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Service Information 2017 Technik Introduction 911 (991) Generation II

Porsche AfterSales Training Student Name: ________________________________________________ Training Center Location: ________________________________________________ Instructor Name: ________________________________________________ Date: ___________________

Important Notice: Some of the contents of this AfterSales Training brochure was originally written by Porsche AG for its rest-ofworld English speaking market. The electronic text and graphic files were then imported by Porsche Cars N.A, Inc. and edited for content. Some equipment and technical data listed in this publication may not be applicable for our market. Specifications are subject to change without notice. We have attempted to render the text within this publication to American English as best as we could. We reserve the right to make changes without notice. © 2014 Porsche Cars North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction or translation in whole or in part is not permitted without written authorization from publisher. AfterSales Training Publications Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG is the owner of numerous trademarks, both registered and unregistered, including without limitation the Porsche Crest®, Porsche®, Boxster®, Carrera®, Cayenne®, Cayman®, Macan®, Panamera®, Speedster®, Spyder®, 918 Spyder®, Tiptronic®, VarioCam®, PCM®, PDK®, 911®, RS®, 4S®, FOUR, UNCOMPROMISED®, and the model numbers and the distinctive shapes of the Porsche automobiles such as, the federally registered 911 and Boxster automobiles. The third party trademarks contained herein are the properties of their respective owners. Porsche Cars North America, Inc. believes the specifications to be correct at the time of printing. Specifications, performance standards, standard equipment, options, and other elements shown are subject to change without notice. Some options may be unavailable when a car is built. Some vehicles may be shown with non-U.S. equipment. The information contained herein is for internal authorized Porsche dealer use only and cannot be copied or distributed. Porsche recommends seat belt usage and observance of traffic laws at all times. Printed in the USA

Part Number - PNA 911 001 17

Edition - 2/16

FOREWORD

Foreword The new 911. Tradition. Future. Since the first model line, the Porsche 911 has impressed with superior and constantly state-of-the-art technology.

And the new generation of the 911 continues to impress through technological developments which correspond to the requirements of the market and the changed needs of its customers. With newly-developed 6-cylinder bi-turbo engines, which, in addition to the typical driving characteristics of a flat engine, guarantee more power at significantly reduced fuel consumption and 14% lower exhaust emissions. Despite turbochargers, the new exhaust systems retain the sound typical of flat engines, which is sure to greatly please the traditional 911 enthusiasts in particular.

The new 911 model range is equipped with an engine generation that offers enhanced driving dynamics and increased torque. A torque increase that is unequalled in the history of the 911 on both the Carrera and Carrera S with the introduction of a new engine generation.

Also in this model range, the iconic design of the 911 has been further developed at certain points and with a great sense of proportion. True to the old-established Porsche principle: “form follows function”.

Improved safety and comfort are provided by the latest lighting and assistance systems, such as Porsche Active Safe and the multi-collision brake, which is unique in this segment. The new Porsche Communication Management system, including online navigation module and the integration of Apple Car Play, are impressive evidence of forwardlooking technologies in a vehicle that, like its predecessors, will set new standards in its class.

You can look forward to the new Porsche 911, the technological enhancement of which is described in detail in this Service Information Technik manual.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Note The Service Information Technik does not serve as a basis for repairs or for diagnosis of technical problems. Further information for this purpose is available in PIWIS. Information from the Porsche Academy should also be used. The web-based training “Technical highlights of the 911 Carrera Model Year 2017” provides you with a quick overview of the new technologies. The content of this brochure corresponds to the information status of August 2015. Porsche Service Training Team

FOREWORD

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

TOC

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Contents 1

Engine

1

1.1

Overview

1

1.2

Technical data

2

1.3

3.0-liter flat-six engine with bi-turbocharging

4

2

DME - Digital engine electronics

25

2.1

Overview

25

2.2

Fuel system

29

2.3

Intake system

33

2.4

Turbocharging

38

2.5

Mixture formation

42

2.6

Ignition system

45

2.7

Exhaust system

46

2.8

Thermal management

49

2.9

Additional DME functions

55

3

Power transmission

3.1

Overview

63

3.2

Manual transmission

64

3.3

Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK)

69

3.4

Dual-mass flywheel

74

3.5

Front-wheel drive

76

4

Chassis

4.1

Overview

79

4.2

Rear axle steering (RAS)

81

4.3

Front axle lift system

89

4.4

Chassis systems

94

4.5

3rd generation Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPM)

96

4.6

Wheels ‟ tires

102

4.7

Brakes

104

4.8

Steering wheel

108

Engine

DME engine electronics

63 Power transmission

79 Chassis

911 Carrera Model Year 2017 Body

Body – Exterior equipment

Body – Interior equipment

Heating and air conditioning

Electrics and electronics

5

Body

113

5.1

Overview

113

5.2

Bodyshell

113

6

Body – Exterior equipment

6.1

Overview

127

6.2

Design

128

6.3

Front view

128

6.4

Side view

131

6.5

Rear view

132

6.6

Aerodynamics

137

6.7

Roof systems

138

7

Body – Interior equipment

7.1

Overview

141

7.2

Trim panels and storage

142

7.3

Operating and display concept

146

8

Heating and air conditioning

8.1

Control panel

149

8.2

Refrigerant circuit

149

9

Electrics and electronics

9.1

Overview

155

9.2

Vehicle electrical system/energy management

157

9.3

Lighting systems

158

9.4

Wash/wipe systems

164

9.5

Access and anti-theft protection

164

9.6

Driver assistance systems

167

9.7

Sport Chrono package

171

9.8

PCM 4 (Porsche Communication Management)

174

9.9

Abbreviations

192

127

141

149

155

TOC

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 1 Engine

CHAPTER1

1

Engine

1.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The new 911 Carrera and Carrera S for model year 2017 are fitted with completely redesigned bi-turbo flat-six engines. With a displacement of 3.0 liter, both engines have a significantly higher torque

Engine

across a wide engine speed range compared to their predecessor as well as a simultaneously reduced fuel consumption ‟ in line with the core of our brand: Porsche Intelligent Performance. The legendary sound of the flat-six engine has been retained.

Bi-turbo flat-six engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_01_16

1.1 Overview

1

1.2 Technical data

2

1.3 3.0-liter flat-six engine with bi-turbocharging

4

1.3.1

Engine number marking

6

1.3.2

Belt drive

6

therefore emission and fuel consumption values.

1.3.3

Crankcase

8



New crankcase material and lighter add-on parts reduce the overall weight.

1.3.4

Crank drive

10



Reduction in friction through new coating on the cylinder liners. Improvement in the power yield and responsiveness through the installation

1.3.5

Oil pan

13



1.3.6

Cylinder head

14

1.3.7

Timing drive

The following development objectives for the new flat-six engines from the 9A2 generation were introduced based on the future requirements of our vehicles and our engines: „

Increased power and torque in combination with reduced displacement and

of camshaft adjusters on the intake and exhaust side.

mechanism

16

1.3.8

Oil supply

18

1.3.9

Cooling system

21

1.3.10 Special tools & workshop equipment 1.3.11 Maintenance

22 22

1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1.2

Technical data Unit

911 Carrera

911 Carrera S

9A2

9A2

Flat engine

Flat engine

Number of cylinders

6

6

Valves per cylinder

4

4

Bi-turbo

Bi-turbo

cm³

2981

2981

Bore

mm (in)

91 (3.58)

91 (3.58)

Stroke

mm (in)

76.4 (3.01)

76.4 (3.01)

10:1

10:1

kW (hp)

272 (370)

309 (420)

Max. power (USA)

hp

370

420

at engine speed

rpm

6,500

6,500

Nm

450

500

Net torque (USA)

ft lb

332

369

at engine speed

rpm

1,700 ‟ 5,000

1,700 ‟ 5,000

kW/l

91

104

Idle speed

rpm

650 +/-80

650 +/-80

Max. engine speed

rpm

7,500

7,500

Electronic throttle

Electronic throttle

and fuel cutoff

and fuel cutoff

lbs

432

432

L

8.0

8.0

Engine type Type Engine

Turbocharging Displacement

Compression ratio Max. power (EC)

Max. torque (EC/USA)

Max. power output per liter

Engine speed limitation through Engine weight Oil change quantity with filter

Extract, data available at copy deadline, subject to change

2

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Power/torque diagram Full load curve for 3.0-liter engine of 911 Carrera model year 2017, engine type MA201/MDCKA

Engine

Full load curve for 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_04_16

Full load curve for 3.0-liter engine of 911 Carrera S model year 2017, engine type MA202/MDCHA

Full load curve for 911 Carrera S

1_05_16

3

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1.3

3.0-liter flat-six engine with bi-turbocharging

Engine

View of bi-turbo flat-six engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_02_16

Brief description of technical innovations „

Crank drive: forged crankshaft supported by 7 bearings and 1 support bearing



Forged, cracked connecting rod



Connecting-rod bearings: lead-free ternary bearings



Forged pistons with





1

steel plain compression ring



2

stepped taper-faced ring



3

three-piece oil scraper ring

Closed deck crankcase (AlSi7Cu0.5Mg) in low-pressure casting with T6 heat treatment and PTWA liner



Main bearings as lead-free ternary bearings with steel backing



One-piece cylinder heads (AlSi7Cu3Mg) with individual bearing covers; cross-flow cooling



Central injector position



Valve drive VarioCam+: variable lift adjustment on intake side; continuous camshaft control on intake and exhaust side



Assembled camshafts



Valve control via duplex roller chain with 8-mm pitch



Fuel system: DFI featuring central injector position (Conti); 2x HDP5evo high pressure pumps driven via triple cam (quantity control valve acoustics optimized); 200 bar

4



Expansion pressure intake system (same as 991 Turbo)



Plastic oil pan with integrated air/oil separators



Omission of secondary air

CHAPTER1



Bi-turbo waste gate turbocharging system



Oil pump: modular variable vane cell pump with additional constant pressure

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

stage and 2-cylinder head suction stages „

2-stage switchable water pump



Thermal management (shut-off valve ZP4, ZP7 and transmission) Engine

Weight reduction measures Significant weight advantage through the use of different materials as well as modifications to the design of the basic engine of the new 911 Carrera model year 2017:



Change in crankcase casting material:

approx. 3.3 lbs (1.5 kg)



Use of plastic in the area of the oil pan:

approx. 4.4 lbs (2.0 kg)



Thin-wall tubes in the water circuit:

approx. 0.4 lbs (0.2 kg)



Omission of secondary air:

approx. 4.2 lbs (1.9 kg)



Lighter fuel rail:

approx. 0.7 lbs (0.3 kg)

Engine components that have significantly contributed to weight reduction

1_03_16

5

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1.3.1

Engine number marking

The engine number can be viewed underneath the vehicle on the belt side of the right crankcase half.

Engine

1

1 Lasered engine number View of engine number

1.3.2

1_06_16

Belt drive

The electromechanical steering system familiar from the predecessor model is also installed in the 911 Carrera model year 2017, whereby the servo pump is omitted Information on the Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) system can be foundin group 4.

6

from the belt drive. If the vehicle is fitted with the optional PDCC, the upper deflection roller is replaced by the mandatory hydraulic pump.

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2

Engine

3 1

4 5

Hydraulic pump instead of deflection roller

1_34_16

on PDCC (optional)

1 Belt tensioner console Belt drive of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 without PDCC

1_33_16

Repair For package reasons, the rear apron and air filter must be removed before the drive

2 Deflection roller 3 Poly-V-belt 4 Vibration damper 5 Belt tensioner

belt can be changed. The procedure is the same as for the predecessor model.

7

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1.3.3

Crankcase

Engine

The T6 heat treatment process consists of

three stages, namely homogenization, rinsing and artificial ageing, all of which guarantee maximum tensile strength of the cast material.

Crankcase of the new 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_07_16

Design PTWA = Plasma Transfer Wire Arc Using high-voltage ignition, an electrical arc is generated with current strengths in a range between 60 and 150 A. The wire spray material is melted by the electric arc

The engine of the new 911 Carrera model year 2017 is a further development of its predecessor and incorporates a two-part, vertically divided crankcase in a closed deck design with integral crankcase thrust block. It was possible to further reduce the weight of the crankcase by making structural refinements to the wall thicknesses and reinforcements.

and the argon/hydrogen plasma. The molten

However, parameters relevant for production were observed during all modifications so

end of the wire is atomized by compressed

that the new generation of engines can be manufactured on the existing production line.

air and accelerated as molten particles in

Hypoeutectic aluminum alloy AlSi7Cu 0.5Mg is used in the low-pressure method to

the direction of the substrate. On hitting the

cast the crankcase. T6 heat treatment then takes place.

prepared, roughened cylinder surface, this

The silicon portion can be reduced to 7% hypereutectic because the cylinder liner is

leads to a lamellar build-up of layers with

PTWA-coated.

a defined porosity.

8

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Engine

1

1 Piston pin assembly bore View of opening for assembly of piston pins and circlips

1_08_16

Repair The two crankcase halves and the crank drive are assembled and disassembled in the same way as the predecessor engine. The opening in the housing for fitting the piston pin circlips is also present.

Cylinder lining

Cylinder liner with PTWA coating

1_09_16

9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Applying an Fe coating to the cylinder lining using the PTWA process establishes the basis for an exceptionally wear-resistant surface. The surface of the cylinder lining is subsequently honed in several stages to achieve the lowest possible frictional resistance and a defined oil retention volume. The reduced friction is also instrumental in optimizing the overall fuel consumption

Engine

and emission levels of the 911 Carrera model year 2017. Wear is assessed primarily by conducting visual inspections for discoloration and damage and not using measuring methods.

1.3.4

Crank drive

The engines of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 incorporate a redesigned crank drive compared to the predecessor. The crankshaft main bearings have the same dimensions but the main bearing shells are designed as lead-free ternary bearings with steel backing to improve performance under difficult conditions, e.g. cold starting. The bearing shells have also been fitted with larger locking tabs to prevent rotation when the engine is warm.

Crankshaft The structural design of the crankshaft is the same as that of its predecessor.

Crankshaft of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

10

1_10_16

CHAPTER1

It features 7 main bearing journals and a support bearing with 12 balancing weights. Main bearing 4 is designed as a thrust bearing. Axial play is determined by two thrust plates, which are inserted on the left and right of the bearing.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The main bearings are designed as plain bearings with a diameter of 63 mm. Main bearings 1/3/5/7/8 are smooth bearings, while main bearings 2/4/6 are grooved bearings.

Engine

These grooved bearings supply oil to the lubrication points of the crankshaft bearings. The drive mechanism for the two drive chains for the camshafts and demandcontrolled oil pump is located on the pulley side. The stroke of the new generation of engines is 76.4 mm, almost identical to that of the predecessor engine. A reduced displacement is achieved through a smaller bore. The bore dimension on the new generation of engines is 91 mm compared to 97 mm and 102 mm of the previous models. The engine on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 is therefore also of a short-stroke design to improve overall responsiveness and revving ability.

Connecting rod The connecting rods of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 are forged, and cracked with a length of 138 mm. At 22 mm, the diameter of the connecting rod eye is unchanged compared to the predecessor.

Connecting rod of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_13_16

11

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Piston

Engine

View of piston from the 911 Carrera engine model year 2017

1_14_16

Aluminum forged pistons of 91 mm in diameter are installed in the engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017. The diameter of the pin eye is 22 mm, the same as that of the predecessor engine. The first ring groove is hard anodized due to the higher loads. The part number, tolerance class and installation position are marked on the piston crown. Repair The procedures in the Workshop Manual relating to the position of the arrow marking and the data matrix code must be observed during installation. Piston rings The piston rings are CrNi reinforced to increase resistance to wear. The piston has three rings: 1 Steel plain compression ring 2 Stepped taper-faced ring 3 Three-piece oil scraper ring

Piston crown marking

12

1_15_16

CHAPTER1

1.3.5

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Oil pan

The oil pan of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 engine is a two-piece design. Both parts are made from plastic and have integrated air/oil separators.

Engine

The plastic oil pan is dimensioned so that the engine can be set down on a DIN A4 size rubberized base.

Two-piece oil pan with integrated air/oil separators

1_16_16

The plastic lower section of the oil pan is designed to absorb impacts without the plastic breaking.

Oil drain plug The oil drain plug is also made of plastic and must be replaced when removed. Service Only the oil drain plug including sealing ring is available as a spare part. In the workshop, the oil drain plug must be removed using a suitable phillips screwdriver.

13

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The long slot that can accommodate a coin, is only suitable to a limited extent.

Engine

Oil drain plug with phillips/cross slot

1_17_16

Oil drain plug with coin

1_18_16

When installing, the new oil drain plug must be turned until it aligns with the marking. Do not tighten with torque or angle of rotation.

1.3.6

Cylinder head

1

2

1 Adjacent central injector and sparkplug recess 2 Installation position of high-pressure pump (one on each side). Cylinder head of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_19_16

Cylinder heads that have been significantly modified compared to the predecessor are used. They are cast from AlSi7MgCu0.5 using the Rotacast process and subsequently undergo T6 heat treatment (see description note on page 8).

14

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The new central injector position means that the two camshafts are moved further apart to a distance of 147 mm. Optimized cross-flow cooling, redefinition of wall thicknesses and reinforcements as well as precast oil galleries achieve lower temperatures while increasing overall strength. The tumble intake ports in the cylinder head have been optimized to further

Engine

improve mixture formation. 1 Intake camshaft adjuster with central

Camshafts

5

valve screw

7

6

4

2 Exhaust camshaft adjuster with central valve screw

3

3 Exhaust camshaft

8 9

4 Exhaust valves 5 Exhaust bucket tappets 6 Double-spring units, exhaust valves 7 Valve lift adjustment valve

10 2

8 Intake switchable tappets 9 Double-spring units, intake valves

11 1

10 Intake valves 11 Roller tappet drive, high-pressure pump

12

12 Intake camshaft

Overview of valve drive components

1_22_16

The camshafts familiar from the predecessor model are also installed in the engines of the 911 Carrera model year 2017. In the manufacturing process, the cam profiles with axial splines are pressed over radial splines on the camshaft tube to produce a positive connection.

Radial and axial splines on shaft and cam

1_24_16

Positive connection of cam and shaft

1_25_16

15

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Camshaft adjusters and VarioCam Plus The vane adjusters familiar from the V6 bi-turbo engines are now used as camshaft adjusters both on the intake and exhaust sides. The intake camshaft is also fitted with the VarioCam Plus valve lift adjustment.

Engine

1.3.7

Timing drive mechanism

V6 bi-turbo engines The V6 bi-turbo engines are available in two displacement variants (3.0 and 3.6 liters) in the Panamera, Macan and Cayenne model lines.

Valve drive of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_21_16

The design of the timing drive on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 is the same as the drive on the predecessor engine, but has been adapted to the increased camshaft center line spacing.

16

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Timing chains As on the predecessor model, the intake and exhaust camshafts of both cylinder banks are each driven via a duplex roller chain with 8-mm pitch. Due to the greater camshaft distance, the chain on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 now consists of 146 links (predecessor: 142 links).

Engine

The spring preload of the chain tensioner was reduced compared to the engine of the predecessor to prevent the volume of retained oil from causing chain rattling during warm starting. The chain drive of the oil pump is the same as that of the predecessor engine.

1

4 2

3

5

5

4 6

3 8

2

7

Timing drive mechanism

1_20_16

Valve timing

1 Double chain

Repair

2 Guide rail

Adjusting valve timing is performed using the same procedure as that for the predecessor

3 Tensioning rail

engine. However, a new two-piece staking tool is required due to the altered distance

4 Chain tensioner

between camshafts.

5 Guide rail 6 Oil pump tensioning rail 7 Oil pump sprocket 8 Single chain

Staking tool

1_26_16

Installation position of staking tool

1_27_16

17

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1.3.8

Oil supply

The oil supply to the engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 has the same design as the predecessor model in principle, but has been adapted to new design features, in particular bi-turbocharging.

Engine

Oil circuit

Oil circuit of the 911 Carrera model year 2017

Orange Oil under pressure, upstream of oil filter Brown

Oil extraction

Yellow

Oil under pressure, filtered

18

1_28_16

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

In contrast to the predecessor engine, oil is also extracted from the two turbochargers on the engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017. The following components are supplied with oil under pressure: „

Crank drive bearing points (main and connecting-rod bearings)



Camshaft bearing points



Camshaft adjusters



Lift adjustment



Piston cooling nozzles and chain tensioner

Engine

Oil extraction takes place at four points in the cylinder head and at the two turbochargers.

Oil guide housing The design of the oil guide housing is the same as that of the predecessor engines.

4 1 2

6

5

3 1 Oil filter cover 2 Sealing ring

7

3 Oil filter element 4 Heat exchanger 5 Oil mist separator

10

6 Seal

8

7 Pre-collector, upper part 8 Gasket 9 Pre-collector, bottom part

9 Oil guide housing

10 Pre-collector 1_29_16

19

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

If PDCC is installed, the oil/water heat exchanger may have additional connections (yellow connections in the illustration on the right), depending on the equipment.

Engine

Oil guide housing without PDCC

1_30_16

Oil guide housing with PDCC

1_31_16

Information on the Porsche Dynamic Chassis

The oil mist separator of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 is bonded and also screwed

Control (PDCC) system can be found in group 4.

in place. It can therefore no longer be replaced individually.

Oil pump The engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 features a new variable oil pump. The oil pump generates an oil flow rate of up to 80 l/min; the oil pressure is fully adjustable within a range of 21.7 to 72.5 psi (1.5 to 5.0 bar).

Modular oil pump on the 911 Carrera model year 2017

1_32_16

Pressure build-up occurs in two stages with a fully variable vane cell pump and an additional upstream constant pressure stage.

20

CHAPTER1

In the cylinder heads and the two exhaust turbochargers, the oil is extracted by a double gear-type extraction pump. The number of extraction pumps has been halved compared with the predecessor engine (two-in-one principle).

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The failsafe control is integrated in the control valve.

Piston crown cooling

Engine

As with the predecessor model, the crankcase on the engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 incorporates spray nozzles for cooling the piston crowns. An upstream pressure valve ensures that the spray nozzles only open at higher loads and temperatures. This also reduces the drive power that the engine needs to generate in the lower to medium load range to drive the oil pump and helps increase the efficiency of the engine.

Once the lower section of the oil pan has been removed, the solenoid control valve

Oil level measurement

can be removed without the need for an additional special tool.

Oil level measurement on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 is performed in the same way as on the predecessor engine.

1.3.9

Cooling system

The cooling system of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 has been adapted to match the increase in power while, at the same time, the displacement has been reduced. The new encased vacuum-controlled coolant pump can deactivate coolant circulation prior to a cold start. This results in quicker heating of the engine to operating temperature. As on the predecessor model, a center radiator provides additional cooling performance for extremely hot countries. The 911 Carrera S model year 2017 is also fitted with a center radiator in conjunction with the PDK transmission.

Details of the thermal management system are described in group 2.

Closure cap The closure cap of the coolant expansion tank has been adopted from the predecessor.

21

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Repair During bleeding, the cooling system must be drained as completely as possible. The vacuum filling procedure is the same as on the predecessor. The vacuum pump from the 918 Spyder can be used here as an option.

Engine

The procedure is saved in the PIWIS Tester as a guided process.

1.3.10 Special tools & workshop equipment Special tool The engine of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 has the same jacking points as the engine on the predecessor model (orange circles in the illustration below).

Jacking points

1.3.11 Maintenance Maintenance scope and intervals were adopted from the predecessor.

22

1_35_16

CHAPTER1

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Engine

23

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 2 DME engine electronics

Engine

24

CHAPTER2

2

DME - Digital engine electronics

2.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The engines of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 are a completely new development. Even more running smoothness, high revving stability, spontaneous response, a characteristic sound and surprisingly low fuel consumption are the

DME engine electronics

main features.

2_01_16 3.0-litre biturbo engine 911 MY 2016

In comparison to the naturally-aspirated engines of the predecessor, both bi-turbo engines offer 44 ft lbs (60 Nm) more torque and 20 hp more power. This corresponds to the largest increase in torque that has ever been achieved with the introduction of a new engine, in the history of the Porsche 911 Carrera. For the performance of both models, this means increased elasticity combined with direct responsiveness and a high revving ability. The torque increase is particularly evident during an intermediate sprint from 62 to 124 mph (100 to 200 km/h).

2.1 Overview

25

2.2 Fuel system

29

2.3 Intake system

33

2.4 Turbocharging

38

2.5 Mixture formation

42

2.6 Ignition system

45

2.7 Exhaust system

46

2.8 Thermal management

49

2.9 Additional DME functions

55

25

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Objective Typical for Porsche was a primary objective of achieving a power and torque increase with lower CO2 emissions. At the same time, value was placed on an emotional sound.

DME engine electronics

3.0-liter bi-turbo engine 911 MY 2017

2_02_16

To achieve this objective, the following technical solutions were implemented: „

Moderate downsizing of the displacement in combination with turbocharging. A reduction in displacement for both models to 3.0 liters was thus achieved. This corresponds to a reduction of 0.4 liter for the 911 Carrera and 0.8 liter for the 911 Carrera S models.



Turbocharging is performed via two turbochargers with integrated wastegate.



Power was increased by 20 hp on both engines. The 911 Carrera models now produce 370 hp (272 kW) and the 911 Carrera S models 420 hp (309 kW).



Cylinder heads with VarioCam Plus system (intake), VarioCam (exhaust).



DFI with two high-pressure pumps, higher injection pressure and central injector position.



Thermal management with switchable water pump.



Engine tuning with intelligent operating strategies (e.g. coasting, auto start/stop).



Two intake system sound symposers.



Engine-specific exhaust systems, optional sports exhaust system.

The CO2 emissions of the 911 Carrera and Carrera S engines model year 2017 could be reduced by up to 14%.

26

CHAPTER2

2.1.1

Technical data

In addition to the maximum engine power, the 44 ft lbs (60 Nm) higher torque in

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

particular produces perceptible improvements in driving performance in both models. The maximum torque was increased from 288 to 332 ft lbs (390 to 450 Nm) in the 911 Carrera and from 325 to 369 ft lbs (440 to 500 Nm) in the 911 Carrera S models. This provides for significantly increased elasticity values and

DME engine electronics

excellent acceleration reserves.

Carrera, MY17

Carrera S, MY17

2,981 cm³

2,981 cm³

91 mm

91 mm

76.4 mm

76.4 mm

10:1

10:1

370 hp (272 kW)

420 hp (309 kW)

6,500 rpm

6,500 rpm

Torque

332 ft lbs (450 Nm)

369 ft lbs (500 Nm)

at engine speed

1,700 ‟ 5,000 rpm

1,700 ‟ 5,000 rpm

7,500 rpm

7,500 rpm

650 +/- 80 rpm

650 +/- 80 rpm

74

74

Displacement Bore Stroke Compression ratio Power at engine speed

Max. engine speed Idle speed Throttle valve diameter

During the development of the engines, particular attention was paid to transferring the typical virtues of a naturally aspirated engine, particularly the high-revving engine characteristic, to a turbo engine. This was achieved in an impressive manner. A maximum engine speed of 7,500 rpm could be achieved for the 911 Carrera and 911 Carrera S.

27

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Power and torque diagram

DME engine electronics

Power and torque diagram 911 MY 2017

2_03_16

The engine of the 911 Carrera S models differs from that of the 911 Carrera models in the turbocharger with a larger compressor, a modified exhaust system with exhaust flaps and changed parameters of the DME control unit.

Power and torque diagram 911 MY 2017

28

2_04_16

CHAPTER2

2.2

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Fuel system

Fuel octane rating The engine is designed to provide optimum performance and fuel consumption if unleaded fuel with 93 octane is used. DME engine electronics

2.2.1

Low-pressure system

The fuel tank and activation of the electric fuel pumps is essentially comparable with the previous 991 models. Fuel tank Fuel tank capacity Reserve capacity

Carrera approx. 16.9 gal (64 l) 2.64 gal (10 liters)

Carrera 4 approx. 17.69 gal (67 I) 2.64 gal (10 liters)

Fuel pumps Carrera The control unit for activation of the electric DC fuel pump is located under the battery holder. The fuel low pressure is regulated via the voltage, so that a pressure of 50.7 to 87 psi (3.5 to 6 bar) is generated. The pressure regulator in the fuel tank limits the low pressure to max. 87 psi (6 bar). Carrera 4 The control unit for activation of the electric 3-phase AC fuel pump is also located under the battery holder. The speed of the pump is regulated via a PWM frequency generated in the DME control unit, so that a pressure of 50.7 to 89.9 psi (3.5 to 6.2 bar) is generated. The pressure regulator in the fuel tank limits the low pressure to max. 89.9 psi (6.2 bar).

Fuel low-pressure sensor For measuring the fuel low pressure, the engines are equipped with a fuel lowpressure sensor, which is located in the low-pressure line (near to the high-pressure

1

2

sensor). This enables regulation of the fuel low pressure between 50.7 to 87 psi (3.5 to 6 bar) (or 89.9 psi /6.2 bar C4) depending on the fuel requirement.

Fuel pressure sensors

2_05_16

1 Low-pressure sensor 2 High-pressure sensor

29

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.2.2

High-pressure system

The direct fuel injection (DFI) system has been completely revised. A new feature is the central injector position of the 7-hole injectors in the cylinder head (predecessor models: side injector position with 4 or 6-hole injectors) and the increased fuel high pressure. Both measures optimize the mixture formation and the combustion

DME engine electronics

characteristics so strongly that, despite the use of turbochargers, it was possible to dispense with secondary-air injection. On each of the cylinder heads, a high-pressure fuel pump with quantity control valve is located, which has been acoustically enhanced. The single-piston high-pressure pumps are actuated by triple cams on the intake camshafts via roller tappets. The fuel high-pressure sensor is installed in the high-pressure connecting line between. The high-pressure fuel rails are located in the center of the cylinder heads. Depending on the operating conditions, the quantity control valves activated by the DME control unit regulate the fuel high pressure between 1812 to 3045 psi (125 and 210 bar). During the warm-up phase, the fuel high pressure can briefly be up to 3525 psi (250 bar).

5

6 2

1 Roller tappets

1

2 High-pressure pump with quantity control valve

3

3 Bank 1 and 2 rails with connecting line

2

4 7-hole injectors 5 High-pressure sensor

1

6 Low-pressure sensor

3 DFI high-pressure system

30

4 2_06_16

CHAPTER2

Injectors The central position of the 7-hole injector in the cylinder head promotes a homogeneous,

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

symmetrical fuel distribution in the cylinder. Voltage boosters with flexible drivers are installed in the DME control unit for activation of the injectors.

DME engine electronics

9 8

1

2 3

7-hole injector

2_07_16

Injector position

2_08_16

4 1 Electrical connection 2 O-ring (high-pressure side) 3 Holding-down device 4 Recess seal 5 Spacer ring 6 Circlip 7 Teflon sealing ring (to combustion chamber) 8 7-hole injector 9 Central injector position

Special tools The following special tools are available for removing the injectors and fitting the

5

teflon rings:

6 2 1

7 8

Extraction tool

2_09_16

Assembly sleeve

1

Extraction tool for central injector T101-33

2

Assembly sleeve for teflon sealing rings T101-31

2_10_16

Fuel injector

2_11_16

31

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Installation positions The illustration below shows the installation positions on each cylinder head of the injectors and spark plugs located centrally in the combustion chambers, as well as the high-pressure fuel pumps with quantity control valves.

DME engine electronics

3

2

1

Cylinder head

2_12_16

1 High-pressure pump with quantity control valve 2 Fuel injector 3 Ignition coil with spark plug connector

1

Repair A leak test on the fuel high-pressure system must be performed using helium or

2

forming gas.

2

The following diagnostic options are available with the PIWIS Tester:

2

Injector installation position



First start function for bleeding the fuel system



Erasing adaptation values/fault memory following the replacement of components on the fuel high-pressure side

2_13_16 „

32

NEW: System test of fuel injectors

CHAPTER2

2.3

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Intake system

2.3.1

Intake manifold air guide

The raw air intake to the air cleaner is located below the rear lid. Two flowoptimized intake air lines lead from the air cleaner housing to the intake sides of the turbochargers. Broadband dampers and, further downstream, diverter valves are

DME engine electronics

installed in the intake air lines.

1 1 Raw air intake below the rear lid

6

2 Air cleaner housing with dual-branch

5

air outlet

3

9 6

4 Broadband dampers

2 8

10

5 Diverter valves

4

6 Sound symposers 7 Right/left turbocharger intake

7 5

3 Intake air lines to the turbochargers

8 Left sound symposer switching valve

3

(right sound symposer switching valve located on valve block) 9

4 Air routing

2_14_16

Deceleration air switching valve

10 Switching valve for exhaust flaps

Broadband dampers The broadband dampers serve to reduce air-flow noise in the intake system. Diverter valves For aerodynamic and space-constraint reasons, the diverter valves are not located in the compressor housing, but upstream of the turbochargers. Sound symposers In addition to the new exhaust systems, two sound symposers provide for a particularly

The rear apron must be removed to change the air-cleaner element. The market-specific specifications according to the PIWIS information system must be observed.

emotional sound in the passenger compartment. They transfer the load-dependent pressure differences upstream of the throttle valve to a diaphragm causing this to vibrate and transmit the engine sound directly into the passenger compartment. In normal mode, one sound symposer opens above an engine speed of 1,800 rpm.

In SPORT or SPORT PLUS mode, the second sound symposer is additionally activated at all engine speeds. During deceleration, the first sound symposer is always closed and the second is closed between 3,500 and 1,800 rpm.

33

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.3.2

Charge-air cooling

The turbo engines of the 911 Carrera model year 2017 models are equipped with efficient charge-air cooling. With two charge-air coolers located at the sides in the rear, a harmonious design (without additional air intakes in the rear side sections) and effective charge-air cooling with a high level of efficiency could be achieved

DME engine electronics

through a vehicle-integrated solution.

1

2 4

4

1

2

1

2

7 3

8

2

8

2 7

5

5

6

6

Charge-air cooling

2_15_16

The charge air, which is heated to 248° F (120° C) (up to a maximum of 302° F 1 Cold cooling air intakes

150° C) due to compression is cooled down by up to 158° F (70° C).

2 Charge air coolers

Reducing the charge-air temperature results in a greater air mass being contained

3 Warmed cooling air outlets

in the same volume of air. Without charge-air cooling, approx. 80 hp (60 kW)

4 Intake air to engine inlets

of the maximum engine power would be lacking due to the lower air mass.

5 Lines from air cleaner to turbocharger

With charge-air cooling, a proportionally larger amount of fuel can be burned.

intake sides

This significantly increases the fresh mixture energy and the efficiency of the

6 Turbochargers

turbo engine and not only improves power and torque, but also reduces fuel

7 Hot air from compressor outlets

consumption and CO2 emissions.

8 Cool air downstream of charge-air coolers to throttle valve

34

CHAPTER2

Cooling of the charge air is performed via two charge-air coolers installed in the rear side sections, through which the ambient air flows. The cooling air enters via the rear lid. From there, it flows through the cooling-air duct to the right and left charge-air

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

coolers and exits again at the right and left sides of the lower rear apron.

Controlling the cooling air

DME engine electronics

For thermodynamic support under all operating conditions, the rear spoiler can be extended to the aerodynamic nominal position at speeds below 75 mph (120 km/h) in order to guide the cooling air to the charge-air coolers if required. Due to the position of the rear spoiler and the cooling air duct intakes in front of it, a ram pressure is generated, through which the cooling performance of the charge-air coolers can be increased if necessary. With this additional function, the rear spoiler on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 models has not only an aerodynamic, but also a thermodynamic charge-air cooler function.

1

3

1 Plug for visual inspection

2

2 Charge-air cooler, right 3 Intake air duct to left charge-air cooler Intake air duct

2_16_16 Charge-air cooler

2_17_16

Service Both charge-air coolers must be checked for soiling and cleaned if necessary. For this purpose: „

both tail lights and



the left and right plugs (1)

must be removed. A visual inspection should then be performed using a flashlight and a mirror. Dirt must be removed through cleaning, e.g. vacuuming, if necessary.

35

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.3.3

Throttle valve adjusting unit (electronic throttle)

The new throttle valve adjusting unit (electronic throttle) has digital contactless rotationangle sensors (1) for position feedback to the throttle valve. This ensures freedom from wear and a high degree of measurement accuracy over the entire service life.

1

DME engine electronics

1

1 Contactless rotation-angle sensor IMC sensor and drive

2_18_16

In the throttle valve adjusting unit, the throttle valve, throttle valve drive and throttle valve angle sensor (Hall IMC) are integrated in one housing. The throttle valve sensor is redundant. The feedback of throttle valve position is via two independent, counterNote: The housing of the throttle valve adjusting unit (electronic throttle) must not be opened in the workshop.

rotating and contactless sensors. The generated voltage signals are comparable with those of the previously installed potentiometer. The actuator consists of a DC motor with two-stage gear unit. The throttle valve is positioned electromotively between the lower and upper mechanical end stops. The DME control unit actuates the throttle valve electrically. Input variables for the control include the position of the accelerator pedal and requests from systems that can influence the engine torque.

Following a reset (e.g. after programming the DME control unit), adaptation of the electronic throttle must be performed using the PIWIS Tester. For this purpose, the lower stop (throttle valve closed) is taught.

2.3.4

Expansion intake manifold

The 911 Carrera model year 2017 models feature an expansion intake manifold to improve engine efficiency. The compressed air is cooled again at the expansion point downstream of the distribution pipe. This improves engine performance and enables favorable fuel consumption at high loads and engine speeds.

36

CHAPTER2

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

3

3

2 DME engine electronics

1

Expansion intake manifold

2_20_16

2 Intake manifold pressure/temperature sensor (SENT) The engine load and intake air temperature are detected by the digital intake manifold pressure/intake air temperature sensor on the right intake manifold, downstream of the expansion point. These digital sensors transmit a SENT protocol. SENT = Single Edge Nibble Transmission. The intake manifold pressure and the intake air temperature (downstream of the expansion point) are transmitted to the DME control unit via a signal line.

Distribution pipe

2_19_16

1 Throttle valve adjusting unit 74 mm 2 Distribution pipe, optimised point of entry for crankcase and tank ventilation 3 Expansion points on the intake distributors

Pressure/temperature sensor SENT

2_21_16

37

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Boost pressure sensor (SENT) The boost pressure is detected by the digital boost pressure sensor upstream of the throttle valve.

DME engine electronics

2

1

1 Intake manifold pressure/intake air temperature sensor 2 Boost pressure sensor Installation positions of the pressure sensors

2.4 2.4.1

2_22_16

Turbocharging General information

Due to turbocharging, the 911 Carrera MY 2017 models not only feature higher maximum engine power despite displacement reduction, but also a significantly higher torque across a wide engine speed range - a so-called torque plateau. The engines of the Carrera and Carrera S are equipped with two turbochargers including bypass valves (wastegates). The maximum boost pressure on the 911 Carrera is approx. 13 psi (0.9 bar) and on the 911 Carerra S approx. 16 psi (1.1 bar) overpressure. The turbochargers of the Carrera have a compressor wheel with a diameter of 49 mm, those of the Carrera S a diameter of 51 mm.

38

CHAPTER2

911 Carrera Model Year 2017 4

4

3

3 2

DME engine electronics

2

Turbocharger air guide

2_02_16

The 911 Carrera models offer a constantly available torque of 332 ft lbs (450 Nm) between 1,700 and 5,000 rpm. The 911 Carrera S models offer a constantly

1 Turbocharger 2 Turbocharger intake side 3 Turbocharger pressure side 4 Charge-air cooler

available torque of 369 ft lbs (500 Nm) between 1,700 and 5,000 rpm.

4

1

3

1

5 8 Turbocharger

2

2_31_16

6

7

9

Turbocharger

2_23_16

1

Flange from exhaust manifold

5 Turbine wheel

2

Turbine housing

6 Compressor wheel

3

Flange to catalytic converter

7 Flange from air cleaner

(with integral wastegate)

8 Compressor housing

Diaphragm cell for wastegate

9 Flange to charge-air cooler

actuation

10 Wastegate

4

10

Flange with wastegate

2_24_16

39

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.4.2

Boost pressure control

The turbocharger control is designed for fast, dynamic build-up of boost pressure. In order to increase the boost pressure, the DME control unit actuates two electropneumatic boost-pressure control valves in parallel, which close the wastegate valves on the turbochargers by way of vacuum at the diaphragm cells.

DME engine electronics

1

1

1 Boost pressure control valves for actuation of the wastegates Boost pressure valves

2_25_16

Responsiveness In designing the turbocharging, particular importance was placed on the responsiveness of the turbochargers. For this purpose, the turbochargers are “primed” during sporty driving in the part load range. Here, the wastegate valves are closed, the ignition point is retarded and the throttle valve is closed slightly. In this way, the current drive torque

2

remains the same, the air-flow rate through the engine is increased and the boost pressure upstream of the throttle valve rises. During subsequent acceleration with fully depressed accelerator pedal (throttle valve fully open), the required boost pressure and a higher torque are immediately available.

1

Turbocharger

2_27_16

1 Fresh air intake 2 Boost pressure to charge-air cooler

40

CHAPTER2

During the load change at full-throttle acceleration, the responsiveness of the turbochargers and therefore of the engine has been improved. When the accelerator

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

is released (vehicle in overrun), the throttle valve is not closed. As a result, the boost pressure is not completely depleted and is available again following renewed actuation of the accelerator pedal for a further acceleration. DME engine electronics

3

1

4

1 Fresh air intake

2

2 Boost pressure to charge-air cooler 3 Exhaust gas inlet 4 Exhaust gas outlet to catalytic converter

Cutaway view of turbocharger

2_26_16

41

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.5 2.5.1

Mixture formation Combustion chamber design

Due to the central position of the injector (1), a recess in the piston crown (2) can be dispensed with. Overall, the central injector is at a more uniform and greater distance DME engine electronics

to the piston crown, which improves mixture formation. These measures in combination with the injection strategy and the higher injection pressure enable low exhaust gas raw emissions and compliance with all required emission values.

1

2

3 Injector position in combustion chamber

2_28_16

Tumble intake port

2_29_16

Tumble intake port Piston crown

2_30_16

1 Central injector position in cylinder head 2 Piston crown (flat)

The intake ports (3) and combustion chambers in the cylinder head (4) have been further developed in order to increase the charge motion of the air across the piston crown. The type of charge motion used here generates an air swirl during the intake

3 Optimized tumble intake ports 4 Combustion chamber design in area of intake valves

process, which rotates in the cylinder parallel to the crankshaft axis. This type of charge motion is called tumble.

2.5.2

4

DFI injection strategies

Depending on the operating condition, the following injection strategies are selected:

4

Operating condition

1

2_08_16

per compression stroke

2

1

Catalytic converter heating

2

1

1

-

1

-

2

-

1

-

temperature, idling Acceleration at low load Acceleration at high load up to 3,500 rpm Acceleration at high load above 3,500 rpm

42

per intake stroke

Injections

Start

Warm-up phase and at operating Injector bore

Injections

CHAPTER2

2.5.3

Tank ventilation

The carbon canister for tank ventilation is located in the plenum panel. The fuel tank

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

is aerated and vented via the carbon canister. During driving, the system is vented to the intake system when the tank vent is energized. In the presence of vacuum, this takes place directly into the intake manifold via the check valve and, in the presence of charge pressure, into the intake side of the left turbocharger via a

DME engine electronics

venturi.

1

2

3

4 7 6

5

Venturi Tank ventilation

1

Line from carbon canister

2

Silencer

3

Tank vent valve

4

Check valve to intake manifold

5

Pressure sensor (vehicles with DTML only)

6

To intake side of left turbocharger

7

Venturi point of entry on the left turbocharger

2.5.4

2_33_16

Tank leakage diagnostic module (DMTL)

On vehicles for the USA, a tank ventilation diagnostic module (DMTL) is installed on the carbon canister for diagnosis of tank ventilation (see Figure 2_32_16). The

2_27_16

2 1

Carbon canister DMTL

2_32_16

1 Carbon canister 2 DMTL (USA)

function of the DMTL has already been described for the 997.

43

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.5.5

Crankcase ventilation

Crankcase ventilation takes place via the positive crankcase ventilation valve with oil separator. In the case of vacuum in the intake manifold, ventilation takes place directly into the intake manifold via the vent line and check valve and, in the case of charge pressure,

DME engine electronics

into the intake side of the right turbocharger.

5 3

1 2

4 4 Turbocharger, right

1 2_35_16

1 Crankcase ventilation with oil separator 2 Vent line to intake manifold 3 Check valve on intake manifold 4 Vent line to intake side of right turbocharger (with boost pressure) 5 Tank ventilation at idle speed

44

Crankcase ventilation

2_34_16

CHAPTER2

2.6 2.6.1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Ignition system Individual ignition coils

The individual ignition coils are fitted with a captive steel screw. The newly developed ignition coils in the “plug top” design with integral ignition driver are designed for a higher ignition voltage requirement (over 30 kV). Slight coating of the silicone sheath

DME engine electronics

at the contact surface to the spark plug insulator with talcum powder is necessary to facilitate re-installation and above all removal of the ignition coil.

2.6.2

Spark plugs

1

The spark plugs have a platinum ground electrode (air gap) with an M12 x 1.25 thread. The spark plugs have a modified high-voltage terminal with contact plate for connecting. The new contacting design requires optimum seating of the ignition coil contacting

2

spring on the contact plate of the spark plug. For removal of the spark plugs, a bihexagonal socket with a width across flats of 14 mm is required.

2.6.3

Knock control

As previously, the flat-six engine has two knock sensors on the engine block for knock detection. The DME control unit features an enhanced signal evaluation for knock detection. The

3

engine is designed for a fuel octane rating of 93 octane. If 90 octane is used, the

4

knock control responds accordingly, which can result in reduced engine power, especially in conjunction with high ambient temperatures.

2

1

1 5 Ignition coil and spark plug

Knock sensors

2_36_16

2_38_16

1 Ignition coil with integral ignition driver

1

Knock sensors

2 Steel screw (captive)

2

Electric coolant pump

3 Spark plug connector with contacting spring 4 Contact plate 5 Ground electrode

The safety instructions and specifications in the PIWIS information system as well as the country-specific change intervals must be observed when working on the ignition system.

45

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.7 2.7.1

Exhaust system General information

The sound of a flat engine is something very special and contributes significantly to the particularly emotional driving experience in a 911 Carrera. The sound is especially DME engine electronics

emotional in the higher engine speed range. The use of turbo technology in the 911 Carrera models naturally affects the character of the engine sound. In order that the 911 Carrera continues to offer an emotional sound experience that is typical for Porsche, three completely new exhaust systems were developed.

2.7.2

Emission control

The engines and the emission control are designed for low exhaust gas raw emissions and comply with all emissions regulations worldwide.

2.7.3

Exhaust manifold

All vehicles have welded double-wall exhaust manifolds made of stainless steel sheet with air-gap insulation (LSI) and 3-in-1 merging (robust through beading of inner shell). Low heat radiation is achieved through the double wall and an air gap.

2.7.4

1

Catalytic converter

On the Carrera and Carrera S, ceramic substrates with bores for the oxygen sensors and single-branch outlet to the rear muffler are installed upstream and downstream of the catalytic converter. As on the predecessor, two oxygen sensors per catalytic converter are installed. The broadband oxygen sensor (LSU) is located upstream of the catalytic converter. The step-change oxygen sensor (LSF) is located in the catalytic converter.

Exhaust manifold

2_39_16

1 Double-wall exhaust manifold

2

2 Catalytic converter, Carrera and Carrera S

4 3

3 Broadband oxygen sensor (LSU) upstream of catalytic converter 4 Step-change oxygen sensor (LSF)

2

downstream of catalytic converter

Catalytic converter

46

2_40_16

Catalytic converter

2_41_16

CHAPTER2

2.7.5

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Muffler

911 Carrera Downstream of the catalytic converters, the 911 Carrera basic models are fitted with a twin-branch exhaust system with muffler (without exhaust flaps) and two oval single-tube tailpipes made from stainless steel on the left and right.

DME engine electronics

2

1 Muffler

1

2 Oval single-tube tailpipes

2 Muffler, Carrera

2_42_16

911 Carrera S Downstream of the catalytic converters, the 911 Carrera S models are fitted with a muffler with two inlets and four outlets, two exhaust flaps with vacuum control and two round twin tailpipes made from stainless steel on the left and right. The flap control opens automatically dependent on the engine speed and reduces the exhaust backpressure (the flaps are open when positive pressure is applied and are closed by vacuum). Through opening of the flaps, good power development and an emotional sound are achieved.

1 1 2 4 3 2

4

5

1 Exhaust manifold as on Carrera 2 Catalytic converter as on Carrera 3 Muffler, Carrera S 4 Vacuum units for exhaust flaps

5 5 Muffler, Carrera S

5 Round twin tailpipes left/right 2_43_16

47

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.7.6

Sports exhaust system

The sports exhaust system is offered as an option for all models. The same exhaust manifolds with air-gap insulation are used as on the other models.

DME engine electronics

Catalytic converter As with the standard catalytic converter, the ceramic substrate catalytic converters have bores for the oxygen sensors upstream and downstream of the catalytic converter. The difference is the dual-branch outlet to the sport muffler.

1 1 Dual-branch outlet Catalytic converter from sport

2_44_16

Center console button

2_45_16

exhaust system

Muffler The muffler of the sports exhaust system has four inlets and two outlets. As on the Carrera S, exhaust flaps are installed that are closed by means of vacuum. At speeds above approx. 3,300 rpm, the flaps open automatically. On the sports exhaust system, the exhaust flaps can be activated directly via a button in the center console. The result is an even more sportier flat-engine sound with a deep tone and even better power development.

Sports exhaust system muffler

2_46_16

The sports exhaust system features two centrally arranged, slightly oval single-tube tailpipes.

48

CHAPTER2

2.8 2.8.1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Thermal management System overview

Like the predecessor models, the 911 Carrera MY 2017 models are also equipped with thermal management for the reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, particularly after cold starting. Here, the engine, transmission and heating are warmed

DME engine electronics

up more quickly through demand-based activation of various partial cooling circuits.

15

8

21

22

14 17 19

16 6

5

4

3

2

1

9

18 20 13

11

10

12

23

7

24 25

Cooling system

2_47_16

1-6 Cylinders 1-6

16 Heating heat exchanger

7

Left radiator

17 Shut-off valve for transmission

8

Right radiator

9

Center radiator

18 Transmission heat exchanger

(extremely hot countries only)

19 Shut-off valve for clutch heat exchanger

heat exchanger

10 Switchable coolant pump

20 Clutch heat exchanger (PDK only)

11 Thermostat

21 Electric run-on pump for turbocharger

12 Electrical map control

22 Turbocharger, right

13 Coolant shut-off valve

23 Turbocharger, left

14 Engine oil/water heat exchanger

24 Coolant expansion tank

15 Shut-off valve for heating

25 Bleeding lever on expansion tank

heat exchanger

49

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Through thermal management, the following conditions are met: „

Rapid achievement of operating temperature after cold starting



Spontaneous regulation of setpoint temperature 221° F – 185° F (105° C ‟ 85° C) depending on operating conditions



DME engine electronics

Higher coolant throughput at full throttle

Further tasks and functions of thermal management have already been described in detail for the 911 model year 2012 ‟ 2016. Changes compared with predecessor model „

Standing coolant after cold starting through switchable coolant pump



Central valve unit for electro-pneumatic switching valves of the thermal management



Electric coolant run-on pump for turbocharger



Active cooling-air flaps on left and right

Temperature rise

2_48_16

The diagram shows the fast rise in coolant temperature after cold starting on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 compared to the predecessor models.

2.8.2

Valve block for electro-pneumatic switching valves

The valve block is located upstream of the intake manifold. It contains all electropneumatic switching valves for the components of the thermal managements and that for the right sound symposer.

50

CHAPTER2

The valve block is provided with a central vacuum supply from the vacuum pump and also has a central vent line to the air cleaner.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Through the application of vacuum, the relevant actuators for the thermal management are closed and the coolant flow is stopped.

DME engine electronics

1 Switchable water pump

6

5

4

3

2

2 Coolant shut-off valve

1

3 Transmission cooling 4 PDK clutch cooling 5 Heater valve 6 Sound symposer, right Valve block switching valves

2_49_16

9 7 6 4

8

1 Switchable coolant pump 2 Single-slider map-controlled thermostat

10

3 Coolant shut-off valve

5

4 Supply line to radiators

3

5 Return line from radiators 6 Engine oil heat exchanger supply line 7 Engine oil heat exchanger return line

1

8 Transmission heat exchanger supply/ return lines

2

9 Turbocharger cooling 10 Expansion tank connection

Thermal management components, engine-mounted components

2_50_16

51

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.8.3

Coolant pumps

Switchable coolant pump A new feature of the thermal management system is a switchable coolant pump. Depending on the cooling requirement, this is switched according to demand in two DME engine electronics

stages and makes a further contribution to reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Following cold starting, the switchable coolant pump is closed via the electro-pneumatic switching valve by way of vacuum, in order to achieve faster warm-up through the standing coolant.

Coolant pump closed

2_51_16

Coolant pump open

2_52_16

When no vacuum is present, the switchable coolant pump is opened, allowing the coolant to circulate.

Electric coolant run-on pump for turbocharger If required, the DME control unit activates the electric coolant run-on pump after the hot engine has been stopped. The turbochargers are cooled by the circulating coolant.

1

1 Electric coolant run-on pump Electric coolant run-on pump

52

2_53_16

CHAPTER2

2.8.4

Active cooling-air flaps

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The Porsche vehicle cooling system is designed for use on the race track where large volumes of cooling air are guided through the side radiators. Due to the reduced cooling requirement away from the race track, the air flow can be restricted using the air flaps. This results in less air flowing through the vehicle,

DME engine electronics

which can achieve a reduction in drag. The cooling-air flaps of 911 Carrera MY 2017 models enable demand-based power unit cooling at all times, resulting in increased aerodynamic efficiency that is noticeable in reduced fuel consumption in the NEDC but, above all, in customeroriented driving. For control of the cooling-air flaps, cooling requirements are determined for the

1 2

engine, transmission and air conditioning and the power losses due to vehicle through-flow and the electric radiator fans are also taken into account. With regard to the overall vehicle efficiency, this enables real-time calculation of the optimum combination of cooling-air flap position and radiator fan activation for the momentary driving condition.

Cooling-air flaps

2_37_16

For the greatest possible efficiency, the cooling-air flaps can be set to 5 positions

1 Active cooling-air flaps

(open, closed and 3 intermediate positions).

2 Servo motor for cooling-air flaps

Control exceptions: Radiator shutter open „

SPORT PLUS mode, PSM Sport active/PSM Off active



Vehicle speed < 9 mph (15 km/h) or > 105 mph (170 km/h )



Outside temperature > 113° F (45° C) Mobile roofs open and vehicle speed > 75 mph (120 km/h)

Following programming of the DME control unit, adaptation of the servo motors must be performed.

Radiator shutter closed „

Coasting active



No thermal requirement

53

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Cooling system The illustration shows the installation positions of non-engine-mounted components of the cooling system.

2 DME engine electronics

3

2

1

5 1 Coolant expansion tank

2

2 Outer radiators

4

3 Center radiator (extremely hot countries only) 4 Electric fans with drivers left/right 5 Condenser (air conditioning) Cooling system components

2_54_16

After working on the cooling system, the following must be observed in accordance with the PIWIS information system: In the DME control unit under Maintenance/



Drain the cooling system as completely as possible.

Repair, system tests of the thermostat,



Vacuum filling similar as 991 MY 2012 ‟ 2016 (alternatively use 918 vacuum pump).

thermal management and the vacuum system can be performed using the PIWIS Tester.



Perform bleeding procedure with the PIWIS Tester.



Check coolant level, same as 991 from MY 2012.

Electric fan When necessary, the DME control unit activates the drivers of the two electric radiator fans steplessly, control range: 0 to 600 watts.

Engine compartment purge fans (stepless) In order to reduce the engine compartment temperature, the two electric engine compartment purge fans can be activated by the DME control unit if required.

Engine compartment purge fan

54

2_55_16

CHAPTER2

2.9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Additional DME functions

2.9.1

VarioCam Plus

The VarioCam Plus variable valve control on the intake camshafts, which is actuated by the DME control unit, has been significantly modified. The system now additionally features continuous VarioCam timing adjustment of the exhaust camshafts. This

DME engine electronics

permits high power and torque values as well as favorable fuel consumption and low exhaust emissions. This also resulted in improved responsiveness of the turbochargers.

3 4

1 Central valve, intake camshaft 2 Vane adjuster

8

3

5

3 Hall-sender rotor 4 Valve lift switching valve 5 Switchable bucket tappets

7

6 Roller tappet for fuel high-pressure pump 7 Central valve, exhaust camshaft

6

8 Vane adjuster

1 2 2_56_16

Depending on the engine operating conditions, the following adjustments are possible:

Adjustment angle, stepless

Intake camshaft

Exhaust camshaft

0°CA to 50°CA

0°CA to 50°CA

Valve lift, small

3.60 mm

Valve lift, large

9.90 mm

9.85 mm

55

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.9.2

Oil pressure control

The oil supply on the 911 Carrera MY 2017 is delivered via an integrated dry-sump lubrication system with fully variable oil pump. The electro-hydraulic valve (1) for dynamic oil pressure control is activated by the DME control unit.

DME engine electronics

2.9.3

Sport Chrono package

On vehicles with the Sport Chrono package option, the various driving modes are now no longer selected using buttons on the center console, but instead via a rotary

1

selector switch, known as the mode switch, located in the redesigned steering wheel. With the Sport Chrono package, the standard SPORT button in the center console is omitted. Individual mode is now available in addition to the three existing modes Normal, SPORT and SPORT PLUS. The settings for the sports exhaust system, auto start/stop function and rear spoiler can be combined individually based on Normal mode or SPORT modes via a corresponding menu in the instrument cluster. The stored combination can be

Oil pump

2_57_16

retrieved again the next time the vehicle is started by turning the mode switch. In SPORT mode, the focus is on the fun factor and the sound.

1 Valve for oil pressure control

In SPORT PLUS mode, maximum performance is made available. SPORT Response button (vehicles with PDK only) Another new function in the Sport Chrono package is the SPORT Response button located in the center of the mode switch on vehicles with PDK. Inspired by motor sport, the SPORT Response button on the 911 Carrera MY 2017 gives the driver the option of changing the responsiveness of the vehicle directly at the press of a button. SPORT Response mode is intended to condition the vehicle for the fastest responsiveness, in order to, for example, shorten an overtaking maneuver.

SPORT Response button

56

2_58_16

CHAPTER2

When the SPORT Response button is pressed, the engine and transmission are prepared for maximum responsiveness. In the part-load range, the turbocharger wastegate is

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

closed, which causes boost pressure to build up significantly more quickly. The engine responds much more spontaneously to accelerator pedal commands and reaches maximum power more quickly. At the same time, the PDK switches to a special shift map. While pressing the SPORT Response button at full throttle does not result

DME engine electronics

in a gearshift, in the part-load range, the PDK immediately reverts to an engine speed range between 4,500 and 6,000 rpm. At this point, the shift map is moved upwards again so that the PDK only switches to the next-higher gear at a later time, thereby retaining the extremely direct responsiveness of the high engine speed range for a few hundred revolutions longer.

SPORT Response

A circular indicator and a countdown timer on the display in the instrument cluster indicate how much longer the SPORT Response function will remain active before the vehicle reverts back to the previously selected mode after 20 seconds have elapsed. The SPORT Response function can be activated as often as required. Pressing the SPORT Response button again while the function is active, deactivates the function.

2.9.4

Coasting mode (vehicles with PDK)

SPORT Response display

2_59_16

The operating strategy of the vehicle enables an operating-condition and driving-mode dependent engine setting (Normal, SPORT, SPORT PLUS). Coasting mode is designed primarily for reducing fuel consumption and emissions.

57

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2.9.5

Intelligent trailing throttle fuel cutoff (vehicles with PDK)

With intelligent trailing throttle fuel cutoff (ISA), the application is optimized for the interaction between engine and PDK transmission in order to achieve further fuel consumption benefits. The resumption speed of the engine has been reduced to 860 rpm (previously 1,088 rpm). This was made possible through detection of

DME engine electronics

the brake pressure. When driving in virtual gears (with the clutch not fully closed), releasing the accelerator pedal triggers downshifts to enable prolonged deceleration operation of the engine.

2.9.6

Virtual gears

The virtual transmission ranges already familiar from the 911 Turbo were implemented in conjunction with the PDK to increase efficiency. If the transmission control detects that the vehicle is travelling at a constant speed at low load, it shifts to a higher gear until the engine would in theory turn at approx. 800 rpm. This presents an enormous fuel-saving potential. To maintain driving comfort, the transmission control increases the engine speed automatically through slight slip, but only within a range that does not increase wear. The driver remains totally unaware of these sophisticated technical processes.

2.9.7

Extended auto start/stop function

Specific optimizations of the PDK also contribute to a reduction in fuel consumption on the 911 Carrera MY 2016 models. For example, they are now equipped with the enhanced auto start/stop function familiar from other models, with which the engine can be switched off even when approaching a stop situation. If required, this function can be deactivated via a button in the center console. The function is automatically deactivated in SPORT and SPORT PLUS modes. Auto start/stop

58

2_60_16

CHAPTER2

2.9.8

DME control unit

Due to additional requirements in the DME area compared with the predecessor

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

models, the enhanced DME control unit SDI 21.2 from Continental is fitted.

Sensors DME engine electronics „

Accelerator pedal sensor (electronic)



Throttle valve sensor (electronic)



Fuel high-pressure sensor



Fuel low-pressure sensor



Pressure sensor for tank ventilation (vehicles with DMTL only)



Engine oil pressure/oil temperature sensor



Coolant temperature sensor 1 (cylinder head)



Engine compartment temperature sensor



Coolant temperature sensor (radiator outlet)



Transmission fluid temperature sensor (gears)



Brake vacuum sensor



Oxygen sensor downstream of catalytic converter, bank 1



Oxygen sensor upstream of catalytic converter, bank 1



Oxygen sensor downstream of catalytic converter, bank 2



Oxygen sensor upstream of catalytic converter, bank 2



Knock sensor, bank 1



Knock sensor, bank 2



Engine speed sensor (Hall) (crankshaft)



Intake camshaft sensor, bank 1



Intake camshaft sensor, bank 2



Exhaust camshaft sensor, bank 1



Exhaust camshaft sensor, bank 2



Transmission speed sender



Gear sensor and neutral sensor



Duo-sensor (oil temperature and oil level sensor, PULS II)



Brake pedal sensor



Clutch sensor



PDK P/N



Crash signal



Cruise control main switch (Can signal from steering column switch)



Intake manifold pressure/intake manifold temperature sensor (SENT)



Boost pressure sensor (SENT)

DME SDI 21.2

2_61_16

59

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

CAN connections „

Drive CAN



Radiator shutter (LIN bus)

Actuators DME engine electronics

DME SDI 21.2

60

2_61_16



Servo motor for throttle valve



DME relay



High-pressure injector cyl. 1 to cyl. 6



Ignition module cyl. 1 to cyl. 6



Diverter valve (electro-pneumatic)



VarioCam Plus, intake, cylinder 1-3



VarioCam Plus, intake, cylinder 4-6



Coolant shutoff valve 1 (coolant bypass)



Coolant shutoff valve 2 (cooling, PDK + MT transmission)



Coolant shutoff valve 4 (oil/water heat exchanger, PDK clutches)



Map-controlled thermostat (electric heater)



Intake camshaft adjuster, bank 1



Intake camshaft adjuster, bank 2



Exhaust camshaft adjuster, bank 1



Exhaust camshaft adjuster, bank 2



Coolant run-on pump (electric)



Sound symposer 1



Sound symposer 2



Tank vent



Boost pressure adjuster, wastegate, bank 1



Boost pressure adjuster, wastegate, bank 2



Demand-controlled fuel pump control unit (C4)



Electric fuel pump relay (only for C2)



Demand-controlled fuel pump control unit (C2)



Tank leakage diagnostics DM-TL (USA, South Korea only)



Engine compartment purge fan 1 (EC fan)



Engine compartment purge fan 2 (EC fan)



Radiator fan 1



Radiator fan 2



Quantity control valve 1 (Bosch HDP5)



Quantity control valve 2 (Bosch HDP5)



Oil pressure-regulating valve



Encased water pump valve



Starter relay

CHAPTER2

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

DME engine electronics

61

911 Carrera 2016

Group 3 Power transmission

electronics

62

CHAPTER3

3

Power transmission

3.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The manual transmission and Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 are transmission versions already familiar from the predecessor model. The current manual transmission is a derivative of the PDK, as before.

Power transmission

However, both variants have been enhanced for the 911 Carrera model year 2017 to meet consumption and driving performance requirements.

Complete drive train, PDK version

The main new features of both transmission variants include: „

Gear set and ring gear with pinion shaft adopted from 991 Turbo



Shorter constant gear wheel stage



New gear wheel oil Mobilube PTX SAE 75W-90



New shift and selection force curves



The redesigned manual transmission now uses a double-plate clutch for power transmission.

3.1 Overview

63

3.2 Manual transmission

64

3.2.1

Technical data on manual transmission

65

3.2.2

Double-plate clutch

67

3.2.3

Outer shift mechanism

68

3.2.4

Differential locks

69

3.3 Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) 3.3.1

69

Technical data, PDK transmission

70

3.3.2

Outer shift mechanism

71

3.3.3

Differential locks

72

3.3.4

Virtual gears

72

3.3.5

Coasting function

73

3.3.6

Operating and display concept

73

3.4 Dual-mass flywheel

74

3.5 Front-wheel drive

76

63

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The drive train has largely been adopted from the 911 Turbo and adapted to the requirements of the 911 Carrera.

3.2

Manual transmission

Power transmission

Cutaway view of manual transmission

3_02_16

The following modifications have been made to the manual transmission on the 911 Carrera model year 2017: „

Integration of the 991 Turbo PDK gear set and ring gear/pinion shaft with shorter constant ratio



Modified shift and selection force curves



Optimized reverse gear splines



Integration of dual-mass flywheel with centrifugal pendulum



Integration of double-plate clutch



Change to gear wheel oil Mobilube PTX SAE 75W90

The gear on the manual transmission is detected by a speed sensor on the transmission input shaft.

64

CHAPTER3

3.2.1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Technical data on manual transmission

Power transmission

Vehicle version

Differential lock Transmission designation

991 Carrera

991 Carrera

C2/C2S

C4/C4S

Without

With

Without

With

differential lock

differential lock

differential lock

differential lock

9P1.300.041

9P1.300.042

9P1.300.061

9P1.300.062

Maximum torque capacity

406 ft lbs (550 Nm)

Max. input speed

7,500 rpm 11/21

Reverse gear/synchronizer

3.55

1st gear/synchronizer

3.91

11/43

14.04

2nd gear/synchronizer

2.29

21/48

8.21

3rd gear/synchronizer

1.58

26/41

5.66

4th gear/synchronizer

1.18

33/39

4.25

5th gear/synchronizer

0.94

36/34

3.39

6th gear/synchronizer

0.79

42/33

2.82

7th gear/synchronizer

0.62

45/28

2.24

21/39

Spread

Triple-cone

12.74

scatter sinter

Triple-cone carbon

Single-cone carbon

6.28

Center distance

85 mm

Ring gear and pinion shaft

3.091

11/34

Constant

1.162

37/43

Overall rear-axle ratio Locking values of rear-differential lock for traction/deceleration Gear wheel oil

3.59 22/27 mechanical fixed locking values Mobilube PTX SAE 75W-90 (new base oil formulation) 3.48 qts (3.3 I)

Extract, data available at copy deadline, subject to change

65

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Gear ratio graph

Power transmission

Gear ratio graph for manual transmission

66

3_03_16

CHAPTER3

3.2.2

Double-plate clutch

The new 911 Carrera model year 2017 features a newly developed double-plate clutch.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Power transmission

Double-plate clutch

Sectional view of double-plate clutch

3_05_16

3_06_16

Detailed view of double-plate clutch

3_07_16

67

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Power transmission

Technical data Designation

Double-plate clutch

Item number

9P1.141.117

Lining diameter

160/228 mm

Weight

19.4 lbs (8.707 kg)

Mass moment of inertia

0.0827 kgm²

3.2.3

Outer shift mechanism

Design

1 2 3

4

1 Shift handle 2 Shift console 3 Shift cable support bracket 4 Shift cables Shift lever with shift cables

3_08_16

Technical data Gears

R, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Shift lever

Cardanic mount

Gear selection

Via operating cable

R gate selection safeguard

7 gate selection safeguard Delta compared to 991 I

68

Via safety lock (increased force ramp) in the transmission Via locking mechanism in the transmission None

CHAPTER3

3.2.4

Differential locks

A mechanical rear-differential lock with locking values of 22/27 is available as an

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

option for the manual transmission (not for the rear-wheel-drive basic version)

3.3

Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) Power transmission

Sectional view of PDK transmission

3_09_16

Modifications to the PDK transmission on the 911 Carrera model year 2017 compared to the predecessor model: „

Integration of the Turbo gear set and ring gear/pinion shaft with shorter constant ratio in 991 PDK



Carbon synchronizers adopted from 991 Turbo



Integration of dual-mass flywheel with centrifugal pendulum



Change to gear wheel oil Mobilube PTX SAE 75W90



Applications-related adaptation to new engine interface

The selected gear on the PDK transmission is detected by a sensor wheel on input shaft 1.

69

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

3.3.1

Technical data, PDK transmission

Power transmission

Vehicle version Transmission designation

991 II Carrera

991 II Carrera

C2/C2S

C4/C4S

CG1.10

CG1.40

Maximum torque capacity

406 ft lbs (550 Nm)

Max. input speed

7,500 rpm 11/21

Reverse gear/synchronizer

3.55

1st gear/synchronizer

3.91

11/43

14.04

2nd gear/synchronizer

2.29

21/48

8.21

3rd gear/synchronizer

1.58

26/41

5.66

4th gear/synchronizer

1.18

33/39

4.25

5th gear/synchronizer

0.94

36/34

3.39

Single-cone

6th gear/synchronizer

0.79

42/33

2.82

carbon

7th gear/synchronizer

0.62

45/28

2.24

12.74

21/39

Spread

6.282

Center distance

85 mm

Triple-cone carbon

Ring gear and pinion shaft

3.091

11/34

Constant

1.162

37/43

Overall rear-axle ratio Locking values of rear-differential lock for traction/deceleration Gear wheel oil

Clutch/hydraulic oil

3.59 Optionally with regulated rear-differential lock, maximum 738 ft lbs (1000 Nm) New: Mobilube PTX SAE 75W-90 Filling capacity: 3.27 qts (3.1 l) Pentosin FFL3 Filling capacity: 5.6 qts (5.3 l) Extract, data available at copy deadline, subject to change

70

CHAPTER3

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Gear ratio graph

Power transmission

Gear ratio graph PDK

3.3.2

3_10_16

Outer shift mechanism

Design

1

2

3

4

1 Selector knob in new design. 2 Selector support 3 Selector cable support bracket 4 Selector cable Selector lever and selector lever cable

3_11_16

71

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The design of the outer shift mechanism is the same as that of the predecessor. The design of the gear selector was modified. Technical data

Power transmission

Gearshift positions

P, R, N, D, M, +, -

Selector lever

Engaged in each gearshift position from P to R

Selector lever lock

from R to P from N to R Release by pressing release button in P and N

Gearshift lock (shift-lock)

Release through ignition on and brake pedal pressed

Parking lock engaged/disengaged Transmission ranges engaged/disengaged

Via selector cable

Via vehicle electrical system / CAN Shift direction Downshift (-) forwards

Delta compared to 991 I

Upshift (+) backwards New selector lever design without shift pattern on release button (like Macan)

3.3.3

Differential locks

A controlled rear-differential lock with maximum locking torque of 737 ft lbs (1000 Nm) is available as an option for the PDK transmission (not for basic rear-wheel-drive version).

3.3.4

Virtual gears

The virtual transmission ranges already familiar from the 911 Turbo were implemented in conjunction with the PDK to increase efficiency. If the transmission control detects that the vehicle is travelling at a constant speed, it shifts to a higher gear until the engine would in theory turn at approx. 800 rpm.

72

CHAPTER3

This presents an enormous fuel-saving potential. The transmission control increases the speed automatically to maintain driving comfort, but only within a range that

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

does not increase wear. The driver remains totally unaware of these sophisticated technical processes.

3.3.5

Coasting function

Power transmission

Like the existing coasting function used on the 911 Carrera (991) models with Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK), the 911 Turbo (991) models also feature the coasting function. By opening the Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) and PTM clutches and disengaging the engine and front drive system, this function offers further potential for reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. The purpose of coasting is to make better use of the vehicle’s kinetic energy. This is done by automatically disengaging the engine and keeping it at idle speed when the vehicle is in zero load condition (accelerator pedal not pressed). This allows the vehicle to roll an additional distance therefore using less fuel. The fuel saving during practical driving therefore comes from the fact that the vehicle’s kinetic energy is only used to overcome the rolling and air resistance and no longer to drag along the engine at high engine speeds.

3.3.6

Operating and display concept

Function Additional new features have been introduced to enhance performance: The shifting direction for manual actuation has been reversed and now has the same logic as in the 911 GT3 and motor sports: the selector lever is pushed forward to downshift and pulled back to upshift. In addition, automatic upshifts are suppressed in manual mode so that the driver maintains full control of the gearshifts. The engine now operates within the rev-limiter, which is clearly audible and emphatically indicates that an upshift is required.

73

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Power transmission

PDK selector lever for 911 Carrera model year 2017

3.4

PDK dual-mass flywheel

PDK dual-mass flywheel

74

3_12_16

3_13_16

CHAPTER3

Design Additional centrifugal pendulums have been integrated in the dual-mass flywheel to

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

improve overall driveability in low engine speed ranges. The dual-mass flywheel’s ability to compensate for engine vibrations increases considerably as a result. Particularly low engine speeds can be achieved, which allows for the use of so-called virtual gears etc. Power transmission

2

1 3

4

5

1 Arc spring duct 2 Guide shell 3 Arc spring set 4 Centrifugal pendulum 5 Flange Dual-mass flywheel together with double-plate clutch

3_14_16

The grease (Renolit Discor LuK 4) fills the arc spring duct from the outside to the internal diameter of the outer spring and prevents tribological contact between the guide shell and arc spring. The inward displacement of grease towards the centrifugal pendulum at large torsion angles (e.g. engine start and stop) causes the grease to adopt damping properties proportional to the driving speed.

75

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Technical data Item number DMF technology

Power transmission

9P1.105.262.A (MT) / 9P1.105.264 (PDK) Two-stage external damper with internal centrifugal pendulum

Weight

27.3 lbs (12.38 kg) (MT)/20 lbs (9.06 kg) (PDK)

Mass moment of inertia

0.1355 kgm² (MT) / 0.0955 kgm² (PDK) „

Adaptation of torque characteristic for increased engine torques

Main changes compared with predecessor damper



Use of centrifugal pendulum for optimizing decoupling quality



Use of friction-reduced damper grease for minimizing friction between arc spring and guide shell

3.5

Front-wheel drive

Front-axle final drive

3_15_16

Modifications to the 911 Carrera model year 2017 compared to the predecessor include:

76



Adoption of 991 Turbo front-axle final drive with passive cooling (not water cooling)



Change to coated discs made from organic material



Ring gear and pinion shaft ratio adapted to new constant ratio of the PDK



Clutch fluid sump expanded to reduce losses



Change of gear wheel oil to Mobilube PTX SAE 75W90

CHAPTER3

„ „

Axial needle-roller bearing with high-speed bearing cage and convex thrust

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

washers „

for ensuring higher top speeds

Power transmission

77

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 4 Chassis

Power transmission

78

CHAPTER4

4

Chassis

4.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The chassis of the 911 Carrera MY 2017 has been further optimized. „

Rear axle steering is available as an option on the S models



The front axle lift system available as an option on all new 911 models lifts the

Chassis

front of the vehicle by up to 40 mm to improve day-to-day usability e.g. when driving into multi-story parking garages or over speed bumps „

The PASM chassis is standard on all models



All new 911 models can be equipped with the cruise control system with braking intervention feature



All models are equipped with the third generation of the Tire Pressure Monitoring system



The width of the rear-axle rims has been increased from 11" to 11.5" (with 19" and 20" rims).



The front axle of the S models features grey cast iron brake discs with aluminum brake disc hub.



The size of the brakes on the 911 models has been increased in line with the enhanced driving performance.



The power and size of the PCCB, available as an option for all models, have been increased in line with the enhanced driving performance.



The Porsche Active Driveline Mounts (PADM) have been adapted to the Sport Chrono package



New sports steering wheel with optional Sport Chrono package includes a mode switch for selecting the different driving modes directly at the steering wheel

4.1 Overview

79

4.2 Rear axle steering (RAS)

81

4.3 Front axle lift system

89

4.4 Chassis systems

94

4.5 3rd generation Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPM)

96

4.6 Wheels – tires

102

4.7 Brakes

104

4.8 Steering wheel

108

79

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Chassis

Overview of new features on 911 Carrera MY 2017

80

4_36_16

CHAPTER4

4.2

Rear axle steering (RAS)

Rear axle steering is optional on the new 911 Carrera S models.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The system comprises two electromechanical actuators, which are installed in the left and right of the rear axle instead of the conventional toe control arms. Using these actuators, the system steers the rear axle of the new 911 Carrera models either in the opposite or same direction as the steering angle at the front axle with an interval

Chassis

of +2 degrees to -1.5 degrees, depending on the driving speed. The steering angle at the rear axle therefore depends above all on the steering angle at the steering wheel, the driving situation and the driving speed.

Rear axle steering

Operating principle of rear axle steering

4_40_16

4_15_16

The maximum wheel angle movement of the rear axle on the 911 Carrera 2/4 S MY 2017 is 2.00° (max. 2.92° on the 911 Turbo and GT3). The adjustment ratio at the wheel [degrees] / spindle stroke [mm] is 1:4.6. This means that the spindle must be moved by 4.6 mm to adjust the wheel by one degree. One motor revolution achieves a travel distance (spindle stroke) of 0.795 mm.

81

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Objective If the rear axle of a passenger car is considered in more detail with respect to its kinematic and elastokinematic properties, it can be established that a passive design means compromises in terms of comfort, noise, driving dynamics and driving safety. This can result in a situation where a passive rear axle is not able to optimally meet all requirements. With rear axle steering, the track of an individual wheel is therefore

Chassis

actively adjusted by means of an actuator corresponding to the driving situation. A wheel-specific actuator on each individual wheel on the rear axle is used for track adjustment.



M1: Center point of rear axle straightahead position



M2: Center point with opposite rear axle steering Virtual shortening of the wheelbase

4_16_16

Function Up to a speed of approx. 30 mph (50 km/h), the system steers the rear wheel in the opposite direction to the steering direction of the front wheels (opposite steering). The maximum rear toe angle adjustment here is 2.00°. In terms of geometry, this results in a virtual shortening of the wheelbase by approx. 9.8 inches (250 mm) and ensures both greater agility and day-to-day usability.

0.45 m

This facilitates manoeuvring and parking and the turning circle is reduced by approx 17.7 inches (0.45 m).

Reduction in turning circle through rear axle steering

82

4_17_16

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

A significantly higher average speed can also be achieved in the obstacle avoidance test (360 ft/110 m) and slalom test (118 ft/36 m) with rear axle steering. At speeds of over approx. 50 mph (80 km/h), the system steers the rear wheels parallel to the front wheels (same direction). As a result, lateral forces, in particular, are built up faster than with an unsteered rear axle. This enables the vehicle to turn faster into the bend and allows more dynamic steering behavior. As a result, fast

Chassis

lane changes on highways, for example, are even smoother and safer. This results in faster as well as more spontaneous and more harmonious initiation of changes in direction, which increases agility and overall driving dynamics.

1 2 4_23_16

The maximum rear steering angle here is 1.50°. In terms of geometry, this results in virtual lengthening of the wheelbase by approx. 19.6 inches (500 mm) and increases

1 without rear axle steering

driving stability, particularly at high speeds.

2 with rear axle steering

At speeds of between 30 and 50 mph (50 and 80 km/h), the system continuously switches between steering in the same and opposite direction as appropriate to the driving situation.



M1: Center point of rear axle straightahead position



M2: Center point with same-direction rear axle steering

Virtual lengthening of the wheelbase

4_18_16

83

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Thanks to its variability, rear axle steering helps to resolve the conflict of objectives in terms of driving dynamics between agility and driving stability. The result not only offers advantages in terms of maneuvrability, driving safety and day-to-day usability, but also increases the maximum driving dynamics. Lap times on race tracks, for example, can be improved as a result.

Chassis

The turning circle is reduced by approx. 19.6 inches (0.5 m) (see Figure 4_17_16) when the rear wheels are at the maximum steering angle (+2 degrees). Design The rear axle steering system comprises two electromechanical actuators, which are installed instead of the conventional toe control arms on the axle and are synchronized electronically via a private CAN. The actuators consist of an electric motor, which drives a threaded spindle by means of a belt drive. The resulting linear movement permits a maximum rear axle steering adjustment angle of approx. +2 degrees or -1.5° on the 911 Carrera MY 2017. By way of comparison, a steering angle of 2° at the wheels of the front axle is comparable with a steering angle of approx. 30° from the centre position on the steering wheel.

Passive and active tie rod

4_19_16

The passive toe control arm on the rear axle is replaced by an active toe control arm, the so-called actuator.

84

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1 4 5 2

6 3

Chassis

7 1 Locking solenoid 2 Mounting on wheel carrier

Actuator for rear-axle steering

4_20_16

3 Electronic component carrier EKT 4 Spindle drive 5 Mounting on chassis subframe

8

6 Cable connection

1

7 Electric motor 8 Spindle leadthrough 9 PC board with processor

9

Actuator

4_21_16

85

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

1

3 Chassis

2

4

5 1 Gasket 2 Cable connection 3 Spindle-side pulley

1

4 Toothed belt 5 Motor-side pulley Actuator design

4.2.1

86

4_22_16

RAS control unit



System self-diagnosis at vehicle start and during operation



Reading controller input signals from Chassis CAN



Generation and transmission of output signals for rear axle steering system



Execution of control logic



Actuator system activation for steering angle adjustment



Execution of safety logic



Execution of diagnostic routines



Execution of end-of-line routines



Interface management



Display request for fault messages and system settings to the instrument cluster



Communication with other control units via CAN

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

System overview

Chassis CAN „

Steering angle/FA prefix



Steering wheel angular velocity



Individual wheel speed



Lateral acceleration



Longitudinal acceleration



Engine speed



Various status bits (roles, transport mode, etc.)

Chassis

Gateway

Instrument cluster „

Text



Symbols



RAS deactivation

RAS

RAS

master

slave

(transmit and

(only receive Synchronization/

receive authorization) left vehicle side

authorization) right vehicle side

Diagnosis via master

Chassis CAN „

Chassis CAN Private CAN Comfort CAN

Offset angle and prefix for the rear axle



RAS warnings



RAS status



RAS service fault



RAS steering angle QBit



RAS checksums and message counter

4_24_16

87

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.2.2

Display of fault messages

Communication of a fault message takes place via the Chassis CAN from the rear axle steering to the gateway and from there to the instrument cluster. 577 km

577 km Chassis

Rear wh. Steering fault Adapted driving permitted

Fault, can be acknowledged, not displayed again

88

04_70_16

Rear-wh steering failure Careful continuation possible

Warning, can be acknowledged, displayed again after 15 minutes

04_66_16

CHAPTER4

4.3

Front axle lift system

A lift system on the front axle is available as an option on the new 911 models for

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

the first time. Function The electrohydraulic system can raise the front axle by approx. 40 mm, measured from the front edge of the front spoiler. This leads to a higher approach angle

Chassis

depending on the model variant of up to three degrees: up to approx 37 mph (60 km/h). The vehicle is automatically lowered if the speed threshold is exceeded.

FA lift system

Front-axle lift function

4_41_16

4_08_16

The lift system increases the approach angle by 3° (from 9.7° to 12.7°) and increases the ground clearance at the front axle to improve day-to-day usability and make it easier to drive e.g. into garages, multi-story parking garages and over speed bumps. The risk of sustaining damage on curbs is also significantly reduced. The system is operated via a separate button in the center console. The system can only be activated with the engine running.

89

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Raising and lowering the front axle takes approx. 5 seconds. The system status is displayed on the instrument cluster. At extremely low temperatures, it may take as long as approx. 18 seconds for the front axle to lift completely. When raised, the damping properties of the front axle change and noise may be heard in the area of the front axle coil springs during steering movements.

Chassis

4.3.1

Lifting the front axle



Press the “Front axle lift system” button



The vehicle is raised at the front axle within approx. 5 seconds.

The indicator light on the button flashes and a message appears on the multi-function display indicating that the front end is being raised. When the front axle is fully raised: „

the indicator light on the button lights up



a message appears momentarily indicating that the front end is raised



the word “LIFT” is displayed on the digital speedometer

4.3.2

Button for FA lift system

4_14_16

Lowering the front axle



Press the “Front axle lift system” button (doors must be closed).



The vehicle is lowered to the basic level.

The indicator light on the button flashes and a message appears on the multi-function display indicating that the front end is being lowered. When the front axle is fully lowered:

90



the indicator light on the button goes off,



a message appears momentarily indicating that the front end is lowered and



the word “LIFT” on the digital speedometer disappears.

CHAPTER4

4.3.3

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Hydraulic lift system

1 Chassis

4 1 Spring strut with actuator

2

5

3

2 Wheel housing disconnection point 3 T-fitting 4 Control unit

Overview of FA lift system

4_01_16

5 Hydraulic unit

A hydraulically operated actuator located on the spring strut performs the lifting procedure. There is an actuator fitted to each spring strut on the front axle. The lifting function is actuated via a hydraulic pump. The hydraulic unit pumps fluid through a flexible pipe first. At the first disconnection point, the fluid is transferred to the rigid pipe that runs in the center tunnel up to the T-fitting for the front left and front right. The flow of fluid is split and directed along rigid and then flexible pipes to the FR and FL actuators in the spring struts.

Hydraulic unit

Hydraulic unit with acoustic capsule

4_02_16

Hydraulic unit in foam

4_03_16

Hydraulic unit installation position

4_07_16

91

911 Carrera Model Year 2017



The pump is bolted to the body via an acoustic capsule



Rubber elements reduce noise transmission



The connection to the rigid pipe is made using a decoupler that allows the pump to be disconnected without getting air into the system

Chassis



The pump is embedded in foam for additional sound insulation



System pressure approx. 1450 psi (100 bar)

Actuator The task of the hydraulic pump is to fill both actuators. The volume capacity of each actuator is approx. 2.78 oz (82 ml). If the system is ready for operation (connection to terminal 30F) and the switch-on pressure has exceeded the preset threshold, the hydraulic unit fills the actuators on the spring strut until the switch-off pressure is reached and then switches off again automatically. A check valve in the valve block continuously and reliably prevents hydraulic fluid from flowing back out of the reservoir. A pressure control valve provides a safeguard in the event of pressure peaks/malfunctions. At room temperature, the lift function takes approx. 5 seconds. During lowering, the system reverts to a depressurized state so that the axle load returns the vehicle to normal position in approx. 5 seconds.

CAN 5 1

7

1 Control unit 2 Integrated valve block

6

3 Hydraulic unit including fluid reservoir 4 Level sensor, front right 5 Level sensor, front left 6 Disconnection points in wheel housing

3

2

8

7 Front left actuator

4

8 Front right actuator FA lift circuit diagram

92

4_04_16

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Chassis

Line routing on wheel carrier

4_12_16

Line routing on wheel carrier, side view

4_13_16

2-component concave washer

4_09_16

The hydraulic line is rigid all the way to the connection point in the wheel housing. After the connection point, it is flexible.

FA lift actuator

4_05_16

Twist lock

4_06_16

In order to prevent the line from kinking, the hydraulic connection on the actuator is

The bellows are sealed via a 2-component

attached in such a way that it cannot turn.

concave washer

93

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Decoupler The connection between the rigid and flexible line is established via a decoupler. The decoupler is detached from the bracket prior to removal. The retaining clips on the coupling are then carefully widened using a suitable tool and the decoupler is detached without air getting into the system.

Chassis

Decoupler installation position

4.4

4_10_16 Decoupler detached and connected

4_11_16

Chassis systems

4.4.1

System overview

The following list provides an overview of the current allocation of chassis systems for the individual models.

SCP (MT/PDK) including PADM Front-axle lift PTV/PTV+ (PTV+ only for 991-PDK) PDCC + RAS only for PASM RAS

C2/C4

C2S/C4S

I-no.

I-no.

I-no.

I-no.

I-no.

Standard

-

I-no.

-

package

Front-axle lift becomes I-no. across the board

PDCC + RAS option for S models RAS becomes I-no.

Coupé only

for S models Sports chassis

-

I-no.

discontinued for basic models

only 991 Coupé PASM

to the 991 II

I-no.

PASM +aerodynamic

Changes compared

Standard

Standard

PASM standard for all models

The conventional dampers are no longer available from model year 2017.

94

CHAPTER4

4.4.2

Porsche Active Suspension Management PASM

The new 911 Carrera models are equipped as standard with the electronically

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

controlled Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) damper system with active and continuous control of the shock absorbers on the front and rear axles including a 10 mm lowering of the vehicle height compared to the previous models without PASM.

4.4.3

Chassis

PASM sports chassis

The PASM sports chassis has been redesigned to the same extent as the standard PASM. Compared to this version, the body is 10 mm lower, which lowers the vehicle center of gravity even further. This has a positive effect on the lateral dynamic capabilities of the vehicle in particular.

The PASM sports chassis is only optionally available for the 911 Carrera S

4.4.4

Coupé models.

Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC)

The optional PDCC is also available in conjunction with the optional rear axle steering. PDCC minimizes the lateral inclination of the vehicle when cornering and also reduces lateral instability on uneven surfaces and when changing direction quickly, resulting in neutral handling.

4.4.5

Cruise control with braking intervention

When driving downhill, cruise control can maintain the stored set cruise speed by initiating automatic braking interventions. This happens when a deceleration request is issued to the DME (up to max. 0.1g). Cruise control constantly maintains any desired speed between approximately

PASM

4_45_16

20-150 mph (30-240 km/h). If “PSM off” is selected, the system is switched to “PSM on” when the target speed is set.

Trigger pulse CAN bus

Digital engine electronics

Deceleration request

Build-up of brake pressure

In case of speed deviation 4_64_16

95

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.5

3rd generation Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPM)

From MY 2017, the 3rd generation of Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPM) will be used on the 911 Carrera for the first time.

Chassis



Direct-measuring unidirectional TPM system



Special TPM valves with installed wheel electronics (WE) (same as gen 2.6 TPM in the 991)

System overview

W E

CCU

W E

CCU = Compact control unit With integrated antenna and off center installation

TPM

4_53_16

WE= Wheel electronics W E

TPM overview

96

W E

Sensor with detection of direction of rotation

4_34_16

CHAPTER4

4.5.1

Wheel electronics

Wheel electronics units are installed at all four wheels, which wirelessly transmit all

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

the required information to the TPM control unit. The compact wheel electronics units comprise several individual components: „

Valve



Pressure sensor



Temperature sensor



Battery



Voltage monitoring



Transmitter Generation 2.6

Chassis

Generation 3

4_54_16

Wireless data transmission The wireless data transmission takes place at specified intervals. The following data is transmitted to the TPM control unit via the four wheel electronics units: „

Wheel sensor ID



Measured tire pressure



Air temperature in the tire



Residual battery life of the wheel sensors

The wheel electronics only transmit their information while the vehicle is moving. After extended idle periods, the pressure display only becomes active once the journey is started and the vehicle exceeds speeds of approx. 16 mph (25 km/h).See message in the instrument cluster.

97

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Transmission behaviour of the wheel electronics The wheel electronics enter into energy-saving mode approx. 5 minutes after the vehicle is stationary and stop transmitting new data. A change in tire pressure of more than 1.5 psi (0.1 bar) deactivates energy-saving mode.

Chassis

The wheel electronics start transmitting again after approx. 2 minutes.

4.5.2

TPM control unit (compact control unit)

The TPM control unit receives the radio signals from the wheel electronics, evaluates them and transmits the information to the instrument cluster, where the information can be displayed. It is equipped with an integrated antenna in order to receive the wireless signals. The system can no longer actively interrogate the TPM Gen3 wheel electronics due to the

Wheel positions

omission of the transmitters in the wheel housings.

The wheel positions are learned automatically through evaluation of the side and axle determination

Side determination During side determination, the directions of rotation of the individual wheels are determined by acceleration sensors in the wheel electronics.

Front and rear axle detection Front axle/rear axle detection is performed using different signal levels. These signal levels are determined by the different distances between the wheel electronics and the control unit with integral antenna, which is mounted on the front axle at an offset. The further the sensors are positioned away from the control unit, the lower the level of the transmitted signal. Communication with the instrument cluster takes place via MMI CAN.

98

CHAPTER4

4.5.3

TPM operating and display concept

The previous Porsche TPM operating and display concept has been retained as far

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

as possible. The required tire pressures of all approved tires to be monitored, load conditions and operating modes where applicable (standard/comfort pressure) are stored in Chassis

the instrument cluster as previously.

Pressure display on instrument cluster All pressures are displayed at the end of the trip until the ignition is switched OFF (regardless of the wheel electronics transmission mode) If the ignition is switched ON again within approx. 10 minutes, all pressures continue to be displayed. Service It also remains possible to add additional tires (e.g. Tequipment) including the required pressures at the free positions in the “Tire type” menu by means of the PIWIS tester. The TPM menu is entered directly by acknowledging the actual pressure display “Tire pressure”.

Tire pressure Fill info Tire type:

Tire pressure

Full load Comfort press.

4_47_16

4_48_16

The first level shows the TPM status with the configured tire type to be monitored and its dimensions (“19” S"=19-inch summer tires), the specifications for the selected load condition and ‟ if available for selection ‟ the mode (standard/comfort pressure).

99

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Adaptation of the load condition The relevant mode is selected by placing a tick for “Fully load.” and ‟ if available ‟ “Comfort press.”. If no tick is displayed, this means that the partial load pressure is valid and the standard pressure mode (up to vmax). The 2nd level is reached by confirmation of “Tire type”. Here it is then possible to

Chassis

select the approved tires.

Tire type

Pressure deviation

Summer Winter Full load

Summer Always use the pressure deviations from the

Winter

“Fill info” to fill the tires correctly (negative pressure deviations must be topped up).

4_49_16

4_50_16

Service The temperature-compensated pressure deviations (from the required pressure) are displayed in the 2nd level after confirming “Fill info”.

100

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Teaching wheel set „

Vehicle is stationary for at least 5 minutes



Installed tire type selected in the TPM menu



Message: “System is learning above 16 mph (25 km/h)” (see Figure 4_51_16)



Travelling at v > 16 mph (25 km/h)



Ideally, drive without stopping until the pressures are displayed



Learning time less than 2 minutes

Chassis

The system only teaches the wheel electronics while the vehicle is moving. Stationary phases can extend the learning time significantly. Deviations from the teaching procedure described can lengthen the teaching time significantly. The teaching process is only completed UNSUCCESSFULLY if the message “Tire pressure monitoring fault” is displayed.

Tire pressure monitoring fault Service necessary

Tire change? Update settings

4_60_16

Measurement

4_61_16 4_51_16

Message: “Wheel change detected” „

The system is able to automatically recognise a wheel change or a change of the wheel electronics. The message that appears on the instrument cluster: “Wheel change detected” Initiate the learning process for a new set of wheels according to the description

101

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.6

Wheels – tires

4.6.1

Wheels

The 20-inch RS Spyder Design wheel has been redesigned. Chassis

The wheel range now includes the 20-inch Carrera Sport wheel from Exclusive. The wheels on the rear axle have been widened from 11 inches to 11.5 inches.

Rim design

4_42_16

Basic (Carrera 6)

S (Carrera S4)

I-no. (Carrera Classic II)

I-no. (RS Spyder Design)

In the flow forming process, parts of the cast wheel blank are rolled and compressed to produce a thinner wall thickness while achieving maximum stability ‟ a decisive advantage for the driving dynamics of unsprung masses.

Rim design

All rims are cast and then further processed using the flow forming method.

102

4_38_16

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Personalization options for 20-inch Carrera S wheels

Chassis

20-inch alloy wheels

Carrera S wheel

Silver XRD

Platinum (satin gloss) XDH

Black (satin gloss) XDK

Painted in exterior color XD9

---

---

---

(EXC)

wheel

Jet Black Metallic XDL

Standard

Carrera Sport wheel

Carrera Classic

Black (high gloss) XDG

---

---

---

4_39_16

4.6.2

Tires

A new generation of 19-inch and 20-inch summer tires will be introduced on the new 911 models. The new generation of summer tires have extremely good dry handling characteristics, while the wet handling characteristics have been improved. A special rubber compound yields additional benefits for greater fuel economy. During the development of the summer tires, engineers focused on a consistent lightweight construction, outstanding traction and driving stability, optimum driving

4_43_16

comfort, low rolling resistance, an improved wear pattern and a long tire service life. The rear tires on the rear-wheel-drive models were also widened. Subsequently, the rear tires on the new 911 Carrera models are 295 mm wide and the rear tires on the new 911 Carrera S models are 305 mm wide. This adjustment was intended to achieve uniform tire widths on the rear-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive models.

103

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.7

Brakes

4.7.1

Variants of the brake system on the 911 Carrera MY 2017

The braking performance was adapted due to the higher engine power. The dimensions of the brake system have changed as a result. Chassis

The table below contains the dimensions of the individual brake discs on the new 911 Carrera models. Overview of brake disc dimensions: Model

Front axle

991 II



(991)

Rear axle

GCI: Ø 330 x 34 mm



(Ø 330 x 28 mm) „

(Ø 330 x 28 mm)

GCI: Ø 350 x 34 mm



(Ø 330 x 34 mm) 991 II S (991 S)



PCCB: Ø 410 x 36 mm (Ø 350 x 34 mm)

GCI: Ø 330 x 34 mm

GCI: Ø 330 x 34 mm (Ø 330 x 28 mm)



PCCB: Ø 390 x 32 mm (Ø 350 x 28 mm)

PCCB for 991 II Carrera/S adopted from 991 Turbo/S

4.7.2

Grey cast iron composite brake disc

Design The grey cast iron composite brake fitted to the front axle of the new 911 Carrera S models offers a further increase in braking power and features lightweight brake disc hubs made of aluminum. Braking power is increased above all by using larger brake discs, brake calipers and friction surfaces as well as by improved brake cooling. 4_63_16

The change to composite brake discs with brake disc hubs made of aluminum made it possible to reduce the system weight compared with one-piece brake discs made of grey cast iron.

104

CHAPTER4

The brake discs on the front axle were increased in size from dia. 330 mm to dia. 350 mm. In combination with the larger brake calipers and brake pads, it was therefore possible to increase the effective friction area by approx. 10% on the front

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

axle. The cross-drilled brake discs are cooled primarily by redesigned, involute-shaped cooling ducts and more efficient ventilation of the brake system. Ventilation has been

Chassis

significantly improved compared with the predecessor model and is now realized by means of one enlarged air guide vane per wheel on the front axle (control arm spoiler). Objective The disc technology with compound brake discs including grey cast iron friction ring and aluminum brake hubs on the front axle of the 911 Carrera S MY 2017 is new. Compared to similar single-piece cast iron brake discs, the aluminum brake hubs offer a weight advantage for unsprung masses of approx. 8.8 lbs (4 kg)/vehicle. In addition to reducing the vehicle weight, this also reduces the rotating and unsprung masses and improves driving dynamics. The brake disc hubs and brake discs (friction rings) are connected by means of several radially arranged pins made of stainless steel.

4.7.3

Grey cast iron brake on S models

4_55_16

PCCB brake

4_56_16

Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake (PCCB)

The optional Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake (PCCB) on the new 911 models was adopted from the current 911 Turbo. With a diameter of 410 mm on the front axle and 390 mm on the rear axle, the discs are much larger compared to the predecessor models. The PCCB is available only in combination with 20-inch wheels.

105

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.7.4

Comparison of PCCB brake disc connection systems

A new feature is the use of brake discs with a modified screw connection between the brake disc hub and the brake disc friction ring. The brake disc friction ring is screwed permanently to the brake disc hub.

Chassis

This zero-play screw connection reduces noise during braking.

911 Turbo MY 2015 with PCCB

911 Carrera MY 2017 with PCCB

Spring-mounted connection (brake disc friction ring/hub):

Screw connection (brake disc friction ring/hub):

4_57_16

4.7.5

Multi-collision brake

The multi-collision brake is a standard feature on the 911 Carrera MY 2017. If a collision is detected, braking is initiated automatically with a maximum braking deceleration force of 0.6g when the vehicle is traveling at a speed of more than approximately 6 mph (10 km/h).

106

CHAPTER4

In the event of an accident, multi-collision braking can help the driver to reduce the risk of skidding and the danger of further collisions during the accident by initiating braking automatically.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Function Multi-collision braking only works: Chassis



in the event of front, side and rear-end collisions,



if the airbag control unit detects a corresponding activation threshold during an accident,



if an accident occurs when the vehicle is travelling at a speed above approx. 6 mph (10 km/h).

The driver has the option of actively intervening in the braking process at any time and intensifying braking by actuating the brake pedal or interrupting braking by accelerating (accelerator pedal position > 90%). Only software modifications in the existing PSM control unit and the airbag control unit are required to implement the function. 4_59_16

In the event of a collision, the multi-collision brake is triggered by a pulse from the airbag control unit. The activation threshold is connected to the seat-belt pretensioner/airbag threshold.

Multi-collision brake

only adapted SW (use of airbag thresholds)

PSM automatically brakes the vehicle provided the hydraulic brake system, PSM and the electrical system are not damaged

Trigger pulse

and are still working after the accident.

BUS

Build-up of brake pressure

Multi-collision brake Functional representation of the multi-collision brake

Max. braking decel. at 0.6 g up to 6 mph (10 km/h)

4_37_16

107

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.8

Steering wheel

The design of the new sports steering wheel is based on that of the 918 Spyder steering wheel and in combination with optional Sport Chrono package, includes a mode switch for selecting the different driving modes directly on the steering wheel. The GT sports steering wheel is available as an option. With a diameter of 360 mm,

Chassis

the steering wheel is 15 mm smaller than the standard sports steering wheel. It therefore ensures an even more direct steering feel. In addition, the multi-function and heated steering wheel options are available for all steering wheels.

4.8.1

Sport Chrono package

The Sport Chrono package for the 911 Carrera MY 2017 has been modified significantly. Design The various driving modes are now no longer selected using buttons on the center 4_44_16

console, but instead via a rotary selector switch located in the redesigned steering wheel. This is the mode switch. Individual mode is now available in addition to the three existing modes Normal, SPORT and SPORT PLUS. Function The settings for the PASM, sports exhaust system, auto start/stop function and rear spoiler can be combined individually based on Normal mode or SPORT modes via a corresponding menu in the instrument cluster. The stored combination can be retrieved again the next time the vehicle is started by turning the mode switch. With the Sport Chrono package, the standard SPORT button in the center console

4_58_16

is omitted. The stopwatch in the dashboard upper section remains part of the package.

108

CHAPTER4

4.8.2

Sport Response button

Another new function in the Sport Chrono package is the SPORT Response button

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

located in the center of the mode switch in conjunction with PDK. The SPORT Response button on the new 911 gives the driver the option of changing the responsiveness of the vehicle directly at the press of a button. For further information on this topic, see Chapter 2.

4.8.3

Chassis

PSM Sport

In conjunction with the Sport Chrono package, the Porsche Stability Management (PSM) system on the new 911 models features a PSM Sport mode that can be activated separately. Briefly pressing the PSM button in the center console (< 1 second) sets the PSM system to an extremely sporty mode. In this mode, the driver can push closer to the limit range of the vehicle. However, the PSM remains constantly active in the background. PSM Sport mode can be activated independently of the selected driving mode. If the PSM button is pressed for longer than one second, “PSM off” becomes active.

109

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

4.8.4

Overview of mode switch from Sport Chrono package (SCP) Mode switch (Sport Chrono Package)

-0-

-S-

- SP -

-I-

NORMAL

SPORT

SPORT PLUS

INDIVIDUAL

Sport Response button

Chassis

(for maximum 20 s) Drive Responsiveness

Normal

Sport

Performance

Performance

Rev-limiter



Active

Active

Sport



Active

Active

Active

Accelerator pedal characteristic Idle speed increase Rev-limiter Intermediate throttle application during downshifts

Pre-selection:

Sound symposers Backfire



Active



Shifting characteristic/ gearshift sequence

Normal

Sport

Performance

Launch Control





Active

Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS



PDK SPORT RESPONSE Active Pre-selection: PTM

Normal

Normal

Sport

Auto start/stop Coasting

Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS A_Off (auto start/stop, coasting, virtual gears

Active





Normal

Sport

Performance

Pre-selection:

Sport

Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS

Virtual gears



Chassis Dynamic engine mounts PTV Plus PASM

Normal

Normal

1)

PDCC

Sports chassis Normal

Normal

Sport

Rear-axle steering PSM

(PASM, PDCC, rear axle steering)

Pre-selection: Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS

“PSM Sport” function via PSM button on centre console

Other Dynamic cornering light Dynamic high beam (option)3) Adaptive cruise control (optional)4) Sports exhaust system Rear spoiler

Pre-selection: Normal

Sport

Sport

Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS



Active

Active

On/off

Dependent on speed being travelled at

1) PASM program additionally adjustable individually via PASM button 2) Dynamic high beam only in conjunction with PDLSPlus (LED headlights)

110

Pre-selection: Normal, SPORT or SPORT PLUS

Retracted/ extended

3) In conjunction with the adaptive cruise control option incl. Active Safe (PAS)

CHAPTER4

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Chassis

111

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 5 Body

Chassis

112

CHAPTER5

5

Body

5.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The body shell of MY 2012-2016 911 Carrera has been largely carried over into the MY 2017 911 Carrera.

5.1.1

Body

Comparison of technical data

…by history Unit Bodyshell

911 Coupé

911 Coupé

911 Coupé

model year 16 model year 12 model year 05

lbs

551

553

606

-

0.29

0.29

0.30

Length

inches

177.1

176.8

174.6

Width

inches

77.9

77.9

76.9

Height

inches

50.9

51.3

51.6

weight cd value

Extract, data available at copy deadline, subject to change

5.2

Bodyshell

Objective The objective in designing the bodyshell for the 911 derivative for model year

Aluminum

2017 was to adopt the bodyshell of the 911 models from model year 2012-2016

Ultra-high-strength steel (heat formed, boron-alloyed)

to the greatest possible extent.

High-strength steel (micro-alloyed steel) Higher-strength steel (multi-phase steels) Deep-drawn steel (soft grade)

5.1 Overview 5.1.1 Box-type bodyshell 911 (991) - Coupé

113

Comparison of technical data

5_02_16

113

5.2 Bodyshell

113

5.2.1

Add-on parts

120

5.2.2

Passive safety

121

5.2.3

Repair concepts

122

5.2.4

Special tools & workshop equipment 123

113

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body

Design The 911 models for model year 2017 have a similar body shell as the model year 2012-2016 911 models in an aluminum/steel composite design. The idea behind this intelligent lightweight construction concept is use of “the right material in the right place”. Meaning: „

Extensive use of aluminum to reduce the vehicle weight



Use of ultra-high-strength steel for greater body rigidity and optimum passenger safety

Box-type bodyshell 911 (991) Cabriolet

5_03_16

The box-type bodyshell is divided into the three groups: body front section, floorpan assembly and rear end as described below.

Box-type bodyshell The bodyshell of the 911 model year 2017 is based on the body of the 911 model year 2012 - 2016. Design Changes were only made in the following areas: The modifications described apply to all derivatives of the 911 (991) models from model year 2017.



Body front section: horn connection, battery box cross member, battery box, body front section subframe



Floorpan assembly: Center tunnel



Rear end: Cross member filler plate, seat well, cross member, wheel housing console, bracket, tank fastening, seat belt fastening

114

CHAPTER5

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The changes implemented are primarily cut modifications to components and relocated or additional tucker studs.

Body

8

7 3

6

2 9 5 1

4 10

11 Bodyshell 911 (991) model year 2017

Repair

5_01_16

1 Fanfare connection

The same joining techniques are used. This means that the familiar flow-drill screws,

2 Battery box cross member

high-strength blind rivets, MAG welding, spot welding and two-component body adhesive

3 Battery box

are still used in the event of repairs.

4 Body front section subframe 5 Center tunnel 6 Cross member filler plate 7 Seat well 8 Cross member 9 Wheel housing console 10 Bracket 11 Tank fastening

115

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body front section The structure of the body front section has been adopted from the 911 models model year 2012 ‟ 2016. The horn connection on the bodyshell side was omitted from rear-wheel-drive models, where the horns are fitted to the front retaining strip. The brackets for the horns on the all-wheel drive models are the same as those on

Body

the models from model year 2012 ‟ 2016. The retaining strip with the horn connections is the same for all models/derivatives from model year 2017. Design

Rear-wheel drive

911, model years 2012 to 2016

1

911 model year 2017

3

2

1 Horn connection on bodyshell side 2 Horn connection discontinued 3 Horn holder on retaining strip 4 Retaining strip

All-wheel drive

4

Horn connection

5_04_16

In addition to the horn connection, the battery box cross member and the battery box itself have been modified. This is designed as an assembly part and is bolted to the bodyshell. A weight reduction of 2.2 lbs (1 kg) has been achieved compared to the 911 models from model year 2012 - 2016. Repair The repair concept for the body front section is the same as for the 911 models from Battery box cross member

116

5_05_16

model year 2012 ‟ 2016.

CHAPTER5

This means that in the event of structural damage that exceeds the specified bodyshell tolerance of the cast components of +/- 2 mm, the luggage compartment or, depending on the further damage, the entire body front section must be replaced.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Floorpan assembly The floorpan assembly has also largely been adopted from the 911 models from

Body

model year 2012 ‟ 2016. Design Modifications in the area around the floorpan assembly primarily concern the tunnel, where the screw point and the recess for the front-axle final drive have been moved and added for the distribution piece on the front axle lift system.

1

2

1 Modified screw points 2 Modified recesses

Tunnel 911 (991) model year 2017

5_06_16

Repair The repair concept for the floorpan assembly is the same as for the 911 models from model year 2012 ‟ 2016.

Rear end Most bodyshell modifications were made in the rear end. Additional tucker studs, recesses and other fastening parts were integrated here.

117

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body

1

1 Bracket Bodyshell, rear end

5_07_16

Design The rib structures in the area around the cast bracket part have been adapted. New seat belt fastenings, a mounting point for the front axle lift compressor and a second fastening point for the engine ground strap have also been integrated. Cuts, local shape modifications, tucker studs and fastening points for the belt have been incorporated into all other components such as the cross member filler plate, seat well, wheel housings and rear cross member. The seat belt fastening is therefore laid from the wheel housings to the bracket. Repair The complete rear end is available as a spare part for the model year 2017 model year 911 models. The procedure for repairing the seat belt

The repair procedure for the body rear section is the same as for the 911 models

fastening in the cast part is described in

from model year 2012 ‟ 2016.

the chapter “Thread repair”.

118

CHAPTER5

Side sections Changes also had to be made in the area around the side sections, more specifically

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

the cut in the tail light frame. Design The side section group consists of an outer and inner side section, whereby the inner

Body

side section is the same as that of the 911 models from model year 2012 ‟ 2016. Outer side section Design The redesigned tail lights required a modification to the cut in the area around the tail light frame.

1 1 Cut in tail light frame Outer side section 911 (991), model year 2017

5_08_16

Repair The procedures for repairing the side section are the same as for the 911 models from model year 2012 ‟ 2016.

Only the specified separating cuts and joining techniques are permitted during bodyshell repairs.

119

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

5.2.1

Add-on parts

Objective The doors, fenders and front lid has largely been adopted from the 911 models from model year 2012 – 2016 for all derivatives. On the bodyshell side, modifications

Body

were made to the headlight retaining plates and door outer shell.

Headlight retaining plate Design One very significant new feature is the omission of the bolted headlight retaining plate. 911, model years 2012 to 2016

911 Model Year 2017

Main headlight connection on 911 model year 2017

1

5_09_16

2

1 Headlight with retaining plate on 911 model year 2012 – 2016 2 Headlight without retaining plate on 911 model year 2017 Omission of headlight retaining plate

120

5_10_16

CHAPTER5

The xenon headlights no longer have a retaining plate, the main headlight housing is secured to the bodyshell directly by two screws and located in position by two pins. The basic shape of the fenders has not changed. Only one additional hole for

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

inserting the clips that fasten the GSM and online antennas has been added in the area around the retaining plates. Repair

Body

The front apron must be detached to remove the headlights. The unlocking key is no longer included in the tool kit. The bulbs for the additional high beam must be replaced in the workshop.

Doors

1

The door shape was adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 – 2016. Because the finger plate has been omitted on the 911 models from model year 2017, the cut in the outer door panel has been modified in this area. The door handle is integrated directly in the door outer shell, which is deep drawn at this point.

Headlight retaining plate

5_11_16

1 Hole for fastening clips

Outer door handle 911 model year 2016

Outer door panel 911 model year 2017

5.2.2

5_12_16

5_13_16

Passive safety

Objective The passive safety of a vehicle includes all measures that are taken to minimize the consequences of an accident. Various types of high-strength, higher-strength and ultra-high-strength steel as well as aluminum components are used for this purpose on the 911 models from model year 2017. These materials are used in such a way in the vehicle that the impact created during an accident is routed through the bodyshell via defined load paths. The objective is to prevent any deformation or even destruction of the passenger compartment.

121

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

5.2.3

Repair concepts

Thread repair There are five different repair sets designed specifically for the 911 series model year 2017 for performing thread repairs on die-cast aluminum components. A PorscheBody

specific threaded bush for repairs is used to integrate the belt fastening in the cast part at the rear end. A special insertion bushing is used for repairing aluminum ground pins.

The blind rivet nut manual device Gesipa/ Compact Booster ‟ Blindniettechnik, No. 125 is required to repair the aluminum ground pin.

1 4

2

3

1 Spring strut mounting point 2 Luggage compartment cross-member 3 Bracket (see also Figure 5_15_16) 4 Engine mounts 5 Seat belt fastening Overview of threaded inserts

5_14_16

Threaded bush for belt mount: 999.504.164.01 (7/16 inch internal thread; external, metric) A new screw-in tool is necessary for this purpose: „

Special tool no. 9843/4



Time-Sert thread repair set

5

M16x1.5 no. 9397 Support

122

5_15_16

CHAPTER5

5.2.4

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Special tools & workshop equipment

Special tool The 911 straightening set (model year 2012-2016 (VAS 6756A) in conjunction with an electronic measuring system or the measuring adapters of the electronic measuring system (VAS 6527/6528) are used for body repairs on the Porsche 911 model year

Body

2017. This equipment is set up and used in the same way as existing straightening benches for current vehicle models. It is manufactured by the companies Car-o-liner and Celette. As with the 911 Cabriolet and Targa, there is an additional portal gauge (VAS 5007/84) for the model year 2017 911 models to ensure that the B-pillar is fitted correctly.

MZ Plus VAS 6630

Illustration

5_17_16

VAS 6756A

5_16_16

5_18_16

5_17_16

Straightening bench with portal

5_16_16

gauge VAS 5007/84

5_18_16

Cabriolet Order number

ASE 485 121 00 000 Targa

ASE 4333200000

ASE 48500100000 ASE 48510100000

ASE 485 43800000 Purpose

Portal gauge 911

Straightening set

(model year 2012)

mounting

Straightening set

Here the straightening sets are only used to secure the components. Calibration must always be performed using an electronic measuring system due to the narrow bodyshell tolerances already mentioned.

123

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Workshop equipment The main component of the workshop equipment is a body measuring and straightening system. Various options are available here. A detailed description of the approved tools can be found in PIWIS. Only the most important workshop equipment is described briefly here.

Body

The complete body straightening system package (V.A.G 1920) consists of straightening bench, straightening device with foot pump and accessory trolley. Another option for measuring and repairing the body is the electronic measuring system (VAS 6527). The installed software includes data for the 911 models from model year 2017. Illustration Order number Purpose

Straightening system package V.A.G 1920

5_19_16

Electronic measuring system VAS 6527

5_20_16

124

5_19_16

5_20_16

ASE 40645100000

ASE 40645600000

For body repairs

For body repairs

CHAPTER5

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Body

125

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 6 Body – Exterior equipment

Body

126

CHAPTER6

6

Body – Exterior equipment

6.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

On 16 April 1962, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche presented his original-sized model of the 911, which was still named the 901. His father Ferry and the rest of the

Body – Exterior equipment

management team were enthusiastic. Nevertheless, at the time, scarcely anyone believed that the shape that stood in front of them would turn up again, more than 50 years later, almost unchanged, in the seventh generation of the Porsche 911. On closer inspection, however, it soon becomes evident what makes the design of the 911 so unique. For Ferdinand Porsche, design was not an end in itself but a means to an end. For example, the muscular contours of the rear end are naturally derived from the fact that the engine of the vehicle is located in the rear end. Back then, the principle was as simple as it is today: form follows function. The vehicle’s engineering was to be its calling card. It is precisely this concentration on the fundamentals that provided the basis for the Porsche 911 becoming the design icon that it is today.

6_02_16

6_01_16

6.1 Overview

127

6.2 Design

128

6.3 Front view

128

6.3.1

129

Front apron

6.4 Side view

131

6.4.1

Side skirts

131

6.4.2

Exterior mirrors

131

6.4.3

Doors

132

6.5 Rear view

132

6.5.1

Rear apron

133

6.5.2

Rear spoiler

135

6.5.3

Rear lid

136

6.6 Aerodynamics

137

6.7 Roof systems

138

127

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

6.2

Design

Objective Against the backdrop of this story, we can imagine how high the bar is when it comes to enhancing the design of the 911. With each new generation, designers are faced

Body – Exterior equipment

with the challenge of visually updating the Porsche 911 without destroying the iconic design. Luckily, Weissach is very skilled at enhancing the design that F. A. Porsche came up with in a way that is considerate of the design but at the same time is innovative in terms of details. We call it “evolutionary design”. And this is also once again clearly recognizable in the generation of the 911 launched for model year 2017.

6.3

Front view

The front view of the 911 models for model year 2017 has a new shape that is even more distinctive than that of the models from model years 2012 ‟ to 2016. With this new shape, the front has an even wider and more modern look.

Front view

6_03_16

This effect is supported by the even narrower front light modules above the side air intakes, which accommodate a position light and direction indicator. The redesigned standard Bi-Xenon main headlights with integrated 4-point LED daytime running light clearly identify the new 911 Carrera models as Porsche creations.

128

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6.3.1

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Front apron

Objective The center part of the new front apron is characterized by two horizontal vanes, which underline once again the visual width of the 911 models for model year 2017. The feature edges in the top section of the front apron, which incorporate the contours of the V-shaped profile, are visually striking. In addition to the integration of

Body – Exterior equipment

the front light modules with an LED look, the air intakes with integrated active cooling-air flaps further improve the air supply for the radiators. Design New, characteristic features of the front apron include: „

New design with new, narrower front light modules with integrated direction indicators



Redesigned center trim panel



Lateral openings with cooling-air flaps

Differences between the front spoiler lip of the 911 from model years 2012 ‟ 2016

6_04_16

and the 911 model for model year 2017

The even more distinctive spoiler lip with the spoiler contour raised at the sides is also new. This ensures better aerodynamics and increases downforce on the front axle. This lip has a black, grained finish and includes a continuous, horizontal spoiler element. Repair The connection points joining the front apron to the bodyshell are the same as those on the 911 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016.

129

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Cooling-air flaps The 911 for model year 2017 is equipped with cooling-air flaps for optimum adjustment of the supply of cooling air and improved aerodynamics. Design

Body – Exterior equipment

The cooling-air flaps are designed as a separate component and consist of several individual components.

1

1 Support frame 2 Central vertical web

2 7

3 Air intake slat

8

4 Support frame 5 Plain bearing

6

6 Actuator 7 Drive lever 8 Connecting lever

5

3

4

Design of cooling-air flaps

6_05_16

The cooling-air flaps are fastened to the front apron by way of screw connections.

2

Cooling-air flaps

6_06_16

1 Cooling-air flaps

1

2 Screw-on points for connection Connection for cooling-air flaps

Further information on the cooling-air flap control can be found in Group 2.

130

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CHAPTER6

Repair In the event of a repair, both the overall slat block and the actuator can be individually

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

replaced.

6.4

Side view

In the side view, the new 911 Carrera models captivate through their unmistakable

Body – Exterior equipment

lines and the new wheel design. The 911 Carrera is equipped with the redesigned 19inch Carrera wheels, while the 911 Carrera S features the redesigned 20-inch Carrera S wheels. The new door handles are a small but striking detail. They do not have a separate finger plate, which visually enhances the door.

Side view

6.4.1

6_08_16

Side skirts

The side skirts have been adopted one-to-one from the 911 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016.

6.4.2

Exterior mirrors

The exterior mirrors have been adopted one-to-one from the 911 models from model year 2012 ‟ 2016. Both the basic mirror and the mirror with a V-shaped base are available.

131

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

6.4.3

Doors

Design The basic door shape has been adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016. This has been adapted in the area around the finger plates through

Body – Exterior equipment

the redesigned door handles. The supporting bows have also been redesigned.

1 2

3

1 Supporting bow 2 Base

3

3 Holder

Catch bar on 911 for model year 2017

6_09_16

Repair The supporting bow is supplied as a spare part with a pre-fitted bowden cable ‟ the bowden cable is also available separately and can be replaced individually. To facilitate assembly, the supporting bow is first clipped in and then screwed in. Compared to the 911 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016, assembly is therefore easier. Gaskets and small parts are available separately as spare parts. Door handle without KESSY on 911

6_10_16

for model year 2017

6.5

Rear view

The completely redesigned tail lights at the rear end of the 911 models for model year 2017 immediately catch the eye. They are now a three-dimensional feature. This gives the vehicle a more modern look. Their night design impresses with a hairline-like design in the bottom half of the light, which again reinforces the effect of depth and ensures an extremely sporty look for the night design.

Door handle with KESSY on 911 for model year 2017

132

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CHAPTER6

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body – Exterior equipment Rear view

6_12_16

Another visual feature that the turbo technology displays are the air outlets in the charge air cooler on the rear apron side. Their large cross section underlines the performance of the new bi-turbo engines and demonstrates the strength of the new 911 Carrera models.

Rear view

6_13_16

The considerably wider third brake light is now positioned above the rear lid grille. The high number of individual LEDs means that the brake light is particularly homogeneously illuminated and echoes the light effect of the tail lights. Thanks to the cover in Black (high-gloss), the third brake light is perfectly visually integrated into the area around the rear lid grille.

6.5.1

Rear apron

Design The rear apron is now more clearly delineated. An additional edge above the reflectors ensures that the vehicle looks significantly wider, signalling an even more commanding appearance. The air outlets in the side area around the rear apron are new. The rear apron in this area has been adapted as a result of the redesigned tail lights.

133

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The rear reflectors are positioned further outwards. The cut-out for the exhaust system has also been redesigned, an additional trim is used for the Sports exhaust system. The tailpipes for the new exhaust systems are located between the lower air outlets. As usual, the 911 Carrera models have two single-tube tailpipes while the 911 Carrera S models are equipped with two twin tailpipes, which also visually

Body – Exterior equipment

suggest the higher engine performance. Their design has only been slightly adapted in order not to risk their recognition value as typical Porsche Design elements. An acoustic and, above all, visual highlight is the newly developed Sports exhaust system with its two, centrally arranged, slightly oval tailpipes. This is the first time this exhaust system has been used in a Porsche Turbo flat engine. It means that the Sports exhaust system is immediately recognizable as such and, from a purely visual point of view encourages the driver to press the relevant button to activate it.

1

2

4 3

5

Rear apron on the 911 for model year 2017

6_14_16

1

2

1 Cut-out for license plate 2 Cut-out for tail light

4

3 Trim for exhaust system

3

4 Reflector

5

5 Air outlet Rear apron on 911 for model year 2017 Sport exhaust system

6_15_16

Repair The connection and repair concept was adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016.

134

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6.5.2

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Rear spoiler

Objective To optimize the drag coefficient and increase the contact pressure on the rear axle at higher speeds, all 911 models for model year 2017 are fitted with an electrically retractable rear spoiler. The rear spoiler was largely adopted from the 911 models

Body – Exterior equipment

from model years 2012 ‟ 2016. Design The following changes have been made in the overall rear spoiler system of the 911 models for model year 2017: „

Openings to the charge air duct in the mounting bracket



Six attachment points connecting the upper part of the spoiler with the lower part



Six cover caps on the screw connection between the upper part of the spoiler and the lower part

4

1 5

9

8 2 3 7

6

10 Overall rear spoiler system

6_16_16

1 Brake light 2 Upper part of spoiler 3 Lower part of spoiler 4 Screw connection between the lower part of the spoiler and the spoiler drive 5 Screw connection/cover between the lower part of the spoiler and the upper part 6 Rear spoiler drive unit 7 Lid lock 8 Water circuit 9 Lid lock actuating element 10 Rear spoiler wiring harness

135

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Drive unit Objective The objective was to further simplify the drive unit of the rear spoiler and in this way improve the function.

Body – Exterior equipment

Design

1 2 7

3

5

1 Rear spoiler closing element

4

2 Rear spoiler closing element 3 Mounting bracket grille

6

4 Mounting bracket 5 Drive motor 6 Centering journal 7 Drive unit

6_17_16

The following changes have been made in the drive unit for the rear spoiler in the 911 models for model year 2017: „

Central motor



Two closing elements

6.5.3

Rear lid

Design The rear lid grille with the longitudinal alignment of slats in Black (high-gloss) visually highlights the new turbo technology. The slats are clipped into the mounting plate.

136

CHAPTER6

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body – Exterior equipment

Rear lid grille

6_18_16

Function Due to the specific geometry of the grille, the necessary air for the charge air cooler and engine can be optimally supplied. Repair The slats are supplied as primed replacement parts and painted in Black (high-gloss). The various different slats are supplied as a complete set.

6.6

Aerodynamics

Through the cooling-air flaps on the 911 models for model year 2017 a drag coefficient of 0.29 is achieved for the standard models and of 0.30 for the S models.

6_19_16

6_20_16

137

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

6.7

Roof systems

The roof systems for the 991 models from model years 2012 ‟ 2016 have been adopted one-to-one for the 911 models for model year 2017. This applies to both the sliding roofs of the Coupés and the fabric hoods of the 911 models.

Body – Exterior equipment

138

CHAPTER6

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Body – Exterior equipment

139

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 7 Body – Interior equipment

Body – Exterior equipment

140

CHAPTER7

7

Body – Interior equipment

7.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The interior includes comfortable high-quality equipment typical of a 911 in a sophisticated layout.

Body – Interior equipment

The main element is the center console, which rises towards the front. It accommodates the driver and passenger into the vehicle even more effectively and offers outstanding ergonomics.

Seat systems The front and rear seat systems for all models were adopted one-to-one from the 911 (991) models from model years 2012 to 2016.

Trim panels and storage The trim panels, storage and luggage compartment were largely adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 to 2016. Changes affect the following areas: „

Trim panels in rear passenger compartment due to modified belt attachment points



Center console storage bin

Passive safety systems All passive safety systems were adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 to 2016.

Operating and display concept The operating concept is essentially the same as that of the 911 (991) models from model years 2012 to 2016.

7.1 Overview

141

7.2 Trim panels and storage

142

7.2.1

Trims

142

7.2.2

Storage

144

7.3 Operating and display concept 146

141

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

7.2 7.2.1

Trim panels and storage Trims

Passenger compartment Body – Interior equipment

Design The trim panels in the passenger compartment of the 911 models for model year 2017 are the same as those on the 911 models from model years 2012 to 2016.

Rear compartment, Coupé Design Due to relocation of the belt attachment points into the wheel housings, the trim panels and sound absorbers have been adapted in these areas. 1 Footrest cover (right-hand drive) 2 Footrest cover (left-hand drive) 3 Carpet retainer

1

4

3

5

4 Carpet 5 Luggage cover 6 Carpet lining for seat well

6

2

9

7 Lower foam part for control units

10

8 Upper foam part for control units 9 Set of floor mats

13

11 12

10 Top tether holder 11 Carpet lining for rear shelf 12 Top tether trim

7

13 Modified belt attachment points Linings for 911 Coupé, model year 2017

142

8 7_01_16

CHAPTER7

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

2 1 3 4 5 6

Body – Interior equipment

14 11

7

12 8

1 Sound absorber for firewall 2 Sound absorber for front wheel housing 3 Sound absorber for seat well

9 10

4 Sound absorber for B-pillar

13

5 Sound absorber

Sound absorbers, 911 Cabriolet, model year 2017

7_02_16

6 Rear compartment sound absorber, front 7 Sound absorber for rear wheel housing

Rear passenger compartment, Cabriolet

8 Sound absorber for C-pillar 9 Sound absorber for rear end plate

Design

10 Rear compartment sound absorber, rear

Due to relocation of the belt attachment points into the wheel housings, the trim

11 Sound absorber for engine compartment

panels and sound absorbers have been adapted in these areas.

12 Sound absorber for top tether 13 Sound absorber for forced ventilation

1 3

14 Modified belt attachment points

4

5

2

1 Footrest cover, right-hand drive 2 Footrest cover, left-hand drive

10

6

8

3 Carpet retainer

9

4 Carpet 5 Luggage cover 6 Carpet lining for seat well 7 Lower foam part for control units 8 Set of floor mats 9 Carpet lining for convertible top

7

compartment 10 Modified belt attachment points Linings for 911 Cabriolet, model year 2017

7_03_16

143

911 Carrera Model Year 2017 1 2 3 Body – Interior equipment

4

6

9

7 8

5 1 Sound absorber for firewall 2 Sound absorber for front wheel housing 3 Sound absorber for seat well 4 Sound absorber for B-pillar 5 Sound absorber for rear wheel housing 6 Sound absorber for backrest-bearing collar 7 Sound absorber for convertible top compartment 8 Sound absorber for engine compartment

Sound absorbers, 911 Cabriolet, model year 2017

7_04_16

9 Modified belt attachment points

7.2.2

Storage

Center console storage bin Design The center console storage bin is approximately 16 mm higher in the 911 models for model year 2017; the outer lid is a total of 18 mm higher.

Center console, 911,

7_05_16

Center console, 911, model year 2017

7_06_16

model years 2012 to 2016

1 Height increase, outer lid 2 Lid/storage bin

approx. 16 mm

approx. 18 mm

3 Height increase, storage bin

1 Increased height, center console

144

2

3 7_07_16

CHAPTER7

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

PDK cover Design The basic structure of the PDK cover was adopted from the 911 models from model years 2012 to 2016. Like the GT vehicles from these model years, the shifting direction “+” of the manual gate has been moved to the rear. 911, model years 2012 to 2016

Body – Interior equipment

911, model year 2017

1

1 2 2 PDK cover

7_10_16

The logo for the model designation across all models has also been simplified to “911”.

Center console storage

7_09_16

1 Mobile phone tray 2 USB port

1 Shifting direction 2 Logo

145

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Body – Interior equipment

146

CHAPTER7

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Body – Interior equipment

147

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 8 Heating and air conditioning

Body – Interior equipment

148

CHAPTER8

8

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Heating and air conditioning

The new 911 Carrera, like its predecessor, offers two-zone air conditioning, which continues to meet the highest demands in terms of comfort. The average power consumption of the refrigerant compressor has been reduced and the overall performance of the air conditioner improved. This leads to a faster air conditioning system response as well as a reduction in engine fuel consumption and emissions.

8.1

Heating and air conditioning

Control panel

The control panel for the OAU (Operating and Air-conditioning Unit) has been adopted from the predecessor model. The functionality and the operating logic remain unchanged. The control unit integrated in the OAU regulates and controls all the heating and airconditioning system components. This also includes actuation of the newly added magnetic clutch of the electronically controlled A/C compressor (see heading “Actuators”).

8.2

Refrigerant circuit

The refrigerant circuit differs from the predecessor model through the use of an electronically controlled A/C compressor with a magnetic clutch and swash plate. Furthermore, an IHE (Internal Heat Exchanger) in conjunction with an optimised line routing.

Compressor belt drive

Compressor position in engine compartment

8_01_16

8_02_16

8.1 Control panel

149

8.2 Refrigerant circuit

149

8.2.1

System overview

150

8.2.2

Network topology

150

8.2.3

Air-conditioning compressor

8.2.4

151

Internal heat exchanger

152

149

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

8.2.1

System overview

5 LP

Heating and air conditioning

HP

HP

1

4

3

1 Compressor

4 Internal heat exchanger (IHE) 5 Expansion valve 6 Evaporator

DME

DME control unit

OAU

Operating and Air-conditioning Unit (air-conditioning system control unit)

Schematic diagram of refrigerant circuit

8.2.2

DME BCM

BCM

Body control module, front

1

Evaporator temperature

1

2

Refrigerant pressure (high pressure)

2

3

Passenger compartment

3

temperature 4

Magnetic clutch (compressor)

5

Control valve (compressor)

A/C

A/C compressor

Data CAN Drive

Drive CAN

Comfort

Comfort CAN

MMI

Man Machine Interface CAN

150

8_04_16

Network topology

Block diagram

CAN Drive CAN Comfort

Gateway

3 Filter dryer

LP

LP

2 Condenser

HP

2

6

Signal (+) CAN MMI

OAU

PWM

4 5 A/C

8_09_16

CHAPTER8

8.2.3

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Air-conditioning compressor

Heating and air conditioning

Compressor with magnetic clutch and control valve

8_07_16

The A/C compressor can be activated and deactivated via a magnetic clutch. The refrigerant delivery rate can be modified within the A/C compressor through actuation of the swash plate inside it. Function The magnetic clutch, like the control valve, is actuated by the OAU. Control of the A/C compressor is performed as a function of the following main input variables: „

DME „



BCM „



Engine load: torque request by driver Load management: Alternator load and vehicle electrical system voltage

BKE (sensors) „

Evaporator temperature (target/actual)



Desired interior temperature



Actual interior temperature



Refrigerant pressure (HP)

The evaporator temperature is the main input variable used for control of the solenoid valve and consequently of the swash plate position.

151

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Magnetic clutch The magnetic clutch ensures that the A/C compressor can be fully switched off. The compressor then no longer causes drag torque. This improves engine responsiveness when torque is requested by the driver and reduces fuel consumption. Design

Heating and air conditioning

The magnetic clutch of the electronically controlled compressor features an aluminium solenoid coil winding. This reduces the weight of the magnetic clutch and therefore of the complete A/C compressor. The required power consumption is also lower than would be the case with conventional copper windings. Due to the

2 1

optimized design of the magnetic clutch and its windings, a lighter belt pulley mount is possible. This results (in conjunction with the new torsional vibration damper) to smoother compressor running.

8.2.4

4

Internal heat exchanger

Function

3 8_08_16

The purpose of the internal heat exchanger (IHE) is to exchange heat between the highpressure and low-pressure sides (HP/LP). This takes place via a dual-profile aluminum

1 Aluminium solenoid coil (Al coil)

pipe. The refrigerant (HP) is routed within the refrigerant (LP). The refrigerant in the

2 Leaf spring for magnetic clutch

high-pressure side transfers heat to the refrigerant in the low-pressure side. The

3 Torsional vibration damper

temperature of the refrigerant downstream of the condenser, i.e. upstream of the

4 Belt pulley mount

evaporator (HD), drops. The relative efficiency of the evaporator increases. Overall, this results in reduced fuel consumption. Further advantages include:

1

2 Design of IHE

1 Low-pressure side (LP) 2 High-pressure side (HP)

152

8_03_16



Improvement of efficiency and performance of the system.



Any remaining fluid is re-evaporated in the IHE



Improved compressor lubrication



Increase in the average compressor temperature



Increase in the cooling output



Reduction in energy consumption of compressor



Reduced engine CO2 emissions

CHAPTER8

Installation position The IHE is installed in the plenum panel (service compartment) on the right side of

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

vehicle under the air intake fan/passenger compartment filter housing.

Heating and air conditioning

1

1 Internal heat exchanger 8_05_16

Due to the increase in the average compressor temperature, free air flow to the A/C compressor must be checked and ensured during servicing.

153

911 Carrera Model Year 2016

Group 9 Electrics and electronics

Heating and air conditioning

154

CHAPTER9

9

Electrics and electronics

9.1

Overview

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The electrical equipment of the 911 Carrera is enhanced and modified with each new model. The modifications relating to Group 9 are described in detail in the following

Electrics and electronics

chapter. The main changes are: „

Network topology, PCM4 CAN, new private CAN connections (LCA), new DME LIN components, new MOST 150 databus for infotainment with Bose/Burmester amplifier



Vehicle electrical system/energy management: Generator modifications, 210A generator



Bi-Xenon headlights/Bi-Xenon headlights with PDLS, LED headlights with PDLS+, new headlight attachment concept/diagnosis



Modified windshield washer jets



Modified door handles with and without KESSY



Use of Porsche Car Connect (PCC) and Porsche Vehicle Tracking System (PVTS)



Introduction of Lane Change Assist 3 (third generation)



Adaptive cruise control (ACC) and cruise control



Sport Chrono functions and steering wheel mode switch (only with PDK)



New PCM4 Infotainment system with Internet access and connected device interfaces



Console for mobile phones in conjunction with mobile phone preparation



Antenna overview



WiFi network connection



Bose/Burmester sound systems



Diagnosis/PCM4 component protection



Porsche Connect

9_02_16

Modified door handle/KESSY handle liner

9.1 Overview

155

9.2 Vehicle electrical system/ energy management

157

9.3 Lighting systems

158

9.4 Wash/wipe systems

164

9.5 Access and anti-theft protection

164

9.6 Driver assistance systems

167

9.7 Sport Chrono package

171

9.8 PCM 4 (Porsche Communication Management) 174 9.9 Abbreviations

192

155

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

9_01_16

Network topology The network topology shows the data bus system structure of the 911 Carrera 2017 with central gateway control unit, which is based on the 2007+ network architecture that Porsche introduced with the Panamera 2010. There are six CAN (Controller Area Network) data bus systems (each with a data transfer rate of 500 kbps) and one LIN (Local Interconnect Network, with a data transfer rate of 19.8 kbps) connected directly to the gateway. The Most 150 (Media Oriented System Transport with a data transfer rate of >100 Mbit/s) with its components (digital amplifier/TV tuner) is connected to the infotainment interface (PCM4). Changes to the network topology can be found in the Drive CAN, where the radiator shutter control (KJS1/KJS2) is connected by the DME via two LINs. Crash risks CAN include a private CAN for direct communication between the control units for the Lane Change Assist 3 (LCA). Another new feature is the PCM private CAN, which connects the Display Control Unit (DCU) to the PCM.

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911 Carrera Model Year 2017

9.2

Vehicle electrical system/energy management

210A generator technical data Generator

3.0 l engine

Manufacturer

Denso

Nominal power

210A

Controller type

bit-synchronous interface controller (BSS).

Control range

10.7V – 16V

Stator winding

Delta connection

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911 Carrera Model Year 2017

9.2.1

Generators

In order to design an even more efficient vehicle electrical system/energy management system, a Denso generator with a higher rated output of 210A is used with the 3.0 l engine. The rated output of the previous version was 175A. The additional output is required to provide additional energy for the radiator fan motors. The internal circuitry of

Electrics and electronics

the generator features two stator windings/delta connections. 3 positive and 3 negative diodes are required for rectification. Excitation of the generator is initiated by the vehicle electrical/energy management system, whereby the gateway uses the generator regulator to control the exciter winding. Internal generator circuitry, Denso 210A

Denso 210A

9_05_16

Internal circuitry

9.3

9_04_16

Lighting systems

Depending on the model, the 911 Carrera 2017 features 3 headlight versions, the standard version being a Bi-Xenon version with 4-point daytime running lights. A Bi-Xenon headlight with PDLS (Porsche Dynamic Light System) and a full-LED headlight with the PDLS+ functionality are optionally available.

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CHAPTER9

9.3.1

System overview

Headlight/equipment versions

Bi-Xenon

Bi-Xenon

Full-LED,

PDLS

PDLS+

Low/high beam

X

X

X

LED daytime running light

X

X

X LED ring

PDLS (cornering/fog lights)

-/-

X

X

-/-

-/-

X

X

X

LED

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

PDLS Plus (dynamic cornering lights/continuous headlight range control) Auxiliary high beam, halogen/LED lights

9.3.2

Bi-Xenon main headlights (35W)

Comparison of the Bi-Xenon main headlight 991 (left) to the 991 Gen II (right)

09_06_16

with side marker lights and front light module

Functions „

Xenon dipped beam



Xenon high beam

Due to the modified attachment concept,



Halogen auxiliary high beam

the additional halogen high beam has to be



4-point LED daytime running lights

repaired in a professional workshop, see Owner’s Manual!

159

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Repair

Electrics and electronics



Xenon main headlights no longer feature a retaining plate



The main headlight housing is screwed directly to the bodyshell.



The front apron must be detached to remove the headlights.



The unlocking key is no longer included in the tool kit.



Bulbs for the additional high beam must be replaced in a workshop

The tool kit no longer includes an unlocking key for unlocking the headlights because the 9_07_16

headlights are screwed directly to the body!

9.3.3

9_08_16

Bi-Xenon main headlights, 35W PDLS

Bi-Xenon headlights incl. PDLS (Porsche Dynamic Light System) functionality include After replacing a headlight/the control unit

a range of lighting functions, such as cornering light and fog light assistance.

(Xenon/ALWR), initial headlight configuration

The daytime running lights are in a 4-point design and integrated in the PDLS

must be performed with the PIWIS Tester II!

module. Design

Attachment of Bi-Xenon headlights

160

09_09_16

Bi-Xenon headlights with moveable,

09_10_16

Bi-Xenon headlights with moveable,

conical PDLS module and 4-point

conical PDLS module and 4-point

daytime running lights. (Right)

daytime running lights. (Left)

09_11_16

CHAPTER9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Functions „

Xenon dipped beam



Xenon high beam



Auxiliary high beam



4-point LED daytime running lights Electrics and electronics

PDLS functions „

Cornering light



Fog light function

9.3.4

Full-LED headlights (PDLS Plus)

The full-LED headlights have a very different appearance to the Bi-Xenon headlights. Instead of a cone-shaped light housing with a round projection lens and auxiliary headlight with visible reflector, the full-LED headlight consists of two tube-shaped light housings in a stepped configuration with a lens contour truncated at the top and bottom. Design

09_13_16

161

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Basic module The upper basic module (nearfield module) produces a wide, homogeneous, basic beam of light for illuminating the road and can be swivelled vertically. This module is fitted with two Lumileds (Philips). Two auxiliary high beam modules (left and right next to the basic module) increase the maximum range for the high beam function.

Electrics and electronics

PDLS Plus/range module The PDLS Plus/range module positioned underneath projects the light beam onto the road to its maximum range, with asymmetry of the light/dark boundary (via an adjustable drum). With its pivot function and variable light distribution (rotating drum) this enables the PDLS functions. PDLS functions „

Dynamic cornering light



Fog light

With the full-LED headlights, the daytime running lights are integrated into the headlight housing as 4 LED spotlights surrounded by an LED light ring, as previously in 991 Turbo.

LED headlights

09_12_16

Full-LED headlight with LED daytime running light

162

9_15_16

CHAPTER9

PDLS Plus functions „

Headlights with dipped beam and high beam as well as additional LED high beam

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

(ring) and 4-point LED daytime running lights „

Porsche Dynamic Light System Plus (PDLS Plus) with dynamic headlight levelling



Speed-dependent headlight range control



Dynamic cornering light



Fog light



Headlight washer system

Electrics and electronics

Repair A repair concept for LED headlights is outlined in the PIWIS information system.

More details on the repair concept for LED headlights is are contained in the Workshop Manual (Repair Group 94).

After replacing a headlight/the control unit 9_16_16

DC/DC converter/AFL control unit

9_17_16

(Xenon/LED), initial headlight configuration must be performed with the PIWIS Tester II!

163

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

9.4 9.4.1

Wash/wipe systems Windshield washer system

The heatable washer nozzles have been omitted from model year 2017.

9.5

Electrics and electronics

9.5.1

Access and anti-theft protection Door handles

The plastic finger plates of the door handles has been replaced with a deep drawn section in the outer door panel. The look now conforms with the new Porsche style door handle. The handle is available in versions with and without capacitive sensors Repair Washer jet

9_18_16

The Gateway control unit is the master control unit for component protection and must also be reprogrammed “online” following replacement.

9.5.2 Door handle with capacitive sensors (liner)

9_19_16

Porsche Car Connect (PCC), Porsche Vehicle Tracking System (PVTS)

The familiar components from the Panamera, Cayenne and Macan have now also been installed in the 911 Carrera model year 2017 for the introduction of Porsche Car Connect (remote services/PVTS). The Porsche Car Connect smartphone app offers the option of establishing a wireless connection with the vehicle via a mobile phone (Apple/Android). This enables vehiclespecific information to be called up directly via the smartphone and selected settings to be made directly on the vehicle using the app. There are two vehicle versions available:

164

Version 1:

Porsche Car Connect (remote service)

Version 2:

Not for USA

CHAPTER9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

9_20_16

To use the Smartphone App/Mobile Online Services (MOS) function, the customer must first apply for these services online by completing a registration process. „

The customer does this by creating a user account on the web portal. A code is generated during this registration.



The customer informs the Porsche dealer of this code.



The Porsche dealer enters this first installation code in the Porsche diagnosis tester, which generates a second installation code.



PVTS is now activated in the vehicle via the data processing center/backend Vodaphone by linking the first and second installation codes for the customer, vehicle and control unit.



The dealer activates the mobile online services in the presence of the customer.



The customer then receives a text message (SMS) that installation has been completed. The customer is also sent a link to the App Store together with the activation code for the application.



The customer can now download the app to his smartphone. Once the activation code is entered, the smartphone is linked with the vehicle and the mobile online services can be used.

165

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Repair Customers can perform end-to-end diagnosis of the communication chain using the smartphone app.

Electrics and electronics

iPhone

iPhone

Connection OK

Connection OK

MOS server

MOS server

Connecting…

Connection

Vehicle

Vehicle

Diagnostic test

9_21_16

Diagnosis results

9_22_15

The following initial operation steps can be performed using the PIWIS II Diagnostic Tester:

166



“PCC commissioning” procedure



“Teach in PCC driver card” procedure



“PCC function test” procedure



“Deactivate PCC” procedure

CHAPTER9

9.6

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Driver assistance systems

9.6.1

3 Lane Change Assist 3

For the first time, Lane Change Assist has been introduced in the 911 Carrera MY 2017. Electrics and electronics

Function Lane Change Assist 3 uses two radar sensors at the right and left side of the rear bumper to monitor the right and left lanes up to 230 ft (70 meters) behind the vehicle as well as the blind spot. This enhances driving comfort, particularly when driving on highways.

Monitoring area of the rear radar sensors

9_24_16

If the system detects another vehicle in the adjacent lane or the blind spot, it informs the driver by displaying a visual signal (3 LEDs) in the mirror attachment point finisher. If the driver sets the direction indicator in this scenario, the information display/warning stage flashes brightly as a clear indication to the driver that a vehicle is approaching. The system is active in a speed range from 19 to 155 mph (30 to 250 km/h). This feature can be activated and deactivated via the on-board computer in the instrument cluster (see sequence of illustrations on the next page).

Mirror attachment point finisher LED design.

9_23_16

The range of the radar sensor is highly dependent on the weather conditions.

167

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Temporary unavailability due to dirt on the bumper and/or bad weather conditions (fog, spray behind the vehicle, etc) or a potential system malfunction are indicated via text messages in the instrument cluster and result in automatic deactivation of the system. The system can be reactivated by simply switching it back on manually.

Settings Electrics and electronics

Vehicle

Display

Info

Date & Time

Oil measurement

Assist. systems

Limits

Individual

Settings

Light & Visibility 9_25_16

9_26_16

Assist. systems

LCA

Active Safe (PAS)

System on

LCA

Brightness 9_27_16

9_28_16

Display concept This display information is provided in two stages: as long as the driver does not set the direction indicator, the light unobtrusively and subtly signals detected vehicles in the neighboring lanes. Lane Change Assist decides whether to display the vehicle based on the relative speed and distance. When the driver actuates the direction indicator, LEDs inform him of the detected vehicle by flashing brightly. The LCA does not intervene in vehicle control and can be deactivated at any time by the driver via the multi-function display (Vehicle\Settings\Assist. systems\LCA). When LCA is activated via the multi-function display, both LED modules in the exterior mirrors briefly light up to provide visual feedback that the system is active. There is no system feedback when LCA is deactivated. The activation status of the LCA can be seen via the function light in the instrument cluster/multifunction display).

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The basic brightness of the LED modules (information display) can be adapted to the driver’s wishes in 3 brightness levels via a menu in the instrument cluster. The effective

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

brightness of the information display depends on this basic setting and is tracked in tandem with the current outside brightness. As soon as the system is switched off automatically, an appropriate message is shown on the instrument cluster.

Electrics and electronics

Repair After replacing a control unit, e.g. removal of the rear apron, “re-calibration” is necessary (see Workshop Manual). Calibration is performed in the same manner as for the familiar systems, the measurement setup for calibration is described in the PIWIS Info System and can be carried out using the PIWIS Diagnostic Tester II. Coding of the control units is performed during the calibration process. The existing special tool (Calibration unit VAS 6350, Laser distance meter VAS 6350/2, Doppler LCA control unit

generator VAS 6350/4, PIWIS Tester II) are still to be used.

9.6.2

9_29_16

9_30_16

Adaptive cruise control (ACC)

The optional adaptive cruise control on the new 911 models is essentially adopted from the system on the predecessor models. It is installed in the front apron at the center of the vehicle.

LCA tools, VAS 6350

Laser distance 9_34_16

9_35_16

meter, VAS 6350/2

9_32_16

9_31_16

Doppler

9_33_16

generator, VAS 6350/4

169

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

One new feature is that the “coasting” function already familiar from the predecessor model is now available with the adaptive cruise control. This enables a considerable reduction in the fuel consumption. Repair

Electrics and electronics

9_36_16

The ACC cover consists of two parts. By removing the trim, adjustment can be carried out using the fastening screws of the ACC control unit.

170

CHAPTER9

9.6.3

Cruise control

The cruise control for the new 911 models now brakes actively when the preset

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

speed is reduced on the control stalk or the vehicle exceeds the preset speed when travelling downhill.

Electrics and electronics

9.7

Sport Chrono package

The Sport Chrono package is the first choice on the list of available options for increasing the driving performance and driving pleasure. It has again been significantly modified for the 911 Carrera 2017.

9.7.1

Mode switch (in conjunction with PDK)

The various driving modes are now no longer selected using buttons on the center console, but instead via a rotary selector switch known as the mode switch located in the redesigned steering wheel.

9_39_16

Mode switch

9_40_16

171

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Individual mode is now available in addition to the familiar Normal, SPORT and SPORT PLUS modes. The settings for the PASM, sports exhaust system, auto start/stop function and rear spoiler can be combined individually based on Normal mode or SPORT modes via a corresponding menu in the instrument cluster. The stored combination can be

Electrics and electronics

retrieved again the next time the vehicle is started by turning the mode switch.

Settings Display Individual

Date & Time Assist. systems

Sports chassis

Individual

RoW AGA

Light & Visibility

Spoiler

Individual settings

9_41_16

Individual options

9_42_16

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CHAPTER9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The following driving modes can be selected: „

Normal

0



Sport

S



Sport Plus

S+



Individual

I Electrics and electronics

SPORT Response button Another new function in the Sport Chrono package is the SPORT Response mode available in conjunction with the PDK. It is activated by pressing the SPORT button at the centre of the centre console. Inspired by motor sport, the SPORT Response mode on the 911 Carrera MY 2017 gives the driver the option of changing the responsiveness of the vehicle for a limited time, directly at the press

Further information on the SPORT Response

of a button. When the SPORT Response button is pressed, the engine and

button can be found in Group 2.

transmission are prepared for maximum responsiveness.

SPORT Response

Sport Response button

9_44_16

SPORT Response mode display

9_45_16

173

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

9.8

PCM 4 (Porsche Communication Management)

Owing to the rapid developments in the field of multimedia applications, the challenges placed on vehicle manufacturers in order to keep up-to-date are growing. One example is the fact that many mobile phone manufacturers are updating their top models on an annual basis as well as continuously expanding their software. Vehicle users, in turn,

Electrics and electronics

want to connect their current mobile phones to the infotainment systems at any time. In order to meet the requirements of these rapid developments, the development cycles for automotive infotainment systems also have to become shorter. In recent years, the following change has been implemented at Porsche: „

PCM3/CDR30

Introduction in 2008 with the 911 Carrera (997) Gen II



PCM3.1/CDR31

Introduction in 2010 in the Panamera (970)



PCM4

Introduction in 2017 in the 911 Carrera (991) Gen II

The 2nd generation VW Group infotainment system has been adopted and adapted to the Porsche requirements as well as being expanded with additional functions.

PCM 3.1

9_47_16

PCM 4

Main equipment features: PCM 3

9_46_16



Frameless display design



7" WVGA display



Capacitive touchscreen with handwriting recognition



DVD single drive, 2 SD slots, 1 SIM slot (under cover)



Sound Package Plus, 150W, integral analog amplifier with digital sound processor

174

9_48_16

CHAPTER9

The following Porsche functions, based on the VW model, have been added or adapted: „

Sport Chrono functions



Logbook



ParkAssist (Park Distance Control display)



Second map instance/display in the instrument cluster



Network adaptation to Porsche A2007+ architecture

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

New Porsche functions have been added. „

Navigation: Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI)



Text/voice input, gesture control, handwriting recognition



LTE module & wireless LAN with in-car WiFi hotspot

The PCM 4 includes the following Porsche Connect services „

Navigation: Google Earth/Google Street View, POI search



Infotainment: Internet radio/personalized radio/music services



Apple Car Play

Network topology The PCM 4 infotainment has been adapted to the Porsche-specific HMI interface

Jukebox

9_49_16

(human/machine interface = touchscreen) and is connected to the vehicle via the MMI CAN in order to send displays, for example, to the instrument cluster or to exchange and display various vehicle settings. The central computer is connected to the Display and Control Unit (DCU) and together with it, forms the head unit. These components communicate via the PCM CAN. The analogue amplifier (Sound Package Plus) is not connected to the MOST ring as this is part of the central computer. The optionally available amplifiers (BOSE/Burmester) are connected via the MOST 150.

175

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

System overview

Electrics and electronics

Integrated display and control unit (DCU)

9_52_16

and central computer (head unit) of PCM4 SD/SIM card slot under cover

9_53_16

Sirius module Heat dissipation (power draw MMX)

CPU radio Power supply unit (power draw MMX)

Wireless LAN (802.11ac, 5Ghz)

LVDS output (high-resolution displays) MMX-Nvida Tegra4 K1 (processing power, graphics)

Memory (4GB RAM) LVDS input

Flash memory (128 GB)

FBAS interface to MMX3

Telephone module (LTE)

Central computer without display and control unit (DCU)

9.8.1

9_50_15

Capacitive touchscreen with proximity detection

Capacitive touchscreen The surface of a capacitive touchscreen consists of two glass panels positioned on top of one another.

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CHAPTER9

These are coated with strips of a transparent, conductive metal oxide. The glass panels are arranged such that the coated sides face one another and the

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

strips form a grid. Electrically insulating spacers prevent the coatings from touching. Function Each intersection point on the grid acts as a condenser because the metal oxide strips are positioned exactly above one another, similarly to condenser plates. An electrical field

Electrics and electronics

forms between the strips when a voltage is applied to the two coatings (Figure 9_55_16).

6

1 5

1 2 3 4

1 Design of display

9_54_16

Operating principle of display

9_55_16

The intersection points therefore have a prescribed electrical capacitance, like a capacitor. When a finger touches the surface, for example, (Figure 9_56_16), the operator’s electrical field influences the electrical field at the touched intersection point, as well as its capacitance. This results in a change to the voltages at the ends of the coating strips. The evaluation electronics use this information to calculate the coordinates of the contact point on the touchscreen.

9.8.2 Proximity detection The PCM 4 features proximity detection, which operates with the aid of two infrared

Influence from electrical field

9_56_16

1 Glass panel 2 Conductive strip 3 Spacer 4 Applied voltage 5 Electric field 6 Capacitance

(IR) sensor strips to the left and right of the display. If a hand is moved within the detection range of the infrared (IR) sensor strips, the hand reflects the beam emitted by the sensors back to the sensor strip.

9_93_16

9_94_16

Proximity detection

177

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The reflected beam is then detected by the IR sensors. Following proximity detection, additional graphical operating elements appear on the PCM4 display.

Electrics and electronics

1 Emitted IR beams

1

2 Reflected IR beams

IR proximity detection

9_96_16

2 9_95_16

Handwriting recognition Another completely new feature is handwriting recognition on the PCM. Instead of entering letters using the keyboard, the user can now write letters directly onto the touchscreen This makes it easier to enter addresses, for example. Enter city

Handwriting input

9.8.3

Enter city

9_57_16

Handwriting recognition

9_58_16

My Screen

The new “My Screen” function in the “Home” menu allows users to create three personal screens using various widgets. Frequently used navigation destinations or

Configure My Screen Preview Page 1

CAR

Sound Current location

telephone numbers can be stored on a screen and retrieved simply by touching the Trip since

Trip

My Screen configuration example

9_59_16

Widget = A component on a graphic user interface

178

screen. If the user switches off the PCM while the My Screen display is open, the same screen appears the next time the system is switched on again.

CHAPTER9

Technically speaking, the “My Screen” function divides the screen into eight fields to which various widgets can be assigned using drag and drop. The widgets can be positioned anywhere inside the fields, whereby some widgets occupy several

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

fields.

9.8.4

Jukebox

Electrics and electronics

The 11 GB Jukebox in the PCM 4 also includes several new features:

9_60_16

Firstly, the Jukebox synchronizes MP3 files automatically using a database to display album covers and additional information about the music data stored.

179

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Media interfaces/USB In addition to the two USB ports, music files can now be imported from an SD card inserted into one of the two SD interfaces under the PCM 4 touchscreen or played back directly from the card. An USB port is located in the storage tray in the center console. The second USB port is located in the glove box.

Electrics and electronics

9_62_16

9_63_16

Media interfaces

180

9_61_16

CHAPTER9

9.8.5

Playing media

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Music and video files from a wide range of media sources can be played by pressing the Media button. For the first time, DVD video files can be played from DVD and USB/SD memory cards in the following formats: „

Windows Media Audio 9 and 10



MPEG-2/-4, MPEG-1/-2



ISO-MPEG4, DivX 3, 4 and 5; Xvid



ISO-MPEG4, H.264 (MPEG4 AVC)



Windows Media Video 9 (when vehicle is stationary)

Electrics and electronics

9_65_16

9_66_16

Video playback

9.8.6

Antenna overview

The illustration below shows an overview of the most commonly used antennas in the 911 Carrera model year 2017. Further antennas are used for functions such as: „

Remote control (RC) in windshield (NF/HF)



Keyless Entry Start System (KESSY) interior and exterior antennas



Porsche Car Connect (PCC)/Porsche Vehicle Tracking System (PVTS) GSM/GPS

Antenna overview

9_68_16

181

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

9.8.7

MOST 150 data bus

The previous MOST 25 data bus has been replaced by the MOST 150 data bus for the infotainment system. MOST stands for “Media Oriented System Transport”. This is a serial data bus system for transmitting audio, video, voice and data signals via an optical fiber. The MOST 150 is present in the vehicle whenever a BOSE/Burmester digital amplifier is

Electrics and electronics

installed.

The illustration shows the components connected to the MOST ring. If a digital amplifier is not installed, the MOST ring is omitted from the vehicle. The display control panel (DCU) is connected to the PCM 4/central computer via an internal PCM CAN.

Data field for synchronous data (synchronous channel)

Data field for asynchronous data (asynchronous channel)

Data field for reference data (reference channel) Data field for administrative purposes MOST 150 frame

182

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CHAPTER9

This means that much more information is transmitted per data package in the MOST150. The total length of a frame consists of: „

One data field for administrative purposes



One data field for control data and



Two fields (synchronous channel/asynchronous channel)

The maximum amount of data that can be stored in the two data fields is limited

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

by these fixed divisions. The data is transmitted via three channels (reference, synchronous and asynchronous channel). The optical MOST150 data bus exchanges data between the relevant components in digital form. Data transmission using optical fibers enables a much higher data transfer rate. Light waves have extremely short wavelengths compared to radio waves. They do not generate electromagnetic interference waves and are also immune to interference from external electromagnetic influences.

9.8.8

Wireless Internet access – WiFi

The term WiFi refers to a wireless local area network to which various devices such as handhelds, smartphones, tablet PCs or laptops can be connected to exchange data or gain secure access to the Internet. An additional SIM card in the vehicle is the preferred method for establishing a WiFi connection, which means that a vehicle with WiFi offers an on-board internet access point (hotspot). WiFi-compatible end devices can connect to this hotspot in the vehicle to utilize additional Porsche Connect Online Services. Alternatively, the PCM4 can also connect to a hotspot operated from the smartphone as a WiFi client. However, the telephone module installed in the PCM4 and associated external antenna ensure a faster, more stable mobile connection.

WiFi connections Use Preferably via an additional SIM card!, alternatively: Alternatively as a WiFi client from a smartphone via the PCM 4/hotspot. Internet access point Availability of the WiFi hotspot is achieved via the LTE phone module in the PCM 4. Data services A precondition for using the services is a data plan for the SIM card inserted in the PCM 4 or mobile phone. Hotspot Public Internet access point. It is possible to access the internet wirelessly via a hotspot.

183

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Phone Data connection Bluetooth audio

Insert a SIM card or connect the PCM to a WiFi hotspot to set up a data connection

Smartphone integration

Connect

Porsche Connect app

Electrics and electronics 9_71_16

9_72_16

A precondition for using the services is a data plan for the SIM card inserted in the PCM4 or mobile phone.

9.8.9 Sound systems Sound Package Plus (standard) The PCM 4 is equipped with 8 loudspeakers an integral amplifier with an output power of 150 watts as standard. The external analogue amplifier on the predecessor model has been omitted as a result of this output power.

184

CHAPTER9

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

An integral digital sound processor for optimised adaptation of the tone in the passenger compartment is also installed.

Electrics and electronics

2 1

3

4

9_74_16

Number Installation position Type

1

2 and 4

3

Dashboard

Door and rear

Door

19 mm

100 mm

200 mm

tweeter

mid-range speaker

bass speaker

®

BOSE Surround Sound System The BOSE amplifier is supplied in a country version.

9_91_16

185

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

With the optional BOSE® Surround Sound System, the customer receives 12 fully active loudspeakers incl. a 100 watt active subwoofer and center speaker integrated in the body. The amplifier produces 555 watts of power. The fully active system design enables the optimized adaptation of each individual speaker in the passenger compartment.

Electrics and electronics

2

3

4

6

5

1

7

9_76_16

Number Installation position

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Dashboard

Dashboard

Door

Door

Rear

Rear

Dashboard

100 mm

220 mm

100 mm

Bodyshell

mid-range

bass

mid-range

130 mm

speaker

speaker

speaker

subwoofer

80 mm Type

mid-range

19 mm

speaker,

tweeter

center

19 mm tweeter

®

Burmester High-End Surround Sound System The optional Burmester® High-End Surround Sound System offers the greatest performance with a total output of 821 watts and 12 independently controlled speakers, including a 300 watt active subwoofer integrated in the body. Optimal analog and digital filters were defined for special installation positions. The tweeters are ribbonbased air motion transformers (AMT) offering unmistakably fine, clear and undistorted high-frequency sound reproduction with excellent level stability. All loudspeaker chassis are perfectly coordinated with each other and deliver a natural, richly textured spatial sound, even at high volumes.

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911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The result: Sound performance of the highest quality, specially adapted to the 911 model year 2017.

Electrics and electronics

9_77_16

2

9_78_16

4

3

5

6

1

7

9_79_16

Number Installation position

Type

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Dashboard

Dashboard

Door

Door

Rear

Rear

Dashboard

80 mm

Tweeter,

100 mm

220 mm

100 mm

Bodyshell

mid-range

Air Motion

mid-range

bass

mid-range

140 mm

speaker

Transformer

speaker

speaker

speaker

subwoofer

25 mm tweeter

9.8.10 Porsche Connect The Mobile Online Services (MOS) feature was introduced in the Cayenne in 2012. It includes a smartphone application for iPhone or Android, which must be installed on the smartphone. All that is required is registration (free-of-charge).

187

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

The required (Mobile Online Services) option must be available in the vehicle to enable use of the Mobile Online Services. Following successful connection of the smartphone to the PCM, “Aha” is available as the tuner source. The Aha app provides various services as radio programs. The stations in the preset list from the smartphone app are available in the station list. Aha functions at a glance:

Electrics and electronics



Internet radio stations: As audio stream (USA: > 2,000, Europe: > 1,100, incl. Germany: > 500)

9_83_16



Personalized web music (Slacker USA)



Receives and reads out Facebook messages



Receives and reads out Twitter messages



Audio books



Podcasts

In model year 2014, further online services were introduced in the Panamera, these were the Porsche Car Connect (PCC) services. The Porsche Car Connect smartphone app offers the option of establishing a wireless connection with the vehicle. This enables vehicle-specific information to be called up directly via the smartphone and selected settings to be made directly on the vehicle using the app. Three in-vehicle versions are available: „

Version 1:

Porsche Car Connect (standard)



Version 2:

Porsche Car Connect with PVTS Plus (Porsche Vehicle Tracking System Plus)



My Car

E-mobility

Version 3

188

Version 3:

Messages

E-mobility services (hybrid vehicles)

My Car

Messages

Security

Climate control

9_82_16

Version 1

9_80_15

Version 2

My Car

Messages

Vehicle position

Security

9_81_15

CHAPTER9

With the 911 Carrera model year 2017, the previous services (Mobile Online Services and Porsche Car Connect) have now been replaced by the Porsche Connect functionalities. The Aha radio app is replaced by the Porsche “Porsche Connect” app.

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

In parallel to Porsche Car Connect for vehicle-based functions, Porsche Connect provides new infotainment and navigation functions. The following new services have been introduced: Backend server-based services „

Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI)



Google Earth, Google Street View



POI (Point of Interest) search

Electrics and electronics

App-based services „

My destinations



Internet radio, personalized radio



Flatrate music services

Google Earth „

Navigation with Google Earth satellite maps in the map view



Activation is via a Navigation setting in the Options menu or button in map

Google Earth

9_84_16

Google Street View

9_85_16

RTTI

9_86_16

Google Street View Google StreetView is an additional service to Google Earth that provides views of 360-degree panoramic images from a street perspective. (Google Earth must be activated in the PCM 4/HMI). Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI) „

During active navigation, the latest traffic information and holdups are taken into account. Speed and flow information is displayed on the map and used for arrival time/journey duration calculations. Display is via color-coding of the roads (traffic light system).



VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System) in Japan is an innovative information and communication system that receives real time information about traffic jams and regulations.

189

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Internet radio „

Connection of the MIB to the online radio service “Radio.com” via the MIB multimedia app



Huge selection of radio stations and independent regional radio stations available



Digital reception is independent of the radio station coverage area

Personalized radio

Electrics and electronics



Personalized radio available on the listening habits of the user (aupeo.com)



Direct search possible in the vehicle (genres, popular stations, popular artists, etc.)



Digital reception ‟ independent of the radio station coverage area

Flatrate music services „

Access to flatrate music services (Napster)

Unlimited number of music tracks (tracks, albums, artists, playlists) available. Apple Car Play Apple CarPlay® makes individual functions and apps on the iPhone available in the PCM 4. Personalized radio

9_87_16

The number of services can vary depending on the country!

9_88_16

9_89_16

Use Connection of an iPhone via the USB port. Prerequisites From iPhone 5 or later, IOS 7.1 or higher, Siri and Apple CarPlay are activated on the iPhone in use.

190

CHAPTER9

Remarks While Apple CarPlay is being used, only the connected iPhone can be used to make

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

phone calls. Apps can only be displayed on the iPhone in use if they are supported by Apple CarPlay. For further information, see: www.apple.com/ios/carplay. The first time the iPhone is connected, the PCM queries whether the iPhone should only be used to play music like an iPod or whether Apple CarPlay® should be activated.

Electrics and electronics

Once the device is connected, ticking the checkbox ensures that the PCM saves the selection as default. Simply select the relevant icon in the home menu on the PCM to use Apple CarPlay®. In addition to the touchscreen, Apple CarPlay® can also be operated using certain hardkeys as well as the rotary/pushbutton control. Above the voice control, pressing and holding the button on the steering wheel activates the Apple voice control “Siri”. Just like on the iPhone. This function can be used, for example, to send, read aloud and answer text messages. Mobile phones connected to the PCM via Bluetooth (BT) are automatically disconnected. In the meantime, an inserted SIM cannot be used to make phone calls.

9.8.11 Repair PCM 4 offers the following initial operation steps and component protection features: „

“Teaching component protection” procedure (online) (no longer necessary to switch to a separate application)



“SWaP function enable” procedure (online)



“Update confirmation” procedure (after updating the MIB via SD card)



Coding of PCM 4, amplifier (Bose/Burmester), TV tuner



PIWIS Tester II - diagnosis, “MOST system test” procedure

SWaP

9_90_16

191

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

9.9 Abbreviations Deutsch

English

ABT

Anzeige Bedien Teil

Display control unit/touch screen

ACC

Abstandsregeltempostat

Adaptive Cruise Control

AFS

Automatische FahrlichtSteuerung

Automatic forward lighting

AGA

Schaltbare Abgasanlage

Switchable Exhaust Flap

AGM

Absorbent Glass Mat

ASD

Auslaufendes SchiebeDach

Sliding roof

ALWR

Automatische Leucht Weiten

Automatic headlamp levelling

Regulierung AZV

Anhänger ZugVorrichtung

Trailer hitch

B-CAS

HDTV-Zugangsschutz Japan

BS Conditional Access System

BCM

Karosseriesteuergerät

Body Control Module

BKE

Bedien- und KlimaEinheit

Operating and air-conditioning unit

BMS

Batteriesensor

Battery Measurement Sensor

BT

Blue Tooth

CAN

Zweidraht-Bus (CAN-high/CAN-low)

Control Area Network

CDR

Infotainmentsystem

Infotainment system

DAB

Digitale hörbare Übertragung

Digital Audio Broadcast

DFI

Direkteinspritzer

Direct Fuel Injection

DMB

Digitale Mehrfachmedien

Digital Multimedia Broadcast

Übertragung DSRC

DSRC Kartenleser Japan

Deticated Short Range Communication

192

DTMF

Dual Ton Mehrfrequenz

Dual Tone Multi Frequency

ELV

Elektrische LenkungsVerriegelung

Electrical steering lock

ESD

Elektrostatische Entladung

Electro Static Discharge

ETC

Maut in Japan

Electronic Toll Collect

EPB

Elektrische Park Bremse

Electrical parking brake

EZS

Elektrisches ZündSchloss

Ignition switch

FLA

FernLichtAssistent

High beam assistant

FBAS

Farbe Bild Ausstattung

Color picture equipment

Synchronisation

synchronization

FFB

FunkFernBedienung

Remote key

GLW

Gleitende LeuchtWeite

Continuous headlight range control

HAL

HinterAchsLenkung

Rear axle steering (RAS)

HD

HochDruck

High pressure

CHAPTER9

Deutsch

English

HMI

Mensch Maschine Schnittstelle

Man Machine Interface

HWE

HinterWagenElektronik

Rear-End Electronics

HSB

HauptSicherungsBox/Stromverteiler

Main fusebox

KBA

KameraBasierende

Camera-based assistant function

Assistenzfunktionen KESSY

Schlüsselloser Zugang Fahrzeugstart

Keyless Entry Start System

KJS

KühlerJalousie Steuergerät

Radiator Shutter Control Unit

KLSM

Kombi LenkStockModul & LWS

Steering column switch module

LDW

Spurverlassenwarnung

Lane Departure Warning

LDS

Licht Dreh Schalter

Light switch

LKS

Spurhalteasisstent

Lane Keeping Support

LED

Leuchtdiode

Light Emitting Diode

LEIMO

LEIstungsMOdul

Power module

LIN

Eindraht-Bus

Local Interconnect Network

LTE

Langzeit Entwicklung

Long Term Evolution

LVDS

Hochgeschwindigkeitsschnittstelle

Low Voltage Differential Signaling

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

Electrics and electronics

zur Datenübertragung LWS

LenkWinkelSensor

Steering angle sensor

LKS

Spurhalteassistent

Lane Keeping Support

MBB

Modularer Backend Baukasten

Modulated backend construction kit

MMX

Mobile Internet und Multimedia

Multi Media Extention

MPI

Mehrfacheinspritzung

Multiple Point Injection

MOD

Mobile OnlineDienste

Mobile online services

MOST

Lichtwellenleiter Ringtechnologie

Media Oriented System Transport

MTP

Medienübertragungsprotokoll

Media Transfer Protocol

ND

NiederDruck

Low pressure

PAS

ACC Funktion

Porsche Active Safe

PADM

Aktive Aggregatelager

Porsche Active Driveline Mounts

PASM

Elektrisch geregeltes

Porsche Active Suspension

Dämpfungssystem

Management

Porsche Keramik Bremse

Porsche Ceramic Composite

PCCB

Brake PCC

Porsche Fahrzeug Kommunikation

Porsche Car Connect

PDCC

Fahwerkssystem zur

Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control

Wankstabilisierung

193

911 Carrera Model Year 2017

PCM

Deutsch

English

Infotainmentsystem

Porsche Communication Management

PDC

ParkAssistent

Park Distance Control

PDLS

Porsche Dynamisches

Porsche Dynamic Light System

Electrics and electronics

LichtSystem PDLS

Frontkamera/Dynamisches Fernlicht

Front camera/Automatic high beam

Plus PDK

Porsche DoppelKupplungsgetriebe Porsche Dual-Clutch Transmission

PLG

Elektrische Heckklappe

Power Lift Gate

PSM

Porsche Stabilitäts Management

Porsche Stability Management

PTM

Porsche Traktionsmanagement

Porsche Traction Management

PTV

Porsche Drehmoment Regelung

Porsche Traction Management

PVTS

Porsche Fahrzeugverfolgungssystem

Porsche Vehicle Tracking System

RCC

Audiosystem und

Radio and Connected Car

Fahrzeuganbindung RDK

Reifen Druck Kontrolle

Tire Pressure Monitoring system

RLF

Regen Licht Feuchtsensor

Rain light moisture sensor

RFK

RückFahrKamera

Reverse camera

SAD

SchiebeAusstellDach

Sun roof

SCR

Selektive katalytische Reduktion

Selective Catalytic Reduction

(AdBlue System) SENT

Single Edge Nibble Transmission

SMS

Kurznachricht

Short Message Service

SWA

SpurWechselAssistent

Lane Change Assist

SWaP

SoftWare als Produkt

Software as product

RdW

Rest der Welt Märkte

Rest of world markets

RTTI

Echtzeit Verkehrsinformationen

Real Time Traffic Information

USB

Universelle Serielle Schnittstelle

Universal Serial Bus

VICS

Verkehrsfunksystem Japan

Vehicle Information and Communication System

194

VRLA

Ventilgeregelte Blei-Säuren-Batterie

Valve Regulated Lead Acid

VWE

VorderWagenElektronik

BCM front

VZA

VerkehrsZeichen Anzeige

Traffic sign view

WAW

WindAbWeiser

Wind deflector

WLAN

Drahtloses Netzwerk

Wireless Local Area Network

ZR

ZentralRechner

Control process unit

ZZH

ZuZiehHilfe

Closing aid for doors

Part Number - PNA 911 001 17

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Service Information - EBS Racing

Service Information 2017 Technik Introduction 911 (991) Generation II Porsche AfterSales Training Student Name: ____________________________________...

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