. kapok tree ai lele. keep (a promise) kumpri; halo tuir, (animals) hakiak. keep (continue) nafatin; (store) rai di-diak; (support) sustenta. keep away hadook. keepsake rekordasaun. kerosene mina rai. key xavi. kick tebe; xuta. kid (baby goat) bibi oan; (child) labarik. kidnap naok ema. kidney ríns. kill oho, oho mate; hamate. kilogram kilograma, kilu. kilometre kilómetru. kin maluk. kind (caring) laran diak. kind (type) oin, tipu (E). what kind of? saida? kindergarten jardín infantíl, TK (I). kind-hearted laran diak. king liurai. kingdom reinu (Lit.).

kiosk—least

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kiosk kios (I). kiosk owner kios nain. kiss rei; beiju; (hand) foo bensa. kitchen dapur. kite (bird) makikit. kite (toy) papagaiu. fly a kite dada papagaiu. kitten busa oan. knead deut. knee ain tuur. kneel hakneak. knife tudik. knock dere. know hatene, konyese. knowledge konyesimentu. Korea Koreia. Korean ema Koreia; lian Koreia, Koreia nian, hosi Koreia.

L labour servisu todan, servisu makaas. labourer trabalyadór. lack falta. ladder eskada. laddie anoo. ladle (noun) kanedok; (verb) suru. lady senyora. lady of the house uma nain. lame ain aat; kudeik. lamb bibi oan. lamp ahi-oan; lampu; (wick lamp) kandieiru. land rai. landlord uma nain. landmine minas. landslide rai halai, rai monu. language lian, língua. lap hitin. hold on lap hiti. large boot.

largely liu-liu. larger boot liu. largest mak boot liu. laryngitis lian maran. lassie anoi, noi. last (final) ikus; (last time) ba dala ikus; (last week...) kotuk, liu ba. last (endure) dura. last night hori kalan. late tarde, atraza. the late matebian, saudozu/a. later tardi liu; liu tiha (a year later liu tiha tinan ida); (later today) orsida, ora-oras tan. latest mak tardi liu, mak modelu foun liu. lather (noun) furin; (verb) nafurin. Latin Latín. laugh hamnasa. law lei; (study of law) direitu. lawyer advogadu/a. lay (bricks) hada; (spread) nahe; (lay down) hatoba; (a table) arma; (an egg) tolun. lay across latan netik. lay down latan. lazy baruk-teen, baruk. lazybones baruk-teen. lead diriji; lidera; lao iha oin; lori (ema ba fatin ruma); halo (It led me to believe that... ‘Buat nee halo hau fiar katak ... ). leader lider, ema boot, ulun boot. leadership lideransa. leaf (ai) tahan. leafy vegetables modo tahan. leak (escape) suli sai; (leak into) suli tama; (hole) kuak nebee husik bee ka gas sai; (leak secrets) foo sai sub-subar informasaun nebee segredu.

35

lean (incline) haliis, sadere. leap haksoit. learn aprende. least mak uitoan liu; at least ba leten (at least 20 20 ba leten). leather kulit. leave husik, aranka. request leave husu lisensa. leave behind husik. lectionary reading leitura. lecture aula; kuliah (I). lecturer dosenti; profesór/a (iha universidade). leech ular susu raan. left (direction) karuk, liman karuk, eskerda (E). on the left of iha ... liman karuk; iha ... sorin karuk. leftover restu. left-wing eskerda (E). leg ain. legal legál. legislative lejislativu (E). lemon derok. lemon grass duut morin. lend foo empresta. length naruk. lengthen halo naruk. Lent kuarezma. leprosy lepra. lesbian bermanek; lesbián (I). less menus; uitoan liu, menus liu; la too (less than 40 la too 40). lesson lisaun; aula. lest keta halo (be). let husik. let’s mai ita. lethargic isin baruk. letter (correspondence) surat, karta. letter (of alphabet) letra. lettuce alfase. leuceana ai kafé.

lean—listeners level nivel; (flat) tetuk. lever (verb) selok; (noun) buat nebee uza hodi selok sasaan. liar bosok-teen. liberate liberta. liberty liberdade. library biblioteka. lice kutun; (head lice) utu. lick lambe. lid (sanan...) matan. lie (deceive) bosok, lohi. lie (lie down) toba. lie face-down taka-rabat. lieutenant tenente. life moris, vida. lift hiit. give a lift to tula. light (not dark) naroman. light (lamp) ahi-oan, lampu. light (illuminate) leno. light (not heavy) kamaan; (colour) nurak. light brown (of skin) morenu/a. lightning rai lakan. like (fond of) gosta, laran kona. like (similar to) hanesan. like this nunee, hanesan nee. likely karik (bainhira sei dúvida uitoan deit). lime (white powder) ahu. lime (citrus) derok; derok masin. limit limiti. limp lao kudeik. line linya, risku, riska. draw a line riska. in a line tu-tuir malu. linguistics linguístika. lining foru. link ligasaun; halo ligasaun. lion liaun. lip ibun kulit; (of pot) (sanan nia) ibun. liquid been. liquid paper tipeks. list lista.

listen—magazine listen rona, akompanya; (listen carefully) sei tilun. listeners (to radio) ovinti(s). listless isin baruk. literacy alfabetizasaun (E). literate hatene lee ho hakerek. litre litru. litter lixu. little kiik, kiik-oan. a little oan ida. a little at a time uitoan-uitoan. live (be alive) moris; (reside) hela. lively rame; (as a group) rame-rame. liver aten. lizard lafaek rai maran; toke; (winged) teki liras. load (cargo) naha; (load goods) tula naha ba kareta, tau sasaan barak (por ezemplu iha meza ka pasta); (load a gun) enxe kilat musan ba kilat; (load a camera); tau rolu ba mákina fotográfia. loan (debt) tusan; (lend) foo empresta. local lokál. lock (verb) xavi. locust gafanyotu. lolly rebusadu. lonely mesak. long (long for) hakarak tebes. long (distance/time) naruk. for a long time kleur. long ago hori uluk; nanis. long live! viva! longer naruk liu. longest mak naruk liu. long-term tempu naruk, longu prazu (E). look haree. look after tau matan, hein, interese. look at hateke.

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look for buka. loose luan. loosen hamamar. loot lelán. Lord Nai. lorikeet loriku. lose lakon. loss lakon. lost lakon. lot a lot barak; lubuk ida. lots lots of barak, lubuk ida. draw lots dada rifa. lottery rifa. loud makaas. loudly makaas, ho lian makaas. loudhailer autofolante; toa. loudspeaker koluna. lounge room sala. louse kutun; (head louse) utu. love (verb) hadomi; (noun) domin. fall in love matan monu. lovely kapaas. love potion maninga. low kraik. lower (bottom) kraik; kraik liu; (verb) hatuun. lowest nebee kraik liu. luck sorti. lucky sorti, sorti boot; sorti diak. lunch haan meiudia, almosu. lungs pulmaun. lush buras.

M macaroni makaraun. machete katana; taha. machine mákina, maki. mad (insane) bulak; (stupid) beik; (angry) hirus.

37

madam senyora. magazine revista (E). magic (black magic) aimoruk aat; (charm) biru, kakaluk; (charm to attract opposite sex) maninga. practise black magic fekit; ema halo. magnet besi asu. mail (send by post) haruka tuir koreius. main prinsipál; mak importante liu. mainly liu-liu. maintain kuidadu (ekipamentu...) para keta aat, mantein (E). maize batar. major (main) prinsipál, mak importante liu. major (army) majór. major in foti (estudu). majority maioria. make (create) halo, ha-. make (brand) marka. make out to be hatudu-an dehan/hanesan.... maker ema nebee halo (sasaan ruma). make up inventa. malaria malária, isin manas bedoko. Malay gooseberry saramalé. Malaysia Malázia. Malaysian ema Malázia; Malázia nian, hosi Malázia. male (human) mane; (animal) aman. man mane; (young) joven; (young single) mane klosan; toke (Slang); (older/married) katuas. manage kaer, maneja. manage to konsege. management jestaun. manager xefi. mandarin (citrus) tanjerina.

madam—material mandate mandatu; kompeténsia. mango haas. manipulation manipulasaun (E). manner maneira. manual ho liman, manuál. manual arts trabalyu manuais, keterampilan (I). manure karau teen. many barak, lubuk ida; rihun-rahun. many diverse bar-barak. map mapa. marble(s) berlindus. play marbles tiru berlindus. march marxa. March Marsu. mare kuda inan. mark marka; (in exam) rezultadu, notas, valór. market merkadu, basar. marmalade marmelada. marriage kaben. married person kaben nain. marry kaben, hola; (conduct wedding) foo kaben. martial arts arte marsiais. mash deut. mass (of people) masa. mass (Catholic) misa. massacre masakre. massage buti isin, kumu isin. master (learn skill well) domina. master (boss) patraun, nain. master of ceremonies MC, protokól (I). master’s degree mestradu (E); S2 (I). mat biti. match (to light fire) ai kose. match (sport) jogu. match (same) hanesan; (go with) pár. mate (friend) kolega, maluk; (spouse) katuas-oan, ferik-oan; (mate animals) foo kaben

material—mind (animál); (animals mate) (animál) kaben. material (solid substance) sasaan, buat nebee ita bele kaer ho liman ka haree ho matan; (cloth) hena. materials materiál. mathematics matemátika. matter asuntu. it doesn’t matter la buat ida. What’s the matter? Nusaa?, Iha problema saida? matters situasaun ida nee. mattress kulxaun. maximum másimu. may bele. May Maiu. maybe karik, dala ruma, kala, parese. MC MC, protokól (I). me hau. mean (intend) hanoin atu. mean (signify) dehan, signifika (E). mean (stingy) karak, karak-teen, britas. meaning signifikadu (E), arti (I). means (way) dalan, meius. by means of liu hosi. meanwhile iha tempu nebee hanesan. measles sarampu. measure sukat. measures medida. meat naan. meatball soup (Indonesian) bakso (I). mechanic mekániku. mechanic’s workshop ofisina (E), bengkel (I). medal medalya. meddle mete. media média. medical médiku.

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medicine aimoruk; (study of) medisina, kedokteran (I). meet hasoru. meeting enkontru, reuniaun, sorumutu. melt nabeen. member membru. member of parliament deputadu/a. memento rekordasaun. memo nota. memorise dekór. menstruate fasi fulan, nia fulan mai. menstruation menstruasaun (E). mentality mentalidade. mention temi. menu menu. merit merese. Merry Christmas bosfestas (Natál). mess (disorder) runguranga. message lia menon, mensajen, lia tatoli. messy sabraut. metal besi. method métodu. metre metru. Mexico Méxiku, Méksiko (I). midday meiudia. middle klaran. midnight kalan boot. midwife parteira, bidan (I). might (possibly) dala ruma bele. might (power) forsa, podér. mile kilómetru 1,6. military militár. militia milísia. milk (substance) susubeen; (milk a cow) hois karau nia susubeen. mill (verb) dulas; (rice mill) mákina dulas hare. millilitre mililitru. millimetre milímetru.

39

million tokon (Media), milyaun (P), juta (I). mimic (mockingly) hasara. mince cone kanudu. minced meat naan rahun. mind (brain) kakutak; (thoughts) hanoin; laran. mind (briefly look after) haree ho lai. do not mind mai ita la buat ida. mine (belongs to me) hau nian. minibus mikrolét. minimum mínimu. minister (government) ministru/a; (pastor) Maromak nia atan; (Protestant) pastór/a, pendeta (I). ministry ministériu. minority minoria. mint (herb) ortelaun. minus hasai. minute (60 sec.) minutu. miracle milagre. mirror lalenok, espelyu. miscarriage abortu. miscarry abortu, labarik monu. mischievous nakar. misgiving laran todan. mishap asidente. miss (pine for) hanoin, hanoin ema nebee la iha tiha ona ita nia sorin; (fail to) la konsege, (tiru...) la kona, (golu) la tama, la aproveita, la biban. Miss (young single woman) menina. mission misaun. mist abuabu. mistake sala. mister senyór; bapa (I); mister (Eng). mistress (in addition to wife) feen kiik, feto kiik, kama rua.

million— mix kahur; (socially) ranxu. mob (of people) masa. model modelu. moderator moderadór/a. modern modernu. modify modifika. moldy kulapur. Molotov cocktail bomba marotok (I). moment momentu. Monday Segunda. money osan. paper money osan tahan. money-hungry matan osan. monkey lekirauk. monosodium glutamate micin. month fulan. monthly ful-fulan. monument monumentu. moon fulan. more liu, tan; barak liu. morning dadeer; (early) dadeer-saan, (before sunrise) dadeer-saan nakukun, madrugada. mortar (bowl for pestle) lesu, fatuk inan. mortar (gun) morteiru. Moslem Arabi, musulmanu. mosque meskita (E), mesjid (I). mosquito susuk. mosquito coil piveti, Baygon. mosquito net moskiteiru. mosquito spray Baygon. moss bee teen. most liu; mak barak liu. mostly liu-liu. moth borboleta. mother amaa, inan, main. mother-in-law banin feto. mother of one’s godchild komadre. motive motivu (E). motor motór.

motorbike—necessity motorbike motór. motor cross motokrós (I). motorcycle motór. mouldy kulapur. mount (organize) organiza (kampanya, eventu); (increase) aumenta; (climb onto) sae. mount (mountain) foho (uza iha foho nia naran: Mount Ramelau). mountain foho. mountainside foho lolon. mountaintop foho leten. mourning lutu. mouse laho. moustache hasan rahun. mouth ibun. draws your mouth baar. move muda, book-an. move aside sees, soruk. move forward avansa. movement movimentu. movie filmi. Mozambique Mosambike. Mr senyór, bapa (I), mister (Eng). Mrs dona, senyora, misez (Eng), ibu (I). MSG micin. much barak. mud tahu. muddy (of water) merak. mug (cup) kopu ho tilun. mug (assault) asalta. mulch estrumi. multi-coloured makerek. multiplied by vezes (E), kali (I). multi-storey andár. mum amaa, main. mumble murmura. mung beans fore mungu. murder oho ema tanba hakarak oho, i laos tanba funu. murky merak. murmur murmura. muscle uat.

40

muscly brasu. museum muzeu. mushroom kulat. mushy dodok. music múzika. musician toka-door. Muslim Arabi, musulmanu; Islam (I). must tenki, tenki sér. must not lalika(n), keta. mustard greens mostarda metan; modo metan. mutton naan bibi. my hau nia. myself hau nia aan; rasik.

N nail (finger/toe) kukun. fingernail liman kukun. toenail ain kukun. nail (metal) pregu; (verb) prega. nail clipper kortonya. nail polish vernís. naked (isin) molik. name naran; (family, surname) apelidu. nanny-goat bibi inan. nape of neck kanoruk. nappy fralda. narrate konta. narrow kloot. nasty laran aat. nation nasaun. national nasionál. nationality nasionalidade. Nativity scene prezépiu. natural naturál. natural sciences siénsias naturais. nature natureza (E). nauseous laran sae. navel husar.

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near besik. nearly kuaze, besik. necessary presiza. necessity nesesidade. neck kakorok. nape of neck kanoruk. sore neck kakorok moras. stiff neck kakorok moras. necklace (chain) korenti; (of beads) morteen. need presiza; nesesidade. needle daun. negative negativu. negotiate halo negosiasaun. negotiation negosiasaun. negro malae metan. neighbour vizinyu. neighbourhood bairu. neither neither ... nor... hatudu katak buat rua nee la loos hotu: ... mos la ... mos la... (He speaks neither Tetun nor Portuguese. ‘Nia Tetun mos la hatene, Portuges mos la hatene.); rua-rua la ..., rua la ... hotu (Neither of them can come. Sira nain rua la bele mai hotu.) nephew sobrinyu, maun-alin nia oan mane. nerve uat. nest knuuk, manu knuuk. nesting box manu knuuk. net redi. Netherlands Olanda (E), Belanda (I). network redi. never nunka, nunka mais, nunka ... ida. new foun. newcomer ema matan foun; ema oin foun. news notísias, novidade. newspaper jornál.

near—not New Year tinan foun; Anu Novu. New Zealand Nova Zelándia, Selándia Baru (I). next oin, oin mai; tuir mai. NGO ONG (E), NGO (Eng). nice diak, hau gosta; laran diak. nickname naran bolu; (at home) naran uma nian. niece sobrinya, maun-alin nia oan feto. night kalan; (late) kalan boot. nightly kala-kalan. nine sia, novi (P), sembilan (I). nineteen sanulu resin sia, dezanovi (P), sembilan belás (I). ninety sia-nulu, noventa (P), sembilan puluh (I). nipple susun matan. no lae. nobody la ... ema ida, ema ida la ... (Nobody came. Ema ida la mai.) nod head doko ulun. noise estrundu, barulyu. no longer la ... ona, la ... tan. none ida mos la ... (We found none. Ida mos la hetan.) none of ida mos la ... (None of them helped us. Hosi sira, ida mos la ajuda ami.) noodles xaumí; (2-minute) súpermi. no one la ... ema ida, ema ida la ... (We saw no one. Ami la haree ema ida.) nor mos la; haree: neither. normal normál. normally baibain. norms kostumi. north norte (E), utara (I). North America Amérika Norte, Amerika Utara (I). nose inus.

blocked nose—one after the other blocked nose inus metin. runny nose inus been. nostril inus kuak. not la; laós; la ... ida. not again la ... ona. note nota; surat badak notebook kadernu. nothing la ... buat ida, buat ida la ... (He did nothing. Nia la halo buat ida.) notice (announcement) avizu. notice (observe) nota. notice board kuadru. not very laduun. not yet seidauk. noun substantivu (E). November Novembru. now agora. nowadays agora dadaun, ikus nee. nowhere la ... fatin ida, fatin ida la ... (He has nowhere to stay. Nia la iha fatin ida atu hela.) nucleus isin. numb maten. number númeru. nun madre. nurse enfermeiru/a. nursery (for plants) viveiru. nut (on bolt) porka.

O o’clock tuku (plus Tetun number); oras (preceded by Portuguese number) (three o’clock tuku tolu, trés oras). oath juramentu. obey kumpri; tuir, halo tuir; rona. object objetu. objective objetivu. obligation obrigasaun.

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oblige obriga. observation observasaun. observer observadór/a. obtain hetan. obvious klaru. occupation (job) servisu; (by foreign forces) okupasaun. occupy okupa. occur mosu. October Outubru. octopus kurita. odd oin seluk; la pár. of nian (ruler of Wehali liurai Wehali nian). off (not functioning) mate, taka hela; (not touching) la kona; (near) besik; (cancelled) kansela tiha; (no longer take) la hemu ona (droga...), la fuma ona (sigaru); (no longer like) la gosta ona. offer oferese. offering oferta. office (place) servisu fatin, sede; gabinete (E); kantor (I); (position) kargu. official ofisiál. offspring oan. often beibeik, dala barak. oil mina. ointment pomada. OK diak, oké. OK? nee ga? okay diak, oké. old (things) tuan, antigu; (man) katuas; (woman) ferik. older tinan boot liu, idade liu; tuan liu. oldest mak tinan boot liu; mak tuan liu. olive oil mina azeiti. on iha; (on top); iha ... leten; (turned on) moris hela, lakan hela; (about) kona ba. on and off ora-oras.

once—pain

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once (one time) dala ida; (in the past) uluk. one ida, ún/uma (P), satu (I). one after the other tu-tuir malu. one or two ida-rua. onion liis, (large) liis bombai, liis boot; (small red) liis mean. only deit; só. only just foin. open loke; (of its own accord) nakloke. opening ceremony abertura. operate opera. operation operasaun. opinion hanoin, opiniaun. opportunity oportunidade; fatin. oppose kontra; hasoru. opposite kontráriu. opposition opozisaun. oppress hanehan. option opsaun (E). or ka, ou. orange (fruit) sabraka; (colour) kór de laranja. order (command) haruka, manda; (goods) hameno; (noun) orden. in order to atu; hodi; para. organ orgaun. organ of state orgaun soberania. organisation organizasaun. organise organiza. organiser organizadór(a). organising committee komisaun organizadora. origin huun. original orijinál. originate from hosi/husi. orphan oan kiak. orphanage orfanatu. orthography ortografia. ostentatious hatudu-an. other seluk. others sira seluk; selu-seluk. otherwise se lae.

our (including you) ita nia; (excluding you) ami nia. Our Lady Nosa Senyora, Nain Feto. ours (including you) ita nian; (excluding you) ami nian. ourselves (including you) ita nia aan; (excluding you) ami nia aan. out iha liur; sai; sai tiha, laos iha uma/servisu fatin; nebaa (out in Sumba iha Sumba nebaa); (fire, player) mate. go out with namora. outing go for an outing pasiar. out of hosi; (no longer have) la iha ona (We are out of sugar. Masin midar la iha ona.) out of order mate, aat. outside iha liur; liur. go outside sai. oven fornu. over (above) iha ... leten; (on other side) iha ... sorin ba. overalls makaku. overdosed lanu. overseas tasi balu. overthrow hamonu. overturn baku fila. overwhelmed senti todan. owl kakuuk; manu buan. own rasik. owner nain.

P pack (put in) hatama ba pasta ka kaixa; (backpack) pasta tau kotuk, muxila; (of people) grupu nebee lao hamutuk; (of cards) ulun. packet falun; (cigarettes) masu.

padlock—pea padlock kadiadu. page pájina. pain moras. paint (verb) pinta; (substance) tinta. paintbrush pinsél. painting pintura. pair pár. in pairs rua-rua. pale kamutis, (wan) oin kamutis. palm (tree) palma; (lontar) akadiru; (of hand) liman laran. palm leaf tali tahan. palm leaf stalk bebak. panel of palm leaf stalks piku. palm oil Bimoli. Palm Sunday Domingu Ramus. palm wine tua; (distilled) tua manas; (sweet) tua mutin. pamphlet pamfletu. pancake kadaka. panties kalsinya. pantry despesa. pants kalsa. papaya ai dila. papaya flower ai dila funan. papaya leaf ai dila tahan. paper surat tahan. parachute parakedas. parachutist parakedista. paratrooper parakedista. parched maran dekor. pardon perdua. pare sabir. parent-in-law banin. parents inan-aman. parish parókia. park jardín. parliament parlamentu. parliamentarian deputadu/a. parsley salsa. part balu, parte. take part hola parte. participant partisipante.

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participate partisipa, hola parte; asisti. participation partisipasaun. particle rahun. particularly liu-liu. partner (spouse, de facto) katuas oan, ferik oan; (dance...) pár; (work) parseiru. party (celebration) festa. party (political) partidu. party member militante. pass (go past) liu; (time passes) (tempu) liu; (pass an exam) pasa, liu (ezame); (pass something to someone) entrega, pasa, hatoo, (pass a ball) pasa (bola); (spend time) gasta (tempu); (pass laws...) aprova (lei...). pass on hatoo, tatoli. passenger pasajeiru; penumpang (I). passionfruit marakujá. passport pasaporti. past (time) uluk, pasadu; (the past period) (tempu) kotuk, liu ba; (beyond) iha ... nia sorin ba; (situation/time is past) liu tiha; (no longer able) la bele ona. go past liu. in the past uluk. pasta pasta. pastor pastór/a, Maromak nia atan. path dalan. patience pasiénsia. patient (sick person) pasiente, ema moras; (have patience) pasiénsia. pawned item pinoor. pawpaw ai dila. pawpaw flower ai dila funan. pawpaw leaf ai dila tahan. pay (verb) selu; (pay for labour) selu (ema) nia kolen; (wages)

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saláriu; (wages for labour) kolen. payment pagamentu. pea ervilya; ervilya musan. peace dame, pás, hakmatek. feel at peace laran hakmatek. peaceful hakmatek. peak (top) tutun. peanut forai, fore rai. pebble britas. pectoral muscle peitu. pedagogy pedagojia (E). pedal pedál. peel (noun) (aifuan nia) kulit; (verb) loke kulit. peep at hafuhu. peg (noun) ai habit; (verb) habit. pelt (throw) tuda. pen (biro) lapizeira. pen (cage) luhan. pen up sulan. penalty (punishment) kastigu; (sports) penalti. pencil lapis. penis sasaan lulik, oin lulik; manu oan (Slang). people ema (liu hosi ida). people-watching fasi matan. pepper pimenta. per kada ($5 per day $5 kada loron, loron ida $5). percent porsentu. percentage persentajen (E). perfect perfeitu (E). perform halo (servisu ruma); hatudu, aprezenta (drama, teatru, dansa). performance aprezentasaun. perfume mina morin. perhaps karik, dala ruma, kala, parese, keta. period periodu (E), periode (I); tempu. permanent permanente. permanent marker spidól (I).

payment—picture permission lisensa. permit (allow) autoriza (E), permiti, husik, foo; (document) surat lisensa, surat autorizasaun (E). perpetrator autór (krimi). person ema. in person rasik. person in charge responsavel. perspire kosar. pesticide aimoruk (hodi hamate ular oan), pestisida (E). pestle alu, fatuk oan. petrol gazolina. petticoat saiote. pharmacy farmásia. phase faze. PhD doutoradu (E), S3 (I). Philippines Filipina, Filipinas (E). Philippino ema Filipina; Filipina nian, hosi Filipina. philosophy filozofia (E), filsafat (I). phone (noun, verb) telefone; (verb) dere. photo fotografia, foto, retratu. photocopy fotokópia, fotokopi (I). photocopy machine mákina fotokopi. photograph fotografia, foto, retratu. photography fotografia. physical isin lolon nian; buat nebee ita bele kaer ho liman ka haree ho matan; fízika nian. physics fízika (E), fisika (I). pick (tool) karau dikur. pick (pick fruit...) kuu. pick at sukit. pick up foti, hili; (fetch) baa tula, baa foti. pickaxe karau dikur. pickle budu.

picnic—police agent picnic piknik. picture dezenyu; figura (E); pintura. piece rohan, pedasuk. pierce tuu, sona. pig fahi. pigeon manu pombu, falur. pigeon pea tunis. piggy-back takeu; tatuk. piglet fahi oan. pigpen fahi luhan. pigsty fahi luhan. pile butuk, bou. pill aimuruk musan. pillow sumasu. pillowcase fronyas. pimple borbulyus. pinch kuu. pineapple ai nanás. pink kór de roza. pipe kanu; (metal) besi kanu; (bamboo) kadoras; (for smoking) kaixumba. pistol pistola. pity hadomi, hanoin. what a pity! kuitadu. place (noun) fatin; (verb) rai, tau, hatuur, tula, koloka. placenta kaan, labarik nia alin. plain (flat land) rai tetuk, tetuk. plain (clear) klaru; (simple) simples; (one colour) kor ida deit; (very) loos (plain terrible ‘aat loos’). in plain clothes la tau farda. plait sasin (fuuk). plan (noun) planu, programa; (verb) halo planu; (plan together) kombina. plane (aeroplane) aviaun. plane (tool) supila; (verb) supila. planet planeta. plank ai kabelak.

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plant (noun) ai horis; ai, duut, ho ai horis selu-seluk tan; (plant seed/seedling) kuda. plantation plantasaun. plaster (noun) masa (hodi reboka parede); (verb) reboka. plastic (hard) masa; (soft) plastik. plastic bag plastik. plate bikan. platform (of traditional materials) hadak; (stage) palku. platter travesa. play halimar, joga; (play music) toka; (drama) drama. player jogadór. please (in polite requests) favór, favór ida, halo favór. please (be pleasing) kona ho ... nia laran; (make pleased) halo kontenti ... nia laran. pleased kontenti, laran kontenti. pliers alkati. plough (Inglatera) (implement) xarua; (verb) fila rai. plow (Amérika) (implement) xarua; (verb) fila rai. pluck (pull sharply) fokit. plumbing kanalizasaun (E). plump kabosu. plus tau tan, mais (E), tambah (I); resin (thirty plus tolu nulu resin). plywood triplek. pocket bolsu. have deep pockets (lots of money) bolsu mahar. poem poezia. poetry poezia. point (indicate) hatudu; (noun) pontu; (end) tutun;; Good point! Ida mak nee. pointer (on meter) ponteiru. poison veneno. poisoned lanu. poke fai; tuu.

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pole (post) riin; (metal) besi riin; (wood) ai riin. police polísia. police agent ajente. Police Force (East Timorese) Polísia Nasionál de Timor Leste, PNTL. policy polítika; programa. polite respeitozu. political polítiku. political science siénsia polítika, FISIPOL (I). politician politik nain. politics polítika. poll husu ema barak nia hanoin kona ba asuntu polítika ruma. the polls eleisaun; fatin votasaun. pomegranate rumaun. pomelo jambua. poncho kapa. pond kolan. poo (Informál) tee. pool (of water) bee lihun; (swimming pool) pixina. poor kiak; kualidade la diak, la diak; la too. poor thing! kuitadu. popcorn batar funan. Pope amu papa, am-papa. popular populár; ema barak gosta; ba ema baibain. population populasaun. pork naan fahi. pornographic blu. pornographic film filmi aat. porpoise toninyu (E); (ikan) lumba-lumba (I). port pontikais. portfolio pasta. portrait figura. Portugal Portugál. Portuguese Portugés/Portugeza. position pozisaun.

pole—prefer position of responsibility kargu, kadeira. positive pozitivu. possess iha. possessions sasaan nebee ema iha. possibility posibilidade. possible bele. possibly dala ruma bele. possum meda. post (pole) riin; (wooden) ai riin. post (send mail) haruka tuir koreius; (position) kargu; (station) postu; (place someone) koloka. post office koreius. poster poster. post-mortem autópsia. postpone adia (E), muda ba loron seluk. pot (saucepan) sanan; (teapot, coffee pot) buli; (flower pot) vazu; (plant in pot) kuda ai funan ba vazu. pot-bellied kabun-teek; kabun tasak. potable water bee moos. potato fehuk, fehuk ropa. potential iha kapasidade atu aban-bainrua (halo buat ruma). pound (hit) baku fila-fila ho makaas; (in mortar) fai, deut; (weight) 0.45 kg. pour fui. poverty pobreza; kiak. powder badaak, pó; uut. power kbiit, podér, forsa. powerful iha podér, iha kbiit, iha forsa, forti loos, makaas loos. practice prátika; (choir) ensaiu. praise (God) hahii; (people) gaba. prawn boek. prawn paste balixaun.

pray—property pray halo orasaun, harohan, reza; (animist) hamulak. prayer orasaun. preach haklaken. precipice rai naruk. prefer gosta liu, hakarak liu, prefere. pregnant (people) isin rua; (animals) kabuk. fall pregnant kous. preparation preparasaun. prepare prepara. prepared prontu. preschool jardín infantíl, TK (I). prescription reseita aimoruk. presence prezensa. present (gift) prezenti. present (not absent) iha. present (introduce) aprezenta. presentation aprezentasaun. president prezidenti. presidential prezidensiál. press (push firmly) hanehan; (compel) obriga ema simu; (iron) estrika; the press (newspaper) jornál; (journalists) jornalista. pressure (verb) obriga; (noun) presaun (E). pretend finji. pretentious halo-an; loko-an. pretty bonita, oin kapaas. prevent evita, prevene (E). previous uluk (ida antes ida nee). price folin, presu. priest amu lulik, nai lulik, padre; Maromak nia atan. primary primáriu/a; prinsipál. primary school eskola primária, SD (I). prime prinsipál; nebee kualidade diak liu. prime minister primeiru ministru.

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principal (important) prinsipál; (head) diretór/diretora (eskola). principle prinsípiu. print imprimi (E); prin (I). priority prioridade. prise open selok. prison kadeia, komarka, prizaun. prisoner ema dadur. private (not public) partikulár; privadu; (soldier) soldadu prontu. private parts sasaan lulik, oin lulik. private sector setór privadu; swasta (I). prize prémiu. probably karik (bainhira sei dúvida uitoan deit). problem problema. process prosesu. produce (verb) hamosu; prodús; (noun) produtu. product produtu. production produsaun. profession profisaun. professional profisionál. program (Amérika) programa. programme (Inglatera) programa. progress (verb) lao ba oin, avansa; (noun) progresu (E). prohibit bandu. prohibition bandu. project projetu. promise (noun) promesa; (verb) promete. promote promove; foti; halo promosaun. promotion promosaun. pronunciation pronúnsia. prop (prop up) tonka; (noun) ai hodi tonka buat ruma. propaganda propaganda. propagate habelar. proper lo-loos.

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properly lo-loos. property ema nia riku-soin tomak; rai ho uma; karakterístika. proposal proposta. propose hatoo proposta; hanoin atu. prosecutor prokuradór. Prosecutor General Prokuradór Jerál. prostitute feto luroon. prostrate toba taka-rabat. protect tahan, proteje (E). protection protesaun. protest koalia kontra, protesta. Protestant protestanti. prove prova (E); hatudu katak buat nee tebes duni. provide fornese (E), foo. provided that naran katak. province provínsia. provisional provizóriu (E). provisions bukae. provoke provoka; sadik; soran. prune (trim) aparu. psychology psikolojia (E), psikologi (I). public públiku. the public povu. public holiday feriadu. public servant funsionáriu. publicise sosializa. publish publika. pudding puding. puffing iis boot. pull dada; (forcefully) rasta; rakut. pull out losu. pump (noun) bomba, Sanyo; Dap; motabomba; (verb) supa; bomba. pumpkin lakeru. pumpkin vine flowers lakeru funan. punch tuku; soku. punish foo kastigu; kastigu.

properly—radical punishment kastigu. pup asu oan. pupil alunu/a, eskola oan. puppy asu oan. purchase sosa. purpose objetivu. purse karteira. pus pús. push dudu; (through crowd) (ema) sena malu. pushcart karosa, gerobak (I). put rai, tau. put away aruma, haloot. put in(to) hatama. put off (postpone) adia (E), muda ba loron seluk. put on hatais. put up with aguenta; tahan. python foho-rai.

Q quail manu kiukai. quality kualidade. quantity kuantidade. quarrel istori malu; haksesuk malu. quarter (25 cents) kuarter . question pergunta. queue (verb) forma; (noun) ema forma. quick lais; makaas. quickly lalais; makaas. quiet hakmatek; nonook; (tame) maus. quieten hamaus. quote koalia tuir ema nia lia fuan.

R rabbit koelyu.

race—reflect race (contest) halai taru; (rush) halai lalais. race (ethnic group) rasa. radical radikál. radio rádiu. raffle rifa. rain udan. raincoat kapa. rainfall udan been. rainwater udan been. raise hasae; (to vertical position) harii; (child/animal) hakiak. ram (male sheep) bibi aman. range (diverse) oi-oin; (vary from ... to ...) hosi ... too ...; (mountain) foho tu-tuir malu. rank (military/police) diviza (E), pangkat (I). rape (verb) abuza, estraga (seksuál); (noun) violasaun (seksuál). rapid lais. rasp (tool) limar. rat laho. rate lao lalais ka neineik; akontese dala hira iha tempu ida nia laran; selu porsentu hira. rather uitoan (rather smelly iis uitoan). would rather hakarak liu, prefere. rather than laos. rattan (cane) rotan. raw matak. razor blade lámina. reach too. react halo reasaun (E). reaction reasaun (E). read lee. reader ema nebee lee; livru kiik hodi hanorin labarik lee. ready prontu. real tebes, lo-loos. realise realiza; foin hatene.

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reality realidade. really tebes; loos; really? nee ga? rear (behind) kotuk; (raise) hakiak. reason razaun. recall hanoin fila fali; hanoin hetan; lembra. receipt (slip) resibu (E), kwitansi (I). receive simu. recent foin lalais, foin daudauk (nee). recently foin lalais, foin, foin daudauk (nee). reception room sala vizita. recipe reseita tein. recognise rekonyese. recommend rekomenda. recommendation rekomendasaun. recompense foo sala. reconcile halo dame, dame malu, halo rekonsiliasaun. reconciliation dame, rekonsiliasaun. reconstruction rekonstrusaun. record (keep records) halo dokumentasaun; (record music...) grava; (highest...) boot liu uluk (record prices ‘folin aas liu uluk’). recorder (cassette) gravadór. recount konta. recruit rekruta. rectify haloos, koriji. red mean. red bean koto mean . reduce hamenus; redús; menus. reduced menus. refer temi, hatudu (ho lia fuan); haruka ema ba doutór seluk ka organizasaun seluk atu hetan ajuda; refere (E). referee árbitu, wasit (I).

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referendum referendum. reflect halo reflesaun; hanoin klean kona ba buat ruma; hatudu; leno. reflection (in mirror) lalatak; (thought) reflesaun. reform hadia (lei, sistema ka organizasaun); husik hahalok aat. refrigerator jeleira. refugee refujiadu. refuse lakohi. region rejiaun. regional rejionál. register tau naran, rejista, daftar (I). registration rejistu, daftar (I). registration card kartaun rejistu. regret arepende. regulate regula (E). regulation regulamentu; orden. rehearsal ensaiu. reheat hamanas. reject lakohi simu. rejoice haksolok, laran haksolok. relate liga; iha ligasaun ho. relation (kin) maluk, família; (relationship) relasaun. relationship relasaun. relatives (kin) maluk, família. relax halimar. release hasai; husik. relevant relevante (E). relief (feel relief) senti kamaan; (aid) asisténsia. relieved senti kamaan. religion relijiaun. remain hela; nafatin; iha nafatin. remainder restu. remark komentáriu. remember hanoin, hanoin hetan; la haluha; lembra.

referendum— cannot remember hanoin la hetan. remind foo hanoin fila fali. remove hasai. rent (rent from someone) aluga; (rent out) foo aluga; (rent money) osan aluga. rent out foo aluga. repair hadia. repeat repete, halo fali, hatete fali, akontese fali. repeatedly fila-fila; ora-oras. repent hakribit (sala), arepende. replace troka. reply (verb) hataan, simu; (noun) resposta.. report (written) relatóriu; (media) reportajen; (report an event) foo hatene, halo reportajen; (someone to authorities) kesar. reporter jornalista. represent reprezenta; lori ... nia naran. representative reprezentante, delegadu. reprimand siak. republic repúblika. reputation naran. have a bad reputation naran foer, naran aat. have a good reputation naran diak. request (verb) husu, hameno; (noun) pedidu. require presiza. requirement nesesidade. rescue salva. research (noun) peskiza; (verb) halo peskiza. researcher peskizadór/a. reside hela. residence hela fatin. resident ema nebee hela iha fatin nee ka uma nee

resign—road (residents of Dili ema nebee hela iha Dili); (reside) hela iha. resign dada-an, rezigna-an (E). resist (oppose) kontra, hasoru; lakohi simu; (avoid doing) la halo buat ruma maski tuir loos hakarak; (withstand cold...) aguenta, tahan (malirin...). resistance rezisténsia. resolve (find a solution) rezolve; (decide) desidi. resources rekursus (E), sumber daya (I). respect (verb) respeita; hakruuk; hamtauk; konsidera; (noun) respeitu. respectful respeitozu. respond responde. response resposta. responsibility responsabilidade, todan. responsible for toma konta, lori todan. rest deskansa. the rest restu; sira seluk. restaurant restoranti; (Indonesian-style) warung (I), padang (I). restful hakmatek. restrain tahan. restrict sukat deit, la bele barak liu. restricted book-an la diak. result rezultadu. retire reforma. retreat (withdraw) dada-an, retira; (religious) retiru. return fila (fali). reveal foo sai. reveal oneself hatudu-an. revenge ódiu, vingansa (E). seek revenge odi. Reverend reverendu/a. revise halo revizaun. revision revizaun.

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revive hamoris. ribbon fita. rice (plant, unhusked) hare; (raw husked) foos; (cooked) etu. rice bay kabubu. rice farmer natar nain. rice gruel sasoro. rice mill mákina dulas hare. rice paddy natar. rice seedling hare oan. rich riku. riches riku-soin; riku. rid halakon. get rid of halakon. riddle ai sasiik. ride (horse, bicycle, in a vehicle) sae; (a motorbike) kaer, lori, sae motór. ridicule goza. right (correct) loos; (make right) haloos, hadia; (direction) loos, liman loos, kuana (Lit), direita (E); (exactly) loos. on the right of iha ... liman loos; iha ... sorin loos. right (entitlement) direitu. right-wing direita (E). rigid toos. ring (on finger) kadeli. ring (telephone) telefone, dere. rinse solur. rinse one’s mouth hakmumu. rip lees. rip off (cheat) hamatak, hanmatak. rip out fokit. ripe tasak. nearly ripe mangál. rise sae. risk risku (E). rival ema, negósiu ka organizasaun nebee hadau malu ho ita kona ba buat ruma. river mota.

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river bank mota ibun; mota ninin. river mouth mota ain. road dalan, estrada, luroon. roast (verb) tunu, lalar; (meat) naan tunu. rob naok. robber naok-teen. rock (stone) fatuk. rock (rock to and fro) doko; nakdoko. rocked nakdoko. role knaar, funsaun; papél (E). roll (verb) duir; nakduir; (noun) rolu. roll up lulun. rolled nakduir. roller rolu. roof uma kakuluk. roof ridge cap uma kakuluk. roofing iron kaleen, zinku. room sala; (bedroom) kuartu. rooster manu aman. root (ai) abut. rope tali, talin. rosary beads tersu. rose ai funan roza. rose apple jambu air (I). rosewood ai naa. rotten dodok. rough (not smooth) la kabeer; (with force) brutu, makaas liu, arbiru; (fatin) nebee iha krimi ho violénsia barak; (approximate) maizoumenus; (sea) tasi boot. round (circular) kabuar; (around) haleu. route dalan hosi fatin ida ba fatin seluk; (bis, aviaun ka roo) nia dalan. row (line) linya. row (row a boat) hean. rub kose. rubber boraixa.

river bank—salad dressing rubber band boraixa. rubbish lixu, foer. rubbish bin lixu fatin, foer fatin. rubbish dump lixu fatin, foer fatin. rude maledukadu, malkriadu/a. rug tapeti. ruin estraga. rule (govern) ukun; (instruction) regra. ruler (king) liurai; (national leader) ukun nain; (measuring) régua. rumour lia anin, boatus, isu-isu (I). run halai; (conduct) halao; (meeting/engine runs) lao. run away halai. rupiah rupia. rural rurál; foho. Russia Rúsia. Russian ema Rúsia; lian Rúsia; Rúsia nian, hosi Rúsia. rust ferujen.

S sack (bag) karoon; saku; saka; bornál. sack (dismiss) hasai (ema hosi servisu). sacred lulik; santu/a. sacred house uma lulik, uma adat, uma lisan. sacrifice (noun) sakrifísiu; (verb) halo sakrifísiu. sad laran tristi, tristi. saddle sela; selín. safe seguru, aman (I). safety seguransa. safety pin alfineti. sago palm akar. sailor marineiru.

saint—secretary-general saint santu/a; (as title) Saun. salad salada. salad dressing molyu (salada nian). salary saláriu; vensimentu (E). sale faan; faan sasaan ho folin tuun. for sale atu faan. on sale faan ho folin tuun. saliva kabeen. salon salon (I). salt masin; masin moruk. salty meer. salvation salvasaun. salve pomada. same hanesan. samosa pastes. sand (substance) rai-henek; (use sandpaper) lixa. sandal sandália; (slip-on) xokas. sandalwood ai kameli. sandpaper lixa. sap been. sapling ai oan. sardine sardinya. sarong lipa; kampanya. Satan Satanás. satay sasate, sate (I). satellite dish parabola. Saturday Sabdu. sauce molyu. saucepan sanan. saucer piris. savage siak. save (save a person) salva; (save money) poupa. saviour salvadór. saw (tool) kadoo. say dehan, hatete(n). scald luhas; eskalda. scale eskala (E). scales dasin. scar fitar. scare hatauk, halo tauk. scared tauk.

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scatter kari; lekar; (of its own accord) namkari. scattered namkari; naklekar. schedule oráriu. scheme planu sub-subar atu manaan buat ruma. scheming manobra. scholarship bolsa estudu. school eskola. school-mate kolega eskola. science siénsia. scissors kateri, tezoura. scold siak. scoop (with ladle) suru; (with hands) raut. scoop-net nere. scorched motuk. score manaan hira-hira. scorn despreza. scorpion sakunar. scowl oin namkurut. scrap heap foer fatin. scrape off koir. scratch koi; rakut. scream hakilar. screw parafuzu. screwdriver xafenda. search buka; revista. seashore tasi ibun. season (time) tempu. season (add seasoning) tempera. seasoning temperus. seat kadeira. seawater tasi been. seaweed (edible) budu tasi. second (2nd) segundu/a; (second time) ba dala rua. second (portion of minute) segundu (E), detík (I). secondary sekundáriu/a. secondary school eskola pre-sekundária ho sekundária, SMP ho SMA (I). second-hand bosan, uzadu. secret segredu.

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secretary sekretáriu/a (E), sekretaris (I). secretary-general sekretáriu/a jerál. secretary of state sekretáriu/a estadu. section seksaun. sector setór. secure seguru, aman (I). security seguransa. security guard seguransa, sekúriti (Eng). seduce hamaus. see haree. see clearly matan moos. see you later ate logu. see you tomorrow ate amanyá. seed (as part of plant) musan; (for planting) fini. seedling ai oan. seek buka. seem tuir ita haree. sieve pinyeira. seize hadau; kaer. select hili; fihir; halo selesaun. selection selesaun. self aan, -an; rasik. self-confidence mentál. self-conscious mentál fraku; senti-an. self-control domina-an. self-governing ukun-an. self-propagating moris rasik. sell faan. seller vendedór. seminar semináriu. seminary semináriu. send haruka; despaixa. senior boot liu (pozisaun aas liu); ema nebee tama uluk iha eskola ka organizasaun ruma; idade boot liu. senior high school eskola sekundária, SMA (I). sense (feel) senti; (intelligence)

secretary—settle matenek; (meaning) liafuan nia signifikadu, arti (I). makes sense ita bele kompriende; (planu) diak tanba iha razaun. sensitive sensitivu. sensitive plant maria moedór. sentence (linguistic) fraze (E); (convict) kondena, foo kastigu. separate fahe, fahe malu; haketak; (separate fighting parties) sori; (husband and wife separate) soe malu. separately ketak; keta-ketak. September Setembru. serious (illness, crime...) todan, grave; (problem) boot; (issue) importante; (person) la gosta halimar. serve serbí; serve. service servisu; (Catholic church) misa, (Protestant church) kultu. the Services forsas armadas. serviette tixu. sesame lena. session sesaun. set (put in place) hatuur; (determine) desidi (folin, objetivu); (set an example) sai hanesan (ezemplu); (set a table) arma; (set the time) regula; (set a date/time) marka; (set an exam) prepara (ezame); (fixed) (folin) la bele hatuun, la bele hasae; (sun sets) (loro) monu; (set a trap) tau (lasu). set to prontu, atu. set up harii, monta, arma. settle (resolve a dispute) rezolve; (pay a debt) selu (tusan); (start living somewhere) hahuu hela metin iha fatin ruma; (bird settles) (manu semo) para iha fatin ruma.

settlement—short-term settlement (agreement) akordu kona ba rezolve konflitu; (resolution) rezolve (problema); (payment of debt) selu (tusan); (hamlet) knua foun; (start living somewhere) hahuu hela metin iha fatin ruma. seven hitu, seti (P), tujuh (I). seventeen sanulu resin hitu; dezaseti (P); tujuh belás (I). seventy hitu-nulu; setenta (P), tujuh puluh (I). sever hakotu; tesi. several ida-rua. severe todan, grave. severed kotu. sew suku. sewing machine maki suku ropa, mákina suku ropa. sex have sex with hola. sexual seksuál. shade mahon. shadow lalatak. shake doko; (of its own accord) nakdoko. shake hands kaer liman. shake head doko ulun. shake out hisik. shaken nakdoko. shall sei. shame (noun) moe; (cause shame) hamoe, halo moe. what a shame! kuitadu. shampoo xampó. shape modelu. share fahe. sharp (edge) kroat; (point) meik. sharpen kadi. shatter nakfera, rahun; halo nakfera, halo rahun. shattered nakfera, rahun. shave koi; koir. she nia (ba feto). shears kateri, tezoura.

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sheath knua (ba tudik, katana...). she-cat busa inan. sheep bibi malae. sheet (of paper, iron...) tahan; (bed sheet) lensól; (bottom bed sheet) kolxa. sheet of paper surat tahan. shell (covering) kulit nebee mak toos (hanesan mantolun kulit, lenuk kulit, forai kulit); (seashell) sipu nia uma; (remove shell) loke buat ruma nia kulit; (shell corn) behu; (military) granada. shellfish sipu. shelter tenda. she-oak ai kakeu. shepherd bibi atan. shift muda uitoan, book-an uitoan. shine nabilan; naroman. shiny nabilan. ship roo ahi. shirt kamiza; faru. shiver nakdedar; (from fever) bedoko; (malarial) isin manas bedoko. shock xoke; halo hakfodak; halo ema hanoin loos; halo ema nervozu. shocked hakfodak. shoe sapatu. shoelace sapatu talin. shoot (gun) tiru; (arrow) hana; (billiard ball) fai; (film) foka. shoot (of plant) dikin. shop loja. shopkeeper loja nain. shopping kompras. shore tasi ibun. short badak; (person) ain badak. short-cut dalan korta. take a short-cut korta. shorten habadak, halo badak. shorter badak liu.

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shortest mak badak liu. shorts kalsa badak, kalsaun. short-term tempu badak, kurtu prazu (E). shot (of gun) tiru; (at goal) tebe ka soe atu hatama golu; (photograph) fotografia. should tuir lo-loos, tuir loos. shoulder kabaas. shout hakilar; (together) haklalak. shovel (tool) kanuru suru rai; (verb) suru. show hatudu; (radio, television) programa (radio ka televizaun). show off hatudu-an, buka oin. shrimp boek. shuffle (cards) taa (kartu). shut up (be quiet) nonook. shuttlecock manu fulun. shy moe. shy person moe-door. siblings maun-alin. sick moras. sickly moras atan. sickness moras. side sorin. on the other side of iha ... sorin ba. on this side of iha ... sorin mai. sigh dada iis. sight (ability to see) kapasidade atu haree, matan haree moos ka lae; (see)haree; (see briefly) haree liu deit; (something that you see) buat nebee ita haree. the sights fatin sira nebee dada turista. sign sinál; (write one’s signature) asina. signature asinatura. significant (quite large) (kuantidade ka impaktu) boot uitoan; (important) importante;

shortest—skill (meaningful) (jestu) signifika buat ruma. silver osan mutin. similar atu hanesan.

simple simples. sin (noun) sala, pekadu; (verb) halo sala, halo pekadu. since (time) dezde, hosi (tempu nee) too agora; (after that) liu tiha nee; (because) tanba. sincerely ho laran. sing hananu; kanta. Singapore Singapura. Singaporean ema Singapura; Singapura nian, hosi Singapura. singer kantór, kantadór artista. single ida deit; (unmarried) klosan. sink (under water) mout (iha bee). sinner sala nain. Sir senyór, don. sisal tali balanda. sister (older) biin, mana; (younger) alin feto; (man’s) feton; (Christian) irmán; (title for nun) madre. sister-in-law kunyada. sit tuur. site rai nebee uza ba buat ruma (por ezemplu harii uma ka estátua), fatin akontesimentu, uma fatin. situation situasaun. six neen, seis (P), enám (I). six days ago hori bainneen. six days’ time bainneen. sixteen sanulu resin neen; dezaseis (P); enám belás (I). sixty neen-nulu, sesenta (P), enám puluh (I). size medida; buat ruma nia boot, luan, naruk, ka aas; (sapatu ka kalsa) númeru hira.

skeleton—socks skeleton mate ruin. skewer kesak. skill matenek, kapasidade atu halo buat ruma. skin (noun) kulit; (verb) hasai animál nia kulit. skin and bones kulit falun ruin deit. skinny krekas; kulit falun ruin deit; ruin maran; isin aat. skint tezu. skirt saia. skit drama. skull ulun fatuk; (without flesh) ulun fatuk ruin. sky lalehan; loro leten. slant haliis. slap basa. slapped haan basa. slash weeds lere duut. slaughterhouse matadouru. slave atan. sledgehammer mareta. sleep (be asleep) dukur; toba; (in the eyes) matan teen. sleepy matan dukur. sleepyhead dukur-door. sleeve (faru) liman, manga (E). long-sleeved shirt kamiza liman naruk. short-sleeved shirt kamiza liman badak. slender isin lotuk, lotuk. slightly uitoan. slim (of person) isin lotuk, lotuk. slingshot piska. slip (slide) monu tanba namdoras; (go in/out quietly) tama ka sai nonook; (put quietly) tau ka foo buat ruma ho nonook; (get lower) tuun; (mistake) sala kiik-oan; (paper) surat tahan kiik-oan; (petticoat) saiote. slippery namdoras.

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slope rai lolon; (steep) rai naruk. slow neineik; maten; (mentally) faak; (learner) ulun (fatuk) toos. slower neineik liu. slowest mak neineik liu. slowly neineik. slow-witted bilaan. slut puta. small kiik, kiik-oan; (plural) ki-kiik. a small oan ida. small change osan rahun. smaller kiik liu. smallest mak kiik liu. smart (clever) matenek; (sting) kii. smell horon. smell bad dois, iis. smell good morin. smile hamnasa; oin midar. smoke (the substance) ahi suar, suar; (smoke a cigarette) fuma; (smoke food) tamun. smooth (be smooth) kabeer; (make smooth) halo kabeer. SMS SMS. snail karakól. snake samea; (green) samodok. snap silu. snatch hadau. sneeze fani. snore nakoron. snout (fahi ... nia) ibun. snow pea ervilya. so entaun, nee bee, nee duni, nunee. so that hodi, atu, para. soak hoban. soap sabaun, saboneti. sober oin moos. soccer futeból. play soccer tebe bola. social sosiál. social sciences siénsias sosiais.

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socialist sosialista. society sosiedade. socks meias. one sock meias sorin ida. sofa sofá. soft mamar. soften hamamar. softly neineik. soil rai. solar power enerjia loro matan, tenaga surya (I). solder (weld) solda. soldier soldadu, militár, tropa; (East Timorese) F-FDTL; (Indonesian) tentara (I). solution solusaun. some balu. some or other ruma. somebody ema ida. someone ema ida. someone or other ema ruma. somersault kambalyota. something buat ida. something or other buat ruma. sometimes dala ruma. somewhat uitoan. somewhere fatin ida. somewhere or other fatin ruma. son oan mane. song kanta. son-in-law mane foun. soon la kleur; (later today) oras ida, orsida, ora-oras tan. sorcerer buan. sore (painful) moras; (wound) kanek. sorry deskulpa. feel sorry for hadomi. sort (classify) fahe tuir kategoria, tau tuir alfabetu. sort (type) oin, tipu (E). all sorts of oi-oin. sort out (dispute) rezolve. soul klamar. sound lian.

socialist—spilled make a sound lian. soup sopa; aguasál; (meatball soup) bakso. sour siin. source huun, matan; (of river) mota ulun. soursop ai ata boot. south súl (E), . South America Amérika Súl, Amerika Selatan (I). sovereignty soberania (E). sow (plant) kuda. sow (female pig) fahi inan. soy sauce sutate. soya bean fore keli. soybean fore keli. space espasu; (between things) leet. spacious luan. spade kanuru, kanuru suru rai. spades (in cards) espada. spaghetti espageti. Spain Espanya (E), Spanyol (I). Spanish Espanyól, Spanyol (I); Espanya nian, hosi Espanya. spanner xavi; (adjustable) xavi Inglés. spare rezerva. spark ahi funan. spark plug vela. speak koalia. spear dima, diman. spear-gun kilat. special espesiál. specific espesífiku (E). spectacles oklu. speech koalia, kapasidade koalia; (formal talk) diskursu. spelling ortografia. spend gasta. spherical kabuar. spices temperus. spider labadain. spider web labadain.

spill—stay spill fakar; (of its own accord) nakfakar. spilled nakfakar. spin dulas; (of its own accord) nakdulas. spine (backbone) ruin kotuk; (thorn-like) tarak. spirit klamar; espíritu; (of the dead) matebian; (of the land) rai nain. spirit level nivel. spirits tua manas, alku. spit (verb) tafui; (noun) kabeen. spittle kabeen. spleen ook. split (cause to split) fera; (of its own accord) nakfera. spoil (ruin) estraga; (spoil a child) halo manya labarik; (food goes off) (hahaan) siin. spoiled (of a child) manya. spokesperson lia nain, portavós (E). spoon kanuru. sport desportu, olaraga (I). spot (place) fatin; (see) haree hetan. on the spot (immediately) kedas; (at that place) iha fatin. spouse kaben. sprained naksala(k). spray rega. spread habelar; lekar; (cloth...) nahe; (of disease) daet. spring (of water) bee matan, bee moris. spring (season) primavera (E). spring (spiral) mola. sprinkle rega, hisik. spy (secret agent) mauhuu/buihuu, espiaun, intel (I). spy on hafuhu. square kuadradu. squeeze habit, buti; hois; kumu.

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St Saun. stab sona (ho tudik). stability estabilidade. stable (unchanging) estavel; la tuun, la sae; la nakdoko. stack (verb) hada; tatuk; tetek. stadium estádiun. staff staf; ema nebee servisu iha organizasaun nee. stage (phase) faze, etapa. stage (platform) palku. stagnant nalihun. stainless steel besi asu. stair(s) eskada. stalk kain. stallion kuda aman. stamp (postage stamp) selus (E), perangko (I); (rubber stamp) karimbu; (stamp a document) tau karimbu; (using foot) sama. stand hamriik. stand firm tuba. stand up hamriik. staple (staple food...) (hahaan, produtu...) nebee prinsipál iha ema nia moris loro-loron;(for stapler) agrafadór nia isin; (fasten) agrafa. stapler agrafadór, hekter (I). star fitun. stare fihir. starfruit karambola. start hahuu, komesa; (work...) tama; (engine) hamoris. startle halo ema hakfodak. startled hakfodak. starve terus tanba hahaan la iha. starve to death mate hamlaha. state (national government) estadu; (nation) estadu; (province) provínsia; (condition) kondisaun; (declare) hatete. statement deklarasaun. station estasaun; (bus) terminál. Stations of the Cross via sakra.

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statistics estatístika. statue estátua. stay (reside) hela; (continue) nafatin. steal naok; lamas. steam (noun) suar; (steam food) kukus. steamer (saucepan) sanan kukus. steep sae makaas, tuun makaas. steep ascent subida. steer (turn) dulas volanti. steering wheel volanti. stem kain, lolon. step hakat, pasu; (in process) etapa. step-father aman kiik, apaa kiik, padrastu. step-mother amaa kiik, inan kiik, madrasta. steps (stairs) eskada; (measures) medida. stern (severe) makaas, oin buis, oin toos, siak-teen. stern (of boat) roo kotuk. sternly makaas. stick (wood) ai sanak, ai; lolon; ai tonka; (put) tau arbiru deit; (poke through) fai, tuu; (paste) taka (ho goma); (fixed) metin (muda la diak). stick (to) belit. stick in sikat. stick out hamriik, nakrakat. sticky tape fita kola, isolasi (I). stiff toos. still (even now) nafatin, sei. still (quiet) hakmatek. stimulate estimula (E). sting (smart) kii; (by insect...) tata. stingy karak, karak-teen, teen toos, britas. stink dois, iis. stir kedok. stir up provoka; sadik. stir-fried vegetables capcai (I).

statistics—string stir-fry (noun) capcai (I); (verb) fila. stitch pontu. stock (goods to sell) sasaan nebee loja iha para faan; (have in stock) iha para faan; (livestock) karau, bibi, fahi. stomach kabun. stomach disorder estómagu. stomach upset kabun dulas. stone fatuk. stonemason badaen fatuk. stop para; (cause to stop) hapara. store (shop) loja; (warehouse) armazén, gudang (I); (put) rai. storeroom armazén, gudang (I). storey andár. storm udan boot, anin boot. stormy (seas) tasi siak. story istória. stove fogaun. straight loos. straightaway kedan. straighten haloos. strain (effort) hakaas; (filter) taes. strainer koadór. strand lahan. strange (unusual) oin seluk loos, halo ita hanoin ‘Keta iha buat ruma karik’; (unknown) (fatin) nebee ita seidauk haree. stranger ema oin foun. strangle buti mate. strategy estratejia. street estrada, luroon, dalan. strength forsa. strengthen hametin. stress hanoin barak. ... stresses me out ... halo hau ulun (fatuk) moras. stretch dada halo naruk; (tightly) estika. stretch out one’s hand lolo liman. strewn naklekar.

strike—supply strike

(hit) baku, tuku; (stop work) greve (E), mogok (I). striker (football) avansadu. string tali(n). stripe riska. striped riskadu.

strive hakaas-an, esforsa-an; mate-an. stroll lao pasiar. strong forti; isin forte. strongly makaas; (forbid...) netik. structure estrutura. struggle luta. strum dere. stub toe sidi. stubborn ulun (fatuk) toos; ulun moruk. student alunu/a; eskola oan; estudante. study (verb) estuda; (noun) estudu. stuff (things) sasaan (bainhira koalia halimar); (fill) enxe (por ezemplu naan rahun ba baria); (overfill) sena; stuff yourself dena. stump of limb tuuk; (of arm) liman tuuk; (of leg) ain tuuk. stunned bilaan. stupid beik; beik-teen. style modelu; estilu. subdistrict subdistritu, postu. subdistrict administrator administradór/a subdistritu. subject (topic) asuntu, (school) matéria; (ruled by a king) reinu. submit (present) hatama (proposta...); (don’t resist) halo tuir deit (tanba ema obriga). subordinate elementu. suburb bairu. sub-village aldeia. sub-village head xefi aldeia.

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succeed (works well) lao ho diak; (gain high position) hetan pozisaun aas; (follow) tuir. succeed in (manage to) konsege. success susesu. such hanesan nee. such ... that Temi buat ruma nia konsekuensia, nebee hatudu katak buat nee makaas (He was such a handsome man that all the girls fell in love with him. Nia bonitu loos, halo feto hotu-hotu mos laran monu ba nia.) such as hanesan nee, hanesan. suck supa; susu. suckle susu. suddenly derepenti. suds furin; sabaun furin. form suds nafurin. suffer terus, sofre. suffering terus. sugar masin midar. sugarcane tohu. suggest foo ita nia hanoin ba ema seluk para sira bele tetu; foo sujestaun. suggestion sujestaun. suicide commit suicide oho-an. suit (go well with) pár, kona ho, kona ho ... nia laran; (coat and trousers) fatu. suitable serve. suitcase mala. summary rezumu. summit foho tutun. summon bolu, haruka mai. sun loro matan; loro. Sunday Domingu. sundry oi-oin. sunglasses oklu metan. sunlight loro. sunrise loro sae. sunset loro monu.

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supermarket supermerkadu. supplies hahaan, ekipamentu ho buat selu-seluk tan nebee ema presiza. supply foo ka faan sasaan nebee ema presiza; fornese (E). support apoiu, suporta, tane. supporter apoiante; simpatizante. sure fiar metin, sei ... duni. be sure to ... keta haluha (halo ...). surface (top) leten; (outside) liur; (appear) mosu fila fali. surname apelidu. surprise halo ema hakfodak; buat nebee halo ema hakfodak. surprised hakfodak. surrender rende. surround haleu, hadulas. survey (Eng) survei. survive sei moris nafatin (maski liu tiha situasaun perigu). suspect (distrust) deskonfia; (person) suspeitu. suspend (hang) tara; (delay/stop) taka lai, para lai. suspension (of vehicle) mola (ba kareta). sustain sustenta. swaddling cloth neras. swallow tolan. swear (vow) jura; (cuss) tolok. sweat kosar. sweater faru manas. sweep dasa, dasa rai; saar. sweet midar. sweet and sour midar-siin. sweet potato fehuk midar. sweets rebusadu. swell aumenta; sai bubu. swim nani; (go for a swim in the sea) hariis tasi. swimming pool pixina.

supermarket—tank swing (play equipment) boi; (move to and fro) doko, soe (liman); nakdoko; (hit at) baku; (change) mudansa; muda. Swiss ema Suisa; lian Suisa; Suisa nian, hosi Suisa. Switzerland Suisa. swollen bubu. sword surik, samurai (I) symbol símbolu. sympathiser simpatizante. symptom sinál, sintoma (E). syringe seringa. system sistema.

T table meza; (of data) tabela (E) table tennis tenis meza. tablecloth hena meza. tablet aimuruk musan. taboo lulik. taekwondo taekwondo. tail ikun. tailor alfaiate. take hodi, lori; (medicine) hemu; (office) asumi; (an opportunity) aproveita. take care of tau matan. take off loke; hasai; (clothes) hasai, kolu. take out hasai. take part partisipa. take time haan tempu. take to pieces sobu. talcum powder badaak. talk koalia; dada lia. tall aas; (person) ain aas. taller aas liu, ain aas liu. tallest mak aas liu, mak ain aas liu. tamarind sukaer. tame maus.

tamper with—theirs tamper with book. tangerine tanjerina. tank tanki; (military) tanki de gera. tap torneira. tape (ribbon) fita; (cassette) kaseti; (record) grava. tape measure metru. tape recorder gravadór. tar alkatraun. taro talas. tarpaulin lona. task servisu espesífiku ida. taste (noun) gostu, sabór; (verb) koko. tasty gostu; furak. tax impostu, taxa, pajak (I). taxi taksi. taxi driver taksista. TB tuberkuloze; tafui raan; TBC (I). tea xá. teach hanorin. teacher mestri/a, profesór/a. teak tree ai teka. team ekipa. teapot buli. tear (pull apart) lees; (tear of its own accord) naklees. tear (from eye) matan been. tease goza. teat susun matan. technical tékniku. technology teknolojia. teddy boneka. telecommunications telekomunikasaun. telephone (noun, verb) telefone; (verb) dere. television televizaun. tell (inform) hatete(n), foo hatene; (narrate) konta; (command) haruka. tell off siak. tell on kesar.

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tempeh tempe. temperature temperatura (E). temporary provizóriu. tempt intenta; tenta; koko. temptation provasaun; tentasaun. ten sanulu, dés (P), sepuluh (I). tend baibain. tendency tendénsia (E). tendon uat. tennis tenis. tens -nulu, puluh (I). tent tenda. term (word) termu; (period) periodu. terminal (bus) terminál. terrible aat liu. terrific diak loos, perigu. territory teritóriu. test (exam) ezame; (verb) koko, prova; intenta. testimony sasin, testemunya. give testimony foo sasin. testing provasaun. text testu (E). Thai ema Tailándia; lian Tailándia; Tailándia nian, hosi Tailándia. Thailand Tailándia. than (comparison) duké. thank agradese. thank you obrigadu/a. thanks agradesimentu. that (introduces complement clause) katak (She knows that... Nia hatene katak...) ; (introduces relative clause)

nebee (the house that they bought... uma nebee sira sosa...). that (previously referred to) nee; (more distant) nebaa. thatch a roof suku uma.

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thatched-roof house (of grass) uma duut; (of palm leaves) uma tali. the nee. their sira nia. theirs sira nian. them sira. themselves sira nia aan. then (at that time) tempu nebaa; (after that) depois, hafoin; (so) entaun. theology teolojia. theory teoria. there iha nebaa, nebaa. therefore nee duni. thermos termu. these sira nee; (specific) hirak (nee); (the following) tuir mai. these days ikus nee; agora daudauk (nee). thesis teze (E), skripsi (I). they sira. thick (size) mahar; (consistency) grosu. in the thick of namanas. thick-skinned oin kaleen. thief naok-teen. thigh kelen. thin (slender) lotuk; (skinny) krekas, isin aat; (not thick) mihis. thing buat. things sasaan. think hanoin. third terseiru/a; (third time) ba dala tolu. thirsty hamrook. thirteen sanulu resin tolu; trezi (P); tiga belás (I). thirty tolu-nulu, trinta (P), tiga puluh (I). this nee. thongs xinelus. thorn (ai) tarak. thoroughly di-diak.

thatched-roof house—time those sira nee, sira nebaa. though maski, bele, biar, mezmu. thought hanoin. thousand rihun, míl (P), ribu (I). thousands rihun ba rihun. thread lahan, kabas. threat ameasa. threaten ameasa. three tolu, trés (P), tiga (I). three days ago hori baintolu. three days’ time baintolu. thresh baku (hare...). thrive (plants) buras. throat kakorok, kakorok talin. dry throat kakorok maran. sore throat kakorok moras. throng nadodon. through liu hosi; (to other side) borus; (during) durante. throughout (time) durante; (place) iha nebee-nebee deit. throw soe, tuda; (to ground) riba. thumb liman fuan boot. thumbtack (Amérika) pioneze. thunder rai tarutu. Thursday Kinta. thus nunee. tick (mark) vistu; (put a tick) tau vistu. ticket bilyeti. tickle kili. ticklish makilik. tide high tide tasi nakonu. low tide tasi maran. tidy up (tidy things) aruma, haloot; (tidy oneself) hadia-an. tie (bind) kesi. tie (necktie) gravata. tie (draw) empata. tier andár. tight metin; aperta. tighten aperta. tile azuleju.

timber—tradesman timber ai. time tempu; (occasion) dala. at that time iha momentu nebaa. on time ho oras. don’t have time to la biban. times vezes (E), kali (I). timetable oráriu. timid mentál la iha. Timor Timor. Timorese Timor oan, ema Timor; Timor nian, hosi Timor. tin (substance, can) kaleen, (can) lata. tiny kiik-oan. tip (end) tutun; (pour) fakar; (give extra) foo osan liu ba ema nebee servii ita iha restorante; (advice) foo hanoin; (incline) haliis; halo haliis; (tip rubbish) soe (foer); (garbage dump) foer fatin, lixu fatin. tipsy lanu. tired kole. tissue (paper) tixu. title títulu. to (away from self) ba, (toward self) mai. to and fro baa-mai. toad manduku. Asian black-spined toad manduku Interfet. tobacco tabaku. today ohin loron, ohin; (earlier today) ohin, hori ohin. toe ain fuan. toenail ain kukun. tofu tofu. together hamutuk; lisuk. toilet sentina. go to the toilet baa liur, baa hariis fatin, baa kaza de banyu; baa kotuk. toilet paper tixu (sentina nian).

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tolerance toleránsia. tolerate aguenta; tahan. tomato tomati. tomato sauce tomati botir. tomb rate. tomboy bermanek. tomcat busa aman. tomorrow aban. ton tonelada. tongue nanaal. tonight orsida kalan. too (also) mos, hotu. too (excessive) demais. tool sasaan hodi halo servisu ruma, alat (I). tooth nehan. false tooth nehan falsu. tooth decay nehan ular. toothbrush eskova kose nehan, eskova nehan. toothpaste pasta denti. toothpick paulitu. top (highest part) leten; (point) tutun; (clothing) faru; (lid) (botir...) nia matan; (best...) nebee diak/importante... liu. top (toy) piaun. topic asuntu, tópiku. torch lámpada. torn naklees. tortoise lenuk. total totál. touch kona; (no space between) rabat. tough toos. tourism turizmu. tourist turista. toward ba/mai, tuir dalan ba; besik. towards ba/mai, tuir dalan ba; besik. towel toalya. town vila. toy brinkedus. track (path) dalan kloot.

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tractor tratór. trade kontratu; negósiu (sosa ho faan sasaan). tradesman badaen. tradition lisan, tradisaun, adat (I). traditional tradisionál. train (instruct) eduka; forma; foo treinu; foo treinamentu, foo treinamentu. trainer treinadór/a, pelatih (I). training treinu, formasaun, treinamentu. traitor traidór. transfer muda ba fatin seluk; entrega fali ba ema seluk; transfer (I). transform transforma; nakfilak. transgress kontra. transition tranzisaun. transitional tranzitóriu (E). translate tradús. translation tradusaun. translator tradutór. transparency transparénsia. transparent transparenti. transplant (seedlings) kuda (hare oan, ai oan, modo oan). transport (noun) transporte; (as baggage) tula. trap lasu. trauma trauma. traumatised trauma. travel halo viajen, lao dook. tray bandeja; travesa. tread on sama. treasurer tezoureiru (E). treat haree ba ema diak ka lae; (medically) foo tratamentu. treatment tratamentu. tree ai huun, ai. tremble nakdedar. trepidation laran todan. trial (testing) provasaun; (legal) prosesu, julgamentu.

tractor—twisted tribe suku. tribunal tribunál. trim (slim) isin lotuk; (cut) sabir; tesi halo hanesan; (reduce) hamenus uitoan. trip viajen. troops forsa. trophy tasa. trouble susar. trouble maker nakar-teen. trowel kanuru. truck kamioneta, trek (I), (public transport) angguna (I). true loos, tebes, lo-loos. truly lo-loos, tebes, teb-tebes. trunk ai lolon. trust konfiansa, laran metin; fiar, konfia. truth lia loos. try koko, buka, tenta; tok. T-shirt kamizola. tsunami tasi sae; tsunami. tuber isin (hanesan fehuk isin, ai farina isin). tuberculosis tuberkuloze; tafui raan; TBC (I). Tuesday Tersa. tug (pull) rakut. tummy ache kabun moras. turmeric kinur. turn dulas; volta; fila; nakdulas. turn into nakfilak. turn off hamate, taka. turn on loke, hamoris. turn your back on sei kotuk ba.... turtle lenuk. turtledove lakateu. TV televizaun. twelve sanulu resin rua, dozi (P), dua belás (I). twenty rua-nulu, vinti (P), dua puluh (I). twice dala rua. twig ai sanak kiik, ai kiik.

twinkle—us

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twinkle piska. twins oan kaduak, kaduak. twist dulas. twisted kleuk. two rua, dois (P), dua (I). two by two rua-rua. two days ago hori bainruak. two days’ time bainrua. two-faced laran makerek. two minds laran ru-rua. type (kind) oin, tipu (E). type (write on machine) baku maki, ketík (I). tyre peneu. flat tyre roda kuak.

U udder (karau nia) susun. ugly oin aat. umbilical cord husar talin. umbrella guardaxuva; sumbrinya. umm bee (dada liafuan). UN ONU. unable la bele. unbutton kore butaun, loke butaun. uncertain laran ru-rua. uncle (maternal) tiu; (paternal) aman, apaa, pai; (older paternal) aman boot, apaa boot, pai boot; (younger paternal) aman kiik, apaa kiik, pai kiik. uncouth maledukadu. under iha ... okos. underneath iha ... okos. underpants kuekas, fatu de banyu. understand kompriende. understanding kompriensaun (E); konyesimentu.

undo kore. come undone namkore. undress hasai ropa, kolu ropa. uneducated beik. unidentified deskonyesidu. uniform (clothing) farda; (identical) hanesan deit. union (becoming one) hamutuk sai ida deit; (trade union) sindikatu (E) unit unidade. united laran ida. United Nations Nasoens Unidas, ONU. United States Estadus Unidus, Amerika Serikat (I). unity unidade. universal universál. university universidade. university degree (university; 4year) lisensiatura, S1 (I); (3year) baxarelatu. university head reitór. unless se la (Unless it rains, the corn will die. Se la udan, batar mate.) unlikely bele karik. unlucky sorti aat. unplug losu fiu, dezliga. unravel naksobu. unripe matak. unsheathe losu. unsure dúvida, laran ru-rua. untie kore. until too. up sae, ba leten. up and down tuun-sae. upon iha ... leten. upper leten. uproar runguranga. upset laran susar, laran moras. upside down ulun tuun ain sae. upwards ba leten. urge husu boot. urgent urjenti.

urinate—voyage

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urinate mii, soe bee. urine mii. us (including you) ita; (excluding you) ami. USA EUA (E). use uza; hodi, lori. used uzadu; bosan. used to toman. useful vale. useless la vale buat ida, aat. uselessly saugati deit. usual baibain. usually baibain. uterus oan fatin.

V vain (conceited) halo-an; loko-an. in vain saugati deit. valid vale. value (noun) folin, valór; (verb) konsidera. of value vale. vandalise estraga. vanilla baunilya (E); fanili (I). variety (various) oi-oin; (type) oin, tipu (E). various oi-oin. various other selu-seluk. varnish vernís. vase vazu. vegetable stew marotok. vegetables modo. vehicle kareta. veil veo. vein uat. vengeance vingansa (E). venom veneno. veranda varanda. verb verbu (E). verification verifikasaun (E). verify verifika (E). vertical vertikál.

very loos, liu, teb-tebes, at-mate, la-halimar, para mate; para. veteran veteranu. via liu hosi. vice-chancellor reitór. victim vítima. victory manaan. video (noun) vídeo; (take a video) foka. Vietnam Vietnam. Vietnamese ema Vietnam; lian Vietnam; Vietnam nian, hosi Vietnam. view haree; konsidera; hanoin, opiniaun;. vigorously makaas. village (governmental) suku; (small) knua. village head xefi suku. vinegar tua siin. violate viola. violation violasaun. violence violénsia. violin rabeka; violinu. VIP ema boot. virus virus. vision (dream, for future) vizaun (E). visit vizita. visitor bainaka. vitamin vitamina. visa vistu (E), viza (Eng). voice lian. lose one’s voice lian maran. volleyball voli (I). volume volume. voluntary voluntáriu. volunteer voluntáriu/a. vomit muta. vote (verb) vota; (noun) votu (E). voter votante. voting votasaun. vow (noun) juramentu; (verb) jura, halo juramentu. voyage viajen.

wages—western

W wages saláriu. waist kanotak. wait hein. wake up hadeer; (wake someone) fanu. walk lao. walking stick ai tonka. wall didin, didin lolon, paredi; (high perimeter) moru; (low outside) baki. wallet karteira. wallow (muddy area) debu. wan oin kamutis. want to hakarak, atu. don’t want lakohi. war funu. wardrobe guardafatu, almari, armáriu ropa nian. warehouse armazén, gudang (I). wares sasaan. warm manas uitoan; (water) morna. warm oneself by fire haneruk ahi. warn foo atensaun. wash fasi; (face) harous. washer (ring) anila. washing powder Rinso. wasp dihi. waste gasta, estraga, (time) lakon; (rubbish) lixu, foer. watch (timepiece) relójiu. watch (observe) haree, akompanya, asisti, nonton (I). water bee. bottled water ákua. water apple jambu air. water spinach kanko. watercress agriaun. watermelon pateka. wave (in the sea...) laloran, ondas; (signal with hand) halo sinál

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baa-mai ho liman (por ezemplu hodi foo adeus ka hodi haruka sees) wavy ondas. way dalan; (manner) maneira. we (including you) ita; (excluding you) ami. weak fraku, (tasteless) miis. weakness frakeza. wealth riku-soin. wealth riku. wealthy riku. wean haketak susu. weapon kroat, armas. wear (clothes) hatais; (hat) taka, (around neck) hahenu. weary kole. weather rai oinsaa (manas ka malirin, udan ka, anin). weave (cloth) soru; (baskets...) homan. wedding kazamentu. Wednesday Kuarta. weed (grassy weed) duut; (remove weeds) hamoos duut. week semana. weekend Sabdu-Domingu, fin de semana. weekly semana-semana. weigh tetu. weighed down senti todan. weight todan. gain weight isin sae. lose weight isin tuun. welcome benvindu. weld solda. well (good) diak; (healthy) isin diak; (after illness) senti kamaan. well (for water) posu. well-behaved edukadu/a, hahalok diak. well-brought-up edukadu/a. well-known naran boot.

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well-mannered matenek, respeitozu, edukadu. west loromonu. western loromonu, hosi loromonu. wet (be wet) bokon; (make wet) habokon. wet season tempu udan. whale baleia (E), ikan paus (I). wharf pontikais. what? saida?, saa? what is it like? oinsaa? what’s its name (Informál) narsaida, narsaa). what’s up? nusaa? whatever saida-saida deit. whatsit (Informál) narsaida, narsaa. wheat trigu. wheel roda. wheelbarrow karosa, gerobak (I). when bainhira/wainhira, kuandu, momentu, tempu. when? (future) bainhira/wainhira?; (past) hori bainhira? whenever bainhira/wainhira; kuandu. where? iha nebee?; nebee? whether whether hatudu katak sei iha dúvida ka sei presiza hili entre alternativu tuir mai (Ask whether he can help. Husu nia bele ajuda ka lae.) which (relative clause) nebee, ke, be; mak(a). which? nebee? while bainhira, kuandu, momentu, durante. whip (noun) xikoti; (verb) baku ho xikoti. whisky wiski. whisper bis-bisi.

well-mannered—wipe whistle (verb) hakfuik; (item) apitu. white mutin. white person malae mutin. whiteboard kuadru. whiteboard marker spidól (I). whiteout tipeks. who (relative clause) nebee, ke, be; mak(a). who? see? whole tomak. whole-heartedly ho laran tomak. whom? see? whore puta. whose? see nia?; see nian? why? tansaa?, tanba saa?, tanba saida?, nusaa?. wicked laran aat. wide luan. widow feto faluk. widowed faluk. widower mane faluk. width luan. wife kaben (feto), feen, ferik-oan; (second wife) feen kiik. wife’s family umane. wife-giving clan umane. wife-taking clan fetosaa. wild fuik. will (future) sei; (desire) vontade. willing laran kamaan, prontu. wilt namlaik. wilted namlaik. win manaan. wind (current of air) anin. wind (coil) bobar. winding kleuk. window janela. window pane vidru. windscreen vidru oin. wine (from palm) tua; tua mutin; tua manas; (grape) vinyu;

wing—yellow (white grape) vinyu branku; (red grape) tintu. wing liras.

winner ema nebee manaan. winnow tahek. wipe kose. wire fiu; arame. wise matenek. wish hakarak loos. witch buan. witchdoctor matan-dook. with ho. withdraw retira; (money) foti. wither namlaik. withered namlaik. within iha ... laran. without la iha, la ho, sein (E). withstand aguenta; tahan. witness sasin; testemunya. bear witness foo sasin. wok taxu. wolf down sobak. woman feto; (young single) feto klosan, feto raan, menina, teki (Slang); (older/married) ferik. womb oan fatin. wonderful kapaas, furak. wood ai. wood saw kadoo ai. word liafuan. work servisu; (function) lao, halai, funsiona. worker trabalyadór. workmate kolega servisu. workplace servisu fatin. workshop (mechanic) ofisina (E), bengkel (I), (discussion) workshop (Eng). world mundu; (when used as modifier) mundiál. world war one primeira gera mundiál (E), perang dunia pertama (I).

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world war two segunda gera mundiál (E), perang dunia kedua (I). worm ular; (intestinal worms) lombriga. worn out bosan. worried hanoin barak, preokupa. worry hanoin baraki, preokupa; preokupasaun. worse aat liu. worship adora. worst mak aat liu. worth folin. worthless la vale buat ida. worthwhile vale. worthy serve. worthy of merese. would atu. wound (sore) kanek; (cause wounding) hakanek. wounded kanek. wrap falun. wrench xavi Inglés. wring hois. wrinkled namkurut. write hakerek. writer hakerek nain, autór. wrong sala.

X X-ray rai xís.

Y yam kumbili. yam bean sinkumás. yank rasta. yard (distance) besik metru ida (91 cm); (around building) kintál uma nian. yarn (thread) kabas.

year—zone

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year tinan; (of school) klase, kelás (I). yearly tin-tinan, anuál (E). yeast fermentu. yellow kinur, amarelu. yes sín. yesterday horiseik. yesterday evening hori kalan. yield produsaun; rezultadu. you (one person) ita; ita boot; o; (plural) imi; ita boot sira. you’re welcome nada. young nurak; (animal, plant) oan. young person foin-sae, joven. younger tinan kiik liu. youngest mak tinan kiik liu. your (one person) ita nia; ita boot nia; o nia; (plural) imi nia; ita boot sira nia. Your Excellency sua eselénsia (E). yours (one person) ita nian; ita boot nian; o nian; (plural) imi nian; ita boot sira nian. yourself ita nia aan; ita boot nia aan; o nia aan; rasik. yourselves imi nia aan; ita boot sira nia aan; rasik. youth joven; juventude; klosan. the youth joven sira. youth leader xefi juventude.

Z Zalacca salak. zero zero, nol (I), (in telephone numbers) zero, kosong (I). zone zona.

Tetun–Ingles A aan self, -self. aas (la badak) tall, high. aas (kartu) ace. aat bad; out of order, damaged, broken, useless; evil. halo aat harm, hurt, damage, break. aban tomorrow. aban-bainrua in the future. ABC (I) alphabet. abertura opening (ceremony). abokát avocado. abortu miscarry, miscarriage. Abríl April. abstratu abstract. abuabu mist, fog. abut root. abuza abuse; rape. AC air-conditioning. adapta adapt. adat (I) tradition, custom. adeus goodbye. adia (E) postpone, put off. adil (I) just, fair. administradór/a administrator. administradór/a distritu district administrator. administradór/a subdistritu subdistrict administrator. administrasaun administration. admira astonished at, amazed at, astounded by. adora worship. adubu fertiliser. advogadu/a lawyer. aeroportu airport.

afinál in fact (introduces a conclusion). Áfrika Africa. Afrikanu/a African. agora now. Domingu agora this coming Sunday. agora daudauk (nee), agora daudaun (nee) these days. Agostu August. agradese thank. agradesimentu thanks. agrafa staple (verb). agrafadór stapler. agrafa nia isin staple (noun). agriaun watercress. agrikultór farmer. agrikultura agriculture. aguasál thin meat or fish soup. aguenta endure, withstand, resist, tolerate, cope with, bear, put up with, hang in there. ahi fire; electricity. ahi anar black coals (of fire). ahi funan spark. ahi haan burned down. ahi kdesan ash. ahi klaak red hot coals. ahi kose, ai kose match (to light a fire). ahi matan fireplace, hearth. ahi-oan lamp, light. ahi suar smoke (from fire). ahi tukan partly-burned wood. ahu lime (white powder used in chewing betel). ahu ruin coral. ai wood, timber; plant, tree. ai abut root. ai ata custard apple. ai ata boot soursop.

ai bubur—akreditasaun ai bubur gum tree (Eucalyptus alba). ai dila papaya, pawpaw. ai dila funan papaya flower, pawpaw flower. ai dila tahan papaya leaf, pawpaw leaf. ai dona club (for fighting), cudgel. ai farina cassava. ai farina tahan cassava leaf. ai fuan fruit. ai funan flower. ai funan midar ceremonies two weeks after a funeral. ai funan moruk ceremonies one week after a funeral. ai funan roza rose. ai haan food. ai horis plant (especially tree). ai huun tree, base of tree. ai kabelak plank, board. ai kafé leuceana (coffee shade tree, used for firewood, edible pods, fodder). ai kait hooked stick for pulling down fruit. ai kakeu casuarina, she-oak. ai kameli sandalwood. ai kanela cinnamon. ai kose match (to light a fire). ai kulit bark (of tree). ai laran jungle, forest. ai leba stick across the shoulder by which items are carried. ai lele kapok tree. ai lia ginger. ai manas chilli. ai manas boot capsicum. ai maran firewood, dry wood. aimoruk medicine, (pharmaceutical) drugs; pesticide, insecticide. aimoruk aat (nonpharmaceutical) drugs; black

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magic. ain leg, foot. ai naa rosewood. ain aas tall (of person). ain aat crippled, lame. ai nanás pineapple. ain badak short (of person). ain fatin footprint. ain fuan toe. ain kabun calf (of leg). ain kloor the back of the knee. ain kukun toenail. ain naksalak sprained or dislocated ankle or knee. ain tanan barefoot. ain tuban heel (of foot). ain tuuk stump of amputated leg; very short leg. ain tuur knee. ai oan seedling, sapling. ai riin wooden post. ai saar broom. ai samtuku albesia tree (tall leguminous coffee shade tree). ai sanak branch (of tree), bough. ai sasiik riddle. ai suak crowbar. ai sunu firewood (for sale). ai tahan leaf. ai tarak thorn. ai teka teak tree. ai tonka cane, walking stick. ajenda agenda. ajénsia (E) agency. ajente agent, police agent. ajuda help, aid, assist, assistance. ajudante (bus) conductor. akaba graduate from (a school or university). akadiru lontar palm. akar sago palm. akompanya accompany, listen to, watch, follow (events). akontese happen.

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akontesimentu incident, happening, event. akordu (E) accord, agreement. akreditasaun (E) accreditation. ákua bottled water. akuza (E) accuse. akuzasaun (E) accusation. alamat (I) address. alat (I) tool, instrument, equipment. album (photo) album. aldeia sub-village (government division within a suku). aleijadu handicapped, disabled. Alemanya (E) Germany. alerjia allergy. alfabetizasaun (E) literacy. alfabetu alphabet. alfaiate tailor. alfándega (E) customs (for import). alfase lettuce. alfineti safety pin. algodaun cotton wool. alin younger brother or sister; younger child of someone classified as one’s inan or aman; term of address for a younger person. alin feto younger sister; younger daughter of anyone classified as one’s inan or aman. alin mane younger brother; younger son of anyone classified as one’s inan or aman. alin rasik younger brother or sister (as opposed to cousins or others who are also called alin). aliserse (E) foundations. alkati pliers. alkatraun bitumen, tar, asphalt. alku alcohol (for medical purposes).

akontesimentu—Amerika Serikat almari cupboard, wardrobe, bookcase, cabinet. alminu, alumíniu aluminium. almosu lunch; have lunch. aloka (E) allocate. alokasaun (E) allocation. alta be discharged (from hospital). altár altar. alternativu/a alternative. alu pestle (to crush food in a mortar). aluga rent, hire. foo aluga rent, rent out, hire out. alumíniu aluminium. alunu/a pupil, student (especially primary school). amaa mother, maternal aunt, mother’s sister, mum. amaa boot aunt (mother’s older sister). amaa kiik aunt (mother’s younger sister); step-mother, father’s second wife. aman (apaa) father, paternal uncle, father’s brother; male (of animals). aman (I) (seguru) safe, secure. aman boot uncle (father’s older brother). aman hakiak adoptive father. aman kiik uncle (father’s younger brother); step-father, mother’s second husband. aman rasik father (as distinct from father’s brother). aman sarani godfather. amarelu yellow. ambiente (E) environment. ambulánsia ambulance. ameasa threaten; threat. Amérika America. Amérika Norte North America. Amerikanu/a American.

Amerika Selatan—árbitu Amerika Selatan (I) South America. Amerika Serikat (I) United States. Amérika Súl South America. Amerika Utara (I) North America. ami we, us (excluding you). ami nia our (excluding you). ami nia aan ourselves (excluding you). ami nian ours (excluding you). amizade friendship. am-papa the Pope. amu Father (to address priests and bishops). amu bispu bishop. amu lulik (Catholic) priest. amu papa the Pope. -an self. analfabetu (E) illiterate. analiza analyse. andár storey, floor; tier; multistorey. andár leten top floor. andár okos ground floor. anémia (E) anaemia. anestezia (E) anaesthetic. anggaran (I) budget. angguna (I) small publictransport truck. anila washer (on bolt). animál animal. anin wind, breeze; air. aniversáriu anniversary. anju angel. anju oan child who died in infancy. anoi lassie. anoo laddie. ansi hurry. Antártika Antarctica. antena antenna, aerial. antes before. antes de (E) before.

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antigu old, ancient, antique. antisipa anticipate, forestall, see problems coming (and take preventative action). anuál (E) annual, yearly. Anu Novu New Year. apaa father, paternal uncle, father’s brother, dad. apaa boot uncle (father’s older brother). apaa kiik uncle (father’s younger brother); step-father; mother’s second husband. apaga erase. apagadór eraser. aparu prune (plants). apela appeal (verb). apelidu surname, family name, last name. apelu appeal (noun). aperta tighten; tight (of clothes, shoes); too short (of time). apitu (metal/plastic) whistle. aplika apply. apoiante supporter. apoiu support. aponta aim, take aim. apóstolu apostle. aprende learn. aprezenta present; introduce. aprezentasaun presentation, performance, demonstration (of a skill). aprova approve, pass (a bill). aproveita take (opportunity), make the most of. aproximasaun (E) approach. halo aproximasaun approach. ár air (in tyre/ball). Arabi Arab; Muslim; Arabia. Arábia Arabia. arame wire. aranja arrange to get. aranka depart, leave.

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araska hard to get. arbiru arbitrarily, without good reason. árbitu referee. área area. arepende repent, regret. argola hoop, hoop earring. argumentu argument. arkivu file, archive. arku arch. arma set up, arrange; set, lay (a table). armáriu cupboard, wardrobe, bookcase, cabinet. armas arms, weapons. armazén warehouse, storeroom. arota burp, belch. arsip (I) file. arte marsiais martial arts. arte (E) art. arti (I) meaning. artifisiál (E) artificial. artigu article (especially of law). artista actor, singer. aruma tidy up, put away. arus door/window frame. asalta attack, assault, mug (someone). asaltu attack. asaun action, act. aseita accept, agree. aselera accelerate. aseleradór (E) accelerator. asembleia assembly. asentu accent (mark over/under a letter). asesu (E) access. asidente accident, mishap. asina sign (one’s name). asinatura signature. asisténsia assistance. asisti participate in, watch, attend. asosiasaun association. aspektu (E) aspect.

araska—autonomia astrolojia astrology. asu dog. asu aman male dog. asu inan bitch (female dog). asu kutun flea. asumi take on, assume (office). asuntu subject, topic, matter, issue. asu oan pup, puppy. asuwain hero. ataka attack. atan slave; herder. ate amanyá see you tomorrow. ate logu see you later today. aten liver. aten barani courageous. atende attend to (a person needing assistance). atensaun attention, care. foo atensaun warn; pay attention. atitude behaviour. atividade activity. ativu active. at-mate very. atrapalya harassed, hassled. atravesa cross, go through. atraza late, delayed. atrazadu backward, very traditional. atu about to, want to, intend to, in order to. atua (E) intervene in, carry out (especially police, military and court duties), act, take action. atuál (E) current, present-day. atus hundred. atus ba atus hundreds. au bamboo. audiénsia (E) hearing, audience (with a senior person). aula lesson, lecture. aumenta increase, add more. Austrália Australia. Australianu/a Australian.

Áustria—baleia Áustria Austria. autofolante loudhailer. automátiku automatic. autonomia autonomy. autópsia autopsy, post-mortem. autór author, writer; perpetrator. autoridade authority. autoriza (E) authorise, permit, allow. autorizasaun (E) authorisation; permission. avaliasaun (E) evaluation, assessment. halo avaliasaun evaluate, assess. avansa advance, move forward, progress. avansadu (laos báziku) advanced. avansadu (futeból) striker. Ave Maria Hail Mary. aviaun aeroplane, aircraft, plane. avizu notice, announcement. avoo grandparent. avoo feto grandmother. avoo mane grandfather. ayam potong (I) chicken raised for its meat. Ázia Asia. azúl blue. azuleju tile (glazed).

B ba to, for (away from self); follows an invitation or command to do something without the speaker (Haan ba. Eat up.) baa (pergi) go, go to. baa-mai to and fro, here and there; there and back, round trip. baar draws your mouth.

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babadook traditional drum. babak (I) half (soccer). babol bubble gum. baboton fontanel. badaak powder, talcum powder. badaen tradesman, craftsman. badaen ai carpenter. badaen besi blacksmith. badaen fatuk bricklayer, stonemason. badak short. badinas hard-working, diligent. badiu, vadiu idle, always out hanging around with friends. bafa simmer using a little water, oil and flavourings. bahasa (I) Indonesian language. bahasa Indonésia (I) Indonesian (language). bahat (sasaan) chisel (tool); (verbu) chisel, carve. baibain usually, normally. bailoro dry season. bainaka visitor, guest. bainhaat in four days’ time. bainhira (kuandu) when, whenever, while. bainhira? (husu tempu) when (in the future)? bainlima in five days’ time. bainneen in six days’ time. bainrua in two days’ time, the day after tomorrow. baintolu in three days’ time. bairu suburb, neighbourhood. baixa be in hospital, be hospitalised. baki low outside wall. bakso (I) meatball soup. baktéria bacteria. baku beat, hit, bash, bounce, thresh (by beating). baku fila overturn, capsize. baku malu fight, have a fight (physically).

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balada (Lit.) animal. balansu (E) balance. baldi bucket. baleia (E) whale. baleta drain. baliu, baliun axe. balixaun prawn paste. baliza border, boundary; goal (sport); goalkeeper. balu half, some, part of. bandeira flag. bandeira riin flagpole. bandeja tray. bandu prohibit, forbid, ban; prohibition. bani bee. bani been honey. banin parent-in-law. banin feto mother-in-law. banin mane father-in-law. bankada (political) bench. banku (hodi rai osan) bank (financial). banku (hodi tuur) bench. bapa (I) Indonesian; mister, Mr (for Indonesians). bara-barak many diverse. barak many, much, a lot, lots of. baraka hut, temporary shelter. barani bold, brave. barata cockroach. baratu cheap. bar-barak, bara-barak many diverse. baria bitter gourd. barlaki bride-price. baruk feel lazy, bored, fed up. baruk ho fed up with, sick of. baruk-teen lazy, lazybones. barulyu noise, din. basa slap. haan basa get slapped. basa liman clap, applaud. basaa (Lit.) because. basar market.

balada—bee moris basia basin, bowl. basket basketball. batalyaun battalion. batar corn, maize. batar daan traditional dish of boiled corn. batar fulin corn cob, cob of corn. batar funan popcorn. batar ikis finely ground corn. batar lais short-season corn with small cobs. bateria (rechargeable) battery. batina cassock. batizmu baptism. baunilya (E) vanilla. baxarelatu bachelor’s degree (3 years). bayaun kind of green leafy vegetable. Baygon mosquito spray ; mosquito coil. baze basis. iha baze grassroots, village level. bazeia base (something on), on the basis of. báziku basic. be which, who, whom (relative clause marker). bebak palm leaf stalk (used to build walls). bebee baby. bedoko shiver as a result of fever. bee (hodi hemu...) water. bee (dada liafuan) umm. bee dalan ditch, drain, channel, gutter. bee lihun standing water, pool of water. bee manas ai tukan the presents which a man’s family gives to the bride’s parents at a couple’s engagement.

bee matan—bis bee matan spring (of water). bee moos potable water, clean water. bee moris spring (of water). been liquid, sap, juice. bee sae flood. bee tasak boiled water. bee teen moss; dregs that are left when one boils water. behu remove corn seeds from the cob. bei-ala ancestor (greatgrandparent and any generation before that). beibeik often, always, frequently, continually. beiju kiss. beik stupid, slow learner; uneducated; ill-mannered, unwise, ignorant. beik-teen idiot, ignorant, stupid. bei-oan grandchild. beladór coffee table. Belanda (I) Netherlands, Holland; Dutch. belás (I) -teen (tiga belás thirteen). bele can, be able to, possible; may, be allowed to; although, though, even if. belit stick to, stick to, adhere. belun (Lit.) friend. ben (I) (music) band. benefísiu (E) benefit. bengkel (I) mechanic’s workshop. bensa blessing. foo bensa ba bless, give a blessing; kiss hand. bénsaun blessing. benvindu welcome. berlindus marble(s). tiru berlindus play marbles. bermanek tomboy, woman who acts like a man, lesbian.

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bero canoe, small boat. besi iron; metal. besi asu stainless steel; magnet. besik near. besi kait hook (made of metal). besi kanu metal pipe. besi riin metal pole. biar although, though, even, even though, even if. biban la biban don’t have time to, don’t have the chance to. bibi goat. bibi aman billy-goat, ram. bibi atan goatherd, shepherd. bibi inan nanny-goat, ewe. bibi malae sheep. bibi maten epilepsy. bibi oan kid, lamb. bibirón baby bottle. bibi rusa deer. bibi timor goat (as opposed to a sheep). Bíblia Bible. biblioteka library. bidan (I) midwife. bidoon 200-litre (44 gallon) drum, barrel. bidu traditional dance done by men. bifi dish of beef and potato chips. biin older sister, older daughter of someone classified as one’s inan or aman. bikan plate. bilaan slow-witted; confused, stunned, bewildered. bilyaun (P) billion (thousand million). bilyeti ticket. Bimoli palm oil for cooking. biokímika biochemistry. biologi (I) biology. biolojia biology.

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Birma (I) Burma. Birmánia (E) Burma. biru amulet, protective charm. bis bus. bis-bisi, bis-bisu whisper. bisikleta bicycle, bike. sae bisikleta ride a bicycle. biskuit (I) biscuit. bisnis (I) business. bispu bishop. biti mat. bius anaesthetic. blok cement block. blu (I) pornography, blue movie. bluza blouse. boatus rumour. bobar encircle, wind around, coil. bo-boot many big. boek prawn, shrimp. boi swing. boinya beret. bokon wet. bokse boxing. bokur fat, fertile. bokur-teen fat (person). bola ball. tebe bola play soccer. bolaun, bulaun balloon, bubble. boletín bulletin. bolinyus sweet biscuit-balls. bolsa estudu scholarship. bolsu pocket. bolsu mahar have deep pockets (lots of money). bolu (haruka mai) summon, call (someone to come); (hanaran) call (someone a name). bolu (dosi) cake (without icing). bomba (ekipamentu) pump; (verbu) pump up; (Slang) (baku) bash up. bomba (sasaan funu) bomb. bomba marotok (I) Molotov cocktail.

Birma—brutu bombeirus fire brigade, fireman, fire station. bondia good morning (until about 11.30am). boneka doll, teddy. bonita pretty. bonitu handsome. bonoiti good evening, good night. bonus bonus. book bother, irritate, tamper with. book-an move, shift position. book-an la diak restricted, confined. boot big, large; high-status; grown-up. boraixa rubber; rubber band. borboleta butterfly, moth. borbulyus pimple, acne. bornál sack, bag. borus go right through to the other side. bosan worn, worn out, used, second-hand. bosfestas Happy New Year, Merry Christmas. bosok deceive, lie. bosok-teen habitual liar. bosu full (from eating). botardi good afternoon. botas boot(s). bote woven basket carried on the back by a strap, often around the forehead. botir bottle. bou pile up. brani, barani bold, brave. brasu muscly, have big biceps. Brazíl Brazil. Brazileiru/a Brazilian. brigadeiru brigadier. brigadeiru jenerál brigadier general. brinjela aubergine, egg-plant.

brinkedus—dala barak brinkedus toy. brinkus earring. britas pebble; stingy, mean. brutu aggressive, rough. bua betel nut. buan sorcerer, witch. buat thing. buatamak (Impolite) fellow. buat ida something. buatinak (Impolite) girl, woman. buat ruma something or other, anything. bubu swell, swollen. buda Buddhism; Buddhist. budu pickle; store (fruit) to ripen it. budu tasi edible bifurcating seaweed. buihuu female Timorese informer to the Indonesians, spy. buka search for, look for, seek; try. bukae provisions (food and drink for a journey). buka hatene seek to find out. buka mate court death. buka moris seek to earn a living. buka tuir investigate, enquire, seek to find out. bulak crazy, mad, insane. bulaun balloon. bulelu can hardly stand. buli teapot, coffeepot. buras lush, thrive. busa cat. busa aman tomcat. busa inan she-cat. busa oan kitten. butar deceive. butaun button. kore butaun unbutton. loke butaun unbutton. prega butaun do up a button.

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buti squeeze. buti isin massage. buti mate strangle to death. butuk pile.

C capcai (I) stir-fry, stir-fried vegetables. catur (I) chess. CD CD, compact disk. cek (I) (hosi banku) cheque, check (Amérika). CV CV, curriculum vitae.

D daan boil (in water). dada pull, attract. dada ahi connect up to electricity. dada-an resign, withdraw. dada bee connect up to water source, pump water. dada lia talk at length. dadeer morning (until 11am). dadeer-dadeer every morning. dadeer-saan early morning (58am). dadeer-saan nakukun very early morning before sunrise (3-5am). dadus data. daet contagious, spread to others. daftar (I) register; registration. dahur traditional circle dancing and singing. dai cast-net. dala time, instance, occasion (dala tolu three times). ba dala ikus last, lastly.

ba dala rua—deskreve

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ba dala rua second, secondly. ba dala tolu third, thirdly. ba dala uluk first, firstly. dala barak often. dala ida once. dalan path, track, road; way. dala rua twice. dala ruma sometimes; perhaps, maybe. damas draughts, checkers (Amérika)

dame peace, reconciliation; reconcile. halo dame reconcile. dansa dance. Dap small electric water pump. dapur kitchen. dasa sweep. dasa rai sweep. dasin scales (for weighing). data date. daudauk, daudaun shows activity is in progress (Loro matan sae daudauk. The sun is/was rising.) daun needle. debate debate. debu wallow (muddy area in which buffalo or pigs wallow). defende defend. defensór defence lawyer. defeza (militár/legál) defence; (joga bola) back (in football). defini (E) define. definisaun definition. dehan say, mean. deit just, only. dekanu dean (of university faculty). deklara declare. deklarasaun declaration, statement. dekór memorise, learn by heart. dekor maran dekor parched, dry as

dust. dekretu decree. dekretu lei decree law. delapan (I) eight. delapan belás (I) eighteen. delapan puluh (I) eighty. delegadu delegate, representative. delegasaun delegation. delek matan delek blind. demais too (excessive). demo (political) demonstration. halo demo demonstrate. demokrasia democracy. demora delay. dena gorge (on food), stuff yourself, force-feed. dentista (E) dentist. departementu department. depende depend on. depois then, and then. depois de (E) after. depózitu (E) deposit. deputadu/a member of parliament, parliamentarian. derajat (I) degrees (temperature). dere beat (drum, gong...); strum (guitar); play (piano); knock on (a door); ring (a telephone). derepenti suddenly. derok lemon, lime. derok masin lime (citrus). dés (E) ten. desentraliza (E) decentralise. desentralizasaun (E) decentralisation. halo desentralizasaun decentralise. desidi decide. desizaun decision. deskansa rest. deskobre discover, find out. deskonfia suspect, distrust.

deskontu—diskriminasaun deskontu discount. deskonyesidu unidentified (culprit). deskreve (E) describe. deskulpa sorry. husu deskulpa apologise, say sorry, ask forgiveness. despaixa dispatch, send off. despede farewell, say goodbye to. despedida farewell. despensa pantry. despeza expenditure. desportu sport, exercise. despreza despise, scorn. destinu destiny. determina (E) determine. detík (I) second (time period). deut knead, mash, crush, pound in mortar and pestle. deve buy on credit, be in debt for, borrow (money). devér duty. dezafiu (E) challenge. dezanovi (P) nineteen. dezarma (E) disarm. dezaseis (P) sixteen. dezaseti (P) seventeen. dezastre accident, (vehicle) crash; disaster. dezde since (time). Dezembru December. dezenvolve develop. dezenvolvimentu development. dezenyu drawing, picture; design. halo dezenyu draw; design. dezliga disconnect, unplug. dezlokadu displaced person, IDP. dezoitu (P) eighteen. dezvantajen (E) disadvantage. dia (E) day, date. diabu devil, demon, evil spirit. diak good, well, OK, all-right;

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goodness. diak liu better, best; how about (introduces a suggestion). diak malu be on good terms with one another. diálogu dialogue. diaréia diarrhoea. diáriu diary (of what one has done). di-diak carefully, thoroughly. didin wall (of plywood, piku, bamboo, wood); put up such a wall. didin lolon wall. diferensa (E) difference. diferente different. difikuldade difficulty. difisil difficult. dignidade dignity. dihi wasp. dikin shoot (of plant), point from which the plant grows. dikur horn (of animal). dima, diman spear. dioseze diocese. diploma diploma. direita (E) right-wing; right (direction). direitu right (to do something), right (direction), (study of the) law. direitus umanus human rights. diresaun (E) address (of a building); direction; directorate. diretamente (E) directly. diretór/a director, headmaster/headmistress. diretór jerál director general. dirijenti (choir/orchestra) conductor, person who leads prayers. diriji direct, lead. disionáriu dictionary. disiplina discipline.

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diskriminasaun (E) discrimination. halo diskriminasaun discriminate. diskursu speech (mainly political). diskusaun discussion. diskuti argue, discuss. diskuti malu argue with each other, discuss. distánsia distance. distintus konvidadus honoured invited guests. distribuisaun distribution (especially of handouts). distritu district (especially governmental district, of which Timor has 13). ditadór dictator. dividír por (E) divided by. diviza (E) rank (military/police). divizaun division. divorsiadu/a (E) divorced. doadór donor. doben beloved, girlfriend, boyfriend. dobradu double. dodok mushy, rotten. dois (iis) stink, smell bad. dois (P) (rua) two. doko shake, rock (something). doko ulun nod head, shake head. doku cover with an upside-down container/hand. doku bikan disown. dokumentasaun documentation. halo dokumentasaun record, keep records. dokumentu document. dolar (lao ho kabun) crawl, creep. dolar (osan) dollar. domin love (noun). domina dominate; master (a skill); control.

diskriminasaun—dúvida domina-an exercise self-control. Domingu Sunday. Domingu Ramus Palm Sunday. Domingu Resureisaun Easter Sunday. don title of respect for senior liurai rulers and bishops. dona Mrs. donat doughnut, donut (Amérika).

dook far. -door someone who habitually does... dosenti lecturer. dosi cake; biscuit. dotór/a, doutór/a medical doctor; doctor (holder of PhD); title for graduates in senior positions. doutoradu (E) PhD. doutór nehan dentist. doutrina doctrine. dozi (P) twelve. Dr/Dra Dr. drama play, drama, skit. droga drugs (nonpharmaceutical). dua (I) two. dua belás (I) twelve. dua puluh (I) twenty. dudu push. duir roll (something). duké than (comparison). dukur sleep. dukur-door sleepyhead. dulas spin, turn, mill, twist. duni (halai tuir) chase. duni (tebes) indeed. dura endure, last (a long time). durante during, for (specified period of time, throughout, while. durbasa interpreter. duu, duun accuse, blame.

duu matak—eskola oan duu matak, duun matak accuse unfairly, blame unfairly. duut grass, grassy weed. duut morin lemon grass. dúvida doubtful, unsure, doubt. DVD DVD.

E edifísiu building. edisaun edition. eduka educate, train, bring up. edukadu well-brought-up, wellbehaved, well-mannered. edukasaun education. ei pá! sigh! ei saa! yes indeed! eis- ex-, former. Ejitu (E) Egypt. ekipa team. ekipamentu equipment. ekolojia (E) ecology. ekonomia economics. ekonómiku/a (E) economic. ektare (E) hectare. elefante elephant. eleisaun election. elementu subordinate (in the police or military). eletrisidade electricity. elikópteru helicopter. ema person, people, human. ema boot (ema status boot) VIP, government leader; (laos labarik) adult. ema dadur prisoner. ema ida someone, somebody. ema kiik the common people. ema leet non-relative. ema ruma someone or other, anyone. embaixada embassy. embaixadór/a ambassador.

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emerjénsia emergency. empat (I) four. empata draw, tie (in competition). empat belás (I) fourteen. empat puluh (I) forty. empresta borrow. foo empresta lend out. emprezáriu/a businessman/businesswoman. enám (I) six. enám belás (I) sixteen. enám puluh (I) sixty. enerjia energy. enfeita decorate. enfermeiru/a nurse. enfrenta confront, face, face up to (difficulties...). enjenyaria (E) engineering. enjenyeiru/a engineer. enkontru meeting. ensaiu rehearsal, (choir) practice. entaun so, then. entre between, among, amongst. entrega deliver, hand over. entrevista, intervista interview. envelope envelope. envolve involve. enxada hoe. enxe fill up with. epilépsia (E) epilepsy. Eropa (I) Europe. ervilya pea, snow pea (plant). ervilya musan pea. és campur (I) ice mixed with fruits and syrup. esforsa-an strive. esforsu effort. eskada stairs, ladder, steps. eskala (E) scale. eskalda scald. eskerda (E) left-wing; left (direction).

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eskola (fatin) school; (tuir aula) be educated, attend school. eskolanti disciple. eskola oan pupil, student (especially primary school). eskola pre-sekundária junior high school. eskola primária primary school. eskola sekundária senior high school. eskoltu bodyguard. eskova brush. eskova kose nehan toothbrush. eskova nehan toothbrush. eskrim (I) ice-cream. eskritóriu (E) office desk. espada spades (in cards). espageti spaghetti. Espanya Spain. Espanyól Spanish. espasu space. espelyu mirror. espera hope (verb). esperansa hope (noun). esperiénsia experience. espesiál special. espesífiku (E) specific. espiaun spy. espíritu spirit. Espíritu Santu the Holy Spirit. esplika explain. esplorasaun exploration; exploitation. esporta export. estabilidade stability. estádiun stadium. estadu the state, national government. Estadus Unidus the United States. estafeta (E) courier, messenger (for the resistance movement). estasaun station. estatístika statistics. estátua statue.

eskola—faak estavel stable. esternu/a (E) external. estika stretch tightly. estilu style. estimula (E) stimulate. estómagu stomach disorder. estrada road, street. estraga destroy, damage, break, vandalise, ruin, spoil; hurt; rape; waste. estranjeiru foreigner; foreign. estratejia strategy. estrika iron, press (clothes). estrumi compost, mulch. estrundu loud noise, din. estrutura structure. estuda study (verb). estudante student (especially university). estudu study (noun). etapa step (in a process), stage. étika ethics. etu cooked rice. etu fuga simple fried rice eaten for breakfast. EUA (E) USA. Europa Europe. evakua evacuate. evakuasaun evacuation. evanjelyu gospel. eventu (E) event. evidénsia evidence. evita (E) avoid, prevent. ezame examination, exam, test; sit an exam. foo ezame examine, give an examination. tuir ezame sit an examination. ezemplu example. ezersíziu exercise. eziji demand.

faak—fera

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F faak (Impolite) mentally slow, of subnormal intelligence, simple. faan sell; betray for money. fábrika factory. fadigadu, farigadu busy, make a fuss. fafulu kind of fine bamboo. fahe separate, distribute, deal (cards), share, divide. fahe malu separate, go one’s separate ways, divorce. fahi pig. fahi aman boar (male pig). fahi fuik boar (wild pig). fahi inan sow (female pig). fahi luhan pigsty, pigpen. fahi oan piglet. fai pound (corn...); shoot (a billiard ball); crash head-on; poke. fail (Eng) computer file. fakar spill, tip out. faktu (E) fact. fakuldade (university) faculty. fali again, back, instead. Falintil the armed forces for the national liberation of East Timor. Falintil-FDTL East Timorese Defence Force. falsu false. falta be absent; lack; foul (in football). faluk widowed; widow, widower. falun wrap; packet. falur (Lit.) dove, pigeon. família family, relatives. fanatik, fanátiku fanatic. fani sneeze. fanili (I) vanilla.

fanu, fanun wake up. farda uniform (clothing). farigadu busy, make a fuss. farmásia pharmacy. faru clothes, clothing (especially traditional women’s clothes); shirt, blouse, top. faru manas jumper, sweater, cardigan. fase, fasi wash; develop (film). fasi fulan menstruate. fasi matan people-watching, window-shopping. fasil easy. fasilidade facility. fasilita facilitate. fatin place. iha fatin on the spot. fatin ida somewhere. fatin ruma somewhere or other, anywhere. fatór factor. fatu suit (of clothes). fatu de banyu (men’s) underpants. fatuk rock, stone. fatuk inan stone mortar (for pounding food). fatuk kuak cave, cavern. fatuk oan stone pestle (for pounding food). favór please. halo favór please. favór ida please. favoritu favourite. faze phase, stage. fé faith. feen wife. feen kiik mistress, second wife. feen-laen husband and wife, couple. fehuk potato, sweet potato, Irish potato. fehuk midar sweet potato. fehuk ropa Irish potato.

feixu—foka

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feixu hairclip. fekit flick (with finger); do black magic against. fera split. feriadu public holiday, holiday. férias holiday. ferik mature woman, old woman. ferik-oan wife. fermentu yeast. ferujen rust. festa party. festa nain host (of party). feto woman, girl, female (human). feto faluk widow. feto foun daughter-in-law. feto kiik mistress (in addition to the wife). feto klosan young single woman. feto luroon whore, prostitute. feton sister (of a man). feto raan young single woman. fetosaa wife-taking clan, husband’s family. Fevereiru February. F-FDTL East Timorese Defence Force; East Timorese soldier. fiar believe, trust; belief, faith. figura (E) picture, portrait; figure (well-respected person) fihir stare at, look at, examine; choose, select. fila turn, return; stir-fry; die (of infants). fila fali return, again. fila-fila repeatedly. fila liman conduct small business. fila rai plough (Inglatera), plow (Amérika).

Filipina Philippines. Filipinas (E) the Philippines. filmi film, movie.

filmi aat pornographic film, blue movie. filozofia (E) philosophy. filsafat (I) philosophy. fin de semana weekend. fin du mundu the end of the world. Finadu All Souls’ Day (2 November). finál final. finalista finalist, student awaiting graduation. finansa finance. finanseiru financial. fini seed (for planting). finji pretend. firaku (Impolite) person from the east of East Timor. fisika (I) physics. FISIPOL (I) political science. fiska slingshot. fisur boil (on skin), abscess. fita ribbon, tape. fita kola sticky tape. fitar scar. fitun star. fiu wire. fizga slingshot. fízika (E) physics. foer dirty; rubbish, garbage, waste. foer fatin scrap heap, rubbish dump. fogaun stove. foho mountain, hill; rural area. foho huun foot, base of hill or mountain. foho leten mountaintop, hilltop. foho lolon hillside, mountainside. foho-rai python. foho tutun summit. foin only just, very recently. foin daudauk (nee) recently, a very short time ago.

foin lalais—fundadór/a foin lalais recently, a short time ago. foin-sae young adult. foka take a video, shoot a film. fokit extract (teeth...), pluck, rip out. folin price, value, cost. fondasi (I) foundations. foo give; (permiti) permit. foo aluga rent out. foo-an dedicate oneself (to...). foo empresta lend, lend out. foo fiar entrust, have faith in. foo haan feed. foo hanoin instruct, remind. foo hariis bathe (someone). foo hatais dress (someone). foo hatene inform, tell. foo hemu give drink to. foo kaben marry (a couple); mate (animals); fertilise (plants). foo kastigu punish, sentence. foo konsulta give a medical consultation. foo konyese introduce (a person). foos uncooked husked rice. foos ikis small pieces of broken rice grains. foo sai announce, reveal. foo sala accuse, blame; recompense. foo sarani baptise, christen. foo susu breastfeed. forai, fore rai peanut. fore bean. fore dikin bean plant tips. fore keli soya bean. fore mungu mung beans. forma (treinu) form, train; (halo formatura) queue, queue up. forma (fatin tunu dosi) cake tin. formál formal. formasaun training.

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formuláriu form (document). fornese (E) supply, provide. fornu oven. forsa (kbiit) strength, power, force. forsa (tropas) (military) forces, troops. forsa defeza defence forces. forsas armadas armed forces. forti strong. foru (uma) ceiling; (hena) lining. foti pick up; promote; appoint to a high position; major in (study); withdraw (money). foti-an arrogant, boast. foto photo, photograph. fotografia photo, photograph; photography. fotokopi (I) photocopy. fotokópia photocopy. fou-foun initially, at first. foun new. frakeza weakness. fraku weak. fralda (cloth) nappy, diaper. Fransa France. Fransés/Franseza French. fraze (E) sentence. frekuénsia frequency. frente (political) front. fronteira border, frontier. fronyas pillowcase. fuan (coração) heart. fuan (ai fuan) fruit; counter for larger roundish items. fuan moras heart disease; distressed. fui pour. fuik wild. fukun joint. fulan moon; month. nia fulan mai menstruate. fulan mate lunar eclipse. ful-fulan every month, monthly. fulin cob (of corn).

fulun—Grésia

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fulun body hair, fur, feather. fuma smoke (a cigarette/pipe). funan flower; interest (on loan). fundadór/a founder. fundamentál fundamental. fundasaun foundation. fundu fund. funsaun function, role. funsiona function, work. funsionáriu office worker (within government), public servant. funu war. fura drill. furadór (E) drill (tool). furak beautiful (not of people), tasty, wonderful. furin froth, foam, lather, suds. sabaun furin foam, suds (from soap). futar used before body-part nouns when referring to God (iha Maromak nia futar oin before God). futeból football, soccer. futu tie up into a bundle. futu manu have a cockfight. futun bundle tied together. futuru future. fuuk hair (of head).

G gaba praise (a person), flatter. gaba-an boast. gabinete (E) cabinet (in politics); office of senior person. gado-gado (I) dish of vegetables or salad with peanut sauce. gafanyotu grasshopper, locust. garafaun, garfaun flagon. garantia guarantee. garfu fork.

gas gas; cigarette lighter. gas (I) accelerator. gasta spend; waste; pass (time). gastu (E) expenditure, expenses. gava, gaba praise (a person), flatter. gaveta drawer. gayung (I) water dipper (used in bathing). gazoel diesel fuel. gazolina petrol, gas (Amérika). gedung (I) building. generator (I) generator. geografi (I) geography. geologi (I) geology. gerobak (I) wheelbarrow, pushcart. Giné-Bisau Guinea-Bissau. glória glory. goiabas guava. gola collar. golpe civil war. golpe de estadu (E) coup d'etat; overthrow of government. golu goal (sports). goma glue. gosta like, enjoy. gostu taste; tasty, delicious. governadór/a governor. governu government. goza (goza ema ) tease, make fun of, ridicule; (goza sasaan) enjoy; live for pleasure. graduasaun graduation. gráfiku (E) graph; diagram, chart. grama gramme, gram. gramátika grammar. granada grenade, shell (military). gratis free (of charge). graus (E) degrees (temperature). grava record (voice/music). gravadór cassette recorder, tape recorder.

gravata—hakmatek gravata (neck) tie. grave (E) serious, grave. Gregu (E) Greek. Grésia (E) Greece. greve (E) strike, go on strike (stop work). grilu cricket (insect). grosu thick (consistency). grupu group. gruta grotto (cave with shrine). guarda guard. guardafatu wardrobe. guardaredi goalkeeper. guardaxuva umbrella. gudang (I) warehouse, storeroom. gugulai dumb (unable to speak).

H ha- make, cause. haan eat. foo haan feed. haan kalan eat evening meal. haan malu fight, argue (of people); agree (of statements). haan meiudia eat lunch. haan tempu take (a lot of) time. haas mango. haat four. haat-nulu forty. habadak shorten. habai dry in the sun. habelar spread, propagate. habit squeeze, clip, staple, peg. habokon wet (something). hada stack, lay (bricks). hadak platform of traditional materials. hadau snatch, grab, seize. hadau malu compete for resources. hadeer get up; wake up.

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hadia repair, fix. hadia-an tidy oneself up. hadomi love, pity (someone), feel sorry for. hadook distance, move (something) away. hadook-an distance (oneself), keep away, avoid. hadulas surround, go around. hafoin (Lit.) then. hafuhu spy on, peep at. hafuhu malu watch one another distrustfully. hahaan food. hahalok behaviour, action, deed; character. hahenu hang around neck, wear around neck. hahii praise (God), glorify. hahoris give birth (mainly for animals). hahuu begin, start. hakaas force, strain. hakaas-an strive, endeavour. hakail fish with a line. hakanek wound, cause a wound. hakarak want to, desire. hakat step. hakbesik, hakbesik-an approach, go closer. hakdasa, hakdasak crawl along with buttocks on the ground. hakerek write. hakerek nain writer, author. haketak separate. haketak susu wean a child. hakfodak startled, surprised, shocked. halo ema hakfodak startle, surprise, shock. hakfuik whistle. hakiak raise, keep (animal, child); adopt (child). hakilar shout, scream. haklaken preach (especially

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God’s message). haklalak cheer, shout, call loudly in a large group. hakmatek peaceful, quiet, calm, at peace, restful, still. hakmumu, hakmumuk rinse one’s mouth, suck on. hakneak kneel. hakoak, hakuak hug, embrace. hakoi bury. hakotu sever, decide. hakotu lia reach a resolution in a dispute. hakribi, hakribit abhor; be appalled at, be disgusted at, feel revulsion; repent of, confess. hakruuk bend over, bow; respect (law, senior people). haksesuk discuss, argue, quarrel, dispute. haksesuk malu quarrel, dispute. haksoit jump, leap. haksolok joyful, rejoice, glad, happy. hakuak hug, embrace. hakur cross (especially a river), go across. halai run, run away. halai taru race, run a race. halakon get rid of, eliminate, make disappear. halao carry out, implement, execute (plan), conduct, run, hold (meeting...). haleu surround, encircle, around. hali banyan tree. halibur gather (usually people) together, collect. haliis lean, incline, slant, tip. halo haliis put at an angle, incline, tip. halimar play, relax. halo make, do, cause, build, create.

haklalak—hamutuk Ema halo. Someone did black magic (against this person). halo-an pretentious, make out you are better than you really are; vain. halo nusaa? how? halo oinsaa? how, what could (one) do? haloos straighten, correct (errors), rectify. haloot tidy up, put away. haluha forget. haluha-door forgetful person. hamaluk accompany, go along with (person). hamamar soften, loosen. hamanas heat, reheat (food or drink). hamaran dry (something). hamatak, han-matak cheat, deceive (concerning goods or prices), rip off. hamate extinguish, turn off; kill (e.g. insects). hamaus quieten, settle (e.g. a crying baby), console, comfort, cajole, seduce, coax. hameno order (goods); request. hamenus reduce. hametin strengthen, make firm. hamlaha hungry. hamnasa laugh, smile (at). hamnasa-door giggler. hamoe shame, embarrass. hamonu drop; depose; overthrow, bring down (government). hamoos clean (something), erase, weed. hamoris turn on, start (engine); revive. hamosu produce, cause to arise. hamriik stand, stand up; stick out. hamrook thirsty.

hamtauk—hatudu-an dehan/hanesan ... hamtauk respect, fear (especially God). hamulak pray (animist). hamutuk together. hana shoot (an arrow). hananu sing (mainly church songs). hanas apply a hot compress to. hanehan press; oppress. haneruk ahi warm oneself by the fire. hanesan alike, same, equivalent, identical; be like, similar to; like, for example. han-matak cheat, deceive (concerning goods or prices), rip off. hanoin think, remember, consider; miss, pity; opinion. hanoin barak worried, worry, stress. hanoin hetan remember, recall. hanoin la hetan incomprehensible; cannot remember. foo hanoin instruct, remind. hanorin teach; teaching. hapara stop, put a stop to. harahun destroy. haraik lower; give, bestow (if giver is God). haraik-an humble, humble oneself; humility. hare rice plant; unhusked rice. hare oan rice seedling. haree see, look, watch. harii set up, raise (to a vertical position), establish, build. hariis bathe (oneself). foo hariis bathe (someone). hariis fatin bathroom. baa hariis fatin go to the bathroom, go to the toilet. hariis tasi have a swim, play in the sea.

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harohan pray, intercede in prayer. harous, haruus wash face, arms and legs. haruka tell, command, order; send. haruus wash face, arms and legs. hasae raise, increase. hasai take out, remove, extract, cast out; take off (clothes...); dismiss, sack (someone from a job), release (from prison), make (photo); minus. hasai raan have a blood test. hasan cheek. hasan rahun beard, moustache. hasara imitate, mimic (mockingly). hasee greet. hasil (I) result, yield. hasoru meet; oppose; against. hataan reply, answer; agree. hatais wear (clothes), get dressed. foo hatais dress (someone). hatama insert, deposit (money), put in(to), submit (proposal...). hatauk frighten, scare, intimidate. hateke look (at something in the distance). hatene know (something), know how to. foo hatene inform, tell. hatene-an act appropriately to your status. hatenu bark (of dog). hatete, hateten tell, inform, say. hatete sai announce. hatoba lay down, make lie down. hatoo pass on. hatudu show, display, point to.

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hatudu-an reveal oneself, suddenly appear (e.g. ghost); show off, ostentatious. hatudu-an dehan/hanesan ... make out you are (good, rich...). hatutan extend, join (long items together to make a longer one), add to (someone’s words). hatuun lower (something). hatuur set, put in place. hau I, me. hau nia my. hau nia aan myself. hau nian mine. hean row (a boat). hein wait (for); look after, guard. hein katak hope that. hei saa! yes indeed! hektar (I) hectare. hekter (I) stapler. hela live, reside, stay, remain (at a place); shows continuous action or state (Sira haan hela. They are/were eating.) hela fatin residence. helikopter (I) helicopter. hemu drink; take (medicine). foo hemu give drink to. hemu-door drinker (of alcohol). hena cloth, material; clothes, clothing. hena meza tablecloth. hetan find, get, obtain, (hetan moras) catch (an illness). hiit lift by strap or handle. hikar fold. hili choose, select, appoint, designate; pick up. hili ai collect firewood. hindu Hindu hira? how many?, how much? hirak these specific (livru hirak nee these books, this specific set of books).

hatudu-an—hulan hirus angry (at), cross. hirus matan chest. hisik sprinkle; shake out. hiti hold on lap. hitin lap. hitu seven. hitu-nulu seventy. HIV AIDS (Eng) HIV AIDS. HIV SIDA (E) HIV AIDS. ho and; with. hoban soak. hobi hobby. hobur crowd around. hodi (para) so that, in order to. hodi (lori) bring, take, use, drive. hois squeeze, wring; milk (cow), blow (nose). hola fetch, get, buy; marry, have sex with. homan weave (baskets, mats). homo (I) homosexual, gay. hori bainhaat four days ago. hori bainhira? when (in the past)? hori bainlima five days ago. hori bainneen six days ago. hori bainruak two days ago, the day before yesterday. hori baintolu three days ago. hori kalan last night, yesterday evening. hori ohin a little while ago (today), earlier today. horiseik yesterday. hori uluk very long ago. horok item tied to a fruit tree to show it is forbidden to pick its fruit; those who do pick it are cursed. horon smell. hosi, husi from, originate from, out of. hosu fart. hotar curse. hotu all; finished; also, too.

hotu-hotu—imunizasaun hotu-hotu all. hudi banana. hudi dubun banana flower. hulan carry on shoulders. husar navel. husar talin umbilical cord. husi from, originate from. husik leave, leave behind, abandon, release; allow, let. husu ask, request. husu boot urge. husu-door person who keeps asking for things. huu blow. huun tree, base, origin, source, bottom.

I i and. ibu (I) Mrs (for Indonesians). ibun mouth, beak, snout; edge (of road), bank (of river), shore; lip (of pot). ibun boot big-mouth. ibun kulit lip. ida (1) one; a, an. Ida mak nee. Good point! ida (negativu) commonly used after a negated verb, in speaking but not in writing (Hau la baa ida. I didn’t go.) idade age. ida-ida individually, one at a time. ida-idak each, every. ida-rua one or two, a few, a couple of. ideia idea. identidade identity. identifika identify. identifikasaun (E) identification. ideolojia ideology.

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igreja church. iha in, at; have; exist, be present, available. iha nebaa there. iha nebee? where? iha nee here. iis breath; stink, smell bad. dada iis breathe in; complain; sigh. husik iis breathe out. iis boot puffing; can hold one’s breath a long time. iis kotu die, breathe one’s last. ikan fish. ikan lele catfish. ikan lumba-lumba (I) dolphin, porpoise. ikan paus (I) whale. ikan sardinya sardine. ikis finely pounded corn, small pieces of broken rice grains. ikun tail. ikus last, final. too ikus eventually. ikus mai in the end, finally, eventually. ikus nee these days, nowadays. ilegál illegal. ilya (E) island. imajen image. Imakulada Konseisaun Immaculate Conception (celebrated 8 December). imi you (plural). imi nia your (plural). imi nia aan yourselves. imi nian yours (plural). imigrasaun immigration. impaktu (E) impact. imparsiál (E) impartial. implementa (E) implement, carry out. implementasaun (E) implementation. importa import.

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importante important. impostu tax. imprimi (E) print. imunizasaun immunisation. inan mother, maternal aunt, mother’s sister; female (of animals). inan-aman parents. inan boot aunt (mother’s older sister). inan hakiak adoptive mother. inan kiik aunt (mother’s younger sister); step-mother; father’s second wife. inan rasik mother (as distinct from mother’s sister). inan sarani godmother. independénsia independence. independenti independent. Índia India. indikadór (E) indicator. individu (E) individual (person). Indonézia Indonesia. indústria (E) industry. infernu hell. infesaun infection. influénsia influence. informa inform. informasaun information. infraestrutura infrastructure. Inglatera England. Inglés/Ingleza English. inimigu enemy. inisiativa initiative. inklui include. inkomoda bother, inconvenience. insidente incident. instalasaun installation. instituisaun institution. institutu institute. instrumentu instrument. instrusaun instruction. integrasaun (E) integration. intel (I) intelligence agent, spy.

importante—isin baruk intelektuál (E) intellectual. intensaun intention. intenta bother, test, tempt, disturb. interese show an active interest in, care for, look after, pay attention to. internasionál international. internét the internet. internu/a (E) internal. interogasaun (E) interrogation. intérpreta (E) interpret. intérprete (E) interpreter. intervalu interval, rest period, half-time, break. intervista interview. intimidasaun intimidation. introdusaun introduction. inus nose. inus been have a runny nose. inus kuak nostril. inus metin have a blocked nose. invazaun invasion. halo invazaun invade. inventa make up, invent. investidór/a (E) investor. investiga investigate. investigasaun investigation. halo investigasaun investigate. investimentu investment. investór investor. Irak (I) Iraq. Iraki (E) Iraq. Iran (I) Iran. Iraun (E) Iran. irigasaun irrigation. Irlanda (E) Ireland. Irlándia (I) Ireland. irmán Sister. irmaun Brother. isin body, flesh; nucleus, contents; tuber, bulb; -ful (kanuru isin ida one spoonful).

foo isin—jérigen foo isin bear (fruit/grain...). isin aat thin, skinny. isin baruk listless, lethargic, feel flat. isin boot big, big-boned (of person). isin diak healthy, well. isin forte physically strong. isin fraku frail. isin fulun body hair. isin fulun hamriik have goose bumps. isin katar itch, have an itch. isin lolon body (of person). isin lotuk slim (of person). isin malirin feel cold as a result of illness. isin manas have a fever. isin manas bedoko shiver as a result of malaria. isin molik naked. isin rua pregnant, expecting (of people). isin sae gain weight. isin tuun lose weight. iska bait. iskeiru cigarette lighter. Islam (I) Islam, Muslim. isolasi (I) sticky tape. istori malu argue, quarrel. istória story, history. isu-isu (I) rumour. ita we, us (including you); you (singular respectful). ita boot you (singular formal). ita boot nia your (singular formal). ita boot nia aan yourself (formal). ita boot nian yours (singular formal). ita boot sira you (plural formal). ita boot sira nia your (plural formal). ita boot sira nia aan yourselves

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(formal). ita boot sira nian yours (plural formal). ita nia our (including you); your (singular respectful). ita nia aan ourselves (including you), yourself (singular respectful). ita nian ours (including you); yours (singular respectful). Itália Italy. Italianu/a Italian. ituan, uitoan a little, a few, a bit, somewhat. Izraél Israel.

J jambua pomelo (large thickskinned citrus). jambu air (I) rose apple, water apple (kind of fruit). Janeiru January. janela window. Japaun Japan. Japonés/Japoneza Japanese. jardín (flower) garden, park. jardín infantíl kindergarten, preschool. jeitu attractive. jejún fast (abstain from food); fasting. halo jejún fast. jelatina gelatine, jelly (Inglatera), jello (Amérika). jeleira refrigerator. jelu ice. jelu fatuk ice cube, block of ice. jenerál general (military). jeografia geography. jeolojia geology. jeradór generator. jerál general.

jeralmente—kadoo

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jeralmente generally. jerasaun descendant; generation. jérigen jerrycan. Jerman (I) Germany. jestaun (E) management. jíns jeans. jís chalk. joga play (a particular game); gamble. jogadór player, footballer; gambler (especially at cards). joga foer play dirty, cheat. jogu game, (sports) match. jornál newspaper. jornalista journalist. joven young person, youth. joven sira young people, the youth. Judeu (E) Jew. judisiál judicial. juís judge (in court). julgamentu (legal) trial; judgement. Julyu July. Junyu June. jura swear (an oath). juramentu oath, vow. halo juramentu take a vow, make an oath. jurusan (I) (academic) department, field of study; direction. justisa justice. justu (E) just, fair. juta (I) million. juventude youth.

K ka or; question tag. kaan (gosta) crave (food or drink).

kaan (plasenta) afterbirth, placenta. kaan-teen glutton. kabaas shoulder. kabas cotton; thread, yarn. kabas rahun (raw) cotton; cotton wool. kabaya traditional women’s blouse pinned in the front, usually worn with a sarong. kabeen dribble, saliva, spittle. kabeer smooth. kabelak flat. kaben spouse, husband, wife; marry; (animál) mate. kaben nain married person. kabesa head (a soccer ball). kabidi clothes hanger. kabosu plump, cuddly, cute (especially of infants, puppies). kabuar round, spherical, circular; circle. kabubu rice bund (bank of rice bay). kabuk pregnant (of animals). kabun stomach. kabun dulas stomach upset. kabun moras have a tummy ache, diarrhoea. kabun tasak (Impolite) potbellied, have a pot-belly. kabun-teek (Impolite) potbellied, have a large stomach. kabura edible fern that grows by the side of the river. kada each, every. kadaka pancake; cook pancake. kadeia prison, jail. kadeira chair, seat; position of responsibility. kadeli ring. kadernu notebook, exercise book. kadi sharpen.

kadiadu—kamiza liman naruk kadiadu padlock. kadiuk crab. kadoo saw (tool), hand-saw; saw (cut with saw). kadoo ai wood saw. kadoo besi hacksaw. kadopa climb a tree by hugging it. kadoras split-bamboo pipe. kaduak twin. kaebauk men’s headgear in the shape of buffalo horns, worn in traditional ceremonies. kaer hold, grasp, catch, seize, arrest; drive (a vehicle); manage. kaer fatin handle. kaer kilat armed. kaer liman shake hands. kaer toman catch red-handed, catch in the act. kafé coffee. kafé musan coffee bean. kafé rahun coffee powder. kahe drape (a cloth over something) leaving each end dangling. kahur mix. kaijú cashew. kaijú musan cashew nut. kail fish hook. kaimbra cramp. kain stem, stalk, (plant) cutting; (knife) handle. kait hook together. kaixa box, case. kaixaun coffin. kaixumba, kaximbu pipe (for smoking). kakaluk amulet, protective charm. kakatua cockatoo. kakau cocoa, cacao. kakehe (hand-held) fan. kakoak kind of bird (named

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after its cry). kakorok neck, throat. kakorok boot goitre. kakorok fukun Adam’s apple. kakorok maran hoarse, have a dry throat. kakorok moras sore neck, sore throat. kakorok talin throat. kakuluk roof; top ridge of roof. kakutak brain, mind. kakuuk owl. kal, kala perhaps, maybe; approximately, about. kaladi (Impolite) person from the west of East Timor. kala-kalan nightly. kalan night. kalan boot late at night, in the middle of the night. kaleen tin can, tin, can; corrugated iron, roofing iron. kalendáriu calendar. kali (I) times, multiplied by. kalilin armpit. kalkula estimate. kalma calm. kalohan cloud. kalsa pants. kalsa badak shorts. kalsa naruk long pants. kalsaun shorts. kalsinya panties. kama bed. kamaan light (weight). senti kamaan feel well (after an illness); feel relieved. kama rua mistress (in addition to the wife). kambalyota do a somersault. Kamboja Cambodia. kamelu, kuda kamelu camel. kamera (I) camera. kamii candlenut. kamioneta truck.

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kamiza shirt. kamiza liman badak shortsleeved shirt. kamiza liman naruk longsleeved shirt. kamizinya camisole. kamizola T-shirt. kampanya (ropa) women’s sarong. kampanya (polítika) campaign. kampu field, sports ground, football field, (tennis or basketball...) court, (refugee...) camp. kamus (I) dictionary. kamutis pale, faded. kan (I) after all. Kanadá Canada. kanalizasaun (E) plumbing. kandidatu candidate. kandieiru small wick lamp. kanedok ladle. kanek wound, sore; wounded. kaneka plastic cup. kaneta fountain pen. kanker (I) cancer. kanko water spinach, kangkung. kankru (E) cancer. kanoruk nape (back) of the neck. kanotak waist. kanta sing; song. kantadór singer. kantadeiru, kantreiru raised garden bed. kantina canteen. kantor (I) (servisu fatin) office. kantór (ema nebee kanta) singer. kantreiru raised garden bed. kantu corner. kanu pipe. kanudu cone of pastry filled with minced meat. kanuru spoon; shovel, spade, trowel.

kamiza—karta kondusaun kanuru suru rai shovel, spade. kapa (udan nian) raincoat, poncho. kapa (kapa animál) castrate. kapaas beautiful, lovely, wonderful. kapaseti helmet. kapasidade capacity, ability. kapela chapel. kapitál capital city. kapitaun captain. kapítulu chapter. kapoti blanket. kapten (I) captain. karak stingy, mean. karakól snail. karak-teen stingy, mean. karakter character. karakterístika characteristic. karambola starfruit, carambola, five-corner fruit. karau buffalo, cattle. karau aman bull. karau baka Bali cattle. karau dikur pick, pickaxe. karau inan cow. karau oan calf. karau susubeen dairy cattle. karau timor buffalo. karau vaka, karau baka Bali cattle (red beef cattle). karega charge up (a battery...). karegadór charger (e.g. for battery). kareta vehicle, automobile, car. kareta lanu carsick. kargu position of responsibility, office, duties. kari scatter. karidade charity. karik perhaps, maybe; if. karimbu rubber stamp. tau karimbu stamp. karoon sack, bag. karosa wheelbarrow, pushcart.

karpinteiru—Kinta karpinteiru carpenter. karta card, letter. karta kondusaun driver’s licence. kartaun card. kartaun rejistu registration card, identity card. karteira wallet, purse, handbag. kartús bullet. karu, karun expensive. karuk left (direction). karun expensive. kasa hunt. kaseti cassette. kaspa dandruff. kastigu punish. katak that (hanoin katak... think that....). katana machete. katar itchy. katedrál cathedral. kategoria (E) category. katekista catechist. kateri scissors, shears. katóliku/a Catholic. katorzi (P) fourteen. katuas mature man, old man. katuas-oan husband. katupa rice cooked in small woven palm leaf container. kaut lidless woven storage container. kaximbu, kaixumba pipe (for smoking). kazaku coat, jacket. kaza de banyu bathroom. baa kaza de banyu go to the toilet. kazamentu wedding. kazu case. KB (I) family planning. kbiit power, ability. ke which, who, whom (relative clause marker). kedan, kedas immediately,

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straightaway; in advance, beforehand. kedok stir. kedokteran (I) (study of) medicine. kee dig. keiju cheese. keixa formal complaint. hatoo keixa make a formal complaint. kék iced cake. kelás (I) class, grade, year (of school). kele carry (child) in the folds of a sarong. kelen thigh. kelu (single band) bracelet. kesak skewer. kesar report (about someone’s faults to an authority), tell on. kesenian (I) art. kesi tie, tie up. kestaun (E) issue. keta don’t (prohibition), must not; perhaps. keta halo (be) lest. ketak separately, apart. keta-ketak separately, individually, apart. keterampilan (I) manual arts. ketík (I) type (a letter...). kiak poor; poverty. kidan hip and upper buttock. kidun bottom, backside. kii sting, smart. kiik small, little. kiik-oan tiny, small, little; little child. ki-kiik many small. kilat gun, spear-gun. kilat musan bullet. kili tickle. kilograma kilogram. kilómetru kilometre. kilu kilogram.

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kimia (I) chemistry. kímika (E) chemistry. kímiku chemical. Kinta Thursday. kintál farm, (agricultural) field. kinur (temperus) turmeric; (kór) yellow. kinyentus (P) five hundred. kinzi (P) fifteen. kios (I) kiosk, convenience store. kios nain kiosk owner. KKN (I) corruption, fraud, nepotism (lit. ‘corruption, collusion, nepotism’). klamar soul, spirit. klandestina clandestine. klaran centre, middle. iha ... klaran in the middle of, between. klarifika (E) clarify. klaru clear, plain, obvious; of course. halo klaru clarify. klase class, grade, year (of school). klean deep. kleuk winding. kleur for a long time. la kleur soon. klínika clinic. kloot narrow. klosan young single person, single. klubu (sports) club. knaar duty, role, job description. knua hamlet; sheath. knuuk nest. koa cut. koadór strainer; coffee filter. koalia speak, talk. koalia-door chatterbox. kobra collect (money). kódigu code. koelyu rabbit, hare.

kimia—kombina koemanko cup-cake. koerambu sweet hairy-textured snacks made from rice flour. koi scratch; shave; grate. koir scrape off, shave, grate. koirambu sweet fried snack made from flour and shaped like a triangle of fine strands. koitadu, kuitadu poor thing!, what a pity!, what a shame! koko test, taste, try, attempt; tempt. kokoreek crow (of rooster). kolabora collaborate. kolaboradór/a collaborator. kolaborasaun collaboration. kolan pond. kole tired, weary. kolega friend, colleague, schoolmate. koléjiu boarding school, boarding house, dormitory,. kolen pay, money or gifts given to repay someone for their work. selu ema nia kolen pay for a person’s labour. koligasaun coalition (political). kolisensa excuse me. koloka place, post. kolonialista colonialist. kolonializmu colonialism. kolu take off (clothes). koluna, kuluna (hodi haboot lian) loudspeaker, amplifier. koluna, kuluna (riin) housepost. koluna, kuluna (E) (kolom) column. kolyeta (E) harvest. kolxa bottom (bed) sheet. koma (I) comma. komadre mother of one’s godchild, godmother of one’s child.

komandante—konta komandante (military/police) commander. komarka prison, jail. kombina plan together. kombustivel (E) fuel. komemora commemorate, celebrate. komemorasaun commemoration, celebration. komentáriu comment, remark. komérsiu (E) business. komesa begin, start. komete commit (a crime). komik funny. komisaun commission; committee. komisaun organizadora organising committee. kompadre father of one’s godchild, godfather of one’s child. kompanyia company, firm. kompara compare. komparasaun comparison. kompeténsia mandate, authority. kompetisaun competition. kompleta (E) complete, make complete. kompletu complete. komponente (E) component. kompras shopping. kompriende understand. kompriensaun (E) understanding, comprehension. komputadór computer. komu because. komunga receive Holy Communion. komunidade community. komunikasaun communication. komunista communist. komunyaun communion. kona touch; infect.

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kona ba about (a topic), concerning. kona ho suit, go well with. kona ho ... nia laran suit, be pleasing to. konde twist hair (supplemented with false hair if needed) into a large netted bun. kondena (E) condemn, sentence, convict. kondisaun condition. kondom condom. kondutór driver. konferénsia conference. konfesa confess (one’s sins) baa konfesa go to confession. konfia trust. konfiansa trust, confidence. konfirma confirm. konflitu conflict. konforme according to. konfundi confused. konfuzaun confusion. halo konfuzaun confuse, create confusion. kongresu congress. konjak (I) bus conductor. konjuntu (ben) band (music). konkorda agree, assent. konsege manage to, succeed in (doing). konsekuénsia consequence. konselyu council; advice; governmental district (until 1975). konsentra concentrate, gather together. konsertu concert. konsidera consider; respect, value. konsiénsia conscience; consciousness, awareness. konstituisaun constitution. konsulta consult.

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foo konsulta give a medical consultation. konta (konta istória) recount, narrate, tell; (sura) count; (iha banku) account. kontaktu contact. kontas arrowroot (edible root). kontenti happy, content, contented, pleased. kontestu (E) context. kontinua continue. kontra against; oppose; transgress, disobey, break (law...). kontráriu opposite. kontratu contract; bargain; buy and sell, trade. kontribui contribute. kontribuisaun contribution. kontrola check. konvida invite. konvidadu invited guest. konvite written invitation. konyese know (someone). foo konyese introduce (a person). konyesimentu knowledge, understanding. koopera, kopera co-operate. kooperasaun, koperasaun cooperation. kooperativa, koperativa (commercial) co-operative, coop. koordena, kordena coordinate. koordenadór/a, kordenadór/a coordinator. koordenasaun, kordenasaun coordination. kopas hearts (in cards). kopera (E) co-operate. koperativa (commercial) cooperative, co-op. kópia copy. kopu (drinking) glass.

foo konsulta—kotuk kór colour. kora-kora canoe. kór de laranja orange. kordena coordinate. kordenadór/a coordinator. kordenasaun coordination. kór de roza pink. kore undo (a button...), untie. kore metan ceremonies to mark the end of the one-year mourning period. Koreia Korea. koreius post office. korenti (bee, eletrisidade nian) current. korenti (hodi kesi) chain; (hodi tara) necklace. korespendénsia correspondence. koretu (E) (be) correct. koriji (make) correct. kór kafé brown. kór kreme cream-coloured. koroa crown. korta cut across (path...), cross (especially road); take a shortcut; interrupt. dalan korta short-cut. kortina curtain. kortonya nail clipper. korupsaun corruption. kosar sweat, perspire. kose wipe, rub. kosong (I) zero (used in telephone numbers).

kostumi custom, norms. koto bean. koto mean red bean. koto moruk a type of bitter bean that is deathly poisonous if eaten untreated, but good food if boiled repeatedly (each time with fresh water). koto nurak French bean.

koto tisi—kuluna koto tisi cooked koto moruk. kotu cut off, severed. kotuk back; last (week...), the past (two weeks...). baa kotuk go out the back; go to the toilet. ba kotuk backwards. iha ... kotuk behind. kous cradle, cuddle, hold or carry against one’s belly or breast; fall pregnant, pregnant (for people). kraik low, lower, bottom. ba kraik downwards, down. kredit borrow (from bank...), buy on credit. kréditu credit. krekas thin, skinny. kreme cream, moisturising cream. kria create. kriatura created being (as opposed to God). krimi crime. kriminozu criminal. kristaun Christian. kritéria (I) criterion. kritériu (E) criterion. kritika criticise. krítika (E) criticism. krizi crisis. krizma (sacrament of) confirmation. kroat sharp; weapon. krús cross, crucifix. kruzamentu intersection. ksolok joy, happiness, contentment. kuadradu square. kuadru notice board, whiteboard, blackboard. kuak hole. kualidade quality. kuana (Lit.) right (direction). kuandu when, whenever, if,

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while. kuantidade quantity. kuarenta (P) forty. kuarezma Lent. Kuarta Wednesday. kuartél barracks. kuartél jerál headquarters. kuarter quarter (25 cents). kuartu bedroom. kuatru (P) four. kuaze almost. Kuba Cuba. Kubanu/a Cuban. kuda (animál) horse. kuda (verbu) plant (seeds in holes, cuttings), sow, transplant (seedlings); invest (money) kuda aman stallion. kuda buru donkey, ass. kuda inan mare. kuda oan foal. kuda talin reins. kaer rasik kuda talin hold the reins oneself, be independent. kudeik lame. lao kudeik limp. kudeta (I) coup, coup d’etát. kuekas underpants. kuidadu care for; be careful. kuitadu poor thing!, what a pity!, what a shame! kukun finger/toe nail, claw. kukus steam (food). kulapur mouldy. kulat mushroom. kuliah (I) university lecture. kulit skin, leather, hide; peel; bark; cover (of book); shell (of egg, turtle, nuts...). kulit falun ruin deit just skin and bones, extremely skinny. kultu Protestant church service.

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kultura—lalatak

kultura culture. kulu breadfruit, jackfruit. kulu jaka jackfruit. kuluna (haboot lian) loudspeaker, amplifier. kuluna (riin) house-post. kuluna (E) (kolom) column. kulxaun mattress. kumbili yam. kumpri obey, carry out, comply with (an order); keep (a promise); fulfil (a prophecy). kumprimenta greet (using Portuguese-derived greetings, such as bon dia good morning). kumprimentus greeting. kumu squeeze. kumu isin massage. kunyada sister-in-law. kunyadu brother-in-law. kura cure, heal (illness). hetan kura be healed. kurikulum vitae CV, curriculum vitae. kurita octopus. kursu course. kursus (I) course. kuru bee fetch water. kurukuru dice; a certain dice game. kurva curve, bend. kurva maten hairpin bend (in road). kusta difficult, hard. kutun flea; louse, lice. kuu pick, pinch. kuzidu dish of fish and vegetables with dressing. kwitansi (I) receipt.

L la not. la ... ida not. la ... ona no longer, not again. la ... tan no longer. labadain spider; spider web. labarik child (young person), kid. labarik feto girl. labarik mane boy. labarik monu miscarry. labarik nia alin placenta, afterbirth. labarik oan infant, young child. la buat ida it doesn’t matter. laduun not very. lae no. laen husband. lafaek crocodile. lafaek rai maran kind of lizard (about half metre long). lafaek tasi saltwater crocodile. lafatik wide shallow basket used for cleaning/tossing grain. la-halimar very. lahan strand, thread. laho mouse, rat. lahuk disintegrating (e.g. of termite-ridden wood). lai first (before doing something else). lais quick, fast, rapid. lakan be alight (of fire, light, electricity). lakateu turtledove. lakeru pumpkin. lakeru funan pumpkin vine flowers. lakeru mutin choko. lakeru xina choko. lakohi, lakoi don’t want, refuse.

lakon—iha ... leet lakon disappear, be lost, be missing; be defeated; lose permanently. laku civet cat. lalais quickly. lalar (nebee semo) fly (insect). lalar (tunu) roast, grill (over coals). lalatak shadow; reflection. lalehan heaven; sky. lalenok mirror. lalian hearth, triangle of three cooking stones. lalika(n) don’t (prohibition), must not. lalin ferry (people/things). laloran wave (in the sea...). lamas grope; steal. lambe lick, taste on tip of tongue. lámina razor blade. lámpada torch, flashlight. lampu lamp, light, headlight. lanu drunk, tipsy, intoxicated, overdosed, poisoned. lanu-teen drunkard. lao walk; go; run (of meeting/engine). lao ba oin progress, advance. laós not, indeed not. lapangan (I) field. lapis pencil. lapizeira pen, biro. laran inside; heart (seat of emotions and character), mind. foo laran faithful. ho laran sincerely. iha ... laran in, inside; within, internal; among, amongst. iha ... nia laran during, for the specified period of time. laran aat nasty, wicked, callous. laran diak kind, kind-hearted, good (person). laran dodok distressed.

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laran hakmatek feel calm, feel at peace. laran haksolok joyful, rejoice, glad, happy. laran ida united. laran kamaan willing. laran kona like, fall for. laran kontenti happy, content, contented, pleased. laran la metin apprehensive. laran makerek two-faced, hypocritical. laran malirin temper has cooled. laran manas fit of anger. laran maus gentle. laran metin confident, trust; confidence. laran moos good, honest, decent, holy. laran moras jealous (of); upset. laran ru-rua in two minds, hesitant, uncertain, doubtful, unsure. laran sae nauseous. laran susar upset, grieving, distressed. laran todan feel trepidation, feel misgivings, apprehensive; grudging. laran tomak ho laran tomak wholeheartedly. laran tristi sad. lasu trap. lata tin can, can. latan lay down. lataria canned food. Latín Latin. leba carry suspended from a pole carried across the shoulder. ai leba stick across the shoulder by which items are carried.

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lee read. lees tear (something), rip. leet space (between things). iha ... leet between, among, amongst. legál legal. lei law. lei inan constitution. leitura lectionary reading. lejislativu (E) legislative. lekar scatter, spread about (in disarray). lekirauk monkey. lelán loot. lem (I) glue. lembra remember, recall. lena sesame. leno illuminate, light up, give light. lensól (bed) sheet. lensu handkerchief. lenuk turtle, tortoise. lepra leprosy. lere clear the ground of plants. lere duut slash weeds. lere rai clear land for a new garden. lesbián (I) lesbian. lesu mortar (bowl in which food is crushed by a pestle). leten upper, top. ba leten upwards, up. iha ... leten on, on top of, above, over. letra letter (of alphabet). lia traditional communal event, legal case. soe lia ridicule in a veiled way. lia anin rumour. liafuan word. lia loos truth. lia mate funerals and all other events associated with a death. lia menon message, instructions.

lee—liman loos lia moris engagements, marriages and all the associated gatherings and negotiations. lian language; voice, sound; make a sound. lia nain traditional elder (negotiator, arbitrator of disputes, spokesman). lian Indonézia Indonesian (language). lian maran have laryngitis, lose one’s voice; hoarse, have a croaky voice. lia tatoli (Lit.) message. liaun lion. liberdade freedom, liberty. liberta liberate. lider national political leader. lidera (E) lead. lideransa leadership; leadership team. lidun corner. liga relate to, connect with, join. ligadura bandage. ligasaun connection, link. liis garlic, onion. liis asu garlic. liis bombai large white onion. liis boot large white onion. liis mean red onion. liis mutin garlic. lilin candle. lima five. lima belás (I) fifteen. liman hand, arm; sleeve. ho liman by hand, manual. liman fuan finger. liman fuan boot thumb. liman karuk left hand; left (direction). iha ... liman karuk at the left hand of. liman kukun fingernail. liman laran palm (of hands).

iha ... nia liman laran—loro monu iha ... nia liman laran in ...’s hands, under ...’s control. liman loos right hand; right (direction). iha ... liman loos at the right hand of. liman mamuk empty-handed. liman sikun elbow. liman tuuk stump of amputated arm; very short arm. lima-nulu fifty. lima puluh (I) fifty. limar (alat) file, rasp; (verbu) file. limiti limit. limpeza clean-up of public areas. halo limpeza do a clean-up of public areas. lingkungang (I) environment. língua language. linguístika linguistics. linya (straight) line; row. lipa sarong. liras wing. lisan tradition, custom. lisaun lesson. lisensa permission. husu lisensa ask for a day off, request leave. lisensiatura university degree (four years). lista list. lisuk together. litik badger, ask repeatedly. litru litre. liu go past, pass; further; after; very, more, most. liu ba last (week...); ago. liu hosi via, by means of, through. liu-liu especially, particularly, above all. liur outside. baa liur go outside, go to the

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toilet. iha liur outside, external. liurai traditional Timorese ruler, king. livre free. livru book. lixa (substantivu) sandpaper; (verb) sand. lixu litter, rubbish, garbage, waste. lixu fatin rubbish dump, garbage dump, tip; rubbish bin. lohi lie, deceive. loja shop. loja nain shopkeeper. lokál local. loke open; turn on; take off (hat/covering). loko-an pretentious, make out you are better than you really are; vain. lokraik afternoon. lolo hand (something to someone, with outstretched arm). lolo liman stretch out one’s hand. lolon trunk, stem; stick, counter for long cylindrical items. lo-loos true, proper, real; truly, properly; exactly. tuir lo-loos in fact, should; correctly. lombriga (intestinal) worms. lona tarpaulin; canvas. look offer betel nut or cigarettes, between hosts and guests or in a formal traditional meeting. loos (la sala) true, correct, right; (la kleuk) straight; (kuana) right (direction); (teb-tebes) very. tuir loos in fact, should; correctly. loraik, lokraik afternoon. lori carry, bring, take; use; drive.

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loriku lorikeet. lori lia spread gossip. loro matan sun. loro monu sunset. loro sae sunrise. loro, loron sun; sunlight. loro leten sky, atmosphere (where birds fly). loro-loron every day, daily. loromonu west. loron day. loron boot holy day. loron-kalan day and night. Loron Matebian All Souls’ Day (2 November). lorosae east. losu pull out, unplug; draw (sword), unsheathe. losu fiu unplug. lotuk slim, slender, fine, thin. luan wide, broad, spacious; loose (of clothes); width, area (of land...). lubuk ida, lubun ida many, a lot, lots of, crowd of, large group of. luhan animal pen, enclosure, cage. luhas scald. luhu storage basket. luku dive. lulik taboo, sacred (mainly animist). lulun roll up. lumba-lumba (I) dolphin, porpoise. luroon road, street. luta struggle (for a worthy goal), fight. lutu (hodi haketak) fence, hedge. lutu (ba mate) black clothes or cloth worn during mourning; wear black as a sign of mourning. luvas gloves.

loriku—mákina fotokopi

M madrasta step-mother. madre nun; Sister. madrinya godmother. madrugada very early morning (3-5am). mahar thick (mainly of flat or thread-like objects). mahobeen dew. mahon shade. mai come, come to; to, for (oneself).

maibee but, however. mai ita let’s. main mother, maternal aunt, mother’s sister, mum. maioria majority. mais (maibee) but, however. mais (E) (tau tan) plus. Maiu May. maizoumenus approximately, about. majór major (in the army). mak, maka which, who, whom (relative clause marker); focus marker (José mak baa. It was José who went (not someone else).) makaas fast, quick(ly); strongly, vigorously, hard; loud(ly); stern(ly). makaku (ba kareta) (vehicle) jack. makaku (ropa) overalls, dungarees. makaraun macaroni. makerek multi-coloured. maki machine. makikit eagle, hawk, kite. makilik ticklish. mákina machine.

mákina fotográfia—manu knuuk mákina fotográfia camera. mákina fotokopi photocopy machine. mákina dulas hare rice mill. mákina suku ropa sewing machine. maki suku ropa sewing machine. mala suitcase. malae foreigner (except Indonesians); foreign. malae metan negro, black foreigner. malae mutin white person, Caucasian. malahuk grey, fuzzy, hazy. malandru impudent. malária malaria. Malázia Malaysia. maledukadu uncouth, rude. malirin cold, cool. malisan curse. foo malisan put a curse on, curse (someone). malkriadu/a rude, ill-mannered. malu each other. maluk relation, kin; friend; fellow (maluk sarani fellow Christian) malus betel pepper. mama chew without swallowing: chew betel nut, or chew food finely to give to baby. mama-door habitual betelchewer. mama fatin container for betel nut. mamar soft; gentle. mamiik (urinary) bladder. mamuk empty. mana older sister (term of address). manaan win; earn. manas hot.

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manda command, order, direct. mandatu mandate. mandór foreman. manduku frog, toad. manduku Interfet Asian blackspined toad (similar to cane toad). mane man, boy, male (human). mane faluk widower. mane foun son-in-law. mane klosan young single man. maneira manner, way. maneja manage (work, money...). manga (E) sleeve. mangál nearly-ripe, half-ripe. mangeira hose. manifestasaun (political) demonstration. halo manifestasaun demonstrate. maninga magic charm to attract the opposite sex; love potion. manipulasaun (E) manipulation. manko bowl. manobra scheming. manta blanket. manteiga butter. mantein (E) maintain. mantolun chicken egg. manu (nebee semo) chicken, bird. manu (maun) older brother (term of address). manuál (ho liman) manual, by hand. manuál (livru) manual, handbook. manu aman rooster, cock. manu buan owl. manu fuik wild bird. manu fulun feather; badminton shuttlecock. baku manu fulun play badminton. manu futu fighting-cock.

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manu inan hen. manu kiukai quail. manu knuuk nest (of bird), nesting box. manu liin tiny bird which destroys rice crops. manu luhan bird cage. manu metan crow. manu oan chick; (Slang) penis. manu pombu dove, pigeon. manu rade duck. manu-talin go-between (who carries messages between a boy and girl). manya spoiled (of a child). map (I) folder. mapa map. marakujá, marakuzás passionfruit. maran dry. mareta sledgehammer. maria moedór sensitive plant. marineiru sailor (mainly in the navy). marka (produsaun) brand, make. marka (tau sinál) mark, (marka tempu) set a date/time. marmelada jam, marmalade. Maromak God. Maromak nia atan clergy; (katóliku) priest; (protestante) pastor, minister. marotok vegetable stew. Marsu March. martelu hammer. marxa march. masa (kahur ho bee) dough; wet cement mixture, plaster; (ba mákina) grease; (materiál) hard plastic, (sasaan) plastic jerrycan; plastic jar. masa (ema barak) mob, mass (of people). masaan apple. masakre massacre.

manu inan—mate másimu maximum. masin salt. masin midar sugar. masin moruk salt. maski although, though, even, even though, even if. masu cigarette packet. matabixu breakfast; eat breakfast. matadalan guide; guide book (only some speakers accept this).

matadouru abattoir, slaughterhouse. matak raw, unripe; green. matan eye; source; lid, cap, top. fasi matan people-watching, window-shopping. tau matan look after, take care of, care for. matan aat blind. matan been tear (from the eye). matan delek blind. matan-dook witchdoctor, traditional healer. matan dukur sleepy. matan foun stranger, newcomer. matan fuan eyeball. matan fuan naklosu eyes pop out of your head (in staring at something/someone that you desire). matan fulun eyelash, eyebrow. matan kleuk cross-eyed. matan malahuk have blurred vision, poor vision. matan mean inflamed red eyes, conjunctivitis. matan monu fall for, fall in love with. matan moos wide awake, alert. matan moris be ‘on the prowl’, keep swapping girlfriends/ boyfriends. matan musan eyeball.

matan osan—metru matan osan money-hungry, greedy for money. matan teen sleep (in the eyes). mate die, dead; be out (e.g. fire, player); out of order, doesn’t work, off; death. buka mate court death. mate-an strive hard. matebian spirit of the dead; the late. mate hamlaha starve to death. mate isin corpse (of human). mate klamar ghost. matemátika mathematics. mate mean die an untimely death, die suddenly and prematurely. mate mohu die out. maten (animál nebee mate) corpse (of animal that died without being slaughtered). maten (book-an la moris) numb (of limbs); slow (worker); (kór) dull (colour); (kurva) hairpin (bend). matenek clever, intelligent; well-mannered; educated; wise. matenek nain expert. matéria (school) subject. materiál materials, equipment. mate ruin skeleton. mauhuu male Timorese informer to the Indonesians, spy. maun older brother, older son of someone classified as one’s inan or aman. maun-alin brothers and sisters, siblings. maun boot oldest brother. maus quiet, tame, domesticated. MC MC, master of ceremonies. mean red. mear cough.

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meda cuscus, possum. medalya medal. média media. medida size; measures, steps. médiku medical. medisina (study of) medicine. meer salty. mehi dream. meias socks. meik sharp (point). meiu ambiente (E) environment. meiudia midday (11 - 2.30). meius means (to do something). buka meius seek a way. mekániku mechanic. Méksiko (I) Mexico. membru member. menina Miss, young single lady. mensajen message. menstruasaun (E) menstruation. mentál self-confidence in public. mentál fraku self-conscious. mentalidade mentality. mentál la iha timid. menu menu. menus less, reduce(d), decline. merak murky, muddy (water); (Slang) drunk (intoxicated). merese worthy of, deserve, merit. O merese duni! It serves you right! merkadu market, market place. mesak alone, lonely; by itself, of its own accord. mesín ketík (I) typewriter. Mesir (I) Egypt. mesjid (I) mosque. meskita (E) mosque. mes-mesak all alone. mestradu (E) master’s degree. mestri/a teacher. metade half. metan black.

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mete interfere, meddle. metin firm, tight. métodu method. metru (distánsia) metre; (hodi sukat) tape measure. Méxiku Mexico. meza table, desk. mezmu although, though, even, even though, even if. micin MSG, monosodium glutamate. midar sweet. midar-siin sweet and sour. mihis thin (mainly of flat or thread-like objects). mii urinate; urine. mii midar diabetes. miis insipid, bland, weak, tasteless. mikrolét minibus. míl (P) thousand. milagre miracle. mililitru millilitre. milímetru millimetre. milísia militia. militante card-holding party member. militár soldier, military. milyár (I) billion (thousand million). milyaun (P) million. milyoens (P) millions. mina oil; fuel. mina azeiti olive oil. mina morin perfume. mina nuu coconut oil. mina rai kerosene. minas landmine. mina sarani holy oil. mínimu minimum. ministériu ministry. ministru/a (government) minister. minoklu binoculars. minoria minority.

mete—monumentu minutu minute (60 seconds). misa (Catholic) mass. misaun mission. misez (Eng) Mrs (for Englishspeakers). mister (Eng) mister, Mr (for English-speakers). moda fashion. modal (I) capital (financial). modelu shape, model, design, style. moderadór/a moderator, chair (of meeting), chairman, chairwoman; host (of radio/TV show). modernu modern. modifika modify. modo vegetables, any cooked dish eaten with rice. modok green. modo metan mustard greens (kind of vegetable with large green leaves). modo mutin bok choy, Chinese cabbage. modo tahan leafy vegetables. moe ashamed, embarrassed, shy. halo moe shame, embarrass. moe-door very shy person. mogok (I) strike, go on strike (stop work). mohu extinguished, extinct. mate mohu die out. mola spring, suspension (of vehicle). molik bare, naked. molok before. molyu gravy, salad dressing, sauce. momentu moment; at the moment when, when, while. iha momentu nebaa at that time. mo-moos clearly. monta set up, install, assemble.

monu—naan monu fall, collapse. monu ain kneel with head bent to request forgiveness. monumentu monument. moos clean; clear, clearly. moras sick, ill; hurt, sore; ailment, sickness, illness, disease; pain. moras atan sickly. morenu/a light brown (skinned). morin smell good, fragrant, aromatic; aroma, fragrance, pleasant smell. moris live, alive; be born; life. moris fatin birth place. moris mai be born. moris rasik self-propagating, comes up of its own accord (not planted). morna warm (water); lukewarm. morteen, morteel traditional bead necklace. morteiru mortar. moru high perimeter wall around a property or estate. moruk bitter. mos also; even, even if, even though; consequently. mos ... mos both ... and.... (Nia Tetun mos hatene, Inglés mos hatene. He knows both Tetun and English.) Mosambike Mozambique. moskiteiru mosquito net. mostarda Chinese mustard greens (leafy vegetable). mostarda metan mustard greens (kind of vegetable with large green leaves). mosu appear; happen, occur. mota river. mota ain. river mouth. motabomba hand-operated water pump. mota boot river runs high, river

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floods. mota ibun river bank. mota ninin river bank. mota oan creek, channel. mota tuun river flows after rain. mota ulun head of river, source of river. motivu (E) motive. motok hiccough. motokrós (I) motor cross. motór motorbike, motorcycle; engine, motor. motuk burnt, scorched. mout sink, bogged, drown. movimentu movement. muda move, shift. mudansa (muda) change; (ba kareta) gear (of vehicle). multa fine (for wrong-doing). mundiál world (when used as modifier: loron mundiál HIV/SIDA world HIV/AIDS day). mundu world. murmura murmur (against), grumble, mumble. muroon sit unmoving with head down (like a sick chicken). musan seed; counter for tiny roundish items; (aimoruk musan) tablet, pill. musulmanu Muslim. muta vomit. mutin white. mutuk, motuk burnt, scorched. muturabu amok. halo muturabu run amok. muxila backpack (especially military style). muzeu museum. múzika music.

naan—lori ... nia naran

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N naan (hodi haan) meat. naan (maun/alin) brother (of a woman). naan been gravy. naan bibi goat meat, mutton. naan fahi pork. naan karau beef. naan manu chicken (meat). naan maran dried meat, jerky; fried meat tidbits. naan rahun minced meat. naba-naban constantly, continuously. nabeen melt. rai nabeen flood. nabilan shine, shiny. nada you’re welcome (response to Obrigadu Thank you). nadodon crowd forward, move as a large crowd, throng. nafatin continue, still. nafurin form froth, foam, lather, suds. naga birthmark. naha cargo, load, freight. nahe spread out (e.g. a cloth over a flat surface), lay (tiles). Nai Lord. nai lulik (Catholic) priest. nain owner; master; counter for people. Nain Feto Our Lady. nai ulun head (of government, church, organisation). nakali boil (of liquid). nakar mischievous. nakar-teen trouble maker. nakdedar shiver, tremble. nakdoko shake, be shaken, rocked (of its own accord). nakduir roll, be rolled (of its own accord).

nakdulas spin, be spun, turn (of its own accord). nakfakar spill, be spilled (of its own accord). nakfera split open, shatter, explode (of its own accord). nakfilak turn into something else, transform into. naklees tear, be torn (of its own accord). naklekar strewn, scattered. nakloke open, be opened (of its own accord). nakonu full. nakoron snore. nakrakat stick out, bristle (especially of hair). naksala, naksalak sprained, dislocated (joint). naksobu come apart, fall apart, demolished, unravel, collapse. nakukun dark; darkness. nalihun stagnant (of water). namanas busily, in the thick of. namdoras, namdoros slippery. namkari scatter, be scattered (of its own accord). namkore come undone. namkurut wrinkled, crinkled, crumpled. namlaik wither, withered, wilt, wilted. namlele float; glide, hover. namora go out with, court. namorada girlfriend, fiancée. namoradu boyfriend, fiancé. namtate fall and be scattered (e.g. fruit or leaves from a tree). nanaal tongue. nani swim (a distance). nanis a long time ago, beforehand, in advance. nanotak half-full. naok steal, rob; kidnap (a child).

naok-teen—tiu nia uma naok-teen thief, robber. naran (nama) name; reputation. lori ... nia naran on behalf of, representing. tau naran register. naran arbitrarily, without a reason; any (at all). naran aat have a bad reputation. naran bolu nickname. naran boot well-known, famous. naran deit any, any at all; any old how. naran diak have a good reputation. naran foer have a bad reputation. naran katak provided that, on condition that. naran kódigu code name. naran sarani Christian name. naran uma nian nickname used within the family. nar-naran deit any old how, arbitrarily. naroman shine, light. narsaa (Informal) whatsit, what’s its name. narsaida (Informal) whatsit, what’s its name. naruk long; length. nasaun nation. nasi bungkus (I) take-away rice. nasi goreng (I) (Indonesian) fried rice. nasionál national. nasionalidade nationality. Nasoens Unidas United Nations. nata chew. Natál Christmas. natar rice paddy. halai natar puddle a rice bay by making buffalo walk around in it. halo natar farm rice.

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natar nain rice farmer. nati bedbug. natoon enough; fit well, of the right size. naturál natural. natureza (E) nature. nebaa there. iha nebaa there. nebee (ke) who, whom, which, that (relative clause marker). nebee? (husu fatin) where?; (ida nebee) which? iha nebee? where? nee this, the. iha nee here. nee bee so. nee duni so, therefore. nee ga? really? OK? neen six. neen-nulu sixty. nega deny, disown. negativu negative. negosiasaun negotiation. halo negosiasaun negotiate. negósiu business. nehan, nihan tooth. nehan falsu false teeth. nehan isin gum(s). nehan kuak (tooth) cavity. nehan ular tooth decay. nehek ant. neineik slowly, softly. neineik-neineik gradually. neras swaddling cloth (cloth to wrap baby in). nere scoop-net. nervozu irritated. nesesidade necessity, need. nesik, nisik choke. netik (liafuan hodi husu) a bit (makes a request polite). foo netik ... give (a small amount); netik (metin) completely (e.g. block a road), strongly (e.g.

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prevent, forbid). NGO (Eng) NGO, nongovernment organisation. nia (mane) his, (feto) her; shows possession (tiu nia uma uncle’s house). nia (sujeitu, mane) he, (sujeitu, feto) she, (objetu, mane) him, (objetu, feto) her. nia aan (mane) himself, (feto) herself. nian (mane) his, (feto) hers; shows possession (Uma nee tia nian. This house belongs to aunt.) nihan, nehan tooth. niki bat, flying fox. nilai (I) exam results, school grades. ninia (mane) his, (feto) her; shows possession (amu lulik ninia batina the priest’s cassock). ninian (mane) his, (feto) hers; shows possession (planu governu ninian the government’s plans). ninin edge. iha ... ninin at the edge of. nisik choke; (hirus loos) furious, “I’ve had it up to here!” (said pointing at throat). nivel level; (alat) spirit level. no and. noi lassie. nol (I) zero. nono boil (water). nonook quiet, not make a noise, shut up. nonton (I) watch. normál normal. norte (E) north. Nosa Senyora Our Lady. nota (verbu) notice, note; (substantivu) memo; receipt.

NGO—oan kaduak notas (school) mark. notísias news. Nova Zelándia New Zealand. Novembru November. noventa (P) ninety. novi (P) nine. novidade news, piece of news. nudar as, in the capacity of. -nulu tens. númeru number. nunee (hanesan nee) like this, in this way (at end of clause; (entaun) so, hence, for this reason, thus (at start of clause). nunka never. nunka mais never. nurak young; light (of colour). nusaa? what’s up?, why? nuu coconut. nuu been coconut water. nuu laloir young coconut (with milk and little meat). nuu nurak young coconut (with milk and little meat).

O o you (singular familiar). o nia your (singular familiar). o nia aan yourself (singular familiar). o nian yours (singular familiar). oan child (son, daughter), offspring; nephew, niece; native of a country or region (Timor oan Timorese person); young of animal (kuda oan foal); seedling (hare oan rice seedling). oan boot oldest child. oan fatin womb, uterus. oan feto daughter.

oan hakiak—opera oan hakiak adopted child. oan ida a little, a small. oan ikun youngest child. oan kaduak twins. oan kiak orphan. oan mane son. oan rasik child (one’s own, as distinct from nephews and nieces). oan sarani godchild. objetivu objective, purpose, aim, goal. objetu object. obriga (try to) compel, force, oblige. obrigadu/a thank you. obrigasaun obligation. observadór/a observer. observasaun observation. odamatan door. odamatan kotuk back door. odamatan oin front door. odi hate, seek revenge; revenge. ódiu hatred, revenge. oferese offer, dedicate. oferta offering (in church). ofisiál official. ofisina (E) mechanic’s workshop. ohin earlier today, today. ohin loron today. oho kill. oho-an commit suicide. oin face; type, kind, sort; front; next (year...). ba oin forwards, ahead. buka oin suck up to (people); seek attention, curry favour; show off. iha oin in front. iha ... oin in front of. oin aat ugly (of person’s face). oin buis look stern. oin diak good-looking (face). oin foun newcomer, stranger.

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oin halai dizzy. oin kaleen thick-skinned, feel no shame if people try to shame you. oin kamutis pale, wan. oin kapaas beautiful, pretty, handsome. oin lulik genitals, private parts. oin mai next. oin mean blush, flushed (in the face), go red in the face. oin midar smile. oin moos sober, fully conscious; clean face. oin nakukun feel faint, see stars; faint, be semi-conscious. oin namkurut wrinkled (face), scowl. oin nusaa? how? oinsaa? how?, what is it like? oin seluk different. oin toos stern-looking. oi-oin various, diverse, sundry. oitenta (P) eighty. oitu (P) eight. oké (Eng) OK. okir very immature fruit. oklu spectacles, glasses. oklu metan sunglasses. okos underneath, below. iha ... okos underneath, under, below. okupa occupy. okupasaun occupation (by foreign forces). Olanda (E) Netherlands, Holland. Olandés/Olandeza (E) Dutch. olaraga (I) sport, exercise. omília homily. ona already. ondas wave (in the sea...); wavy. ONG (E) NGO, non-government organisation. onra (E) honour.

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ONU UN, United Nations. onzi (P) eleven. ook spleen. opera operate. operasaun operation. opiniaun opinion. oportunidade opportunity. opozisaun opposition. opsaun (E) option. ora-oras on and off, repeatedly. ora-oras tan very soon, later today. oráriu schedule, timetable. oras hour; o’clock (preceded by Portuguese numeral). ho oras on time. orasaun prayer. halo orasaun pray. oras ida, orsida later today, soon (on the same day). Oras Timor Lorosae East Timor Time. orden order, command, regulation. orfanatu orphanage. organiza organise. organizadór/a organiser. organizasaun organisation. orgaun organ (institution; body part; musical instrument). orgaun soberania organ of state, sovereign institution. orijinál original. orizontál horizontal. orsamentu budget. orsida later today, soon (on the same day). ortelaun mint. ortografia spelling, orthography. osan money. osan besi coin. osan inan (financial) capital. osan mean gold. osan mutin silver.

ONU—panleiru osan rahun small change (especially coins). osan sai expenditure. osan tahan banknote, paper money, bill (Amérika). osan tama income. osan volta change (from money). ospitál hospital. óstia communion wafer, Host. otél hotel (accommodation and restaurant). OTL East Timor Time. ou or. ouru diamonds (in cards). outonu (E) autumn. Outubru October. ovinti(s), ouvinti(s) radio listeners.

P padang (I) Indonesian-style restaurant with pre-cooked dishes to select from. padeiru baker. padrastu step-father. padre (Catholic) priest. padrinyu godfather. pagamentu payment. pai father, paternal uncle, father’s brother, dad. pai boot uncle (father’s older brother). pai kiik uncle (father’s younger brother); step-father; mother’s second husband. pajak (I) tax. pájina page. palitu, paulitu toothpick. palku stage (for performance, speeches). palma palm (tree).

pamfletu—penumpang pamfletu pamphlet. pangkat (I) rank (military/police). panleiru cross-dresser, man who acts or dresses like a woman, homosexual, gay. papagaiu kite (toy). dada papagaiu fly a kite. papél (E) role. pár (haan malu) suit, appropriate to. pár (nain rua) pair, couple. para (la kontínua) stop. para (atu) so that, in order to. para (Informal) (loos) so very (para bokur! so fat!). para mate (Informal) very. parabéns congratulations. parabola satellite dish. parafuzu screw, bolt. parakedas parachute. parakedista paratrooper, parachutist. paredi wall (of blocks, bricks, plaster). parese perhaps, maybe. parlamentu parliament. parókia parish. parseiru partner. parte part; half (in soccer). hola parte take part, participate. parteira midwife. partidu political party. partikulár private. partisipa participate; take part. partisipante participant. partisipasaun participation. partu give birth. pás peace. pasa pass (something to someone, ball, exam); spend (time); cured (of illness). pasadu past (time). pasajeiru passenger.

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pasaporti passport. pasa revista inspect, check. pasiar go for an outing, go for a stroll, go for a drive. pasiar-door gadabout, person who keeps going out. pasiénsia patience; That’s life!; patient. pasiente patient (at clinic...). Páskua Easter. pasta (hodi tau sasaan) bag (solid), backpack; (komputadór nian) folder. pasta (hahaan) pasta. pasta (kargu) portfolio. pasta denti toothpaste. pastes samosa. pastór/a Protestant minister, pastor, clergy. pasu step. pateka watermelon. patisku snack (of meat) eaten with palm-wine. patraun employer, business owner, boss. paulitu toothpick. paun bread. paun kaixoti square buns baked joined together. paun kukus steamed filled bun. paun midar sweet bun. paus clubs (in cards). pawai (I) parade around town to celebrate something or to promote a cause. pedagojia (E) pedagogy. pedál pedal. pedasuk piece. pedidu request. peitu pectoral muscle. pekadu sin. halo pekadu sin. pelatih (I) trainer, coach. pemasukan (I) income. penalti (sports) penalty.

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pendeta (I) Protestant minister. peneu tyre. pengeluaran (I) expenditure. penumpang (I) passenger. pepinu cucumber. Perancis (I) France. perang dunia kedua (I) world war two, second world war. perang dunia pertama (I) world war one, first world war. perdaun forgiveness. perdua forgive, pardon; forgiveness. perfeitu (E) perfect. pergunta question. perigozu dangerous. perigu (perigozu) danger; (makaas!) amazing, terrific. periode (I) period. periodu (E) period. permanente permanent. permiti allow, permit. persentajen (E) percentage. pertama (I) first. pertense belong to. peskadór (commercial) fisherman. peskiza research. halo peskiza research, conduct research. peskizadór/a researcher. pestisida (E) pesticide. piadas soe piadas ridicule in a veiled way. piaun (spinning) top. piknik picnic; have a picnic. piku prefabricated panel made of bebak. pilya battery. pimenta pepper. pinoor pawned item. pinsél paintbrush. pinta paint (wall/picture), draw (picture).

pendeta—populár pintas dodge, dart out of reach. pintura picture, painting, drawing. pinyeira sieve. pioneze drawing pin (Inglatera), thumbtack (Amérika). pirilampu firefly. piris saucer. piska (hodi tiru) slingshot. piska (mate-lakan) blink, flash, twinkle. pistola pistol. piveti mosquito coil. pixina swimming pool. planeamentu familiár (E) family planning. planeta planet. plantasaun plantation. planu plan. halo planu plan, make plans. plastik plastic bag; soft plastic. PNTL National Police of Timor Leste. pó powder (e.g. baby powder). pobreza poverty. podér power. poezia poetry; poem. polísia police. Polísia Nasionál de Timor Leste National Police of Timor Leste. polítika policy; politics. politik nain politician. polítiku political. pomada ointment, salve. pombu manu pombu dove, pigeon. ponte bridge. ponteiru hand (of clock); pointer (on meter). pontiana beautiful young female spirit figure. pontikais port; wharf, dock. pontu point; stitch; dot; fullstop.

pontu krús—promesa pontu krús cross-stitch. suku pontu krus do crossstitch. populár popular. populasaun population. por ezemplu for example. porka nut (on bolt). porké (E) because. porké, purké because. porsentu percent. portaun gate. portavós (E) spokesperson. Portugál Portugal. Portugés/Portugeza Portuguese. posibilidade possibility. poster poster. postu (subdistritu) subdistrict; (pos) post. posu well (for water, oil, gas...). poupa save (money). povu the people, commoners, civilians. pozisaun position. pozitivu positive. prátika practice. prazu (E) expiry date, used by date. kurtu prazu (E) short-term. longu prazu (E) long-term. prefere prefer. prega nail; button up, do up (a button). pregu nail (metal). prémiu prize. prenda troka prenda exchange gifts as a sign that a man and woman have become engaged. prenxe fill in (a form). preokupa concerned, worry. preokupasaun concern, worry. prepara prepare. preparasaun preparation. presaun (E) pressure. presiza need, require.

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presu price, cost. prevene (E) prevent. prezensa presence. prezenti present, gift. prezépiu Nativity scene. prezidensiál presidential. prezidenti president. prima cousin: female crosscousin (daughter of one’s mother’s brother or father’s sister). primáriu/a primary. primavera (E) spring (season). primeira dama First Lady. primeira gera mundiál (E) world war one, first world war. primeira vés for the first time. primeiru ministru prime minister. primeiru/a first. primu cousin: male cross-cousin (son of one’s mother’s brother or father’s sister). prinsipál principal, chief, main. prinsípiu principle. prin (I) print (computer). prioridade priority. privadu private. prizaun prison, jail. problema problem. prodús produce. produsaun production; yield. produtu product; produce. profesór/a teacher, lecturer. profisaun profession. profisionál professional. programa policy, plan; programme (Inglatera), program (Amérika); (radio, television) show. progresu (E) progress. projetu project, especially largescale building or rehabilitation project.

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prokuradór prosecutor. Prokuradór Jerál Attorney General, Prosecutor General. promesa promise. promete (make a) promise. promosaun promotion, advertisement. halo promosaun promote, advertise. promove promote; encourage (change...). prontu ready, prepared, willing. pronúnsia pronunciation. propaganda propaganda. proposta proposal. hatoo proposta propose. prosesu process; (legal) trial. proteje (E) protect. protesaun protection. protesta protest. protestanti Protestant. protokól (I) MC, master of ceremonies. prova test; (E) prove. provasaun trial, temptation, testing. provínsia province. provizóriu (E) provisional, temporary. provoka stir up, provoke, cause (problems). psikologi (I) psychology. psikolojia (E) psychology. publika publish. públiku public. puding pudding. pulau (I) island. pulmaun lungs. pulsa mobile phone recharge card; mobile phone credit. pulseira bracelet (made of links). puluh (I) tens. punyál dagger; bayonet. pupuk (I) fertiliser.

prokuradór—rai nain purké because. pús pus. puta (Impolite) whore, slut.

R raan blood. raan fakar bloodshed. raan menus anaemic. raan nakali furious. rabat touching, right next to. taka rabat face-down. rabeka violin. rabenta, rebenta explode. radikál radical. rádiu radio. raga basket. rahun small particle, shattered. halo rahun destroy, break into pieces, shatter. rai (fatin) earth, land, region, country; soil, ground; floor. rai (tau) put, place, store. rai bokur fertile soil. rai hamlaha famine. rai halai landslide, erosion. rai-henek sand. rai huun base of hill. rai huun mutin the crack of dawn (as it is starting to get light). rai ikun the western tip of Timor. rai kuak hole in the ground. rai lakan lightning. rai laran iha rai laran in-country, within East Timor. rai liur abroad. rai lolon hillside, slope. rai mean clay; red dirt, red soil. rai metan black soil. rai monu landslide.

rain—rekening rain country (must be possessed: hau nia rain my country). rai nain native, indigenous inhabitant; spirit of the land. rai nakaras dusk. rai nakdoko earthquake. rai naruk cliff, precipice, steep slope. rai rahun dust. rai tarutu thunder. rai tetuk plain, level ground, flat land. rai ulun the eastern tip of Timor. hosi rai ulun too rai ikun, hosi loro sae too loro monu, hosi tasi feto too tasi mane throughout Timor. rai xís X-ray. raiu xís, rai xís X-ray. rakitan (I) traditional homemade gun. rakut scratch (in one single movement), pull roughly, tug. rama bow (weapon). rama ambon barbed metal arrow. rama inan bow (to shoot arrow). rama oan arrow. rame bustling, busy, crowded, lively, festive. rame-rame in a lively group, festively. ramu bunch (of bananas, coconuts). ramus kind of palm. ranxu associate, mix (with people socially). rasa race (of people); breed (of animals). rasik own, self (himself, herself...); in person. rasta yank, pull forcefully, drag roughly. rate grave, tomb; cemetery.

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ratus (I) hundred. raut scoop together with the hands. razaun reason. RDTL Democratic Republic of East Timor. realidade reality. realiza realise, achieve. reasaun (E) reaction. halo reasaun (E) react. rebenta explode. reboka plaster (a wall). reb-rebo many varied. hatais reb-rebo dress showily. rebusadu lolly, sweets, candy (Amérika).

redi net; network. redús reduce. reen toos forehead. refere (E) refer (to). referendum referendum. reflesaun reflection (thought) halo reflesaun reflect (on something). reforma retire. refujiadu refugee. rega water (by sprinkling), spray (e.g. fertiliser). regra rule. régua ruler (to measure length). regula (E) regulate; set (time). regulamentu regulation. rei kiss. reinu subjects of a ruler; (Lit.) kingdom. reitór university head, vicechancellor (Inglatera). rejiaun region. rejionál regional. rejista register. rejistu registration. rekadu oral invitation or announcement (especially relating to a death).

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lia rekadu oral announcement (especially about funeral or post-funeral ceremonies). rekening (I) account. reklama demand, claim. rekomenda recommend. rekomendasaun recommendation. rekonsiliasaun reconciliation. halo rekonsiliasaun reconcile. rekonstrusaun reconstruction. rekonyese recognise, acknowledge. rekordasaun keepsake, memento. rekruta recruit. rekursus (E) resources. relasaun relationship, relation. relatóriu report. relevante (E) relevant. relijiaun religion. relójiu watch, clock. remata finish; finished. rendang (I) an Indonesian dish of meat simmered in coconut milk and spices. rende surrender. rendimentu (E) income. repete repeat. repolyu cabbage. repolyu funan cauliflower. reportajen (media) report. reprezenta represent. reprezentante representative. repúblika republic. reseita prescription; recipe. resibu (E) receipt. resin extra, excess; used in numbers to introduce the unit (rua-nulu resin rua twenty two); plus (atus ida resin one hundred plus). respeita respect (verb). respeitozu respectful, polite,

rekening—ríns well-mannered. respeitu respect (noun). responde respond, answer; address, meet, deal with (needs...). responsabilidade responsibility. responsavel person in charge. resposta reply, response, answer. restoranti restaurant. restu remainder, leftovers, the rest. reta dip in. (tiru) reta give a long burst of automatic fire. retira retreat, withdraw. retiru (religious) retreat. retratu photo, photograph. reuniaun meeting. reverendu/a Reverend. revista (haree tuir) inspect, check, search (by authorities). revista (E) (hodi lee) magazine. revizaun revision. halo revizaun revise. reza pray. rezerva spare. rezigna-an (E) resign. rezisténsia resistance. rezolve resolve, settle, sort out (a dispute...). rezultadu result; yield; (school) marks. rezumu summary. rian brother-in-law (of a man). riba throw to the ground. ribu (I) thousand. rifa raffle, lottery. dada rifa draw lots. rihun thousand. rihun ba rihun thousands. rihun-rahun (Informal) heaps, tons, a huge number, a great many. riin post, pole.

riku—foo sala riku rich, wealthy; riches, wealth. riku-soin wealth, riches. ríns kidney. Rinso washing powder. riska draw a line on, cross out; line, stripe. riskadu striped. risku (linya) line. risku (E) (perigu) risk. riti copper, brass, bronze. roda wheel. roda kuak flat tyre. rohan piece; end. rolu roll, coil; (paint) roller, hair curler. rona hear, listen; obey. roo boat. roo ahi ship. ropa clothes, clothing. rota cane. rotan rattan (cane). Royal baking powder. roza rose. rua two. rua-nulu twenty. rua-rua two at a time, two by two, in twos, in pairs. ruin bone. ruin kotuk backbone, spinal column. ruin maran extremely skinny, skin and bones. ruin siin arthritis. ruku basil. ruma some or other (as yet unknown quantity or type), any. rumaun pomegranate. runguranga in uproar, disturbance, havoc, in a mess. rupia rupiah (Indonesian currency). rurál (E) rural. rusa deer.

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Rúsia Russia. ruun chew (using back teeth). ruun nehan grind one’s teeth. RW (I) a dog-meat dish (now also made on pork).

S S1 (I) university degree (four years). S2 (I) master’s degree. S3 (I) PhD. saa? what? saar sweep. sabaun soap. Sabdu Saturday. Sabdu Aleluia Easter Saturday. sabir trim, pare, cut off outer strips. saboko bake in palm-leaves. saboneti cake of soap. sabór taste. sabraka orange (fruit). sabraut messy. sadere lean, incline. sadik provoke, stir up. sae ascend, rise, climb; mount (a horse, bicycle), get into, ride in (a vehicle), catch (a bus...); up. sai (baa liur) exit, go outside; out. foo sai announce, reveal. sai become. saia skirt. saida? what; what kind of? saiote half-slip, petticoat. saka sack, large bag. sakrifísiu sacrifice. halo sakrifísiu sacrifice. saku sack, bag. sakunar scorpion. sala (iha uma) lounge room, hall,

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large room. sala (la loos) be wrong, err, error, mistake, sin. foo sala accuse; recompense. halo sala do wrong, sin. sala nain sinner. sala vizita front living room where guests are received. salada salad. salak Zalacca (palm and fruit). saláriu salary, wages, pay. salaun large hall. salon (I) hairdressing salon, beauty parlour. salsa parsley. salva save, rescue. salvadór saviour. salvasaun salvation. sama tread on, stamp. sama hare thresh rice by trampling it. samea snake. samodok poisonous green snake. samtuku samurai (I) long fighting sword. sanak branch, twig. sanan saucepan, pot. sanan kukus steamer (for steaming food). sanan rai earthen pot. sandália sandal. Santanás, Satanás Satan, the Devil. santu/a saint; holy, sacred. sanulu ten. sanulu resin haat fourteen. sanulu resin hitu seventeen. sanulu resin ida eleven. sanulu resin lima fifteen. sanulu resin neen sixteen. sanulu resin rua twelve. sanulu resin sia nineteen. sanulu resin tolu thirteen. sanulu resin walu eighteen.

sala—sees Sanyo electric water pump. sapatu shoe; hoof. sapatu talin shoelace. saramalé Malay gooseberry (small sour fruit). sarampu measles. sarani Christian; baptism; be baptised. foo sarani baptise, christen. sardinya sardine. sasaan goods, wares, (material) things. sasaan lulik genitals, private parts. sasate satay. sasin (testemunya) witness (person); witness, testimony. foo sasin bear witness, give testimony. sasin (fuuk) plait, braid (hair...). sasoro rice gruel. sasuit (hodi sui fuuk) comb, hairbrush. sasuit (hudi) hand (of bananas). sasuku, sasukun sharp pains. Satanás, Santanás Satan, the Devil. sate (I) satay. satu (I) one. sau ceremony before the start of the corn harvest. saúde health. saudozu/a the late respected (hero of the cause). saugati free (of charge). saugati (deit) in vain, uselessly. Saun St, Saint (as a title). SD (I) primary school. se if. sebelás (I) eleven. sede headquarters, office. sedok thick porridge; cook as porridge. sedu early. see nia? whose?

see nian?—senyór see nian? whose? see? who?, whom? sees move aside, get out of the way, deviate. sees-an avoid, dodge, get out of the way. segredu secret. Segunda (loron) Monday. segunda gera mundiál (E) world war two, second world war. segundu (E) (detik) second (time period). segundu/a (2º) second (2nd). seguransa safety, security; security guard. seguru safe, secure. sei (nafatin) still; (futuru) will. sei (fila) turn a part of your body towards someone; aim, point (gun). sei kotuk ba ... turn your back on ... sei tilun listen carefully, pay attention. seidauk not yet. sein (P) (atus) one hundred. sein (E) (la ho) without. seis (P) six. sejarah (I) history. sekretaris (I) secretary. sekretáriu/a (E) secretary. sekretáriu/a jerál secretarygeneral. sekretáriu/a estadu secretary of state. seksaun section. seksuál sexual. sekundáriu/a secondary. sekúriti (Eng) security guard. sela (horse) saddle. se lae if not, otherwise, else. Selándia Baru (I) New Zealand. selatan (I) south. selebra celebrate.

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selebrasaun celebration. selesaun (E) selection. halo selesaun select, make a selection. selín (motorbike, bicycle) saddle. selok lever, lift or force open with a lever, prise. selu pay, pay for. seluk other, another. selu-seluk various other, others. ho selu-seluk tan and other things, and so on, etc. semana week. Semana Santa Holy Week. semana-semana every week, weekly. sembilan (I) nine. sembilan belás (I) nineteen. sembilan puluh (I) ninety. sementi cement. sementi rahun cement (in powder form). sementi uut cement (in powder form). semináriu seminar; seminary. semitériu cemetery. semo fly. sempre always. sén (I) cent. sena stuff (overfill), cram. (ema) sena malu jostle one another, push through a crowd. senoura carrot. sensitivu sensitive. sentavu cent. sente, senti feel. senti-an embarrassed, selfconscious. sentimentu feeling(s). sentímetru centimetre. sentina, sintina toilet. sentrál central. sentraliza (E) centralise. sentralizasaun (E)

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centralisation. sentru centre. sentu (P) hundred. senyór Sir, mister, Mr. senyora madam, Mrs. sepuluh (I) ten. serán (I) attack. seratus (I) one hundred. serbí, serví serve. serejas cherry; a small round red fruit like a cherry. seribu (I) one thousand. serimónia ceremony. seringa syringe. sertidaun certificate. sertidaun baptizmu baptism certificate. sertifikadu certificate. serve (vale) suitable, appropriate, worthy. serve (serví) serve (with food/drink). serveja beer. serví, serbí serve. servisu work; employment, job, service. servisu-door hard-working, diligent. servisu fatin workplace, office. servisu nain competent hard worker, diligent worker. servisu uma homework. sesaun session. sesenta (P) sixty. Sesta Friday. Sesta-Feira Santa Good Friday. Setembru September. setengah (I) half. setenta (P) seventy. seti (P) seven. setór sector. setór privadu private sector. sia nine. siak reprimand, scold, tell off; savage.

sentru—sira nian siak-teen stern disciplinarian. sia-nulu ninety. sidadaun citizen. sidade city. sidi stub one’s toe. siénsia science. siénsias naturais natural sciences. siénsias polítik political science. siénsias sosiais social sciences. sigara cicada. sigaru cigarette. sigaru latun cigarette ash. signifika (E) (to) mean. signifikadu (E) meaning. siik guess. siin (hahaan) sour; (isin) ache, aching. sikat jam, stick in firmly. sikoti, xikoti whip. sikun corner. silu snap, break. SIM (I) driver’s licence. símbolu symbol. simpatizante sympathiser, supporter. simples simple, plain. simu (hetan) receive, accept, catch; (hataan) answer, reply. sín yes. sinál sign, symptom. sindikatu (E) trade union. Singapura Singapore. sinku (E) five. sinkuenta (P) fifty. sinkumás yam bean. sintina toilet. sintoma (E) symptom. sintu belt. sintupeia centipede. sinu bell. sinzeiru ashtray. sipu shellfish. sipu nia uma seashell. sira they, them; plural definite

sira nia—subida (labarik sira the children). sira nia their. sira nia aan themselves. sira nian theirs. sistema system. situasaun situation. sivíl civilian. skripsi (I) thesis. SMA (I) senior high school. SMP (I) junior high school. SMS (Eng) SMS. só only, except. sobak gulp down, wolf (down), guzzle. soberania (E) sovereignty. sobre about (a topic), concerning. sobrinya niece (daughter of a woman’s brother or man’s sister). sobrinyu nephew (son of a woman’s brother or man’s sister). sobu demolish, take to pieces, break up, pull apart. soe throw, discard, cast (a net). soe bee urinate. soe malu separate, divorce. sofá sofa, armchair. sofre suffer. sohi harvest (corn) by breaking off the cobs. sokar lia stir up discord amongst friends or family by telling one person tales about the other. soke (E) however, it’s just that. soku punch. solda solder, weld; fill (a tooth). soldadu soldier. soldadu prontu private (soldier without rank). solur rinse. solusaun solution. sona fry; stab, pierce, give an injection.

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sonke place (tobacco) in a wad under the lip. sopa soup. soran incite, provoke. sori separate (fighting parties). sorin side. iha ... sorin beside. iha ... sorin ba on the other side of, over. iha ... sorin karuk on the left side of. iha ... sorin loos on the right side of. iha ... sorin mai on this side of. sor-sorin all around, on all sides. sorti luck; lucky, fortunate. sorti aat unlucky, bad luck. sorti boot lucky, fortunate. sorti diak lucky, good luck. soru (soru tais) weave (cloth). soru (ba ema moras) drip (medical equipment). soruk move over a bit (to get out of the way). sorumutu meeting. sorvete ice-cream. sosa buy, purchase. sosiál (E) social. sosialista socialist. sosializa publicise, disseminate ideas, educate the general population about new ideas or products. sosiedade society. spanduk (I) banner. Spanyol (I) Spain; Spanish. spidól (I) permanent marker, whiteboard marker. sst. etc. (selu-seluk tan). staf staff, employee. sua eselénsia (E) Your Excellency.

suar—takaun

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suar smoke, exhaust, steam. subar hide. subdistritu subdistrict. subida ascends steeply. substantivu (E) noun. sui comb (verb). Suisa Switzerland. sujestaun suggestion. sukaer tamarind. sukat measure. sukit pick at. suku (iha subdistritu nia laran) village (government division within a subdistrict). suku (étniku) tribe, ethnic group. suku (suku ropa) sew; (suku uma) thatch. súl (E) south. sulan pen up (animals), confine, cork up, put a stopper in. suli flow, leak. sumasu pillow, cushion. sumasu naruk Dutch wife (long round pillow). sumber daya (I) resources. sumbrinya umbrella. sumu (hodi hemu) cordial (fruitbased drink). suntu (iha tasi) squid. sunu burn. supa suck (up), pump (up). supermerkadu supermarket. súpermi two-minute noodles. supila plane (for planing wood). suporta support. sura count. surat letter, document. surat tahan paper, sheet of paper. surat vota ballot paper. surik traditional long sword. suru scoop up, ladle, dish up, shovel. suruboek a native Timorese dance involving two rows of

dancers, depicting shrimp netting. survei (Eng) survey. susar difficulty, trouble; be in difficulty. susesu success. suspeitu suspect (noun). sustenta sustain. susu suck; be breastfed, suckle. foo susu breastfeed. susubeen milk. susuk mosquito. susun breast, udder. susun matan nipple, teat. sutate soy sauce, soya sauce. sutián bra. swasta (I) private sector.

T taa chop; shuffle (cards). tabaku tobacco. tabela (E) table (of data). tabele hang, dangle. taekwondo taekwondo. taes filter, strain. tafui spit out. tafui raan spit blood, have tuberculosis, TB. taha machete. tahan (aguenta) endure, withstand, resist, tolerate, cope with, bear, put up with, hang in there; (proteje) restrain, protect. tahan (ai tahan...) leaf; sheet (of paper, iron...); counter for flat sheet-like objects. tahek winnow. tahu mud. Tailándia Thailand. tais hand-woven cloth. taka close, turn off, cover, wear

taka-rabat—tau tan (hat). taka-rabat lie face-down, prostrate. takaun heel (of shoe). takeu piggy-back. taksi taxi. taksista taxi driver. talas taro (edible tuber). tali string, rope. tali balanda sisal (used for making ropes). talin string, rope (when preceded by another noun: karau talin buffalo lead). tali tahan palm leaf. tama enter; start (work...); convert to (a religion); into. tama ba enter into; included in. tamba, tanba because. tambór drum (musical). tamun smoke (food to preserve it). tan (tanba) because. tan (aumenta) more, again, additional, another; even (aat liu tan even worse). tanan bare, without extras. tanba, tamba because. tanba saa? why? tanba saida? why? tane hold hands palm-up, hold on open hand; support. tanggal (I) date. tanis cry. tanis-teen cry-baby. tanjerina mandarin, tangerine. tanki tank (for water...). tanki de gera tank (military). tansaa? why? tapeti carpet, rug. tara hang, hang up, suspend. tara bandu hang up items via a public ceremony to show that it is for now forbidden to chop trees or harvest a crop in that

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area; those who break the prohibition come under a curse. tarak thorn, spine. tarata insult, speak badly about. tarde late. taru gamble. tarutu bang. tasa (sports) cup, trophy. tasak ripe; (tanba tein) cooked. tasi sea, ocean. tasi balu overseas. tasi been seawater. tasi boot rough seas. tasi feto sea on the north side of Timor, Wetar Strait, north coast of Timor. tasi ibun coast, shore, seashore, beach. tasi mane Timor Sea (sea on the south of Timor); south coast of Timor. tasi maran low tide. tasi nakonu high tide. tasi sae tsunami. tasi siak stormy seas, very rough seas. Tasi Timor Timor Sea. tata bite, sting. tate level the ground by filling low spots with dirt. tatidik bump up and down (of car on rough road). tatoli (Lit.) entrust (something/message) to someone to pass on; pass on (something/message) for someone. tatuk stack, put one on top of the other; piggy-back. tatuk malu stacked, on top of one another. tau put, place. tauk afraid, scared, fear. tauk-teen coward, cowardly.

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tau matan look after, take care of. tau naran register. tau tan add, plus. taxa tax. taxu wok. TBC (I) TB, tuberculosis. tebar heavily laden (of fruit on a tree). tebe kick. tebe bola play football, kick a ball. tebedai traditional women’s dance performed with drums. tebes true, real; truly, really, indeed. tebe-tebe traditional dance. teb-tebes truly, very. tee defecate; (human) faeces, excrement, poo. tee been have diarrhoea. teen (animál nian) excrement, dung, manure, droppings, faeces; intestines. -teen (ema) person who habitually acts like this (is negative: tauk-teen coward) teen boot large intestine. teen kiik small intestine. teen toos constipated; stingy. tee oan intestines. tee toos constipation. tein cook (verb). teki gecko; (Slang) young single woman. tekilili dragonfly. teki liras winged lizard. tékniku technical. teknolojia technology. telefone (substantivu) telephone, phone; (verbu) phone, ring, call (on telephone). telekomunikasaun telecommunications. televizaun television, TV.

tau matan—teze temi mention. tempe tempeh. tempera, tempra season (food before cooking). temperatura (E) temperature. temperus spices, seasoning. tempu time, season, period (of time), when. tempu badak short-term. tempu naruk long-term. tempu udan wet season. tenaga surya (I) solar power; often used to mean solar panel. tenda tent, temporary shelter. tendénsia (E) tendency. tenente lieutenant. tenis tennis. tenis meza table tennis. tenki must, have to. tenki sér must, have to. tensaun (technical) blood pressure. tenta try, attempt; tempt. tentara (I) Indonesian army, Indonesian soldier. tentasaun temptation. teolojia theology. teoria theory. teritóriu (E) territory. terminál bus station, terminal. termu (lia fuan) term (word). termu (tau bee) thermos (flask). Tersa Tuesday. terseiru/a third. tersu rosary beads. terus suffer, endure; suffering. tesi sever, chop, cut across the width. tesi lia judge, hear a dispute and make the final decision. tesik across a slope, cut across. testemunya witness; testimony. testu (E) text. tetak chop finely. tetek stack (verb).

tetu—tonka tetu weigh. tetuk level, flat (of land); plain, level ground, flat land. teze (E) thesis. tezoura scissors, shears. tezoureiru (E) treasurer. tezu broke, skint, have no money. tia (família) aunt (paternal), father’s sister, mother’s brother’s wife. tia, tiha (remata) already, perfective aspect. tia ona, tiha ona already, perfective aspect. tidin bash (something) down onto the ground; bump around. tiga (I) three. tiga belás (I) thirteen. tiga puluh (I) thirty. tiha (tiha ikan) fish (verb). tiha (remata) already, perfective aspect. tiha ona already, perfective aspect. tijolu brick. tilun ear; round handle. tilun diuk deaf. tilun kuak ear-hole. tilun teen ear wax. Timor Timor. Timor Leste East Timor. Timor Lorosae East Timor. Timor oan Timorese person. tinan year. halo tinan have a birthday. tinan foun New Year. tinju (I) boxing (sport). tinta ink, paint, dye. tin-tinan every year, annual, annually. tintu red wine. tipeks liquid paper, whiteout. tipu (E) type, kind, sort, variety. tiru shoot.

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tisi repeatedly boil then pour out the water (to remove bitterness or poison). titi auntie. titik (I) full stop. títulu title. tiu uncle (maternal), mother’s brother, father’s sister’s husband. tixu tissue, serviette, toilet paper. TK (I) kindergarten, preschool. toa loudhailer. toalya towel. toba lie down, sleep. todan heavy (weight); hard (work), difficult; serious, grave (illness, crime...); severe (punishment). tofu tofu (bean curd). tohar break, broken, fractured. halo tohar break, fracture. tohik chip off, break off; bite off a bit. tohu sugarcane. tok try. toka play (music). toka-door musician. toke kind of lizard; (Slang) young single fellow. tokon a large number; million. tolan swallow. toleránsia tolerance. tolok insult, swear at. tolu three. tolun egg; lay an egg. tolu-nulu thirty. tomak whole, entire, complete, all. toma konta responsible for. toman (hetan) catch up with. toman (baibain) accustomed to, used to. tomati tomato. tomati botir tomato sauce.

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tonelada ton (1000 kg). toninyu (E) dolphin, porpoise. tonka (tane) prop (up). tonka (ai) cane, walking stick. too arrive; until, reach; enough. toos (ba agrikultura) cultivated field, (agricultural) garden, farm. halo toos farm, work the gardens. toos (la mamar) hard, tough, rigid, stiff. toos nain farmer (with non-rice non-plantation crops). tópiku topic. toples (I) jar for storing food. toradu dry and crispy (of toasted or fried food). torneira tap, faucet (Amérika). totál total. trabalyadór labourer, worker. trabalyu da kaza homework. trabalyu manuais manual arts. tradisaun tradition. tradisionál traditional. tradús translate. tradusaun translation. tradutór translator. traidór traitor, betrayer. tranka bolt, bar (a door or window); block off a road by putting a log across it. transfer (I) transfer (money). transforma transform. transparénsia transparency. transparenti transparent. transporte transport. tranzisaun transition. tranzitóriu (E) transitional. trasu hyphen. trata arrange. tratamentu treatment. foo tratamentu treat (a patient). tratór tractor.

tonelada—tujuh puluh trauma traumatised; trauma. trava brake (verb). travaun brake (noun). travesa long tray, long platter. treinadór/a trainer, coach. treinamentu training. foo treinamentu train. treinu training. foo treinu train. trek (I) truck. trés (P) three. trezi (P) thirteen. tribunál tribunal, court. tribunál rekursu court of appeal, appeals court. trigu flour; wheat. trina dish. trinta (P) thirty. triplek plywood. tristi sad. troka replace, exchange; change. tropa soldier; army. tsunami tsunami. tua palm wine; alcohol. tua lanu drunk (on alcohol). tua manas distilled palm wine. tua metan arenga-palm (used to make palm wine, brooms, thatch). tua mutin sweet palm wine. tuan old (of things). tua sabu palm brandy. tua siin vinegar. tuba stand firm. tuberkuloze tuberculosis, TB. tuda pelt, throw something at. tudik knife. tuir follow (a person, instructions); obey; attend; go along; according to. halo tuir copy, imitate; obey, carry out, comply with (an order); keep (a promise). tuir mai and next, next; the

tujuh—ulun mamar following. tujuh (I) seven. tujuh belás (I) seventeen. tujuh puluh (I) seventy. tukir cook in a length of bamboo on the fire. tuku punch; o’clock. tula transport, carry (as a load), give a lift to (a person), place (on something). tulun help, aid, assist, assistance. tuna eel. tunanga opposite-sex crosscousin (a man and his mother's brother's daughter; these can traditionally marry). tunis pigeon pea. tunu bake, roast. turista tourist. turizmu tourism. turu drip. tusan debt. tutan join shorter pieces to make one long piece. tu-tuir follow closely. tu-tuir malu one after the other; in a line. tutun point, end, tip; top (of plant), peak, summit. tutur carry on head. tuu poke, pierce a hole in, vote by piercing a hole in the ballot paper. tuuk dwarf; stump (of amputated limb), very short (of limb) tuun go down, descend, get out of (a vehicle), decline. tuun-sae up and down, all over the place. tuur sit. tuur ahi have a baby, give birth (of people).

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U uat blood vessel, vein, artery; tendon; muscle; nerve. udan rain. udan been rainwater; rainfall. udan biska drizzle. udan boot heavy rain, downpour. udan xuviska drizzle, light rain. uitoan a little, few. uitoan-uitoan a little at a time. ukun rule, govern. ukun-an independent, selfgoverning. ukun fuan commandment. ukun fuan sanulu the ten commandments. ukun nain ruler (national leader). ular crawling creatures, including worms, grubs, maggots. ular susu raan leech. ulsuku traditional hairpin with an old coin. uluk (primeiru) first (before doing something else, or before someone else). uluk (tempu liu ba) formerly, in the past. uluk nanain (formal) firstly, first of all. ulun head; boss; deck, pack (of cards). ulun boot political leader. ulun fatuk head; skull. ulun fatuk mamar intelligent, co-operative, compliant. ulun fatuk moras have a headache. ulun fatuk ruin skull (without flesh on it). ulun fatuk toos slow learner,

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stubborn, headstrong. ulun mamar intelligent, cooperative, compliant. ulun molik bald. ulun moras have a headache. halo hau ulun moras stresses me out. ulun moruk stubborn. ulun toos slow learner, stubborn, headstrong. ulun tuun ain sae upside down. uma house, home; building. uma adat traditional sacred house. uma duut house with thatched grass roof. uma fukun named clan house. uma kain household based around a nuclear family. uma kakuluk roof; ridge cap of roof. uma kreda church, place of worship. uma laleo small hut on a farm or in rice fields. uma laran household. uma lisan named clan and its sacred house. uma lulik traditional sacred house. uma mutin modern block house. uma nain house owner, landlord, lady of the house; host. umane wife-giving clan, wife’s family. uma tali house with thatched palm leaf roof. uma tatiis eaves. ún/uma (P) one. Uniaun Europeia European Union. unidade unity, unit. universál universal. universidade university.

ulun mamar—vingansa urjenti urgent. utara (I) north. utu head louse, head lice. uut powder, very fine particles. uvas grape. uza use. uzadu used; second-hand.

V vadiu idle, always out hanging around with friends. vale useful, of value, valid, worthwhile. la vale buat ida worthless, useless. valeta drain. valór value; (school) mark. vantajen (E) advantage. varanda veranda. vazu vase; flower pot. vela spark plug. vendedór seller. veneno venom, poison. vensimentu (E) salary. ventuinya fan (electric). veo veil. verbu (E) verb. verde green. verifika (E) verify. verifikasaun (E) verification. vernís varnish; nail polish. vertikál vertical. vestidu dress. veteranu veteran. vezes (E) times, multiplied by. via sakra Stations of the Cross. viajen journey, trip, voyage. vida life. vida naruk have a long life. vídeo video. vidru glass; window pane; jar. vidru oin windscreen.

Vietnám—xefi governu Vietnám Vietnam. vila town. vingansa (E) vengeance, revenge. vinti (P) twenty. vinyu (grape) wine. vinyu branku white wine. viola (estraga) violate. viola (hodi toka) guitar. violasaun violation; rape. viola talin guitar string. violénsia violence. violénsia doméstika domestic violence. violinu violin. koa violinu play the violin. vírgula comma. virus virus. visi deputy. visi komandante deputy commander. visi ministru/a deputy minister (in government). vistu (marka loos) tick (sign of correctness). vistu (E) (viza) visa. vitamina vitamin. vítima victim. viva! long live...! viveiru nursery for plant seedlings. viza (Eng) visa. vizaun (E) vision, dream. vizavoo ancestor (greatgrandparents up). vizinyu neighbour. vizita visit. volanti steering wheel, handlebars. voli (I) volleyball. volta (fila) turn; (foo osan rahun) give change (from money). foo volta go around. volume volume. voluntáriu/a volunteer;

142

voluntary. vontade will, desire. vontade atu haan appetite. vota vote. votante voter. votasaun voting, ballot. votu (E) (one person’s) vote.

W wainhira, bainhira when, whenever, while. wainhira?, bainhira? when (in the future)? walu eight. walu-nulu eighty. warung (I) simple Indonesianstyle fast food restaurant. wasit (I) referee. wiski whisky. workshop (Eng) workshop.

X xá tea. xadrés (E) chess. xafenda screwdriver. xampanya champagne. xampó shampoo. xapeu hat, cap. xarua plough (e.g. pulled by buffalo) (Inglatera), plow (Amérika). xaumí noodles. xavi key; spanner; lock (verb). xavi Inglés wrench, monkey wrench, adjustable spanner. xefi head, boss, manager, chief; the term is also used jokingly to greet friends. xefi aldeia sub-village head. xefi estadu head of state (the

xefi família—zona

143

President). xefi família head of family. xefi governu head of government (the Prime Minister). xefi juventude youth leader. xefi suku village head. xeke (E) cheque. xikoti, sikoti whip. xikra cup. Xina China. xinelus thongs, flip-flops. Xinés/Xineza Chinese. xofér driver. xokas slip-on sandal. xoke collide, crash into, bump into; shock. xokolati chocolate. xuta kick hard.

Y Yahudi (I) Jew; Jewish. Yunani (I) Greece; Greek.

Z zero zero. zinku corrugated iron, roofing iron. zona zone (within a region).

Numerals/Numeru 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Tetun zero (E) ida rua tolu haat lima neen hitu walu sia sanulu sanulu resin ida sanulu resin rua sanulu resin tolu sanulu resin haat sanulu resin lima sanulu resin neen sanulu resin hitu sanulu resin walu sanulu resin sia rua-nulu tolu-nulu haat-nulu lima-nulu neen-nulu hitu-nulu walu-nulu sia-nulu

Portuguese loan zero ún dois trés kuatru sinku seis seti oitu novi dés onzi dozi trezi katorzi kinzi dezaseis dezaseti dezoitu dezanovi vinti trinta kuarenta sinkuenta sesenta setenta oitenta noventa

Indonesian nol; kosong satu dua tiga empat lima enám tujuh delapan sembilan sepuluh sebelás dua belás tiga belás empat belás lima belás enám belás tujuh belás delapan belás sembilan belás dua puluh tiga puluh empat puluh lima puluh enám puluh tujuh puluh delapan puluh sembilan puluh

English zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety

146

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2000

Tetun atus ida atus rua atus tolu atus haat atus lima atus neen atus hitu atus walu atus sia rihun ida rihun rua

Portuguese loan sein 1 duzentus trezentus kuatrusentus kinyentus seisentus setisentus oitusentus novisentus míl dois míl

Indonesian seratus dua ratus tiga ratus empat ratus lima ratus enám ratus tujuh ratus delapan ratus sembilan ratus seribu dua ribu

English one hundred two hundred three hundred four hundred five hundred six hundred seven hundred eight hundred nine hundred one thousand two thousand

Large numbers / Númeru boot2 1,000,000 2,000,000

Portuguese loan un milyaun dois milyoens

1,000,000,000 un bilyaun 2,000,000,000 dois bilyoens

Indonesian satu juta dua juta

English one million two million

satu milyár dua milyár

one billion two billion

1

Sein is ‘one hundred’. When there are following tens or units, or there are multiple hundreds, use sentu (e.g. sentu i ún ‘101’, trézentus ‘300’). 2

For million, juta is an Indonesian loan which tends to be used in speaking. In writing, some people use Portuguese milyaun, while others use tokon for ‘million’. However most Timorese don’t recognise tokon as a number, and amongst those that do, not all equate it to a million.

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Days / Loron English Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Tetun Domingu Segunda Tersa Kuarta Kinta Sesta Sabdu

Months / Fulan English January February March April May June July August September October November December

Tetun Janeiru Fevereiru Marsu Abríl Maiu Junyu Julyu Agostu Setembru Outubru Novembru Dezembru

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